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International studies is an interdisciplinary field that is rapidly gaining in popularity. Drawing from many well-established disciplines such as political science, geography, sociology, and economics, it examines and evaluates the many issues that affect the global population. Introduction to International Studiesoffers a concise introduction to the fields of international studies and international development, as well as many of the major topical issues of interest to students. It might be assumed that the author of a book on international studies would focus exclusively on governance, economics, conflict resolution, and war, but Orend has been careful to expand his coverage to include such topics as trade, culture, health, and human rights. Theoretical concepts act as the foundation for understanding the real-life examples presented in the form of case studies from various disciplines. Students will learn to apply theory to the quickly changing global world and will finish this text ready to take on more advanced training in international studies.
Brian Orend is the director of international studies, and a professor of philosophy at the University of Waterloo. He earned his Ph.D. from Columbia University in New York City. Orend is the author of five books: On War: A Dialogue (Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, 2008); The Morality of War (Broadview, 2006); Human Rights: Concepts and Context (Broadview, 2002); Michael Walzer on War and Justice (MQUP, 2000); and War and International Justice: A Kantian Perspective (WLU, 2000). He has addressed conferences, media, and audiences around the world on his two major areas of research: war and peace, and human rights. He also consults with private industry and governments on business and professional ethics. He has experience working in intellectual property law and is also the president of LIB Publishing Inc., a start-up fiction press.
Table of Contents
Detailed Contents Preface Introduction Part One: Setting the World Stage 1. Core Concepts and Historical Contexts Learning Objectives Introduction Countries State Formation End of European Imperialism North vs South The West vs 'the Rest' Case Study: The American Empire? Canadian Insights Box Conclusion Useful Websites Review Questions Notes and References 2. Population and Resources Learning Objectives Introduction The Problem with People Urbanization Culture Connecting Culture to Other Elements of International Studies Pessimists State Their Case Connections Challenges Optimism vs Pessimism Conclusion Useful Websites Review Questions Notes and References 3. Comparative Culture Learning Objectives Introduction A Cultural Tour Case Study: The Arab-Israeli Conflict Case Study: Tibet Clash of Ideology Welfare Liberalism Conclusion Useful Websites Review Questions Notes and References Part Two: Core Dynamics: Nation vs World 4. Foreign Policy and International Politics Learning Objectives Introduction Countries North/South The Powers Emerging Powers The American Empire The Goals of Foreign Policy in General Common Ground between the Caricatures What Are the Tools of Foreign Policy? Case Study: The Example of Canada-US Relations: 'The Best Relationship' Conclusion Useful Websites Review Questions Notes and References 5. International Law and Organization Learning Objectives Introduction International Law The Process of Treaty-Making International Organization Case Study: Canada's Peace-Keeping Mission to the Suez Canal Conclusion Useful Websites Review Questions Notes and References Part Three: Traditional Issues of 'Hard Power': Bucks and Bullets 6. International Trade and Business Learning Objectives Introduction A Primer on Macro-economics Facts about Trade History - and Strategy - of Trade International Trade Institutions Problems and Concerns Multinational Corporations: Pros and Cons Fair Trade Conclusion Useful Websites Review Questions Notes and References 7. Armed Conflict I: Causes and Outbreak Learning Objectives Introduction War Defined What Causes War? International Law's Rules for Starting Wars Case Study: America vs Afghanistan, 2001 Case Study: America's 2003 Iraq Attack Civil War Case Study: The Bosnian Civil War, 1991-95 Armed Humanitarian Intervention Conclusion Useful Websites Review Questions Notes and References 8. Armed Conflict II: Methods and Aftermath Learning Objectives Introduction Capabilities Jus in Bello Jus Post Bellum: Aftermath Responding to Objections Clash of the Models: Revenge vs Rehabilitation Two Examples of the Revenge Model The Rehabilitation Alternative: Reconstructing Germany and Japan Suggested General Principles for the New Post-war Geneva Convention The Process Application to Afghanistan and Iraq Conclusion Useful Websites Review Questions Notes and References Part Four: Newer Issues of 'Soft Power': Improving Well-Being 9. Human Rights Learning Objectives Introduction The Holocaust A Different Set of Values Human Rights, Defined Moral or Legal? Rights Violation Human Rights Objects Generations of Human Rights The Universal Declaration of Human Rights Case Study: The Universal Declaration of Human Rights Regional Human Rights Treaties and Institutions Case Study: Suing for Restitution in France Global Human Rights Institutions Other Tools for Human Rights Human Rights Non-governmental Organizations Three Objections, Three Responses Women's Human Rights Conclusion Useful Websites Review Questions Notes and References 10. Global Public Health Learning Objectives Introduction What is Health? What is Public Health? Case Study: John Snow (1813-1858) Case Study: Sara Josephine Baker (1873-1945) Public Health Authorities Global Public Health: A Tale of Two Cities Case Study: Tobacco Methods to Improve 'the Tale of Two Cities' A Tale of Two Neighbourhoods: North vs North Global Poverty Case Study: Maternal Health The Other Side of Darkness Case Study: Smallpox Conclusion Useful Websites Review Questions Notes and References 11. International Aid and Development Learning Objectives Introduction Aid vs Development Rival Concepts of Development Sources of Development Assistance Three Waves of Development Trade and Development Conclusion Useful Websites Review Questions Notes and References Conclusion Glossary Index