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Welcome to the book | p. xi |
Table of SI units | p. xvii |
Figure acknowledgements | p. xix |
Introduction | p. 1 |
Major water types | p. 1 |
The hydrological cycle | p. 3 |
Drainage basin hydrological processes | p. 6 |
The water balance | p. 9 |
Summary | p. 12 |
Atmospheric water | p. 14 |
Introduction | p. 14 |
Cloud formation | p. 14 |
Generation of precipitation | p. 20 |
Precipitation types | p. 21 |
Measuring precipitation | p. 27 |
Areal precipitation | p. 30 |
Evaporation types and measurement | p. 32 |
Estimating evaporation: Penman-Monteith | p. 34 |
Summary | p. 47 |
Groundwater | p. 49 |
Introduction | p. 49 |
Misconceptions | p. 51 |
Drilling a hole … | p. 51 |
Bernoulli to the aid | p. 52 |
Aqui… | p. 55 |
Effective infiltration velocity and infiltration rate | p. 58 |
The soil as a wet sponge | p. 61 |
Brothers in science: Darcy and Ohm | p. 62 |
Refracting the water | p. 77 |
Keep it simple and confined | p. 80 |
Continuity and its consequences | p. 85 |
Going Dutch | p. 92 |
Flow nets | p. 96 |
Groundwater flow regimes and systems | p. 99 |
Fresh and saline: Ghijben Herzberg | p. 104 |
Groundwater hydraulics | p. 106 |
Summary | p. 138 |
Soil water | p. 141 |
Introduction | p. 141 |
Negative water pressures | p. 142 |
Determining the total potential | p. 146 |
The soil as a dry filter paper or a wet sponge | p. 148 |
The soil moisture characteristic | p. 151 |
Drying and wetting: hysteresis | p. 160 |
Unsaturated water flow | p. 163 |
Moving up: capillary rise and evaporation | p. 167 |
Moving down: infiltration and percolation | p. 169 |
Preferential flow | p. 190 |
Summary | p. 196 |
Surface water | p. 200 |
Introduction | p. 202 |
Bernoulli revisited | p. 202 |
Measuring stage, water velocity, and discharge | p. 225 |
Hydrograph analysis | p. 244 |
Conceptual rainfall-runoff models | p. 252 |
Variable source area hydrology | p. 263 |
Summary | p. 274 |
Epilogue | p. 277 |
Conceptual toolkit | p. 278 |
If You cannot do the maths | p. 280 |
Mathematical differentiation and integration | p. 290 |
Quick reference to some differentiation rules | p. 290 |
Mathematics toolboxes | p. 291 |
Confined aquifer: horizontal flow | p. 291 |
Unconfined aquifer: horizontal flow | p. 292 |
Leaky aquifer: inverse landscape | p. 293 |
Unconfined aquifer with recharge: canals with equal water levels | p. 296 |
Unconfined aquifer with recharge: streams with different water levels | p. 297 |
Confined aquifer: radial-symmetric flow | p. 299 |
Unconfined aquifer: radical-symmetric flow | p. 301 |
Derivation of the Richards equation | p. 303 |
Other forms of the Richards equation | p. 305 |
Open channel flow | p. 307 |
Answers to the exercise | p. 308 |
References | p. 317 |
Index | p. 323 |
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