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Introduction to Law and the Legal System

by
Edition:
6th
ISBN13:

9780395746660

ISBN10:
0395746663
Format:
Hardcover
Pub. Date:
9/1/1995
Publisher(s):
HM

Questions About This Book?

What version or edition is this?
This is the 6th edition with a publication date of 9/1/1995.
What is included with this book?
  • The New copy of this book will include any supplemental materials advertised. Please check the title of the book to determine if it should include any CDs, lab manuals, study guides, etc.

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Table of Contents

Preface xxiii
Introduction
1(58)
What is Law?
1(5)
Law as Power
1(1)
Natural Law
2(1)
Historical Jurisprudence
2(1)
Utilitarian Law
3(1)
Analytical Positivism
4(1)
Legal Realism
5(1)
Sociological Jurisprudence and Legal Sociology
5(1)
Objectives of Law
6(3)
Continuity and Stability
6(1)
Adaptability
7(1)
Justice, Speed, and Economy
7(1)
Determining Desirable Public Policy
8(1)
Origin of Law in the United States
9(6)
The Origins of English Common Law
9(1)
The Norman Invasion
10(1)
The Development of the Common Law
11(2)
The Origin of the English Equitable Court
13(2)
Reading Cases
15(4)
E. I. Du Pont de Nemours & Co.
15(4)
Inc. v. Christopher
Case Analysis
19(4)
Sample Brief
21(2)
Constitutional Policymaking
23(7)
Missouri Dept. of Health
23(7)
Cruzan v. Director
Due Process
30(12)
Substantive Due Process
31(1)
Substantive Due Process and Economic and Social Regulation
32(1)
The Scope of Substantive Due Process
33(1)
Kolender Chief of Police of San Diego
33(4)
v. Lawson
Procedural Due Process
37(1)
Goss v. Lopez
38(4)
Criminal and Civil Law
42(7)
Katko v. Briney
44(5)
Tort and Contract Law
49(10)
Torts
49(1)
Contracts
49(1)
Suggs v. Norris
50(3)
Chapter Questions
53(3)
Notes
56(3)
The Judicial System
59(37)
Courts
59(3)
Trial Courts
60(1)
Appellate Courts
61(1)
State Court Systems
62(1)
Jurisdiction
62(15)
Subject Matter Jurisdiction in State Court
63(1)
In the Matter of the Application of Arthur Hyde RICE to Register and Confirm Title to Land Situated in Kailua, District of Koolaupoko, Oahu, City and County of Honolulu, State of Hawaii
64(1)
Jurisdiction Over the Person
65(1)
Long-Arm Statutes
66(1)
In Personam Jurisdiction Over Corporations
67(2)
Jurisdiction Over Property---In Rem Jurisdiction
69(1)
Procedural Due Process Requirements
69(1)
Calder v. Jones
69(3)
Venue
72(1)
In re Union Carbide Corporation Gas Plant Disaster at Bhopal, India, in December 1984
73(4)
The Federal Court System
77(1)
The U. S. District Courts
77(11)
Subject Matter Jurisdiction
77(2)
The Plaintiff's Choice of Forum
79(1)
Ramirez de Arellano v. Eastern Airlines, Inc.
79(4)
In Rem or In Personam Jurisdiction
83(1)
Venue in Federal Courts
83(1)
Removal from State to Federal Courts (Removal Jurisdiction)
83(1)
Gatch v. Hennepin Broadcasting Associates, Inc.
84(1)
The Erie Doctrine
85(1)
Carson v. National Bank
86(2)
The 13 U. S. Courts of Appeals
88(1)
The U. S. Supreme Court
89(7)
Chapter Questions
92(3)
Notes
95(1)
Civil Procedure
96(45)
A Procedural Primer
97(3)
Proceedings Before a Civil Trial---A Closer Look
100(17)
Hiring a Lawyer
100(1)
Fracasse v. Brent
101(4)
The Pleadings
105(2)
Methods of Service
107(2)
Dorsey v. Gregg
109(1)
Pretrial Motions
110(1)
Meyers v. Ramada Hotel and Operating Co., Inc.
111(3)
Discovery and Pretrial Conference
114(1)
Downey v. Dixon
115(2)
Civil Trials
117(8)
Selection of the Jury
117(2)
Opening Statements and Examination of Witnesses
119(2)
Alexander v. Chapman
121(4)
Rules of Evidence
125(16)
Relevance and Materiality
125(1)
Competency
125(1)
The Best Evidence Rule
126(1)
The Hearsay Rule
126(1)
Privileges
126(1)
Cline v. William H. Friedman & Assoc.
127(2)
Trial Motions
129(1)
Jury Verdict and Posttrial Motions
130(1)
Cody v. Atkins
130(4)
Judgment and Execution
134(1)
Newhouse v. Farmers National Bank
134(2)
Chapter Questions
136(4)
Notes
140(1)
Institutional Sources of American Law
141(37)
Common Law and Civil Law Legal Systems
141(1)
Constitutions
142(1)
Legislation
142(7)
The Power to Legislate
144(1)
Federal Government
144(1)
State Government
145(1)
Federal Supremacy
145(1)
Constitutionality of Statutes
146(1)
Ex Post Facto Laws
147(1)
Statutory Construction
148(1)
Administrative Agencies
149(1)
Judicial Decision Making
149(16)
Following Precedent
150(1)
The Holding and Rule of the Case
151(1)
State v. Butler
152(3)
Requirements for a Precedent
155(1)
The Retroactive Versus Prospective Application Question
155(1)
Adkins v. Sky Blue, Inc.
155(5)
Absence of Precedent
160(1)
Strunk v. Strunk
161(4)
Recognizing Laws of other States and Countries
165(13)
Conflict of Laws
165(1)
Tort Cases
166(1)
Hubbard Manufacturing Co., Inc.
166(2)
v. Greeson
Contract Cases
168(1)
Full Faith and Credit
169(1)
GNLV Corporation v. Jackson
170(1)
Comity
171(1)
Somportex Limited v. Philadelphia Chewing Gum Corporation
171(3)
Chapter Questions
174(3)
Notes
177(1)
Limitations in Seeking Relief
178(36)
Case or Controversy
178(4)
American Postal Workers Union v. Frank
179(3)
Mootness
182(4)
Defunis v. Odegaard
183(3)
Political Questions
186(3)
Belk v. United States
186(3)
The Act of State Doctrine
189(1)
Statute of Limitations
189(6)
Marybeth Atkins v. Jiminy Peak, Inc.
192(3)
Res Judicata
195(3)
Caporino v. Lacasse
196(2)
Immunity from Legal Action
198(16)
Sovereign Immunity
198(1)
Immunity of Government Officials
199(1)
Forrester v. White
200(3)
Charitable Immunity
203(1)
Thompson v. Mercy Hospital
204(1)
Immunity Among Family Members
205(1)
Hurst v. Capitell
206(2)
Immunity Through Contract
208(1)
Gimpel v. Host Enterprises, Inc.
208(2)
Chapter Questions
210(4)
Judicial Remedies
214(42)
Common Law Remedies
214(15)
Compensatory Damages
216(1)
Macomber v. Dillman
217(5)
Punitive Damages
222(1)
Volz v. Coleman Co., Inc.
223(3)
Nominal Damages
226(1)
Liquidated Damages
226(1)
Lakewood Creative Costumers v. Sharp
227(2)
Equitable Remedies
229(27)
Injunctions
229(1)
Gano v. School District No. 411 of Twin Falls County, Idaho
230(2)
Reformation and Rescission
232(1)
Department of Transportation v. Ronlee, Inc.
233(3)
Court of Conscience
236(1)
Campbell Soup Company v. Wentz
237(2)
Equitable Maxims
239(1)
New York Football Giants v. Los Angeles Chargers Football Club
240(2)
Specific Performance
242(2)
Bloch v. Hillel Torah North Suburban Day School
244(1)
Restitution
245(1)
Iacomini v. Liberty Mutual Insurance Company
246(2)
Declaratory Judgment
248(1)
Jury Trial
249(1)
State v. Yelsen Land Company
249(2)
Chapter Questions
251(4)
Notes
255(1)
Criminal Law and Procedure
256(64)
Criminal Law
256(7)
Sources of American Criminal Law
257(1)
Classification of Crimes
257(1)
Constitutional Limitations on Criminalization
258(1)
Loving v. Commonwealth of Virginia
259(4)
The Imposition of Punishment
263(1)
The Basic Components of a Criminal Offense
263(19)
The Wrongful Act
263(1)
People v. Shaughnessy
264(2)
Special Rules
266(1)
Status Crimes
267(1)
The Criminal State of Mind
267(1)
State v. Gordon
268(5)
Strict Liability
273(1)
Vicarious Liability
273(1)
Causation
274(1)
Commonwealth v. Berggren
274(2)
Inchoate Crime
276(1)
The Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organization Act
277(1)
Defenses
277(1)
United States v. Scott
278(4)
Criminal Procedure
282(1)
Proceedings Prior to Trial
282(24)
Arrest
283(1)
Draper v. United States
283(5)
Investigatory Detentions (Stop and Frisk)
288(1)
Adams v. Williams
288(3)
Custodial Interrogation
291(1)
Searches and Seizures
292(1)
New Jersey v. T. L. O.
293(5)
Bail
298(1)
United States v. Salerno
299(5)
The Right to an Attorney
304(1)
Line-ups
305(1)
Preliminary Hearing and Grand Jury
305(1)
Arraignment
306(1)
The Criminal Trial
306(14)
Sullivan v. Louisiana
309(2)
Trial by Jury
311(1)
Fair and Public Trial
312(1)
Right to a Speedy Trial and Cross Examination
312(1)
The Prosecutor's Role
312(1)
Sentencing
312(1)
Appeal
313(1)
Habeas Corpus
313(1)
Chapter Questions
314(4)
Notes
318(2)
Family Law
320(75)
Introduction
320(10)
Wisconsin v. Yoder
321(9)
The Family
330(7)
What Is a Family?
330(1)
Moore v. City of East Cleveland, Ohio
331(6)
Creating Family Relationships
337(20)
Marriage
337(1)
Zablocki v. Redhail
338(4)
Marriage Solemnization Ceremonies
342(1)
Common Law Marriages
342(1)
Adoption
342(1)
Matching
343(3)
Adoption of Tammy
346(4)
Voluntary/Involuntary Adoption
350(1)
The Adoption Petition
351(1)
Lehr v. Robertson
351(5)
Interim Orders
356(1)
Foster Care
356(1)
Family Relations in Ongoing Families
357(13)
Spousal Considerations
357(1)
Decision Making Within Traditional Families
358(1)
Evidentiary Privileges
359(1)
The Parent-Child Relationship
359(1)
State ex rel. Hermesmann v. Seyer
359(4)
Child Support
363(1)
Nash v. Mulle
364(6)
Noneconomic Obligations
370(1)
Parental Immunity from Suit by Child
370(1)
Ending Spousal Relationships
370(25)
Annulment
370(1)
Legal Separations
371(1)
Divorce/Dissolution
371(3)
Jurisdictional and Procedural Considerations
374(1)
Jurisdiction
374(1)
Procedure
374(1)
Allocation of Financial Obligations
375(1)
Court-ordered Alimony
375(1)
Child Custody and Child Support
376(1)
In re Marriage of Riddle
377(2)
Preferred Custody Statutes
379(1)
Child Support
380(1)
Property Division
380(1)
Common Law/Equitable Distribution Approach
381(1)
O'Brien v. O'Brien
381(6)
Determining Fairness
387(1)
Community Property Approach
387(1)
Conclusion
388(1)
Chapter Questions
388(3)
Notes
391(4)
Contracts
395(54)
A Brief History of American Contract Law
395(2)
Nature and Classification of Contracts
397(1)
Valid, Void, Voidable, and Unenforceable Contracts
397(1)
Bilateral and Unilateral Contracts
398(1)
Agreement
398(5)
Offer
399(1)
Termination of an Offer
399(1)
Acceptance
400(1)
Pluhacek v. Nebraska Lutheran Outdoor Ministries, Inc.
401(2)
Reality of Consent
403(5)
Duress
404(1)
Undue Influence
404(1)
Fraud
405(1)
Misrepresentation
406(1)
Mistake
406(1)
Carter v. Matthews
406(2)
Consideration
408(5)
Modern Laundry and Dry Cleaning v. Farrer
410(3)
Capacity
413(3)
Minors
413(1)
Transactions a Minor Cannot Avoid
413(1)
Disaffirmance of Contract
414(1)
Insane People
415(1)
Illegality
416(6)
Contracts Against Public Policy
417(1)
Principal Casualty Insurance Company v. Blair
417(2)
Agreements to Commit Crimes
419(1)
Agreements to Commit Civil Wrongs
419(1)
Diaz v. Indian Head, Inc.
420(2)
Writing
422(6)
Agreement by Executor or Administrator
423(1)
Agreement in Consideration of Marriage
423(1)
Agreement to Answer for the Debt of Another
423(1)
Agreements Not to Be Performed in One Year
424(1)
Agreement Conveying an Interest in Real Property
424(1)
Mulford v. Borg-Warner Acceptance Corp.
425(1)
Sale of Goods
426(1)
Parol Evidence Rule
426(1)
Jinright v. Russell
427(1)
Aspects of Contract Performance
428(10)
Accord and Satisfaction
428(1)
Anticipatory Repudiation
429(1)
Warranties
429(1)
Discharge, Rescission, and Novation
429(1)
Transfers of Duties and Rights
430(1)
Macke Company v. Pizza of Gaithersburg, Inc.
431(2)
Contracts for the Benefit of Third Parties
433(1)
Castorino v. Unifast Bldg. Products
433(2)
The Duty to Perform and Breach of Contract
435(1)
Clarkson v. Orkin Exterminating Co., Inc.
436(2)
Remedies for Breach of Contract
438(11)
Common Law Remedies
438(1)
Anuszewski v. Jurevic
438(2)
Punitive Damages
440(1)
Hibschman Pontiac, Inc. v. Batchelor
440(3)
Equitable Remedies
443(1)
UCC Remedies for Breach of Contract for the Sale of Goods
444(1)
Chapter Questions
444(4)
Notes
448(1)
Property
449(42)
Historical Development of the Regulation of Real Property
449(2)
Classifications of Property
451(4)
Far West Modular Home Sales, Inc. v. Proaps
452(2)
Property Ownership
454(1)
Title
455(1)
Government's Right to Regulate and Take Private Property
455(17)
Zoning
456(1)
Eminent Domain
456(2)
Dolan v. City of Tigard
458(11)
Taxation
469(1)
Nuisance
469(1)
Feeley v. Borough of Ridley Park
470(2)
Real Property
472(5)
Estates in Land
472(1)
Easements
473(1)
Licenses
473(1)
Covenants
473(1)
Sherwood Estates Homes Association, Inc. v. McConnell
474(2)
Adverse Possession
476(1)
The Recording System
477(1)
Personal Property
477(5)
Purchase
477(1)
Creation
477(1)
Capture
478(1)
Accession
478(1)
Finding
478(1)
Favorite v. Miller
478(3)
Confusion
481(1)
Gift
481(1)
Inheritance
482(1)
Bailments
482(9)
York v. Jones
483(3)
Chapter Questions
486(3)
Notes
489(2)
The Law of Torts
491(62)
Historical Evolution of American Tort Law
491(1)
Functions of Tort Law
492(1)
Intentional Torts
492(16)
Assault
492(1)
Battery
492(1)
Estate of Berthiaume v. Pratt
493(3)
Conversion
496(1)
Trespass
496(1)
Ivancic v. Olmstead
497(2)
Malicious Prosecution
499(1)
False Imprisonment
499(1)
Hainz v. Shopko Stores, Inc.
499(3)
Defamation
502(1)
Interference with Contract Relations
503(1)
Infliction of Mental Distress
503(1)
Invasion of Privacy
504(1)
Carson v. Here's Johnny Portable Toilets, Inc.
504(4)
Negligence
508(29)
Malpractice
509(1)
Gilhooley v. Star Market Co., Inc.
510(2)
Duty of Care
512(1)
Weirum v. RKO General, Inc.
513(3)
Liability Rules for Specialized Activities
516(2)
Wright v. Webb
518(2)
Proximate Cause
520(1)
Anglin v. Florida Department of Transportation
521(4)
Contributory Negligence and Assumption of Risk Defenses
525(1)
Comparative Negligence
526(1)
Stein v. Langer
526(2)
Negligence and Product Liability
528(1)
Laaperi v. Sears Roebuck & Co., Inc.
529(4)
Imputed Negligence
533(1)
Dumas v. Lloyd
534(3)
No-Fault Liability Statutes
537(1)
Strict Liability
537(16)
Abnormally Dangerous Activities
537(1)
Westberry v. Blackwell
538(2)
Strict Liability and Product Liability
540(1)
Leichtamer v. American Motors Corp.
541(4)
Tort Reform
545(1)
Joint and Several Liability
546(1)
Caps on Noneconomic Damages
546(1)
Limiting Punitive Damages
546(1)
Statutes of Limitations
547(1)
Court Annexed Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR)
547(1)
Collateral Source Rule
547(1)
Chapter Questions
547(4)
Notes
551(2)
Administrative Law and Administrative Agencies
553(40)
The Rise of Administrative Agencies
553(2)
Organization and Classification of Federal Agencies
555(6)
Functions of Administrative Agencies
555(3)
Askildson v. Commissioner of Public Safety
558(3)
Administrative Agency Powers
561(9)
Rule-making Power
562(1)
Chip Steak Company v. Hardin
562(3)
Investigative Power
565(1)
Dow Chemical Company v. United States
566(4)
Adjudicative Power
570(1)
Judicial Review
570(5)
Timing of Review
571(1)
Recognition of Administrative Competence and Scope of Review
571(1)
Arndt v. Department of Licensing and Regulation
572(3)
Administrative Agencies and the Regulation of Businesses
575(18)
Occupational Safety and Health Administration
575(1)
Whirlpool Corp. v. Marshall
576(3)
Federal Trade Commission and Consumer Credit Protection
579(2)
Environmental Protection Agency
581(1)
History of Pollution Control
582(1)
Air Pollution
582(1)
Water Pollution
583(1)
Southern Pines Associates v. United States
583(3)
Pesticide Control
586(1)
Hazardous Wastes Disposal
586(1)
Enforcement of Environmental Laws
587(1)
Chapter Questions
587(4)
Notes
591(2)
Employment and Discrimination
593(56)
The Concept of Equality
593(1)
History of Employment Regulation
594(2)
State Judicial Remedies
595(1)
State Wrongful Termination Legislation
596(1)
Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964
596(26)
Title VII Discrimination Theories
597(1)
Employer Defenses
598(1)
Sarni Original Dry Cleaners, Inc. v. Cooke
598(3)
Title VII Remedies
601(1)
Affirmative Action
602(1)
Adarand Constructors, Inc. v. Pena
603(8)
The Equal Employment Opportunity Commission
611(1)
Jones v. Western Geophysical Co.
611(3)
Gender-based Discrimination
614(1)
EEOC v. Red Baron Steak Houses
614(5)
Religion
619(1)
EEOC v. Ithaca Industries, Inc.
619(3)
Additional Protection Against Discrimination
622(12)
Discrimination Against Disabled People
622(1)
Stutts v. Freeman
623(2)
Age Discrimination in Employment Act
625(2)
EEOC v. EI Paso Natural Gas Co.
627(4)
Employment Discrimination and Sexual Preference
631(1)
DeSantis v. Pacific Tel. & Tel. Co., Inc.
631(3)
Employment Discrimination and the Union Movement
634(15)
Textile Workers v. Darlington Manufacturing Company
634(4)
National Labor Relations Board
638(1)
Teamsters, Local 456 and J. R. Stevenson Corporation
639(4)
Labor-Management Reporting and Disclosure Act
643(1)
Chapter Questions
643(3)
Notes
646(3)
Alternative Dispute Resolution
649(34)
Voluntary ADR
650(1)
Court-Annexed ADR
651(4)
Pittsburgh Corning Corp. v. Bradley
652(3)
ADR Techniques
655(17)
Settlement Conferences
655(1)
Kothe v. Smith
656(2)
Arbitration
658(1)
Gilmer v. Interstate/Johnson Lane Corp.
658(6)
Voluntary Arbitration
664(1)
Judicial Enforcement of Arbitration Awards
665(1)
Mastrobuono v. Shearson Lehman Hutton, Inc.
665(3)
Court-Annexed Arbitration
668(1)
Gilling v. Eastern Airlines, Inc.
669(3)
Jointly Used ADR Methods
672(2)
Mediation
672(1)
Rhea v. Massey-Feguson, Inc.
673(1)
Mini-Trials
674(9)
Summary Jury Trials
675(1)
Arabian American Oil Co. v. Scarfone
676(2)
Private Trials
678(1)
Chapter Questions
678(3)
Notes
681(2)
The Constitution of the United States 683(18)
Glossary of Selected Terms From The Law Dictionary 701(22)
Case Index 723(2)
Subject Index 725


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