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Introduction to Materials Science for Engineers,9780131424869
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Introduction to Materials Science for Engineers

by
Edition:
7th
ISBN13:

9780131424869

ISBN10:
0131424866
Format:
Hardcover
Pub. Date:
1/1/2009
Publisher(s):
Prentice Hall
List Price: $105.00
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Summary

This book provides balanced, current treatment of the full spectrum of engineering materials, covering all the physical properties, applications and relevant properties associated with engineering materials. The book explores all of major categories of materials while offering detailed examinations of a wide range of new materials with high-tech applications. The reader is treated to state-of-the-art computer generated crystal structure illustrations, offering the most technically precise and visually realistic illustrations available. The book includes over 350 exercises with sample problems to provide guidance.Materials for Engineering, Atomic Bonding, Crystal Structure and Defects, Diffusion, Mechanical Behavior, Thermal Behavior, Failure Analysis & Prevention. Phase Diagrams, Heat Treatment, Metals, Ceramics and Glasses, Polymers, Composites, Electrical Behavior, Optical Behavior, Semiconductor Materials, Magnetic Materials, Environmental Degradation, Materials Science.For mechanical and civil engineers and machine designers.

Table of Contents

Preface xiii
About the Author xviii
Materials for Engineering
1(23)
The Material World
1(2)
Materials Science and Engineering
3(1)
Types of Materials
4(10)
Metals
4(1)
Ceramics and Glasses
5(4)
Polymers
9(2)
Composites
11(2)
Semiconductors
13(1)
From Structure to Properties
14(3)
Processing Materials
17(1)
Selection of Materials
17(7)
PART I THE FUNDAMENTALS
Atomic Bonding
24(40)
Atomic Structure
24(7)
The Ionic Bond
31(12)
Coordination Number
35(8)
The Covalent Bond
43(7)
The Metallic Bond
50(2)
The Secondary, or van der Waals, Bond
52(4)
Materials--The Bonding Classification
56(8)
Crystalline Structure--Perfection
64(55)
Seven Systems and Fourteen Lattices
65(3)
Metal Structures
68(5)
Ceramic Structures
73(9)
Polymeric Structures
82(3)
Semiconductor Structures
85(5)
Lattice Positions, Directions, and Planes
90(14)
X-Ray Diffraction
104(15)
Crystal Defects and Noncrystalline Structure--Imperfection
119(38)
The Solid Solution--Chemical Imperfection
120(5)
Point Defects--Zero-Dimensional Imperfections
125(2)
Linear Defects, or Dislocations--One-Dimensional Imperfections
127(4)
Planar Defects--Two-Dimensional Imperfections
131(8)
Noncrystalline Solids--Three-Dimensional Imperfections
139(3)
Microscopy
142(15)
Diffusion
157(29)
Thermally Activated Processes
158(3)
Thermal Production of Point Defects
161(3)
Point Defects and Solid-State Diffusion
164(11)
Steady-State Diffusion
175(4)
Alternate Diffusion Paths
179(7)
Mechanical Behavior
186(65)
Stress Versus Strain
187(24)
Metals
187(15)
Ceramics and Glasses
202(4)
Polymers
206(5)
Elastic Deformation
211(2)
Plastic Deformation
213(7)
Hardness
220(3)
Creep and Stress Relaxation
223(9)
Viscoelastic Deformation
232(19)
Inorganic Glasses
233(3)
Organic Polymers
236(3)
Elastomers
239(12)
Thermal Behavior
251(18)
Heat Capacity
252(2)
Thermal Expansion
254(3)
Thermal Conductivity
257(5)
Thermal Shock
262(7)
Failure Analysis and Prevention
269(35)
Impact Energy
270(5)
Fracture Toughness
275(5)
Fatigue
280(9)
Nondestructive Testing
289(6)
X-Radiography
290(1)
Ultrasonic Testing
291(2)
Other Nondestructive Tests
293(2)
Failure Analysis and Prevention
295(9)
Phase Diagrams--Equilibrium Microstructural Development
304(51)
The Phase Rule
305(4)
The Phase Diagram
309(21)
Complete Solid Solution
309(4)
Eutectic Diagram with No Solid Solution
313(2)
Eutectic Diagram with Limited Solid Solution
315(3)
Eutectoid Diagram
318(2)
Peritectic Diagram
320(4)
General Binary Diagrams
324(6)
The Lever Rule
330(5)
Microstructural Development During Slow Cooling
335(20)
Kinetics--Heat Treatment
355(49)
Time--The Third Dimension
356(5)
The TTT Diagram
361(16)
Diffusional Transformations
361(2)
Diffusionless (Martensitic) Transformations
363(6)
Heat Treatment of Steel
369(8)
Hardenability
377(4)
Precipitation Hardening
381(3)
Annealing
384(6)
Cold Work
384(1)
Recovery
385(1)
Recrystallization
385(1)
Grain Growth
386(4)
The Kinetics of Phase Transformations for Nonmetals
390(14)
PART II THE STRUCTURAL MATERIALS
Metals
404(34)
Ferrous Alloys
405(13)
Carbon and Low-Alloy Steels
405(1)
High-Alloy Steels
406(6)
Cast Irons
412(3)
Rapidly Solidified Ferrous Alloys
415(3)
Nonferrous Alloys
418(5)
Aluminum Alloys
418(1)
Magnesium Alloys
419(1)
Titanium Alloys
419(1)
Copper Alloys
420(1)
Nickel Alloys
421(1)
Zinc, Lead, and Other Alloys
422(1)
Processing of Metals
423(15)
Ceramics and Glasses
438(23)
Ceramics--Crystalline Materials
439(5)
Glasses--Noncrystalline Materials
444(3)
Glass-Ceramics
447(2)
Processing of Ceramics and Glasses
449(12)
Polymers
461(39)
Polymerization
462(9)
Structural Features of Polymers
471(5)
Thermoplastic Polymers
476(7)
Thermosetting Polymers
483(5)
Additives
488(2)
Processing of Polymers
490(10)
Composites
500(50)
Fiber-Reinforced Composites
502(10)
Conventional Fiberglass
502(1)
Advanced Composites
503(4)
Wood--A Natural Fiber-Reinforced Composite
507(5)
Aggregate Composites
512(7)
Property Averaging
519(12)
Loading Parallel to Reinforcing Fibers--Isostrain
519(4)
Loading Perpendicular to Reinforcing Fibers--Isostress
523(3)
Loading a Uniformly Dispersed Aggregate Composite
526(3)
Interfacial Strength
529(2)
Mechanical Properties of Composites
531(7)
Processing of Composites
538(12)
PART III THE ELECTRONIC, OPTICAL, AND MAGNETIC MATERIALS
Electrical Behavior
550(44)
Charge Carriers and Conduction
551(5)
Energy Levels and Energy Bands
556(7)
Conductors
563(12)
Thermocouples
566(2)
Superconductors
568(7)
Insulators
575(8)
Ferroelectrics
576(4)
Piezoelectrics
580(3)
Semiconductors
583(3)
Composites
586(1)
Electrical Classification of Materials
587(7)
Optical Behavior
594(28)
Visible Light
595(3)
Optical Properties
598(11)
Refractive Index
598(2)
Reflectance
600(2)
Transparency, Translucency, and Opacity
602(1)
Color
603(1)
Luminescence
604(1)
Reflectivity and Opacity of Metals
605(4)
Optical Systems and Devices
609(13)
Lasers
609(4)
Optical Fibers
613(2)
Liquid Crystal Displays
615(1)
Photoconductors
616(6)
Semiconductor Materials
622(48)
Intrinsic, Elemental Semiconductors
623(6)
Extrinsic, Elemental Semiconductors
629(14)
n-Type Semiconductors
629(3)
p-Type Semiconductors
632(11)
Compound Semiconductors
643(4)
Amorphous Semiconductors
647(1)
Processing of Semiconductors
648(5)
Semiconductor Devices
653(17)
Magnetic Materials
670(36)
Magnetism
671(5)
Ferromagnetism
676(8)
Ferrimagnetism
684(2)
Metallic Magnets
686(7)
Soft Magnets
686(4)
Hard Magnets
690(1)
Superconducting Magnets
690(3)
Ceramic Magnets
693(13)
Low-Conductivity Magnets
693(3)
Superconducting Magnets
696(10)
PART IV MATERIALS IN ENGINEERING DESIGN
Environmental Degradation
706(46)
Oxidation-Direct Atmospheric Attack
707(7)
Aqueous Corrosion-Electrochemical Attack
714(2)
Galvanic Two-Metal Corrosion
716(4)
Corrosion by Gaseous Reduction
720(5)
Effect of Mechanical Stress on Corrosion
725(1)
Methods of Corrosion Prevention
726(4)
Polarization Curves
730(3)
Chemical Degradation of Ceramics and Polymers
733(1)
Radiation Damage
734(3)
Wear
737(4)
Surface Analysis
741(11)
Materials Selection
752(42)
Material Properties--Engineering Design Parameters
753(5)
Selection of Structural Materials--Case Studies
758(13)
Materials for Windsurfer Masts
759(3)
Metal Substitution with a Polymer
762(2)
Metal Substitution with Composites
764(1)
Honeycomb Structure
764(2)
Materials for Hip-Joint Replacement
766(5)
Selection of Electronic, Optical, and Magnetic Materials--Case Studies
771(11)
Amorphous Metal for Electric-Power Distribution
771(5)
Replacement of a Thermosetting Polymer with a Thermoplastic
776(1)
Metal Alloy Solder for Flip-Chip Technology
777(1)
Light-Emitting Diode
778(2)
Polymer as an Electrical Conductor
780(2)
Materials and Our Environment
782(12)
Environmental Aspects of Design
782(4)
Recycling
786(8)
Appendix One: Physical and Chemical Data for the Elements 794(3)
Appendix Two: Atomic and Ionic Radii of the Elements 797(3)
Appendix Three: Constants and Conversion Factors 800(2)
Appendix Four: Properties of the Structural Materials 802(9)
Appendix Five: Properties of the Electronic, Optical, and Magnetic Materials 811(5)
Appendix Six: Materials Characterization Locator 816(1)
Appendix Seven: Glossary 817(33)
Answers to Practice Problems (PP) and Odd-Numbered Problems 850(9)
Index 859


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