Preface | |
Introducing Statistics | |
Statistics and Probability Are Not Intuitive | |
Why Statistics Can Be Hard to Learn | |
From Sample to Population | |
Confidence Intervals | |
Confidence Interval of a Proportion | |
Confidence Interval of Survival Data | |
Confidence Interval of Counted Data | |
Continuous Variables | |
Graphing Continuous Data | |
Types of Variables | |
Quantifying Scatter | |
The Gaussian Distribution | |
The Lognormal Distribution and Geometric Mean | |
Confidence Interval of a Mean | |
The Theory of Confidence Intervals | |
Error Bars | |
P Values And Significance | |
Introducing P Values | |
Statistical Significance and Hypothesis Testing | |
Relationship Between Confidence Intervals and Statistical Significance | |
Interpreting a Result That is Statistically Significant | |
Interpreting a Result That Is Not Statistically Significant | |
Statistical Power | |
Testing For Equivalence or Noninferiority | |
Challenges In Statistics | |
Multiple Comparisons Concepts | |
Multiple Comparison Traps | |
Gaussian or Not? | |
Outliers | |
Statistical Tests | |
Comparing Observed and Expected Distributions | |
Comparing Proportions: Prospective and Experimental Studies | |
Comparing Proportions: Case-Control Studies | |
Comparing Survival Curves | |
Comparing Two Means: Unpaired t test | |
Comparing Two Paired Groups | |
Correlation | |
Fitting Models To Data | |
Simple Linear Regression | |
Models | |
Comparing Models | |
Nonlinear Regression | |
Multiple, Logistic, and Proportional Hazards Regression | |
Multiple Regression Traps | |
The Rest Of Statistics | |
Analysis of Variance | |
Multiple Comparison Tests After ANOVA | |
Nonparametric Methods | |
Sensitivity Specificity and Receiver-Operator Characteristic Curves | |
Sample Size | |
Putting It All Together | |
Statistical Advice | |
Choosing a Statistical Test | |
Capstone Example | |
Review Problems | |
Answers to Review Problems | |
AppendiceS | |
Statistics with GraphPad | |
Statistics With Excel | |
Statistics R | |
Values of the t Distribution Needed to Compute CIs | |
A Review of Logarithms | |
References | |
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