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Introductory Chemistry,9780805382983

Introductory Chemistry

by ;
Edition:
3rd
ISBN13:

9780805382983

ISBN10:
0805382984
Format:
Hardcover
Pub. Date:
5/11/2006
Publisher(s):
Benjamin Cummings
List Price: $158.00

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Summary

KEY MESSAGE:Introductory Chemistry,Third Editionhelps readers master the quantitative skills and conceptual understanding they need to gain a deep understanding of chemistry. Unlike other books on the market that emphasize rote memory of problem-solving algorithms,Introductory Chemistrytakes a conceptual approach with the idea that focusing on the concepts behind chemical equations helps readers become more proficient problem solvers.What Is Chemistry?, The Numerical Side of Chemistry, The Evolution of Atomic Theory, The Modern Model of the Atom 1, Chemical Bonding and Nomenclature, The Shape of Molecules, Chemical Reactions, Stoichiometry and the Mole, The Transfer of Electrons from One Atom to Another in a Chemical Reaction Intermolecular Forces and the Phases of Matter, What If There Were No Intermolecular Forces?, The Ideal Gas Solutions, When Reactants Turn into Products, Chemical Equilibrium, Electrolytes, Acids, and Bases, Nuclear Chemistry, The Chemistry of Carbon, Synthetic and Biological Polymers.For all readers interested in introductory chemistry.

Author Biography

Steve Russo is a Senior Lecturer in the Department of Chemistry at Cornell University and the Director of Organic Laboratories. Prior to that, he was an Assistant Professor at Indiana University. While there, he designed and implemented a state-of-the-art computer resource center for the undergraduate chemistry curriculum. He received his B.S. in chemistry from St. Francis College and his Ph.D. in physical organic chemistry from Cornell University. He is a member of the American Chemical Society and has been a recipient of the Dupont Teaching Award, Clark Teaching Award, and the Amoco Distinguished Teaching Award.


Mike Silver is a Professor of Chemistry at Hope College. He received his B.S. in chemistry from Fairleigh Dickinson University and his Ph.D. in inorganic chemistry from Cornell University. He is a member of the American Chemical Society, past president of the West Michigan Section, and a member of the Council of Undergraduate Research. He has received the Camille and Henry Dreyfus Teacher-Scholar Award for excellence in teaching and research and the Provost's Award for Teaching Excellence. Currently he is involved in collaborative research with the Dow Corning Chemical Company.


Table of Contents

About the Authors v
Preface xi
What Is Chemistry?
1(26)
Science and Technology
1(2)
Matter
3(6)
Matter and Its Physical Transformations
9(3)
Matter and Its Chemical Transformations
12(3)
How Science Is Done---The Scientific Method
15(3)
Learning Chemistry with This Book
18(9)
The Numerical Side of Chemistry
27(50)
Numbers in Chemistry---Precision and Accuracy
27(3)
Numbers in Chemistry---Uncertainty and Significant Figures
30(3)
Zeros and Significant Figures
33(3)
Scientific Notation
36(4)
How to Handle Significant Figures and Scientific Notation When Doing Math
40(4)
Numbers with a Name---Units of Measure
44(6)
Density: A Useful Physical Property of Matter
50(2)
Doing Calculations in Chemistry---Unit Analysis
52(5)
Rearranging Equations---Algebraic Manipulations with Density
57(3)
Quantifying Energy
60(17)
The Evolution of Atomic Theory
77(44)
Dalton's Atomic Theory
77(5)
Development of a Model for Atomic Structure
82(1)
The Nucleus
83(4)
The Structure of the Atom
87(6)
The Law of Mendeleev---Chemical Periodicity
93(5)
The Modern Periodic Table
98(6)
Other Regular Variations in the Properties of Elements
104(17)
The Modern Model of the Atom
121(44)
Seeing the Light---A New Model of the Atom
121(4)
A New Kind of Physics---Energy Is Quantized
125(1)
The Bohr Theory of Atomic Structure
126(3)
Periodicity and Line Spectra Explained
129(7)
Subshells and Electron Configuration
136(8)
Compound Formation and the Octet Rule
144(5)
Atomic Size Revisited
149(1)
The Modern Quantum Mechanical Model of the Atom
150(15)
Chemical Bonding and Nomenclature
165(46)
Molecules---What Are They? Why Are They?
165(1)
Holding Molecules Together---The Covalent Bond
166(6)
Molecules, Dot Structures, and the Octet Rule
172(6)
Multiple Bonds
178(5)
Ionic Bonding---Bring on the Metals
183(2)
Equal Versus Unequal Sharing of Electrons---Electronegativity and the Polar Covalent Bond
185(4)
Nomenclature---Naming Chemical Compounds
189(22)
The Shape of Molecules
211(32)
Why Is the Shape of a Molecule Important?
211(2)
Valence Shell Electron Pair Repulsion (VSEPR) Theory
213(9)
Polarity of Molecules, or When Does 2 + 2 Not Equal 4?
222(8)
Intermolecular Forces---Dipolar Interactions
230(13)
Chemical Reactions
243(30)
What Is a Chemical Reaction?
243(1)
How Are Reactants Transformed into Products?
244(3)
Balancing Chemical Equations
247(4)
Types of Reactions
251(2)
Solubility and Precipitation Reactions
253(7)
Introduction to Acid--Base Reactions
260(13)
Stoichiometry and the Mole
273(50)
Stoichiometry---What Is It?
273(3)
The Mole
276(9)
Reaction Stoichiometry
285(6)
Dealing with a Limiting Reactant
291(6)
Combustion Analysis
297(8)
Going Back and Forth Between Formulas and Percent Composition
305(18)
The Transfer of Electrons from One Atom to Another in a Chemical Reaction
323(46)
What Is Electricity?
323(1)
Electron Bookkeeping---Oxidation States
324(12)
Recognizing Electron-Transfer Reactions
336(5)
Electricity from Redox Reactions
341(7)
Which Way Do Electrons Flow?---The EMF Series
348(5)
Another Look at Oxidation: The Corrosion of Metals
353(16)
Intermolecular Forces and the Phases of Matter
369(30)
Why Does Matter Exist in Different Phases?
369(6)
Intermolecular Forces
375(4)
A Closer Look at Dipole Forces---Hydrogen-Bonding
379(4)
Vancomycin---The Antibiotic of Last Resort and Its Life-Saving Hydrogen Bonds!
383(4)
Nonmolecular Substances
387(12)
What if There Were No Intermolecular Forces? The Ideal Gas
399(34)
Describing the Gas Phase---P, V, n, and T
399(7)
Describing a Gas Mathematically---The Ideal Gas Law
406(7)
Getting the Most from the Ideal Gas Law
413(20)
Solutions
433(66)
What Is a Solution?
433(3)
Energy and the Formation of Solutions
436(8)
Entropy and the Formation of Solutions
444(3)
Solubility, Temperature, and Pressure
447(3)
Getting Unlikes to Dissolve---Soaps and Detergents
450(2)
Molarity
452(10)
Percent Composition
462(3)
Reactions in Solution
465(8)
Colligative Properties of Solutions
473(26)
When Reactants Turn into Products
499(48)
Chemical Kinetics
499(3)
Energy Changes and Chemical Reactions
502(9)
Reaction Rates and Activation Energy---Getting over the Hill
511(9)
How Concentration Affects Reaction Rate
520(5)
Reaction Order
525(4)
Why Reaction Orders Have the Values They Do---Mechanisms
529(18)
Chemical Equilibrium
547(44)
Dynamic Equilibrium---My Reaction Seems To Have Stopped!
547(6)
Why Do Chemical Reactions Reach Equilibrium?
553(4)
The Position of Equilibrium---The Equilibrium Constant, Keq
557(6)
Disturbing a Reaction Already at Equilibrium---Le Chatelier's Principle
563(4)
How Equilibrium Responds to Temperature Changes
567(3)
Equilibria for Heterogeneous Reactions, Solubility, and Equilibrium Calculations
570(21)
Electrolytes, Acids, and Bases
591(56)
Electrolytes and Nonelectrolytes
591(7)
Electrolytes Weak and Strong
598(2)
Acids Weak and Strong
600(4)
Bases---The Opposites of Acids
604(4)
Help! I Need Another Definition of Acid and Base
608(3)
Weak Bases
611(3)
Is This Solution Acidic or Basic? Understanding Water, Autodissociation, and Kw
614(6)
The pH Scale
620(5)
Resisting pH Changes---Buffers
625(22)
Nuclear Chemistry
647(36)
The Case of the Missing Mass---Mass Defect and the Stability of the Nucleus
647(5)
Half-Life and the Band of Stability
652(3)
Spontaneous Nuclear Changes---Radioactivity
655(11)
Using Radioactive Isotopes to Date Objects
666(2)
Nuclear Energy---Fission and Fusion
668(5)
Biological Effects and Medical Applications of Radioactivity
673(10)
The Chemistry of Carbon
683(44)
Carbon---A Unique Element
683(4)
Naturally Occurring Compounds of Carbon and Hydrogen---Hydrocarbons
687(7)
Naming Hydrocarbons
694(12)
Properties of Hydrocarbons
706(1)
Functionalized Hydrocarbons---Bring On the Heteroatoms
707(20)
Synthetic and Biological Polymers
727
Building Polymers
727(1)
Polyethylene and Its Relatives
728(3)
Nylon---A Polymer You Can Wear
731(2)
Polysaccharides and Carbohydrates
733(4)
Proteins
737(4)
DNA---The Master Biopolymer
741
Glossary 1(1)
Selected Answers 1(1)
Index 1


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