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Popular with students, lecturers, and practitioners,An Introduction to Orthodontics,Fourth Edition is a perfect starting point for anyone unfamiliar with the theoretical and practical aspects of orthodontics. An Introduction to Orthodontics is an established reference text, and now with the addition of several new features it is an ideal revision tool. This textbook is highly illustrated throughout, including over 700 diagrams, clinical photographs and illustrated case studies that show the long-term planning and progress of orthodontic treatment. Each chapter is enhanced by learning objectives, key points boxes, annotated references, and directions to relevant Cochrane reviews. The text has a user-friendly design to ensure that content is clear and accessible for deep study or quick reference. Thoroughly updated and now in its fourth edition,An iIntroduction to Orthodonticsmaintains its position as the essential reference and revision text in the field.
Table of Contents
1. The rationale for orthodontic treatment 2. The aetiology and classification of malocclusion 3. Management of the developing dentation 4. Craniofacial growth, the cellular basis of tooth movement and anchorage, Z. L. Nelson-Moon 5. Orthodontic assessment, S. J. Littlewood 6. Cephalometrics 7. Treatment planning, S. J. Littlewood 8. Class I 9. Class II division 1 10. Class II division 2 11. Class III 12. Anterior open bite and posterior open bite 13. Crossbites 14. Canines 15. Planning anchorage, F. Dyer 16. Retention, S. J. Littlewood 17. Removable appliances 18. Fixed appliances 19. Functional appliances, S. J. Littlewood 20. Adult orthodontics, S. J. Littlewood 21. Orthodontics and orthognathic surgery, S. J. Littlewood 22. Cleft lip and palate and other craniofacial anomalies 23. Orthodontic first aid