Introduction to Philosophy : Classical and Contemporary Readings

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  • Edition: 6th
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2012-06-13
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
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Introduction to Philosophy: Classical and Contemporary Readings,Sixth Edition, is the most comprehensive topically organized collection of classical and contemporary philosophy available. The text includes sections on God and evil, knowledge and reality, the philosophy of science, the mind/body problem, freedom of will, consciousness, ethics, political philosophy, existential issues, and philosophical puzzles and paradoxes. Easy to use for both students and instructors alike, the book incorporatesboldfaced key terms(listed after each reading and defined in the glossary); aguide to writing philosophy papers;and a"Logical Toolkit".The sixth edition includes five new readings--by renowned contemporary philosophers Anthony Brueckner, John Martin Fischer, Alan Goldman, Rosalind Hursthouse, and Thomas Nagel--and additional descriptive material on the authors throughout the book. Anupdated Instructor's Resource CDincludes a test bank of exam questions, sample syllabi, summaries of each reading, and additional pedagogical tools.A Companion Website at www.oup.com/us/perryfeatures the same material included on the CD and also links to a separate site for students, which offers multiple-choice self-quizzes; pedagogical material; and an interactive blog featuring recommended websites, news articles, helpful anecdotes, and interviews.

Table of Contents

*=New to this Edition
Introduction: On the Study of Philosophy
Logical Toolkit
Writing Philosophy Papers
The Value of Philosophy
Plato, Apology: Defence of Socrates
God and Evil
Why Believe?
The Ontological Argument
The Existence of God
Natural Theology
The Wager
Why I Am Not a Christian
The Problem of Evil
Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion
God, Evil, and the Best of All Possible Worlds
Dialogue on Good, Evil, and the Existence of God
Knowledge and Reality
Plato and the Concept of Knowledge
Is Justified True Belief Knowledge?
Descartes and the Problems of Skepticism
Meditations on First Philosophy
Bad Dreams, Evil Demons, and the Experience Machine: Philosophy and The Matrix
Excerpt from Philosophical Explanations
Hume's Problems and Some Solutions
Of Scepticism with Regard to the Senses
An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding
The Problem of Induction
Minds, Bodies, and Persons
The Traditional Problem of Mind and Body
The Argument from Analogy for Other Minds
Descartes's Myth
The Nature of Mind
Intentional Systems
Eliminative Materialism
What Mary Didn't Know
Minds, Brains, and Machines
Computing Machines and Intelligence
Minds, Brains, and Programs
Personal Identity
A Dialogue on Personal Identity and Immortality
The Self and the Future
Personal Identity
So It Goes
Where Am I?
Freedom, Determinism, and Responsibility
Human Freedom and the Self
The Powers of Rational Beings: Freedom of the Will
On Liberty and Necessity
Alternate Possibilities and Moral Responsibility
Responsiveness and Moral Responsibility
Freedom of the Will and the Concept of a Person
Moral Luck
Ethics and Society
The Principle of Utility
Criticisms of Utilitarianism
Extreme and Restricted Utilitarianism
Utilitarianism and Integrity
Famine, Affluence, and Morality
Kantian Ethics
Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals
A Brief Introduction to Kantian Ethics
Kantian Approaches to Some Famine Problems
Aristotelian Ethics
Nicomachean Ethics
Right Action
Justice and Equality
A Theory of Justice
Justice and Entitlement
Where the Action Is: On the Site of Distributive Justice
The Subjection of Women
Markets in Women's Reproductive Labor
Challenges to Morality
The Republic
An Enquiry Concerning the Principles of Morals
Morality and Advantage
The Subjectivity of Values
Ethics and Observation
Moral Explanations
Existential Issues
Moral Saints
The Absurd
The Myth of Sisyphus
The Meaning of Human Existence
The Meanings of Lives
Sexual Perversion
Plain Sex
Why Is Death Bad?
Puzzles and Paradoxes
Zeno's Paradoxes
Achilles and the Tortoise
The Racecourse
The Argument Against Plurality
Metaphysical and Epistemological Puzzles and Paradoxes
The Paradox of Identity
The Paradox of the Heap
The Surprise Examination
Goodman's New Riddle of Induction
Puzzles of Rational Choice
The Prisoner's Dilemma
Newcomb's Problem
Kavka's Toxin Puzzle
Quinn's Puzzle of the Self-Torturer
Paradoxes of Logic, Set Theory, and Semantics
The Paradox of the Liar
Other Versions of the Liar
Russell's Paradox
Grelling's Paradox
Puzzles of Ethics
The Trolley Problem
Ducking Harm and Sacrificing Others
Glossary of Philosophical Terms
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

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