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An Introduction to Group Work Practice,9780205307630
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An Introduction to Group Work Practice

by ;
Edition:
4th
ISBN13:

9780205307630

ISBN10:
0205307639
Format:
Hardcover
Pub. Date:
6/1/2000
Publisher(s):
Prentice Hall

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Summary

This text provides the most comprehensive information available about group dynamics and working with people in a variety of treatment and task-oriented groups. The student receives a thorough grounding in how to work with either treatment (ongoing) or task (special focus) groups, in settings that vary from treatment to organizational and community settings. Chapters on the history of groups, group dynamics, group leadership, and diversity help the reader build a solid knowledge base about groups. Later chapters follow a problem-solving model, taking the student through the phases of group work (planning, beginning, assessing, working, evaluating, and ending), and provide the student with useful practice skills for working with groups in each phase of his or her development. This edition includes the most up-to-date research on groups and new developments in the field of group work. The bibliography and references have also been updated. New case studies in Chapters 6-14 illustrate the six stages of the social group work process to help students apply the theory to actual social work practice.

Table of Contents

Preface ix
part I The Knowledge Base of Group Work Practice 1(152)
Introduction
3(45)
Organization of the Text
3(1)
The Focus of Group Work Practice
4(2)
Values and Ethics in Group Work Practice
6(6)
Practice Values
6(3)
Practice Ethics
9(3)
Definition of Group Work
12(2)
Classifying Groups
14(4)
Formed and Natural Groups
14(1)
Purpose and Group Work
14(1)
Treatment and Task Groups
15(3)
Group versus Individual Efforts
18(3)
Advantages and Disadvantages of Treatment Groups
18(2)
Advantages and Disadvantages of Task Groups
20(1)
A Typology of Treatment and Task Groups
21(1)
Treatment Groups
22(7)
Support Groups
22(3)
Educational Groups
25(1)
Growth Groups
26(1)
Therapy Groups
26(1)
Socialization Groups
27(2)
Task Groups
29(19)
Groups to Meet Client Needs
30(7)
Groups to Meet Organizational Needs
37(4)
Groups to Meet Community Needs
41(7)
Historical Developments
48(21)
Knowledge from Group Work Practice: Treatment Groups
48(8)
Differences between Casework and Group Work
49(1)
Intervention Targets
50(1)
The Weakening of Group Work
51(1)
Current Practice Trends
52(3)
Divergent and Unified Practice Models
55(1)
Knowledge from Group Work Practice: Task Groups
56(1)
Knowledge from Social Science Research
56(3)
Influential Theories
59(10)
Systems Theory
59(3)
Psychodynamic Theory
62(1)
Learning Theory
63(2)
Field Theory
65(1)
Social Exchange Theory
66(3)
Understanding Group Dynamics
69(27)
The Development of Helpful Group Dynamics
69(1)
Group Dynamics
70(18)
Communication and Interaction Patterns
70(9)
Group Cohesion
79(3)
Social Control Dynamics
82(4)
Group Culture
86(2)
Stages of Group Development
88(8)
Leadership
96(38)
Leadership and Power
97(5)
Theories of Group Leadership
99(1)
Factors Influencing Group Leadership
100(1)
Effectiveness of Leaders
101(1)
An Interactional Model of Leadership
102(7)
Purposes of the Group
103(1)
Type of Problem
104(1)
The Environment
105(1)
The Group as a Whole
106(1)
The Group Members
107(1)
The Group Leader
108(1)
Group Leadership Skills
109(20)
Facilitating Group Processes
110(4)
Data Gathering and Assessment
114(2)
Action Skills
116(7)
Learning Group Leadership Skills
123(2)
Leadership Style
125(4)
Coleadership
129(5)
Leadership and Diversity
134(19)
Approaches to Multicultural Group Work
134(19)
Developing Cultural Sensitivity
135(3)
Assessing Cultural Influences on Group Behavior
138(5)
Intervening with Sensitivity to Diversity
143(10)
part II The Planning Stage 153(34)
Planning the Group
155(32)
Planning Focus
156(1)
Elements of Treatment Group Planning
156(1)
Elements of Task Group Planning
156(1)
Planning Model for Group Work
157(30)
Establishing the Group's Purpose
157(2)
Assessing Potential Sponsorship and Membership
159(5)
Recruiting Members
164(3)
Composing the Group
167(6)
Orienting Members
173(2)
Contracting
175(3)
Preparing the Environment
178(5)
Preparing a Written Group Proposal
183(4)
part III The Beginning Stage 187(66)
The Group Begins
189(29)
Objectives in the Beginning Stage
190(28)
Introducing New Members
191(4)
Defining the Purpose of the Group
195(2)
Confidentiality
197(1)
Helping Members Feel a Part of the Group
198(1)
Guiding the Development of the Group
199(5)
Task and Socioemotional Focus
204(1)
Goal Setting in Group Work
205(3)
Contracting
208(1)
Facilitating Members' Motivation
209(5)
Anticipating Obstacles
214(4)
Assessment
218(35)
Definition of Assessment
218(2)
Relationship to Individual Assessment
219(1)
The Assessment Process
220(3)
How Much Information?
221(1)
Diagnostic Labels
222(1)
Assessment Focus
223(1)
Assessing the Functioning of Group Members
223(9)
Methods for Assessing Group Members
224(8)
Assessing the Functioning of the Group as a Whole
232(10)
Methods for Assessing the Group as a Whole
236(6)
Assessing the Group's Environment
242(5)
Assessing the Sponsoring Organization
243(2)
Assessing the Interorganizational Environment
245(1)
Assessing the Community Environment
246(1)
Linking Assessment to Intervention
247(6)
part IV The Middle Stage 253(146)
Treatment Groups: Foundation Methods
255(30)
Middle-Stage Skills
255(30)
Preparing for Group Meetings
256(4)
Structuring the Group's Work
260(4)
Involving and Empowering Group Members
264(1)
Helping Members Achieve Their Goals
265(13)
Working with Reluctant and Resistant Group Members
278(3)
Monitoring and Evaluating the Group's Progress
281(4)
Treatment Groups: Specialized Methods
285(37)
Intervening with Group Members
285(23)
Intrapersonal Interventions
286(8)
Interpersonal Interventions
294(8)
Environmental Interventions
302(6)
Intervening in the Group as a Whole
308(6)
Changing Communication and Interaction Patterns
308(2)
Changing the Group's Attraction for Its Members
310(2)
Using Social Controls Effectively
312(1)
Changing Group Culture
313(1)
Changing the Group Environment
314(8)
Increasing Agency Support for Group Work Services
315(1)
Links with Interagency Networks
316(1)
Increasing Community Awareness
317(5)
Task Groups: Foundation Methods
322(38)
The Ubiquitous Task Group
322(1)
Leading Task Groups
323(19)
Preparing for Group Meetings
324(3)
Sharing Information
327(3)
Enhancing Involvement and Commitment
330(1)
Developing Information
331(2)
Dealing with Conflict
333(3)
Making Effective Decisions
336(3)
Understanding Task Groups' Political Ramifications
339(2)
Monitoring and Evaluating
341(1)
Problem Solving
342(1)
A Model for Effective Problem Solving
342(18)
Identifying a Problem
344(6)
Developing Goals
350(1)
Collecting Data
351(2)
Developing Plans
353(1)
Selecting the Best Plan
354(1)
Implementing the Plan
355(5)
Task Groups: Specialized Methods
360(39)
Small Organizational Groups
360(22)
Brainstorming
360(4)
Variations on Brainstorming
364(2)
Focus Groups
366(4)
Nominal Group Technique
370(4)
Multiattribute Utility Analysis
374(5)
Quality Circles and Quality Improvement Teams
379(3)
Large Organizational Groups
382(7)
Parliamentary Procedure
382(5)
Phillips' 66
387(2)
Methods for Working with Community Groups
389(10)
Mobilization Strategies
389(2)
Capacity-Building Strategies
391(1)
Social Action Strategies
392(7)
part V The Ending Stage 399(98)
Evaluation
401(29)
The Practitioner's Dilemma
401(1)
Why Evaluate? The Group Worker's View
402(2)
Reasons for Conducting Evaluations
402(1)
Organizational Encouragement and Support
403(1)
Time Considerations
403(1)
Selecting an Evaluation Method
403(1)
Evaluation Methods
404(1)
Evaluations for Planning the Group
405(1)
Obtaining Program Information
405(1)
Needs Assessment
406(1)
Evaluations for Monitoring a Group
406(6)
Monitoring Methods
406(6)
Evaluations for Developing a Group
412(5)
Single-System Methods
414(2)
Case Study Methods
416(1)
Evaluations for Determining Effectiveness and Efficiency
417(5)
Evaluation Measures
422(8)
Choosing Measures
422(1)
Types of Measures
423(7)
Ending the Group's Work
430(23)
Factors That Influence Group Endings
430(1)
The Process of Ending
431(1)
Planned and Unplanned Termination
432(3)
Member Termination
432(2)
Worker Termination
434(1)
Ending Group Meetings
435(1)
Ending the Group as a Whole
436(17)
Maintaining and Generalizing Change Efforts
437(6)
Reducing Group Attraction
443(2)
Feelings about Ending
445(1)
Planning for the Future
446(2)
Making Referrals
448(5)
Case Examples
453(44)
A Caregiver Support Group
453(14)
The Support Component
453(1)
The Educational Component
454(1)
The Coping-Skills Component
454(2)
The Problem-Solving Component
456(11)
A Community Coalition
467(18)
The Planning Stage
468(1)
The Beginning Stage
469(7)
The Middle Stage
476(4)
The Ending Stage
480(5)
appendix A
1. Guidelines for Ethics
485(4)
2. Ethical Guidelines for Group Counselors
489(2)
3. Association for the Advancement of Social Work with Groups, Inc.
491(6)
appendix B Films and Videotapes 497(2)
appendix C Group Announcements 499(2)
appendix D Outline for a Group Proposal 501(1)
appendix E An Example of a Treatment Group Proposal 502(2)
appendix F An Example of a Task Group Proposal 504(2)
appendix G Suggested Readings on Program Activities 506(3)
Bibliography 509(25)
Name Index 534(9)
Subject Index 543


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