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Featuring selections from around the globe, Introduction to World Philosophy: A Multicultural Reader provides a diverse and engaging introduction to five key areas of philosophy: ethics, philosophy of mind and self, epistemology, metaphysics, and philosophical theology. The editors have arranged these topics according to their increasing complexity--from the most concrete (ethics) to the most theoretical (philosophical theology)--making the material as accessible as possible for students. Organized both chronologically and geographically, the anthology's five parts include readings from Indian, Chinese, Greek, Christian, Jewish, Islamic, Spanish, Latin-American, and African traditions, as well as selections from early modern, Kantian, and post-Kantian philosophy. Introduction to World Philosophy contains 136 selections (24 by women), organized into 25 chapters; these chapters are divided into 93 sections, each of which opens with a detailed introduction that prepares students for the readings that follow. The parts and chapters can be used in any order and in any combination. The text's unique modular structure gives instructors great flexibility in designing and teaching introduction to philosophy courses. The book is further enhanced by a glossary, a Companion Website at www.oup.com/us/bonevac, and an Instructor's Manual (available both in print and on a CD) that offers suggested syllabi, discussion questions, test questions, suggested readings, and PowerPoint slides.
Table of Contents
Preface Timeline Part I: Ethics 1. Ethics in the Philosophical Traditions of India 1.1. Karma and Dharma in Hindu thought 1.1.1. From the Bhagavad Gita 1.2. The Bhakti Movement 1.2.1. Akka Mahadevi 1.2.2. Janabai 1.2.3. Lalla 1.2.4. Mirabai 1.3. Early Buddhism 1.3.1. The Buddha, from The First Sermon 1.3.2. From The Dhammapada 1.4. Songs of the Buddhist Nuns 1.4.1. From Psalms of the Sisters 1.5. Buddhist Virtues 1.5.1. From The Lankavatara Sutra 1.6. Jainism 1.6.1. From the Acaranga Sutra 1.7. The Skepticism and Materialism of Charvaka 1.7.1. From Sarva-Darsana-Samgraha 2. Chinese Ethics 2.1. The Virtue Ethics of Confucius 2.1.1. Confucius, from The Analects 2.2. The Intuitionism of Mencius 2.2.1. From Mencius 2.3. Xunzi's Pessimistic View of Human Nature 2.3.1. Xunzi, from "That the Nature is Evil" 2.4. Confucian and Neo-Confucian Women Writers 2.4.1. Ban Zhao, from Lessons for My Daughters 2.4.2. Ban Zhao, "Traveling Eastward" 2.4.3. Li Qingzhao, from Hou Hsu 2.4.4. Li Qingzhao, from Complete Poems 2.5. The Virtue Ethics of Daoism 2.5.1. Laozi, from Dao-de-Jing 2.6. Daoist Women Writers 2.6.1. Yu Xuanji, from Poems 2.6.2. Sun Bu-er, from Poems 3. Ancient Greek Ethics 3.1. Socrates on Virtue 3.1.1. Plato, from Laches 3.2. Plato's Conception of Virtue 3.2.1. Plato, from the Republic 3.3. Aristotle on Virtue 3.3.1. Aristotle, from Nicomachean Ethics 4. Medieval Christian, Jewish, and Islamic Ethics 4.1. The Ethics of the Fathers 4.1.1. From the Babylonian Talmud 4.2. Augustine on Weakness of Will 4.2.1. Augustine, from Confessions 4.2.2. Augustine, from On the Trinity 4.3. Al-Farabi on Happiness 4.3.1. Al-Farabi, from The Attainment of Happiness 4.4. Maimonides on Happiness and Virtue 4.4.1. Moses Maimonides, from Guide of the Perplexed 4.5. Aquinas on Law and Virtue 4.5.1. St. Thomas Aquinas, from Summa Theologica 4.6. St. Catherine of Siena on the Paradoxes of Wisdom 4.6.1. Letter to Monna Alessa Dei Saracini 4.6.2. Letter to the Venerable Religious Brother Antonio of Nizza, of the Order of the Hermit Brothers of St. Augustine at the Wood of the Lake 4.7. Christine de Pizan's Feminism 4.7.1. Christine de Pizan, from The Treasury of the City of Ladies 4.8. Virtue in St. Teresa of Avila 4.8.1. St. Teresa of Avila, from The Ways of Perfection 5. Ethics in Modern Philosophy 5.1. Princess Elizabeth's Critique of Reason in Ethics 5.1.1. Elizabeth to Descartes--The Hague, August 16, 1645 5.1.2. Elizabeth to Descartes--The Hague, September 13, 1645 5.1.3. Elizabeth to Descartes--Riswyck, September 30, 1645 5.1.4. Elizabeth to Descartes--The Hague, April 25, 1646 5.2. Hume's Empiricist Ethics: From Is to Ought 5.2.1. David Hume, from A Treatise of Human Nature 5.3. Kant's Deontology 5.3.1. Immanuel Kant, from Fundamental Principles of the Metaphysics of Morals 5.4. Madame de Stael on the Passions 5.4.1. Madame de Stael, from Influence of the Passions upon the Happiness of Individuals and of Nations 5.5. Utilitarianism 5.5.1. John Stuart Mill, from Utilitarianism 6. African Ethics 6.1. The