Marge Lial became interested in math at an early age–it was her favorite subject in the first grade! Marge's intense desire to educate both her students and herself inspired the writing of numerous best-selling textbooks. Marge, who received Bachelor's and Master's degrees from California State University at Sacramento, was affiliated with American River College. An avid reader and traveler, her travel experiences often found their way into her books as applications, exercise sets, and feature sets. She was particularly interested in archeology; trips to various digs and ruin sites produced some fascinating problems for her textbooks involving such topics as the building of Mayan pyramids and the acoustics of ancient ball courts in the Yucatan. We dedicate the new editions of the paperback developmental math series to Marge in honor of her contributions to the field in which she helped thousands of students succeed.
Stan Salzman is a long time resident of Sacramento, California. Stan has taught at American River College for many years, where he was a member of the business department. He is the author of Business Math and Essential Math, published by Pearson Education, Inc., and is coauthor of Basic Math.
Diana Hestwood lives in Minnesota and has taught at Metropolitan Community College in Minneapolis for two decades. She has done research on the student brain and is an expert on study skills. She is the author of Lial/Hestwood’s Prealgebra and coauthor of Lial/Salzman/Hestwood’s Basic Math and Lial/Hestwood/Hornsby/McGinnis’s Prealgebra and Introductory Algebra.
R. Prealgebra Review
R.1 Fractions
R.2 Decimals and Percents
1. The Real Number System
1.1 Exponents, Order of Operations, and Inequality
1.2 Variables, Expressions, and Equations
1.3 Real Numbers and the Number Line
1.4 Adding Real Numbers
1.5 Subtracting Real Numbers
1.6 Multiplying and Dividing Real Numbers
1.7 Properties of Real Numbers
1.8 Simplifying Expressions
2. Equations, Inequalities, and Applications
2.1 The Addition Property of Equality
2.2 The Multiplication Property of Equality
2.3 More on Solving Linear Equations
2.4 An Introduction to Applications of Linear Equations
2.5 Formulas and Additional Applications from Geometry
2.6 Ratio, Proportion, and Percent
2.7 Solving Linear Inequalities
3. Graphs of Linear Equations and Inequalities in Two Variables
3.1 Linear Equations in Two Variables; The Rectangular Coordinate System
3.2 Graphing Linear Equations in Two Variables
3.3 The Slope of a Line
3.4 Writing and Graphing Equations of Lines
3.5 Graphing Linear Inequalities in Two Variables
4. Systems of Linear Equations and Inequalities
4.1 Solving Systems of Linear Equations by Graphing
4.2 Solving Systems of Linear Equations by Substitution
4.3 Solving Systems of Linear Equations by Elimination
4.4 Applications of Linear Systems
4.5 Solving Systems of Linear Inequalities
5. Exponents and Polynomials
5.1 Adding and Subtracting Polynomials
5.2 The Product Rule and Power Rules for Exponents
5.3 Multiplying Polynomials
5.4 Special Products
5.5 Integer Exponents and the Quotient Rule
5.6 Dividing a Polynomial by a Monomial
5.7 Dividing a Polynomial by a Polynomial
5.8 An Application of Exponents: Scientific Notation
6. Factoring and Applications
6.1 Factors; The Greatest Common Factor
6.2 Factoring Trinomials
6.3 Factoring Trinomials by Grouping
6.4 Factoring Trinomials by Using the FOIL Method
6.5 Special Factoring Techniques
6.6 Solving Quadratic Equations by Factoring
6.7 Applications of Quadratic Equations
7. Rational Expressions and Applications
7.1 The Fundamental Property of Rational Expressions
7.2 Multiplying and Dividing Rational Expressions
7.3 Least Common Denominators
7.4 Adding and Subtracting Rational Expressions
7.5 Complex Fractions
7.6 Solving Equations with Rational Expressions
7.7 Applications of Rational Expressions
7.8 Variation
8. Roots and Radicals
8.1 Evaluating Roots
8.2 Multiplying, Dividing, and Simplifying Radicals
8.3 Adding and Subtracting Radicals
8.4 Rationalizing the Denominator
8.5 More Simplifying and Operations with Radicals
8.6 Solving Equations with Radicals
9. Quadratic Equations
9.1 Solving Quadratic Equations by the Square Root Property
9.2 Solving Quadratic Equations by Completing the Square
9.3 Solving Quadratic Equations by the Quadratic Formula
9.4 Graphing Quadratic Equations
9.5 Introduction to Functions