Introduction to Logic

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  • Edition: 13th
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 1/1/2009
  • Publisher: Prentice Hall
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  • The Used and Rental copies of this book are not guaranteed to include any supplemental materials. Typically, only the book itself is included. This is true even if the title states it includes any access cards, study guides, lab manuals, CDs, etc.


This book introduces the fundamental methods and techniques of correct reasoning, in a manner that shows the relevance of the topics to readers everyday lives. Many new exercises introduced in this edition help supplement and support explanations, aid in review, and make the book visually stimulating. Includes many fascinating illustrations taken from the history of science as well as from contemporary research in the physical and biological sciences, plus introduces an abundance of new exercises throughout, complete with solutions for the first exercise in a set.Appropriate for those in business, education, political, or psychology careers.

Table of Contents

Logic and Language
Basic Logical Concepts
What Logic Is
Propositions and Arguments
Recognizing Arguments
Arguments and Explanations
Deductive and Inductive Arguments
Validity and Truth
Analyzing Arguments
Paraphrasing Arguments
Diagramming Arguments
Complex Argumentative Passages
Problems in Reasoning
Informal Logic
Language and Definitions
Language Functions
Emotive Language, Neutral Language, and Disputes
Disputes and Ambiguity
Definitions and Their Uses
The Structure of Definitions: Extension and Intension
Definition by Genus and Difference
What Is a Fallacy?
Classification of Fallacies
Fallacies of Relevance
Fallacies of Defective Induction
Fallacies of Presumption
Fallacies of Ambiguity
Classical Logic
Categorical Propositions
The Theory of Deduction
Classes and Categorical Propositions
The Four Kinds of Categorical Propositions
Quality, Quantity, and Distributions
The Traditional Square of Opposition
Further Immediate Inferences
Existential Import and the Interpretation of Categorical Propositions
Symbolism and Diagrams for Categorical Propositions
Categorical Syllogisms
Standard-Form Categorical Syllogisms
The Formal Nature of Syllogistic Argument

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