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Introduction to Logic And Critical Thinking,9780534626631
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Introduction to Logic And Critical Thinking

by
Edition:
5th
ISBN13:

9780534626631

ISBN10:
0534626637
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
3/23/2006
Publisher(s):
Wadsworth Publishing
List Price: $187.33

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This is the 5th edition with a publication date of 3/23/2006.
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  • The New copy of this book will include any supplemental materials advertised. Please check the title of the book to determine if it should include any CDs, lab manuals, study guides, etc.

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Summary

Designed for students with no prior training in logic, INTRODUCTION TO LOGIC AND CRITICAL THINKING offers an accessible treatment of logic that enhances understanding of reasoning in everyday life. The text begins with an introduction to arguments. After some linguistic preliminaries, the text presents a detailed analysis of inductive reasoning and associated fallacies. This order of presentation helps to motivate the use of formal methods in the following sections on deductive logic and fallacies that mimic deductive arguments. Lively and straightforward prose assists students in gaining facility with the sometimes challenging concepts of logic. By combining a sensitive treatment of ordinary language arguments with a simple but rigorous exposition of basic principles of logic, the text develops students' understanding of the relationships between logic and language, and strengthens their skills in logic and critical thinking.

Table of Contents

Preface
Introduction to Arguments
Introduction
Arguments
Recognizing Arguments
Extended Arguments
Reconstructing Arguments
Review
Paying Special Attention to the Language of Arguments
Introduction
Ambiguity
Vagueness
Definitions
Use and Mention
Review
Deductive Arguments, Inductive Arguments, and Fallacies
Introduction
Deductive Arguments
Inductive Arguments
Fallacies
Review
A Closer Look At Inductive Arguments
Introduction
Statistical Syllogisms
Arguments from analogy
Arguments Based on samples
Extended Inductive Arguments
Pro and Con Arguments
Review
Causal Arguments
Introduction
Mill's Methods for Establishing Casual Claim
Controlled Experiments
Hume's Analysis of Causation
Casual Fallacies
Review
Probabilities and Inductive Logic
Introduction
The Rules of Probability
Using Probabilities to Plan a Course of Action-Decision The ory
Review
Confirmation of Hypotheses
Hypotheses
The Hypothetico-Deductive Method
Complexities in the Hypothetico-Deductive Method
Incremental Confirmation and "Absolute" Confirmation
Disconfirmation
Bayesian Confirmation
Review
Deductive Reasoning?Sentential Logic
Introduction
Properties of Deductive Arguments: Validity and the Importance of Logical Form
Conditional Sentences
Two Conditional Argument Forms
Fallacies Associated with these Conditional Forms
Additional Forms of Sentential Arguments
Symbolizing Connectives
Symbolizing English Sentences
Determining the Truth Values of Compound Sentence Forms Determining the Validity of Invalidity of Argument Forms
Taulologies, Self-Contradictions, and Contingent Sentences
Review
Categorical Syllogisms
Introduction
Categorical Sentences
Translating English Sentences Into Standard Categorical Forms
Testing for Validity with Venn Diagrams
Distribution of Terms-Fallacies of Distribution
Other Ways to test the Validity of Syllogisms
Reducing the Number of Terms in Syllogisms
Reconstructing Ordinary-Language Arguments as Syllogisms
Quasi Syllogism and Sorites
Review
Arguments In Which Validity Depends On Relationships
Introduction
Examples of Relational Arguments
Important Properties of Relationships
Using Quantifiers to Express Relationships
Symbolizing Arguments
Review
Appendix One: Proof Method for Truth-Functional Logic
Appendix Two: Index of Fallacies
Bibliography
Solutions to Even-numbered Exercises
Index
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.


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