9780471111764

An Introduction to Mass and Heat Transfer

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780471111764

  • ISBN10:

    0471111767

  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 1997-10-01
  • Publisher: Wiley

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Summary

This highly recommended book on transport phenomena shows readers how to develop mathematical representations (models) of physical phenomena. The key elements in model development involve assumptions about the physics, the application of basic physical principles, the exploration of the implications of the resulting model, and the evaluation of the degree to which the model mimics reality. This book also expose readers to the wide range of technologies where their skills may be applied.

Table of Contents

CHAPTER 1 WHAT IS MASS TRANSFER?
3(5)
1.1 Examples of Mass Transfer
4(2)
1.1.1 Design of a Sustained Release System for Control of Insects
4(1)
1.1.2 Design of a Bubbler for Delivering Dopants to a CVD Reactor
4(1)
1.1.3 Design of a Dryer for a Polymeric Coating
5(1)
1.1.4 Design of an Artificial Kidney: An Enzyme/Bead Reactor
5(1)
1.2 Reexamination and Overview
6(2)
CHAPTER 2 FUNDAMENTALS OF DIFFUSIVE MASS TRANSFER
8(31)
2.1 Concentrations, Velocities, and Fick's Law of Diffusion
8(11)
Example 2.1.1 Diffusion of Napthalene in a Narrow Tube
9(2)
Example 2.1.2 Calculation of Diffusion Velocities in a "Static" System
11(1)
Example 2.1.3 Mass Flow Without Molar Flow
12(1)
Example 2.1.4 Diffusion with a Reaction on a Surface
13(1)
Example 2.1.5 Diffusion across a Thin Barrier Separating Two Fluids
14(2)
Example 2.1.6 Calculation of b(p) from Solubility Data
16(1)
Example 2.1.7 Calculation of D(AB) from Solubility b(p) and Permeability K
17(1)
Example 2.1.8 Effectiveness of a Vapor Barrier
17(1)
Example 2.1.9 Diffusion of a Diatomic Gas Through a Metal Barrier
18(1)
2.2 Estimation of Diffusion Coefficients
19(5)
2.2.1 Binary Diffusion in Gases at Low Pressure
19(2)
Example 2.2.1 Diffusivity of H(2) in Argon
21(1)
2.2.2 Diffusion in Liquids
22(1)
Example 2.2.2 Estimate the Diffusivity of Benzoic Acid in Water at 25degree C
23(1)
2.3 Application of These Principles to Analysis and Design of a Sustained Release Hollow-Fiber System
24(5)
2.3.1 Assessment of Some Assumptions of the Model
28(1)
2.4 The Quasi-Steady Approximation
29(2)
Summary
31(1)
Problems
31(8)
CHAPTER 3 STEADY, AND QUASI-STEADY MASS TRANSFER
39(70)
3.1 Mass Balance on a Species
39(3)
3.2 Boundary Conditions
42(30)
Example 3.2.1 Mass-Transfer Controlled by External Diffusion Resistance
43(3)
Example 3.2.2 Diffusion Controlled by External Convection
46(1)
Example 3.2.3 Respiration of a Spherical Cell
47(2)
Example 3.2.4 Life Support for a Spherical Organism: First-Order Kinetics for Respiration
49(3)
Example 3.2.5 Control of Organism Growth
52(1)
Example 3.2.6 A Steady State Convection/Diffusion Problem
53(3)
Example 3.2.7 Design of an Outlet for a Reactor
56(7)
Example 3.2.8 Diffusion Through a Film Within Which There is a Homogeneous Reaction
63(4)
Example 3.2.9 Diffusion with Second-Order Reaction
67(3)
Example 3.2.10 A Design for Enhanced Oxygen Transfer
70(2)
3.3 Design of an Artificial Kidney Utilizing Urease in Polymeric Beads
72(6)
3.4 A Model to Aid the Interpretation of Data on the Dissolution of "Nuclear Waste" Glass
78(4)
3.5 Analysis of "Barrier Films" for Packaging
82(6)
Example 3.5.1 Prevention of Water Intrusion into a Food Package
82(4)
Example 3.5.2 Retention of Carbonation in a Soda Bottle
86(2)
3.6 Mass Transfer Issues in the Production of Fuel Pellets for a Controlled Fusion Reactor
88(3)
Example 3.6.1 Leakage from Glass Microspheres in Storage
89(2)
3.7 The Use of a Simple Mass Transfer Model to Guide a Strategy for a Medical Procedure: The Repair of Retinal Detachment
91(5)
Summary
96(1)
Problems
96(13)
CHAPTER 4 UNSTEADY STATE (TRANSIENT) MASS TRANSFER
109(95)
4.1 Unsteady State Mass Transfer
109(4)
4.1.1 Some Examples of Unsteady State Mass Transfer Problems
112(1)
Example A Unsteady Diffusion Across a Membrane
112(1)
Example B A Dissolving Particle
112(1)
Example C Evaporation of a Solvent from a Film
112(1)
Example D Stroke and Cell Death
112(1)
Example E Doping of a Semiconductor FIlm
113(1)
4.2 General Transient Diffusion: No Reaction or Internal Convection
113(28)
Example 4.2.1 Unsteady Diffusion Across a Membrane Test Cell
118(5)
Example 4.2.2 A Dissolving Particle (an External Diffusion Problem)
123(5)
Example 4.2.3 Transient Evaporation of Solvent from a Sheet of Polymer
128(2)
4.2.1 Transient Diffusion for Very Short Times
130(6)
Example 4.2.4 A Device for Treatment of Glaucoma
136(2)
Example 4.2.5 Doping a Semiconductor Film
138(1)
Example 4.2.6 Comparison of Two Methods for Measurement of Diffusivity of a Species through a Membrane
139(2)
4.3 Internal Versus External Resistances
141(8)
Example 4.3.1 Decaffeination of Coffee Beans
143(2)
Example 4.3.2 Drying of Paper
145(3)
Example 4.3.3 Evaporation of Solute from a Small Water Droplet
148(1)
4.4 Negligible Internal Resistance
149(14)
Example 4.4.1 Kinetics of a Sustained-Release Drug Delivery System
151(3)
Example 4.4.2 Dissolution of Solid Particles in Liquids
154(3)
Example 4.4.3 Control of a Toxic Gas Release in a Closed Space
157(6)
4.5 Diffusion Limitations in the Decontamination of Soil
163(5)
Example 4.5.1 Desorption of Tetrachlorobenzene from a River Sediment: Intraparticle Diffusion Controlling
165(3)
4.6 The Dynamics of Transport through Landfill Barriers
168(8)
Example 4.6.1 Diffusion Across a Clay Liner
171(1)
Example 4.6.2 Diffusion Across a Clay Liner: Near Steady State
172(3)
Example 4.6.3 Contamination of an Aquifer by a Landfill
175(1)
4.7 Transient Diffusion with a Reaction on the Boundaries
176(2)
Summary
178(1)
Problems
179(25)
CHAPTER 5 DIFFUSION WITH LAMINAR CONVECTION
204(48)
5.1 The Falling Film Evaporator
204(11)
Example 5.1.1 Design of a Falling Film Absorber for Oxygen
210(5)
5.2 Dissolution of a Solid Film by a Flowing Solvent
215(7)
Example 5.2.1 Cleaning a Solid Residue from Inside a Tube
218(4)
5.3 The Artificial Kidney (Dialysis Analysis)
222(12)
Example 5.3.1 Determination of the Permeability of a Dialysis Membrane
230(1)
Example 5.3.2 Required Size of a Dialysis Unit for Removal of a Solute
231(1)
Example 5.3.3 The Effect of Dialysis on the Concentration of a Toxin in the Body
232(2)
5.4 Diffusion-Controlled Film Growth by Chemical Vapor Deposition
234(4)
5.5 Burning of a Coal Particle
238(8)
Example 5.5.1 A Model for Fuel Particle Burnout
244(2)
Summary
246(1)
Problems
246(6)
CHAPTER 6 CONVECTIVE MASS TRANSFER COEFFICIENTS
252(54)
6.1 Some Examples of Convective Mass Transfer
252(3)
Example 6.1.1 Spinning Fibers from Solution
252(1)
Example 6.1.2 Reaction in a Catalytic Converter
253(1)
Example 6.1.3 Burning of a Coal Particle in a Fluidized Bed Furnace
253(1)
Example 6.1.4 Oxygen Transfer from Bubbles to Liquid
254(1)
6.2 Film Theory
255(3)
6.3 Boundary Layer Theory for Mass Transfer from a Flat Plate (The Integral Method)
258(5)
6.3.1 Momentum Boundary Layer Analysis
259(2)
6.3.2 Concentration Boundary Layer Analysis
261(2)
6.4 Predictions of Sherwood Number for Transfer to Laminar Films
263(9)
Example 6.4.1 Mass Transfer in Flow through a Parallel Plate Channel: Definition of a Concentration Driving Force
267(3)
Example 6.4.2 Evaporation of Naphthalene from Planar Boundaries of a Channel when the Flow is Laminar
270(1)
Example 6.4.3 Evaporation of Naphthalene from Planar Boundaries of a Channel when the Flow is Turbulent
271(1)
6.5 Transfer to a Laminar Falling Film with Gas Side Resistance
272(5)
Example 6.5.1 Conversion of Evaporation Rate Data to Sherwood Number Data
275(2)
6.6 Mass Transfer into Aerated Vessels
277(7)
6.6.1 Bubble Dynamics
277(2)
6.6.2 Capacity Coefficients in Aerated Systems
279(2)
Example 6.6.1 Gas Flow to Sustain Growth in a Fermentor
281(2)
Example 6.6.2 Experimental Determination of k(c)a(v)
283(1)
6.7 Mass Transfer in Parallel Plate Reverse Osmosis System
284(4)
Example 6.7.1 Effect of Concentration Polarization on Permeate Flow
286(2)
6.8 Mass Transfer to Particles in a Turbulent Stirred Tank
288(3)
Example 6.8.1 Particle Dissolution in an Agitated Tank: Mass Transfer Coefficient
290(1)
Example 6.8.2 Particle Dissolution in an Agitated Tank: Dissolution Time
290(1)
6.9 Mass Transfer in Fluidized Bed Furnace
291(2)
Summary
293(2)
Problems
295(11)
CHAPTER 7 CONTINUOUS GAS/LIQUID CONTACTORS
306(29)
7.1 Two-Resistance Film Theory
307(5)
7.2 Analysis of Continuous Contact Transfer
312(5)
7.3 The Performance Equation for Dilute Systems
317(5)
Example 7.3.1 How to Find K(y)a(v) from Performance Data on a Column
318(2)
Example 7.3.2 Find Tower Height for a Specified Performance
320(2)
7.4 Minimum Flowrate Ratio (L/G)(min)
322(1)
7.5 Maximum Vapor Flowrate (Flooding)
323(2)
Example 7.5.1 Choosing a Tower Diameter
324(1)
7.6 A Design Procedure for Linear Systems
325(3)
Example 7.6.1 Find the Required Tower Height
326(2)
7.7 Correlations for Performance Characteristics of Packed Towers
328(4)
Example 7.7.1 Use of Empirical Correlations
329(2)
Example 7.7.2 Effect of Flowrates on the Height of a Gas Phase Transfer Unit (H(G))
331(1)
Summary
332(1)
Problems
332(3)
CHAPTER 8 MEMBRANE TRANSFER AND MEMBRANE SEPARATION SYSTEMS
335(32)
8.1 Introduction
335(1)
8.2 Mass Transfer Analyses of Some Membrane Phenomena
336(3)
Example 8.2.1 Calculation of the Pure Water Permeability
337(1)
Example 8.2.2 Rejection Coefficient of a Membrane
338(1)
8.3 A Solution-Diffusion Model of Steady Membrane Transport
339(9)
Example 8.3.1 Coefficients for the Membrane of Examples 8.2.1 and 8.2.2
343(1)
Example 8.3.2 Mass Transfer Coefficient for the Membrane
343(1)
Example 8.3.3 Performance of a Tubular Membrane
344(4)
8.4 Design Equations for a Tubular Membrane System with Large Fractional Recovery
348(5)
Example 8.4.1 Performance Analysis of a Tubular Membrane System with No Polarization Effects
350(3)
8.5 Hollow Fiber Membrane Systems
353(6)
Example 8.5.1 Performance Characteristics of a Hollow Fiber Membrane
356(3)
Summary
359(1)
Problems
359(8)
CHAPTER 9 INTRODUCTION
367(4)
9.1 Some Heat Transfer Problems
367(4)
9.1.1 Production of a Polymeric Film
367(1)
9.1.2 Desalination by Vaporization/Condensation
367(1)
9.1.3 A Solar Hot Water Heater
368(1)
9.1.4 Contaminant Entrainment by Buoyancy
369(2)
CHAPTER 10 HEAT TRANSFER BY CONDUCTION
371(30)
10.1 Fourier's Law of Conductive Heat Transfer
371(6)
10.1.1 A Design Problem, Measurement of k
373(2)
10.1.2 Conductive Heat Loss Across a Window Pane
375(2)
10.2 The Composite Solid
377(6)
10.2.1 The Planar Solid
377(2)
10.2.2 A Convective Boundary Condition
379(1)
10.2.3 Heat Transfer Across a Composite Cylindrical Solid
380(2)
10.2.4 The Use of Additional Material to Reduce Heat Loss
382(1)
10.3 Finned Heat Exchangers
383(9)
10.3.1 Analysis of a Simple Finned Surface
383(4)
Example 10.3.1 Finding XXX and the Heat Loss from a Finned Surface
387(1)
Example 10.3.2 Calculation of Improved Heat Transfer with Fins
388(3)
Example 10.3.3 Optimum Fin Length for Fixed Weight
391(1)
10.4 Conduction with Internal Heat Generation
392(3)
Example 10.4.1 Convective Cooling of an Insulated Wire
394(1)
Summary
395(1)
Problems
395(6)
CHAPTER 11 TRANSIENT HEAT TRANSFER BY CONDUCTION
401(32)
11.1 Unsteady Heat Transfer Across the Boundaries of Solids
401(14)
11.1.1 The Solid with Uniform Internal Temperature
401(1)
Example 11.1.1 A Design Problem: Measurement of the Convective Transfer Coefficient
402(3)
11.1.2 Unsteady Heat Conduction Within Bounded Solids
405(7)
Example 11.1.2 Cooling of a Long Copper Cylinder
412(1)
Example 11.1.3 Time to Cool a Solid Sphere, at any Biot Number
413(1)
Example 11.1.4 Dependence of Cooling Rate on Sphere Radius
414(1)
Example 11.1.5 Temperature Across the Radius of a Sphere
415(1)
11.2 The Heat Conduction Equation
415(4)
Example 11.2.1 Cooling of a Long Plastic Cylinder
417(2)
11.3 Heat Transfer at the Surface of a Semi-Infinite Medium
419(5)
Example 11.3.1 Surface Temperature of a Cooling Sheet
421(3)
11.4 Modeling and Dimensional Analysis; Geometrical Similarity
424(3)
Example 11.4.1 Experimental Design and Analysis of Data
425(2)
Summary
427(1)
Problems
428(5)
CHAPTER 12 CONVECTIVE HEAT TRANSFER
433(73)
12.1 Some Preliminary Concepts Regarding Convective Heat Transfer
433(6)
Example 12.1.1 Cooling and Solidification of Carbon Fibers
433(1)
Example 12.1.2 Temperature Control of an Evaporator
434(1)
Example 12.1.3 Temperature Control in a Blood Oxygenator
434(1)
12.1.1 Film Theory
435(4)
12.2 An Exact Laminar Boundary Layer Theory: Heat Transfer from a Flat Plate
439(4)
12.3 Correlations of Heat Transfer Data
443(6)
12.3.1 Turbulent Flow Inside Pipes
443(1)
12.3.2 Flow Outside and Across Pipes and Cylinders
444(1)
12.3.3 Flow Past Single Spheres
445(1)
12.3.4 The Temperature Dependence of Physical Properties Used in the Correlations
445(1)
12.3.5 A Simple Model of the Effect of a Temperature-Dependent Viscosity
446(3)
12.4 Heat Transfer Analysis in Pipe Flow
449(8)
12.4.1 The Basic Heat Balance
449(3)
Example 12.4.1 Flow Through a Chilled Tube
452(2)
Example 12.4.2 A Tubular Heater for Air
454(1)
12.4.2 Constant Heat Flux at the Pipe Surface
455(1)
Example 12.4.3 A Tubular Heater for Air: Constant Heat Input
456(1)
12.5 Models of Convection in Laminar Flows
457(12)
12.5.1 A Parallel Plate Heat Exchanger with Isothermal Surfaces
458(3)
12.5.2 The Thermal Entry Region of a Parallel Plate Heat Exchanger with Isothermal Surfaces
461(3)
12.5.3 The Tubular Heat Exchanger
464(1)
12.5.4 Heat Transfer to a Tube with Constant Surface Flux
465(1)
Example 12.5.1 Design of a Solar Heater: Constant h
466(1)
Example 12.5.2 Design of a Parallel Tube Heat Exchanger
467(2)
12.6 Design and Analysis of a Laminar Flow Heat Exchanger for a Blood Substitute
469(3)
Example 12.6.1 Required Length for a Compact Laminar Flow Heat Exchanger
469(2)
Example 12.6.2 Temperature Requirement for the External Heat Transfer Fluid
471(1)
12.7 Design of a Continuous Sterilizer for a Bioprocess Waste Stream
472(7)
Example 12.7.1 Estimating Heat Transfer Characteristics in a Pilot Scale Sterilization System
474(3)
Example 12.7.2 A More Exact Analysis of the Performance of a Pilot Scale Sterilization System
477(2)
12.8 Convective Heat Transfer from a Cylindrical Fiber in Steady Axial Motion
479(8)
Example 12.8.1 Temperature Uniformity across the Radius of a Fiber
483(2)
Example 12.8.2 Evaluation of the Total Cooling of a Fiber
485(2)
12.9 Optimal Geometry for Convective Cooling
487(9)
12.9.1 Optimal Design for Multiple Parallel Isothermal Surfaces
487(4)
Example 12.9.1 Conditions for Optimum Performance
491(1)
Example 12.9.2 Design of an Optimal Cooling System
492(1)
12.9.2 Optimal Design and Operation for a Single Heat-Generating Surface
492(2)
Example 12.9.3 Sensitivity of Performance to Deviations from Optimal Design
494(2)
Summary
496(1)
Problems
496(10)
CHAPTER 13 SIMPLE HEAT EXCHANGERS
506(44)
13.1 Introduction
506(1)
13.2 Double-Pipe Heat Exchanger Analysis
506(11)
Example 13.2.1 Maximum Cooling Capacity of an Exchanger of Fixed Area
508(2)
Example 13.2.2 Find the Required Length of a Heat Exchanger with Specified Flows: Turbulent Flow in Both Streams
510(4)
Example 13.2.3 Find the Required Length of a Heat Exchanger with Specified Flows: Laminar Flow on One Side
514(3)
13.3 Other Heat Exchanger Configurations
517(5)
Example 13.3.1 The 1 Shell Pass/2 Tube Pass Exchanger
517(5)
13.4 Effectiveness Concept for Heat Exchangers
522(11)
Example 13.4.1 Performance of a "Cross-Flow" Heat Exchanger (One Temperature, One Flow Unknown)
525(1)
Example 13.4.2 Comparison of F(R, P) and NTU(XXX) (Both Flowrates Specified; Two Unknown Temperatures)
526(2)
Example 13.4.3 Performance of a Heat Exchanger
528(1)
Example 13.4.4 Heat Exchanger with Condensation
529(1)
Example 13.4.5 Series/Parallel Exchangers
530(2)
Example 13.4.6 Exchanger with a Bleed-Off Stream
532(1)
13.5 Optimum Outlet Temperature
533(4)
Example 13.5.1 Calculation of the Optimum Outlet Water Temperature
536(1)
13.6 Analysis and Design of a System for Heating a Gelatin Solution
537(6)
13.6.1 Transient Analysis of the Batch System
537(2)
Example 13.6.1 Performance of a Plate Heat Exchanger
539(1)
13.6.2 Determination of Individual Side Coefficients
540(2)
Example 13.6.2 Design of a Heating System for Gelatin
542(1)
Summary
543(1)
Problems
544(6)
CHAPTER 14 NATURAL CONVECTION HEAT TRANSFER
550(34)
14.1 Introduction
550(3)
14.2 Buoyancy-Induced Flow: Natural Convection in a Confined Region
553(3)
Example 14.2.1 Analysis of Natural Convection Between Infinite Parallel Plates
553(2)
Example 14.2.2 Buoyancy-Driven Convective Velocities in Water and Air
555(1)
14.3 Buoyancy-Induced Flow: Natural Convection in an Unconfined Region
556(6)
14.4 Correlations of Data for Free Convection Heat Transfer Coefficients
562(5)
Example 14.4.1 Heat Loss from a Horizontal Pipe
564(2)
Example 14.4.2 Heat Transfer Across a Horizontal Bounded Air Film
566(1)
Example 14.4.3 Temperature of a Surface
567(1)
14.5 Natural Convection in an Enclosed Space
567(2)
Example 14.5.1 Natural Convection Heat Transfer across an Enclosed Air Space
569(1)
14.6 Combined Natural and Forced Convection
569(3)
Example 14.6.1 Effect of Natural Convection on Laminar Flow Heat Transfer in a Horizontal Tube
570(2)
14.7 An Integral Boundary Layer Analysis of Convection from a Vertical Heated Plane
572(3)
14.8 Optimum Spacing for Heat Dissipation
575(4)
Example 14.8.1 Design and Performance of a Convective Heater
578(1)
Summary
579(1)
Problems
580(4)
CHAPTER 15 HEAT TRANSFER BY RADIATION
584(31)
15.1 Introduction
584(1)
15.2 Emission and Exchange of Radiation
585(15)
Example 15.2.1 Heat Losses from a Plate
586(1)
15.2.1 Radiation Exchange Between Black Bodies
587(3)
Example 15.2.2 View Factors for Black Body Radiation between a Hemisphere and a Plane
590(2)
15.2.2 Radiation Exchange Between Black Bodies in an Adiabatic Enclosure
592(1)
Example 15.2.3 Design of a Solar Heater (Black Bodies: No Convection)
593(1)
15.2.3 Radiation Exchange Between Gray Bodies
594(1)
Example 15.2.4 Analysis of the Net Radiation Flux Between Parallel Gray Surfaces
595(2)
Example 15.2.5 Radiation Effect on Temperature Measurement
597(1)
Example 15.2.6 Effectiveness of a Radiation Shield
598(1)
15.2.4 Radiation Flux Plots
599(1)
15.3 Radiation and Convection
600(7)
Example 15.3.1 Design of a Solar Heater (Accounting for Convection)
600(4)
Example 15.3.2 Design of a Solar Heater for Domestic Hot Water
604(3)
15.4 Radiation and Conduction
607(3)
Example 15.4.1 Radiative Heat Rise in a Solid Panel
609(1)
Summary
610(1)
Problems
610(5)
CHAPTER 16 SIMULTANEOUS HEAT AND MASS TRANSFER
615(23)
16.1 Introduction
615(1)
16.2 Evaporative Cooling of a Liquid Droplet
615(3)
Example 16.2.1 Temperature of an Evaporating Droplet of Water
617(1)
16.3 Evaporative Blowing Effect on Heat Transfer
618(10)
Example 16.3.1 Evaporation of a Droplet Falling through Air
622(3)
Example 16.3.2 Evaporation of Alkane Fuel Droplets
625(3)
16.4 Analysis of a Liquid Source Delivery System
628(5)
Example 16.4.1 Performance of a Vapor Delivery System
631(2)
16.5 Evaporative Cooling of a Falling Liquid Film
633(2)
Example 16.5.1 Prediction of Experimental Cooling Data
633(2)
Summary
635(1)
Problems
635(3)
APPENDIX A SOLUTIONS TO THE DIFFUSION EQUATION
638(8)
A1 Planar Diffusion in One Dimension
638(4)
A2 Radial Diffusion in a Long Cylinder
642(2)
A3 Radial Diffusion in a Sphere
644(2)
APPENDIX B SOME USEFUL FUNCTIONS
646(6)
B1 Bessel Functions
646(3)
B2 The Error Function
649(2)
B3 The Gamma Function
651(1)
References
651(1)
APPENDIX C PHYSICAL PROPERTY VALUES
652(13)
C1 Vapor Pressure of Pure Compounds
652(1)
C2 Vapor/Liquid Equilibrium and Solubility (Henry's Law)
653(2)
C3 Mass Density
655(1)
C3.1 Gases
655(1)
C3.2 Liquids
655(1)
C3.3 Solids
655(1)
Example Calculate the Mass Density of Solid Benzoic Acid, C(7)H(6)O(2)
656(1)
C4 Molar Heat of Vaporization of Liquids
656(1)
C5 Molar Heat Capacities
657(1)
C5.1 Gases
657(1)
C5.2 Liquids
657(1)
C5.3 Solids
657(1)
C6 Viscosity of Gases and Liquids
657(3)
C6.1 Gases
657(1)
C6.2 Liquids
658(2)
C7 Thermal Conductivities of Gases and Liquids
660(2)
C7.1 Monatomic Gases
660(1)
C7.2 Polyatomic Gases
660(1)
C7.3 Liquids
660(1)
C7.4 Solids
661(1)
C8 Diffusion Coefficients in Gases and Liquids
662(1)
C9 Interfacial Tension
662(1)
C10 Properties of Water and Air
663(1)
References
664(1)
APPENDIX D UNIT CONVERSIONS
665(4)
INDEX 669

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