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Introduction to Materials Science for Engineers,9780130112873
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Introduction to Materials Science for Engineers

by
ISBN13:

9780130112873

ISBN10:
0130112879
Format:
Hardcover
Pub. Date:
1/1/2000
Publisher(s):
Prentice Hall
List Price: $118.00
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Summary

For a first course in Materials Sciences and Engineering taught in the departments of materials science, mechanical, civil and general engineering. This text provides balanced, current treatment of the full spectrum of engineering materials, covering all the physical properties, applications and relevant properties associated with engineering materials. It explores all of major categories of materials while also offering detailed examinations of a wide range of new materials with high-tech applications.

Table of Contents

Preface x
Materials for Engineering
1(19)
The Material World
2(1)
Materials Science and Engineering
3(1)
Types of Materials
3(10)
Metals
3(2)
Ceramics and Glasses
5(3)
Polymers
8(2)
Composites
10(1)
Semiconductors
11(2)
From Structure to Properties
13(3)
Processing Materials
16(1)
Selection of Materials
17(3)
PART ONE THE FUNDAMENTALS
Atomic Bonding
20(39)
Atomic Structure
21(5)
The Ionic Bond
26(13)
Coordination Number
31(8)
The Covalent Bond
39(6)
The Metallic Bond
45(3)
The Secondary, or van der Waals, Bond
48(3)
Materials---The Bonding Classification
51(8)
Crystalline Structure---Perfection
59(56)
Seven Systems and Fourteen Lattices
60(4)
Metal Structures
64(5)
Ceramic Structures
69(10)
Polymeric Structures
79(2)
Semiconductor Structures
81(6)
Lattice Positions, Directions, and Planes
87(14)
X-Ray Diffraction
101(14)
Crystal Defects and Noncrystalline Structure---Imperfection
115(42)
The Solid Solution---Chemical Imperfection
116(6)
Point Defects---Zero-Dimensional Imperfections
122(2)
Linear Defects, or Dislocations---One-Dimensional Imperfections
124(4)
Planar Defects---Two-Dimensional Imperfections
128(8)
Noncrystalline Solids---Three-Dimensional Imperfections
136(3)
Quasicrystals
139(6)
Microscopy
145(12)
Diffusion
157(28)
Thermally Activated Processes
158(4)
Thermal Production of Point Defects
162(2)
Point Defects and Solid-State Diffusion
164(12)
Steady-State Diffusion
176(2)
Alternate Diffusion Paths
178(7)
Mechanical Behavior
185(66)
Stress Versus Strain
186(24)
Metals
186(15)
Ceramics and Glasses
201(4)
Polymers
205(5)
Elastic Deformation
210(2)
Plastic Deformation
212(7)
Hardness
219(3)
Creep and Stress Relaxation
222(9)
Viscoelastic Deformation
231(20)
Inorganic Glasses
232(3)
Organic Polymers
235(3)
Elastomers
238(13)
Thermal Behavior
251(18)
Heat Capacity
252(3)
Thermal Expansion
255(3)
Thermal Conductivity
258(4)
Thermal Shock
262(7)
Failure Analysis and Prevention
269(35)
Impact Energy
270(6)
Fracture Toughness
276(4)
Fatigue
280(9)
Nondestructive Testing
289(6)
X-radiography
290(1)
Ultrasonic Testing
291(2)
Other Nondestructive Tests
293(2)
Failure Analysis and Prevention
295(9)
Phase Diagrams---Equilibrium Microstructural Development
304(50)
The Phase Rule
305(4)
The Phase Diagram
309(22)
Complete Solid Solution
310(4)
Eutectic Diagram with No Solid Solution
314(1)
Eutectic Diagram with Limited Solid Solution
315(3)
Eutectoid Diagram
318(4)
Peritectic Diagram
322(2)
General Binary Diagrams
324(7)
The Lever Rule
331(4)
Microstructural Development During Slow Cooling
335(19)
Kinetics---Heat Treatment
354(46)
Time---The Third Dimension
355(5)
The TTT Diagram
360(16)
Diffusional Transformations
361(3)
Diffusionless (Martensitic) Transformations
364(5)
Heat Treatment of Steel
369(7)
Hardenability
376(4)
Precipitation Hardening
380(3)
Annealing
383(6)
Cold Work
383(2)
Recovery
385(1)
Recrystallization
386(2)
Grain Growth
388(1)
The Kinetics of Phase Transformations for Nonmetals
389(11)
PART TWO THE STRUCTURAL MATERIALS
Metals
400(34)
Ferrous Alloys
401(13)
Carbon and Low-Alloy Steels
402(1)
High-Alloy Steels
402(6)
Cast Irons
408(4)
Rapidly Solidified Ferrous Alloys
412(2)
Nonferrous Alloys
414(5)
Aluminum Alloys
414(1)
Magnesium Alloys
415(1)
Titanium Alloys
415(1)
Copper Alloys
416(1)
Nickel Alloys
417(1)
Zinc, Lead, and Other Alloys
418(1)
Processing of Metals
419(15)
Ceramics and Glasses
434(24)
Ceramics---Crystalline Materials
435(6)
Glasses---Noncrystalline Materials
441(3)
Glass-Ceramics
444(2)
Processing of Ceramics and Glasses
446(12)
Polymers
458(39)
Polymerization
459(10)
Structural Features of Polymers
469(5)
Thermoplastic Polymers
474(7)
Thermosetting Polymers
481(5)
Additives
486(2)
Processing of Polymers
488(9)
Composites
497(49)
Fiber-Reinforced Composites
499(11)
Conventional Fiberglass
499(1)
Advanced Composites
500(4)
Wood---A Natural Fiber-Reinforced Composite
504(6)
Aggregate Composites
510(7)
Property Averaging
517(12)
Loading Parallel to Reinforcing Fibers---Isostrain
517(4)
Loading Perpendicular to Reinforcing Fibers---Isostress
521(3)
Loading a Uniformly Dispersed Aggregate Composite
524(3)
Interfacial Strength
527(2)
Mechanical Properties of Composites
529(7)
Processing of Composites
536(10)
PART THREE THE ELECTRONIC, OPTICAL, AND MAGNETIC MATERIALS
Electrical Behavior
546(44)
Charge Carriers and Conduction
547(5)
Energy Levels and Energy Bands
552(7)
Conductors
559(13)
Thermocouples
562(1)
Superconductors
563(9)
Insulators
572(8)
Ferroelectrics
573(4)
Piezoelectrics
577(3)
Semiconductors
580(3)
Composites
583(1)
Electrical Classification of Materials
584(6)
Optical Behavior
590(29)
Visible Light
591(3)
Optical Properties
594(12)
Refractive Index
594(2)
Reflectance
596(2)
Transparency, Translucency, and Opacity
598(1)
Color
599(2)
Luminescence
601(1)
Reflectivity and Opacity of Metals
602(4)
Optical Systems and Devices
606(13)
Lasers
606(3)
Optical Fibers
609(3)
Liquid Crystal Displays
612(1)
Photoconductors
612(7)
Semiconductor Materials
619(51)
Intrinsic, Elemental Semiconductors
620(6)
Extrinsic, Elemental Semiconductors
626(16)
n-Type Semiconductors
627(3)
p-Type Semiconductors
630(12)
Compound Semiconductors
642(3)
Amorphous Semiconductors
645(2)
Processing of Semiconductors
647(6)
Semiconductor Devices
653(17)
Magnetic Materials
670(33)
Magnetism
671(5)
Ferromagnetism
676(7)
Ferrimagnetism
683(2)
Metallic Magnets
685(7)
Soft Magnets
686(3)
Hard Magnets
689(1)
Superconducting Magnets
689(3)
Ceramic Magnets
692(11)
Low-Conductivity Magnets
692(3)
Superconducting Magnets
695(8)
PART FOUR MATERIALS IN ENGINEERING DESIGN
Environmental Degradation
703(45)
Oxidation-Direct Atmospheric Attack
705(6)
Aqueous Corrosion-Electrochemical Attack
711(2)
Galvanic Two-Metal Corrosion
713(4)
Corrosion by Gaseous Reduction
717(6)
Effect of Mechanical Stress on Corrosion
723(1)
Methods of Corrosion Prevention
724(3)
Polarization Curves
727(3)
Chemical Degradation of Ceramics and Polymers
730(1)
Radiation Damage
731(3)
Wear
734(4)
Surface Analysis
738(10)
Materials Selection
748(45)
Material Properties-Engineering Design Parameters
749(4)
Selection of Structural Materials-Case Studies
753(17)
Materials for Windsurfer Masts
754(3)
Metal Substitution with a Polymer
757(2)
Metal Substitution with Composites
759(1)
Honeycomb Structure
759(2)
Ceramic Tile for the Space Shuttle
761(4)
Materials for Hip Joint Replacement
765(5)
Selection of Electronic, Optical, and Magnetic Materials---Case Studies
770(12)
Amorphous Metal for Electric-Power Distribution
770(5)
Replacement of a Thermosetting Polymer with a Thermoplastic
775(1)
Metal Alloy Solder for Flip-Chip Technology
776(1)
Light-Emitting Diode
777(2)
Piezoelectric Actuator as a Smart Material
779(1)
Polymer as an Electrical Conductor
780(2)
Materials and Our Environment
782(11)
Environmental Aspects of Design
782(4)
Recycling
786(7)
Appendix One 793(3)
Appendix Two 796(3)
Appendix Three 799(1)
Appendix Four 800(9)
Appendix Five 809(5)
Appendix Six 814(1)
Appendix Seven 815(34)
Answers to Practice Problems (PP) and ODD-Numbered Problems 849(10)
Index 859


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