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Introduction to Logic



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Oxford University Press
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This is a comprehensive introduction to the fundamentals of logic (both formal logic and critical reasoning), with exceptionally clear yet conversational explanations and a multitude of engaging examples and exercises. Herrick's examples are on-point and fun, often bringing in real-lifesituations and popular culture. Introduction to Logic brings in the history of philosophy and logic through interesting boxes/sidebars and discussions, showing logic's relation to philosophy. The book is especially suited for use in the "Open Course Library," a comprehensive online logic course that is open and free. Jointly funded by the state of Washington and the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, the Logic Course is one of 80 hybrid courses available online at no charge to the morethan 400,000 students in the Washington system. The course is also available for logic courses throughout the US and the world. The Logic Course is available online now. Herrick was chosen to develop the Logic Course for the online Open Course Library. For more information on the Open Library Course Logic Course, please visit : a href=""

Author Biography

Paul Herrick received his Ph.D in philosophy from the University of Washington. Since 1983 he has taught philosophy at Shoreline Community College in Washington, near Seattle. He is the author of The Many Worlds of Logic, Second Edition (OUP, 2002) and Reason and Worldview: An Introduction to Western Philosophy (1999).

Table of Contents

To the Instructorp. vi
To the Studentp. x
Acknowledgmentsp. xii
The Fundamental Concepts of Logicp. 1
What Is Logic?p. 3
Let's Have an Argument!p. 13
The Two Basic Types of Argumentp. 42
How to Evaluate a Deductive Argumentp. 58
How to Evaluate an Inductive Argumentp. 76
Logical Relations and Concluding Mattersp. 85
Categorical Logicp. 101
Logic Takes Form Categorical Logic Version 1.0p. 103
The Categorical Syllogismp. 141
Categorical Logic Version 2.0 Boole, Venn, and the Nineteenth-Century Revolution in Categorical Logicp. 169
Truth-Functional Logicp. 211
Think Like a Stoic! Truth-Functional Logic Version 1.0p. 213
Truth-Functional Logic Version 1.1 Stoic Logic Takes Formp. 232
Truth-Functional Logic Version 2.0 The Invention of Formal Languages in the Nineteenth Centuryp. 249
From English to TL: Techniques for Great Translationsp. 268
Truth-Table Analysis Part 1 Truth Tables for the Operatorsp. 289
Truth-Table Analysis Part 2 Testing Sentences for Logical Statusp. 301
Truth-Table Analysis Part 3 Testing Arguments for Validityp. 319
Truth-Table Analysis Part 4 Relationsp. 340
Modern Truth-Functional Natural Deduction Part 1 The First Four Rulesp. 345
Truth-Functional Natural Deduction Part 2 Four More Inference Rulesp. 379
Truth-Functional Deduction Part 3 Replacement Rulesp. 397
Truth-Functional Deduction Part 4 Indirect and Conditional Proofp. 427
Premise-Free Proofsp. 446
Interlude: Philosophy of Logicp. 451
Predicate Logicp. 467
Predicate Logic Version 1.1 Frege Unites Categorical and Stoic Logicp. 469
Predicate Logic Version 1.2 It's All About Relationshipsp. 506
Predicate Logic Version 1.3 To Be or Not to Be: The Logic of Identityp. 523
Natural Deduction Proofs with Monadic Predicatesp. 533
A Semantical Theory for Predicate Logicp. 556
Conditional and Indirect Predicate Proofsp. 569
Proofs with Overlapping Quantifiersp. 579
The Summit: Predicate Logic with Identityp. 586
Informal and Inductive Logicp. 597
The Art of Definitionp. 599
The Informal Fallaciesp. 611
The Varieties of Inductive Reasoningp. 636
Elementary Probability Theoryp. 675
Modal Logicp. 689
Elementary Modal Logicp. 691
Classical Indian Logicp. A-l
Metalogic: The Logic of Logicp. A-19
GQdel's Theorem: The Power of Logic Revealedp. A-24
Logic and Computers: How an Idea in Logic Led to the Digital Computer and Transformed the Worldp. A-28
Answers to Selected Exercises E-p1
Indexp. 1-1
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

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