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Introduction to Physical Science,9780618223190
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Introduction to Physical Science

by Unknown
Edition:
10th
ISBN13:

9780618223190

ISBN10:
0618223193
Media:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
7/8/2002
Publisher(s):
Brooks Cole
List Price: $131.33
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Summary

This text presents a survey of the physical sciences for non-science majors. Topics are treated both descriptively and quantitatively, providing flexibility for instructors who wish to emphasize a descriptive approach, a quantitative approach, or any spectrum in between. Concepts to be treated mathematically are consistently introduced from three perspectives. First, the concept is defined in words, as briefly as possible. Second, the definition is presented as an equation in word form. Finally, the concept is expressed in symbol notation.

Table of Contents

Prefacep. xi
Measurementp. 1
The Sensesp. 2
Introduction to the Scientific Methodp. 2
Standard Units and Systems of Unitsp. 4
More on the Metric Systemp. 7
Derived Units and Conversion Factorsp. 10
Significant Figuresp. 15
Powers-of-10 (Scientific) Notationp. 16
Approach to Problem Solvingp. 18
Motionp. 24
Defining Motionp. 25
Speed and Velocityp. 25
Accelerationp. 29
Acceleration in Uniform Circular Motionp. 34
Projectile Motionp. 36
Force and Motionp. 43
Newton's First Law of Motionp. 44
Newton's Second Law of Motionp. 47
Newton's Third Law of Motionp. 51
Newton's Law of Gravitationp. 53
Momentump. 59
Work and Energyp. 69
Workp. 70
Kinetic Energy and Potential Energyp. 72
Conservation of Energyp. 76
Powerp. 78
Forms and Sources of Energyp. 80
Temperature and Heatp. 92
Temperaturep. 93
Heatp. 95
Specific Heat and Latent Heatp. 96
Heat Transferp. 103
Phases of Matterp. 105
The Kinetic Theory of Gasesp. 107
Thermodynamicsp. 110
Wavesp. 121
Wave Propertiesp. 122
Electromagnetic Wavesp. 125
Sound Wavesp. 127
The Doppler Effectp. 133
Standing Waves and Resonancep. 134
Wave Effects and Opticsp. 139
Reflectionp. 140
Refraction and Dispersionp. 141
Polarizationp. 150
Diffraction and Interferencep. 152
Spherical Mirrorsp. 158
Lensesp. 163
Electricity and Magnetismp. 172
Electric Charge and Currentp. 173
Voltage and Electrical Powerp. 178
Simple Electric Circuits and Electrical Safetyp. 181
Magnetismp. 187
Electromagnetismp. 192
Atomic Physicsp. 204
Early Concepts of the Atomp. 205
The Dual Nature of Lightp. 206
Bohr Theory of the Hydrogen Atomp. 210
Microwave Ovens, X-Rays, and Lasersp. 217
Heisenberg's Uncertainty Principlep. 222
Matter Wavesp. 223
The Quantum Mechanical Model of the Atomp. 225
Nuclear Physicsp. 232
Symbols of the Elementsp. 233
The Atomic Nucleusp. 233
Radioactivity and Half-Lifep. 239
Nuclear Reactionsp. 246
Nuclear Fissionp. 249
Nuclear Fusionp. 254
Biological Effects of Radiationp. 258
The Chemical Elementsp. 265
Classification of Matterp. 266
Discovery of the Elementsp. 269
Occurrence of the Elementsp. 271
The Periodic Tablep. 275
Naming Compoundsp. 281
Groups of Elementsp. 283
Chemical Bondingp. 293
Law of Conservation of Massp. 294
Law of Definite Proportionsp. 294
Dalton's Atomic Theoryp. 297
Ionic Bondingp. 298
Covalent Bondingp. 305
Hydrogen Bondingp. 314
Chemical Reactionsp. 321
Balancing Chemical Equationsp. 322
Energy and Rate of Reactionp. 325
Acids and Basesp. 331
Single-Replacement Reactionsp. 339
Avogadro's Numberp. 344
Organic Chemistryp. 349
Bonding in Organic Compoundsp. 350
Aromatic Hydrocarbonsp. 351
Aliphatic Hydrocarbonsp. 352
Derivatives of Hydrocarbonsp. 359
Synthetic Polymersp. 369
The Solar Systemp. 380
The Solar System: An Overviewp. 381
The Planet Earthp. 388
The Terrestrial Planetsp. 392
The Jovian Planets and Plutop. 398
Other Solar System Objectsp. 407
The Origin of the Solar Systemp. 411
Other Planetary Systemsp. 413
Place and Timep. 421
Cartesian Coordinatesp. 422
Latitude and Longitudep. 422
Timep. 425
The Seasonsp. 432
Precession of Earth's Axisp. 435
The Calendarp. 436
The Moonp. 443
General Featuresp. 444
Composition and History of the Moonp. 446
Lunar Motionsp. 449
Phases of the Moonp. 450
Eclipsesp. 454
Ocean Tidesp. 457
The Universep. 466
The Sunp. 467
The Celestial Spherep. 472
Starsp. 474
Gravitational Collapse and Black Holesp. 482
Galaxiesp. 484
Quasarsp. 489
Cosmologyp. 490
The Atmospherep. 500
Composition and Structurep. 501
Atmospheric Energy Contentp. 505
Atmospheric Measurements and Observationsp. 508
Air Motionp. 518
Cloudsp. 522
Atmospheric Effectsp. 530
Condensation and Precipitationp. 531
Air Massesp. 533
Stormsp. 536
Atmospheric Pollutionp. 545
Pollution and Climatep. 550
Minerals and Rocksp. 557
Mineralsp. 558
Rocksp. 562
Igneous Rocksp. 565
Igneous Activityp. 569
Sedimentary Rocksp. 576
Metamorphic Rocksp. 581
Structural Geologyp. 587
Continental Drift and Seafloor Spreadingp. 588
Plate Tectonicsp. 591
Earthquakes and Earth's Interiorp. 595
Crustal Deformation and Mountain Buildingp. 605
Surface Processesp. 613
Weatheringp. 614
Erosionp. 616
Groundwaterp. 624
Shoreline and Seafloor Topographyp. 627
Geologic Timep. 633
Fossilsp. 634
Relative Geologic Timep. 636
Radiometric Datingp. 640
The Age of Earthp. 644
The Geologic Time Scalep. 646
Appendixes
The Seven Base Units of the International System of Units (SI)p. 1
Solving Mathematical Problems in Sciencep. 1
Equation Rearrangementp. 2
Analysis of Unitsp. 6
Positive and Negative Numbersp. 7
Powers-of-10 Notationp. 8
Significant Figuresp. 10
Psychrometric Tablesp. 12
Glossaryp. 14
Photo Creditsp. 31
Indexp. 1
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.


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