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Invitation to Health

by
Edition:
10th
ISBN13:

9780534583163

ISBN10:
0534583164
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
4/1/2002
Publisher(s):
Thomson Learning
List Price: $65.95
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Summary

Contains learning objectives, practice test questions, and personal assessment and observations.

Table of Contents

Wellness Inventory: What Is Wellness?p. 1
A Lifetime of Wellnessp. 11
An Invitation to Health for the Twenty-First Centuryp. 12
The Dimensions of Healthp. 14
Physical Healthp. 14
Psychological Healthp. 14
Spiritual Healthp. 16
Social Healthp. 17
Intellectual Healthp. 17
Environmental Healthp. 17
Health for the New Milleniump. 17
What Is the Average Life Expectancy?p. 17
Healthy People 2000p. 18
Healthy People 2010p. 19
Global Healthp. 19
Diversity and Healthp. 20
Can Race Affect Health?p. 22
Closing the Minority Health Gapp. 22
How Healthy Are College Students?p. 23
Becoming All You Can Bep. 23
Understanding Health Behaviorp. 23
Making Decisionsp. 26
How Can I Change a Bad Health Habit?p. 27
Successful Changep. 27
A New Era in Health Educationp. 29
The Power of Preventionp. 29
The Potential of Protectionp. 30
The Promise of Promotionp. 31
Across the Lifespan: Longer, Healthier Livesp. 32
Across the Lifespan: Longer Healthspansp. 33
Health Onlinep. 34
Making This Book Work for You: Taking Charge of Your Futurep. 35
Key Termsp. 35
Critical Thinking Questionsp. 35
Referencesp. 36
Personal Stress Managementp. 38
What Is Stress?p. 40
What Causes Stress?p. 40
Effects of Stress on the Bodyp. 41
Can Stress Affect the Heart?p. 42
Can Stress Affect the Immune System?p. 43
Stress and the Digestive Systemp. 44
Other Stress Symptomsp. 44
Stress and the Studentp. 44
Test Stressp. 48
Minorities and Stressp. 48
Preparing for the Futurep. 50
Other Personal Stressorsp. 50
How Should I Deal with Anger?p. 50
Job Stressp. 52
Societal Stressorsp. 53
Discriminationp. 53
Violencep. 53
Coping with Stressp. 54
Relieving Short-Term Stressp. 54
Dealing with Long-Term Stressp. 56
What Can Help Me Relax?p. 57
Escape from the Time Trapp. 58
Poor Time Managementp. 58
How Can I Better Manage My Time?p. 58
Overcoming Procrastinationp. 59
Effects of Stress on the Mindp. 59
Adjustment Disordersp. 60
Posttraumatic Stress Disorderp. 60
From Surviving to Thriving: Posttraumatic Growthp. 61
Making This Chapter Work for You: Meeting the Challenge of Stressp. 62
Health Onlinep. 63
Key Termsp. 64
Critical Thinking Questionsp. 64
Referencesp. 64
Feeling Goodp. 66
What Is Psychological Health?p. 68
Positive Psychologyp. 69
What Is Emotional Intelligence?p. 69
What Is Spiritual Intelligence?p. 70
Understanding Yourselfp. 71
Your Feelingsp. 72
Your Needsp. 73
Your Values and Moralsp. 73
Your Goalsp. 75
Boosting Self-Esteemp. 75
Are There Ways to Boost a Bad Mood?p. 77
Finding Happinessp. 78
What Leads to Happiness?p. 78
Becoming Optimisticp. 80
Savoring Pleasuresp. 80
Looking on the Light Sidep. 80
Finding Meaning in Lifep. 81
Loving and Being Lovedp. 81
Caring for the Soulp. 82
Doing Goodp. 82
Feeling in Controlp. 83
Developing Autonomyp. 83
Asserting Yourselfp. 83
Boosting Energyp. 84
Exercisep. 84
Eating Rightp. 84
Getting Enough Sleepp. 85
Connecting with Othersp. 86
Overcoming Lonelinessp. 86
Facing Social Anxietiesp. 88
How Should I Deal with Difficult People?p. 88
Across the Lifespan: Psychological Well-Being in Middle and Old Agep. 89
Making This Chapter Work for You: A Guide to Psychological Wellnessp. 89
Health Onlinep. 90
Key Termsp. 91
Critical Thinking Questionsp. 91
Referencesp. 91
Caring for the Mindp. 94
What Is Mental Health?p. 96
The Mental State of College Studentsp. 96
What Is a Mental Disorder?p. 97
How Common Are Mental Disorders?p. 97
Does Mental Health Affect Physical Health?p. 97
The Brain: The Last Frontierp. 97
Inside the Brainp. 99
Communication Within the Brainp. 100
Anxiety Disordersp. 101
Phobiasp. 101
Panic Attacks and Panic Disorderp. 102
Generalized Anxiety Disorderp. 103
Obsessive-Compulsive Disorderp. 103
Depressive Disordersp. 103
Major Depressionp. 104
Manic Depression (Bipolar Disorder)p. 105
Other Forms of Depressionp. 105
Suicidep. 106
Why Do People Want to Kill Themselves?p. 107
What Leads to Suicide?p. 107
Attention Disordersp. 109
Schizophreniap. 110
Overcoming Problems of the Mindp. 111
Where Can I Turn for Help?p. 111
Types of Therapistsp. 111
Options for Treatmentp. 112
Does Treatment Work?p. 115
Across the Lifespan: Changes and Challengesp. 115
The Aging Brainp. 115
Alzheimer's Diseasep. 116
Depression and the Elderlyp. 117
Making This Chapter Work for You: Preventing and Solving Psychological Problemsp. 117
Health Onlinep. 118
Key Termsp. 119
Critical Thinking Questionsp. 119
Referencesp. 119
Healthy Lifestylesp. 121
The Joy of Fitnessp. 122
What Is Physical Fitness?p. 124
Why Should I Exercise?p. 125
How Much Exercise Do I Need?p. 127
Motivationp. 129
Getting Startedp. 130
Sticking with It: What Worksp. 130
Cardiovascular or Aerobic Fitnessp. 131
Your Target Heart Ratep. 132
How Do I Design an Aerobic Workout?p. 133
Walkingp. 134
Jogging and Runningp. 134
Swimmingp. 135
Cyclingp. 135
Cross-country Skiingp. 136
Other Aerobic Activitiesp. 136
Muscular Strength and Endurancep. 137
Exercise and Musclesp. 137
How Do I Design a Muscle Workout?p. 139
What Should I Know About Pumping Steroids?p. 139
Flexibilityp. 141
Total Fitnessp. 142
Nutrition for Exercisep. 143
Sports Safetyp. 144
How Can I Prevent Sports Injuries?p. 144
Extreme Sportsp. 144
Thinking of Temperaturep. 144
Toxic Workoutsp. 145
Overtrainingp. 145
Evaluating Fitness Products and Programsp. 145
How Do I Buy the Right Athletic Shoes?p. 146
Exercise Equipmentp. 146
Fitness Centers and Trainersp. 146
Across the Lifespan: Turning Back the Clockp. 147
Making This Chapter Work for You: Shaping Upp. 148
Health Onlinep. 150
Key Termsp. 150
Critical Thinking Questionsp. 151
Referencesp. 151
Nutrition for Lifep. 152
What You Need to Know About Nutrientsp. 154
Waterp. 154
Proteinp. 154
Carbohydratesp. 155
What Are the Benefits of Fiber?p. 155
Fatsp. 156
Vitamins and Mineralsp. 160
What Are Phytochemicals?p. 166
Eating for Good Healthp. 168
The Food Guide Pyramidp. 168
Food Portions and Servingsp. 169
Breads, Cereals, Rice, and Pasta (6-11 servings a day)p. 169
Vegetables (3-5 servings a day)p. 171
Fruit (2-4 servings a day)p. 172
Meat, Poultry, Fish, Dry Beans, Eggs, and Nuts (2-3 servings a day)p. 172
Milk, Yogurt, and Cheese (2-3 servings a day)p. 173
Fats, Oils, and Sweets (small amounts each day)p. 173
DRIs, RDAs, and Daily Valuesp. 174
Dietary Supplementsp. 174
Should I Take Vitamin Supplements?p. 174
Knowing What You Eatp. 176
What Should I Look for on Nutrition Labels?p. 177
What Should You Look For?p. 178
What You Should Watch Out Forp. 180
The Way We Eatp. 180
Dietary Diversityp. 180
What Should I Know About Vegetarian Diets?p. 183
Fast Food: Nutrition on the Runp. 184
Food Safetyp. 184
Pesticides, Processing, and Irradiationp. 185
Additives: Risks Versus Benefitsp. 186
What Causes Food Poisoning?p. 186
Food Allergiesp. 188
Nutritional Quackeryp. 188
Across the Lifespan: Changing Nutritional Needsp. 189
Making This Chapter Work for You: A Food Guide for the Twenty-First Centuryp. 190
Health Onlinep. 191
Key Termsp. 192
Critical Thinking Questionsp. 192
Referencesp. 192
Eating Patterns and Problemsp. 194
Body Imagep. 196
What Should I Weigh?p. 196
Body Mass Index (BMI)p. 196
Other Ways of Weighing Inp. 196
How Many Calories Do I Need?p. 197
Hunger, Satiety, and Set Pointp. 198
Unhealthy Eating Behaviorp. 199
Disordered Eating in Children and Adolescentsp. 199
Disordered Eating in College Studentsp. 200
Extreme Dietingp. 200
Compulsive Overeatingp. 201
Binge Eatingp. 201
Eating Disordersp. 201
Who Develops Eating Disorders?p. 202
Anorexia Nervosap. 202
Bulimia Nervosap. 204
What Causes Bulimia Nervosa?p. 204
Being Overweight or Obesep. 205
Weight Problems in Children and Adolescentsp. 206
Waist-Hip Ratio: Apples Versus Pearsp. 206
What Causes Obesity?p. 207
The Dangers of Obesityp. 207
How Can I Overcome a Weight Problem?p. 208
A Practical Guide to Weight Managementp. 209
A Customized Weight-Loss Planp. 209
How Can I Avoid Diet Traps?p. 212
Exercise: The Best Solutionp. 214
Making This Chapter Work for You: Weighing In for a Healthy Futurep. 215
Health Onlinep. 216
Key Termsp. 217
Critical Thinking Questionsp. 217
Referencesp. 217
Responsible Sexualityp. 219
Communication and Relationshipsp. 220
Personal Communicationp. 222
Communicating Feelingsp. 222
Nonverbal Communicationp. 223
Forming Relationshipsp. 224
I, Myself, and Mep. 224
Friendshipp. 224
Datingp. 226
What Causes Romantic Attraction?p. 227
Intimate Relationshipsp. 228
How Does Science View Romantic Love?p. 228
Mature Lovep. 229
When Love Endsp. 229
Living Arrangementsp. 231
Living with Parentsp. 231
Single Lifep. 231
Is Living Together a Good Idea?p. 232
Committed Relationshipsp. 233
Marriagep. 233
Types of Marriagep. 235
Issues in Marriage and Other Committed Relationshipsp. 236
Why Has Marriage Endured?p. 238
Couples Therapyp. 238
What Is the Current Divorce Rate?p. 239
Family Tiesp. 239
Diversity Within Familiesp. 239
Becoming Parentsp. 239
Working Parents: The New Collaboratorsp. 240
Fathers' Changing Rolesp. 241
Children of Divorcep. 241
Single-Parent and Blended Familiesp. 242
Dysfunctional Relationshipsp. 242
Making This Chapter Work for You: Building Better Relationshipsp. 244
Health Onlinep. 244
Key Termsp. 245
Critical Thinking Questionsp. 245
Referencesp. 245
Personal Sexualityp. 248
Becoming Male or Femalep. 250
Are You an X or a Y?p. 250
How Do Hormones Work?p. 250
Sexual Stereotypesp. 252
Women's Sexual Healthp. 252
Female Sexual Anatomoyp. 252
What Is the Menstrual Cycle?p. 254
Toxic Shock Syndrome (TSS)p. 256
Midlife Changesp. 256
Menopausep. 257
Men's Sexual Healthp. 258
Male Sexual Anatomyp. 258
What Is Circumcision?p. 258
Prostate Problemsp. 259
Midlife Changesp. 260
Responsible Sexualityp. 260
Characteristics of a Sexually Healthy Adultp. 260
Sexually Healthy Relationshipsp. 261
Sexuality Educationp. 261
Talking About Sexp. 262
Across the Lifespan: Sexual Behaviorp. 264
Sexuality in Childhoodp. 264
Adolescent Sexualityp. 265
Sex on Campusp. 266
How Sexually Active Are American Adults?p. 266
Sex and Agingp. 268
Sexual Diversityp. 269
Bisexualityp. 269
Homosexualityp. 269
Sexual Activityp. 270
Celibacyp. 270
Abstinencep. 271
Fantasyp. 271
Sex in Cyberspacep. 272
Masturbationp. 272
Kissing and Touchingp. 273
Intercoursep. 274
Oral-Genital Sexp. 274
Anal Stimulation and Intercoursep. 275
Cultural Variationsp. 275
Sexual Responsep. 275
Excitementp. 276
Plateaup. 276
Orgasmp. 276
Resolutionp. 276
Sexual Concernsp. 277
Safer Sexp. 278
What Are the Most Common Sexual Problems?p. 278
Sex Therapyp. 280
Drugs and Sexp. 280
Atypical Behaviorp. 281
The Business of Sexp. 282
Making This Chapter Work for You: Responsible Sexualityp. 282
Health Onlinep. 283
Key Termsp. 284
Critical Thinking Questionsp. 284
Referencesp. 285
Reproductive Choicesp. 286
Conceptionp. 288
The Quest for Contraceptionp. 288
The Basics of Birth Controlp. 289
Unintended Pregnancyp. 290
How Do I Choose a Birth Control Method?p. 291
Abstinence and "Outercourse"p. 294
Hormone-Based Contraceptivesp. 295
Barrier Contraceptivesp. 298
The Intrauterine Device (IUD)p. 304
Sterilizationp. 306
Methods Based on the Menstrual Cycle (Fertility Awareness Methods)p. 307
What is "The Morning-After" Pill?p. 309
Future Contraceptivesp. 309
Abortionp. 309
Thinking Through the Optionsp. 310
Medical Abortionp. 310
Other Abortion Methodsp. 311
Psychological Responses After Abortionp. 312
The Politics of Abortionp. 312
The Abortion Horizonp. 313
A Cross-Cultural Perspectivep. 313
Childfree by Choicep. 313
Pregnancyp. 314
Preconception Care: A Preventive Approachp. 314
How a Woman's Body Changes During Pregnancyp. 314
How a Baby Growsp. 315
Emotional Aspects of Pregnancyp. 315
Why Is Prenatal Care Important?p. 315
Prenatal Testingp. 318
Complications of Pregnancyp. 319
Pregnancy and Agep. 320
Childbirthp. 321
Where to Have Your Babyp. 321
Preparing for Childbirthp. 321
What Is Childbirth Like?p. 321
Breast-Feeding Versus Bottle Feedingp. 323
Babies at Riskp. 324
Genetic Disordersp. 324
The Littlest Addictsp. 324
Crib Death: Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS)p. 324
Infertilityp. 325
What Are the Options for Infertile Couples?p. 325
Adoptionp. 327
Making This Chapter Work for You: Responsible Reproductive Choicesp. 328
Health Onlinep. 329
Key Termsp. 330
Critical Thinking Questionsp. 330
Referencesp. 330
Personal Health Risksp. 333
Consumerism, Complementary/Alternative Medicine, and the Health Care Systemp. 334
Becoming a Savvy Health-Care Consumerp. 336
Self-Carep. 336
How Can I Evaluate Online Medical Advice?p. 336
Evaluating Health Newsp. 338
Making Sense of Medical Researchp. 339
Dental Carep. 339
Getting the Best Health Carep. 341
You and Your Doctorp. 341
How Should I Choose My "Primary" Care Physician?p. 342
What Should I Expect in a Medical Exam?p. 344
Medical Testsp. 345
Developing a Treatment Planp. 346
Elective Treatmentsp. 346
Your Medical Rightsp. 347
Your Right to Informationp. 347
Your Medical Recordsp. 349
Your Right to Good, Safe, Carep. 349
Quackeryp. 349
Complementary and Alternative Medicinep. 350
Why People Use Complementary and Alternative Therapiesp. 350
Is Alternative Medicine Effective?p. 351
Chiropracticp. 352
Herbal/Botanical Medicinep. 353
Acupuncturep. 355
Other Alternative Treatmentsp. 356
Evaluating Complementary and Alternative Medicinep. 356
Health-Care Systemp. 357
Health-Care Practitionersp. 357
Health-Care Facilitiesp. 358
Paying for Health Carep. 360
Traditional Health Insurancep. 360
What Is Managed Care?p. 360
Government-Financed Insurance Plansp. 363
The Uninsuredp. 363
Making This Chapter Work for You: Smart Health-Care Decisionsp. 363
Health Onlinep. 364
Key Termsp. 365
Critical Thinking Questionsp. 366
Referencesp. 366
Defending Yourself from Infectious Diseasesp. 368
Understanding Infectionp. 370
Agents of Infectionp. 370
How Do You Catch an Infection?p. 372
The Process of Infectionp. 372
How Your Body Protects Itselfp. 372
Immune Responsep. 374
Immunity and Stressp. 374
Immune Disordersp. 375
Immunization: The Key to Preventionp. 376
Poliomyelitisp. 377
Tetanus (Lockjaw)p. 377
Diphtheriap. 378
Pertussisp. 378
Measlesp. 378
Rubella (German Measles)p. 378
Varicella (Chickenpox)p. 378
Hepatitis Bp. 379
HIB Infectionp. 379
Infectious Diseasesp. 379
Who Is at Highest Risk of Infectious Disease?p. 379
The Common Coldp. 379
Influenzap. 381
Meningitisp. 382
Mononucleosisp. 382
Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS)p. 382
Hepatitisp. 382
Pneumoniap. 383
Tuberculosisp. 384
Group A and Group B Strep Infectionp. 384
Toxic Shock Syndromep. 385
Lyme Diseasep. 385
The Threat of Emerging and Re-Emerging Infectious Diseasesp. 387
Reproductive and Urinary Tract Infectionsp. 387
Vaginal Infectionsp. 387
Urinary Tract Infections (UTIs)p. 388
Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs)p. 388
STDs, Adolescents, and Young Adultsp. 389
Prevention and Protectionp. 393
Chlamydiap. 394
Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)p. 395
Gonorrheap. 396
Nongonococcal Urethritis (NGU)p. 397
Syphilisp. 397
What Is Herpesp. 398
Human Papilloma Virus Infection (Genital Warts)p. 399
Chancroidp. 400
Pubic Lice and Scabiesp. 400
HIV/AIDSp. 401
The Spread of HIVp. 401
How Widespread is HIV Infection?p. 402
Reducing the Risk of HIV Transmissionp. 403
HIV Infectionp. 403
HIV Testingp. 404
AIDSp. 406
What Progress Has Been Made in HIV/AIDS Treatments?p. 406
Making This Chapter Work for You: Guarding Against Infectious Diseasesp. 407
Health Onlinep. 408
Key Termsp. 409
Critical Thinking Questionsp. 410
Referencesp. 410
Keeping Your Heart Healthyp. 412
How the Heart Worksp. 414
Trends in Cardiovascular Disease: Good News/Bad Newsp. 414
Preventing Heart Problemsp. 416
Physical Activityp. 416
What Kind of Diet Is Best for a Healthy Heart?p. 416
Risk Factors for Cardiovascular Diseasep. 416
What Are Risk Factors for Heart Disease That I Can Control?p. 416
Risks You Can't Controlp. 420
Other Risk Factorsp. 421
The Cholesterol Connectionp. 423
What Is a Normal Cholesterol Level?p. 423
Cholesterol in the Youngp. 423
Across the Lifespan: Cholesterol and the Elderlyp. 424
Lowering Cholesterolp. 424
Diet and Lifestylep. 424
Cholesterol-Lowering Medicationsp. 425
The Silent Killersp. 425
High Blood Pressurep. 425
Across the Lifespan: Treating Hypertension in the Elderlyp. 427
Coronary Artery Diseasep. 428
Crises of the Heartp. 428
Angina Pectorisp. 428
Coronary Artery Spasmsp. 429
What Happens During a Heart Attack?p. 429
Arrhythmias (Heart Rate Abnormalities)p. 431
Mitral-Valve Prolapsep. 431
Congestive Heart Failurep. 431
Rheumatic Feverp. 432
Congenital Defectsp. 432
Heart Saversp. 432
Diagnostic Testsp. 433
Treatmentsp. 433
Stroke: From No Hope to New Hopep. 434
What Causes a Stroke?p. 435
Transient Ischemic Attacks (TIAs)p. 435
Risk Factors for Strokesp. 436
Treatments for Strokesp. 436
Making This Chapter Work for You: Becoming Heart Smartp. 437
Health Onlinep. 438
Key Termsp. 439
Critical Thinking Questionsp. 439
Referencesp. 439
Avoiding Health Risksp. 441
Lowering Your Risk of Cancer and Other Major Diseasesp. 442
Understanding Cancerp. 444
How Does Cancer Develop?p. 444
Cancer Stagingp. 445
Cancer Trendsp. 445
The Potential of Preventionp. 446
Who Is at Risk for Developing Cancer?p. 447
How Can I Reduce My Cancer Risk?p. 449
What Are the Most Common Types of Cancer?p. 452
Across the Lifespan: How the Risk of Melanoma Increases with Agep. 454
New Hope Against Cancerp. 460
Cancer Survivorshipp. 461
Diabetes Mellitusp. 461
What Is Diabetes?p. 462
The Dangers of Diabetesp. 462
Diabetes and Ethnic Minoritiesp. 463
Treatments for Diabetesp. 463
Other Major Illnessesp. 463
Epilepsy and Seizure Disordersp. 463
Respiratory Diseasesp. 464
Liver Disordersp. 465
Kidney Diseasesp. 465
Digestive Diseasesp. 466
Disorders of the Muscles, Joints, and Bonesp. 467
Skin Disordersp. 468
Special Needs for Different Abilitiesp. 468
Making This Chapter Work for You: Staying Alive and Healthyp. 469
Health Onlinep. 470
Key Termsp. 471
Critical Thinking Questionsp. 471
Referencesp. 472
Drug Use, Misuse, and Abusep. 474
Understanding Drugs and Their Effectsp. 476
Routes of Administrationp. 476
Dosagep. 476
Individual Differencesp. 476
Settingp. 477
Toxicityp. 477
Types of Actionp. 477
Medicationsp. 477
What Do I need to Know About Over-the-Counter Drugs?p. 477
Prescription Drugsp. 478
Drug Interactionsp. 480
Generic Drugsp. 480
What Should I Know About Buying Drugs Online?p. 480
Caffeine Use and Misusep. 481
Is It Possible to Overdose on Caffeine?p. 481
Substance Use Disordersp. 482
Understanding Substance Use Disordersp. 482
Dependencep. 482
What Causes Drug Dependence and Abuse?p. 485
The Toll of Drugsp. 487
Drugs in Societyp. 487
America's Drug Problemp. 487
How Common Is Drug Use on College Campuses?p. 488
Drugs on the Jobp. 489
Drugs and Drivingp. 490
Common Drugs of Abusep. 490
Amphetaminesp. 490
Cannabis Productsp. 491
Cocainep. 492
Hallucinogensp. 494
Inhalantsp. 495
Opioidsp. 496
Phencyclidine (PCP)p. 498
Sedative-Hypnotics of Anxiolytic (Antianxiety) Drugsp. 498
Other Drugs of Abusep. 499
Treating Drug Dependence and Abusep. 502
12-Step Programsp. 502
Relapse Preventionp. 503
Outlookp. 503
Codependencep. 504
Making This Chapter Work for You: Working Toward a Drug-Free Futurep. 505
Health Onlinep. 506
Key Termsp. 506
Critical Thinking Questionsp. 507
Referencesp. 507
Alcohol Use, Misuse, and Abusep. 508
Alcohol and Its Effectsp. 510
How Much Alcohol Can I Drink?p. 510
What Factors Influence the Body's Response to Alcohol?p. 511
How Much Alcohol Is Too Much?p. 512
Intoxicationp. 513
The Impact of Alcoholp. 513
Interaction with Other Drugsp. 515
Increased Risk of Dyingp. 516
Drinking in Americap. 516
Why People Drinkp. 516
Patterns of Alcohol Usep. 517
Underage Drinkingp. 518
How Common Is Drinking on College Campuses?p. 518
Drinking and Racep. 521
Women and Alcoholp. 522
Drinking and Drivingp. 524
Alcohol-Related Problemsp. 525
How Common Are Alcohol-Related Problems?p. 526
What Causes Alcohol Dependence and Abuse?p. 526
Types of Alcoholismp. 528
Medical Complications of Alcohol Abuse and Dependencep. 529
Alcoholism Treatmentsp. 530
Detoxificationp. 530
Are There Medications That Treat Alcoholism?p. 530
Inpatient or Residential Treatmentp. 530
Outpatient Treatmentp. 531
Across the Lifespan: Treating Alcohol Problems in the Elderlyp. 532
Recoveryp. 532
Alcoholism's Impact on Relationshipsp. 532
Codependence and Enablingp. 532
Growing Up with an Alcoholic Parentp. 533
Adult Children of Alcoholicsp. 533
Making This Chapter Work for You: Responsible Drinkingp. 534
Health Onlinep. 535
Key Termsp. 536
Critical Thinking Questionsp. 536
Referencesp. 536
Tobacco Use, Misuse, and Abusep. 538
Tocacco and Its Effectsp. 540
How Does Nicotine Work?p. 540
Tarp. 540
Carbon Monoxidep. 540
The Impact of Tobaccop. 541
Health Effects of Cigarette Smokingp. 541
Smoking and Medicationp. 544
The Financial Cost of Smokingp. 545
Smoking in Americap. 545
Starting Earlyp. 545
Smoking and Minoritiesp. 545
Smoking and Womenp. 546
Why Do People Smoke?p. 547
Why People Keep Smokingp. 549
Other Forms of Tobaccop. 549
Are Clove Cigarettes Safer than Regular Ones?p. 549
What Are Bidis?p. 550
Cigarsp. 550
Pipesp. 551
Smokeless Tobaccop. 551
Environmental Tobacco Smokep. 552
Mainstream and Sidestream Smokep. 552
What Are the Risks of Secondhand Smoke?p. 552
Families of Smokers: Living Dangerouslyp. 552
The Politics of Tobaccop. 553
The Fight for Clean Airp. 553
Quittingp. 553
Quitting on Your Ownp. 554
Stop-Smoking Groupsp. 555
Nicotine Replacement Therapyp. 556
Smoke-Free Daysp. 557
Other Ways to Quitp. 557
Making This Chapter Work for You: Clearing the Airp. 557
Health Onlinep. 558
Key Termsp. 559
Critical Thinking Questionsp. 559
Referencesp. 559
Health in Contextp. 561
Staying Safe: Preventing Injury, Violence, and Victimizationp. 562
Unintentional Injury: Why Accidents Happenp. 564
Unsafe Attitudesp. 564
Individual Risk Factorsp. 565
What Should I Do in an Emergency Situation?p. 567
Safety on the Roadp. 567
Safe Drivingp. 568
How Can I Deal with Road Rage?p. 569
Across the Lifespan: Seniors at the Wheelp. 571
Safe Cyclingp. 571
Safety at Homep. 572
Fallsp. 572
Firesp. 572
On-the-Job Safetyp. 573
Can My Computer Be a Health Hazard?p. 573
Working with Chemicalsp. 574
Recreational Safetyp. 574
Handling Heatp. 574
Coping with Coldp. 575
Drowningp. 576
Intentional Injuryp. 576
Is There an Epidemic of Violence in America?p. 576
Victims of Violence: Who Is at Risk?p. 577
Are Today's Teens More Violent?p. 577
The Roots of Aggression and Violencep. 578
Hate Crimesp. 579
Crime on Campusp. 580
Family Violencep. 580
Helping the Victims of Violencep. 582
Sexual Victimization and Violencep. 582
What Causes Sexual Victimization and Violence?p. 582
What Is Sexual Harassment?p. 583
Sexual Coercion and Rapep. 585
Sexual Abuse of Childrenp. 590
Halting Sexual Violence: Prevention Effortsp. 590
Making This Chapter Work for You: Staying Alive and Healthyp. 591
Health Onlinep. 592
Key Termsp. 593
Critical Thinking Questionsp. 593
Referencesp. 594
When Life Endsp. 596
How We Diep. 598
The Meaning of Deathp. 598
Denial and Deathp. 598
Emotional Responses to Deathp. 598
Ethical Dilemmasp. 601
Preparing for Deathp. 602
What Are Advance Directives?p. 602
What Is a Living Will?p. 604
The Holographic Willp. 604
The Gift of Lifep. 604
The Process of Dyingp. 604
Living While Dyingp. 606
Pain Reliefp. 606
Hospice: Caring When Curing Isn't Possiblep. 607
What Is Known About Near-Death Experiences?p. 607
Suicidep. 608
"Rational" Suicidep. 608
Physician-Assisted Suicidep. 609
The Practicalities of Deathp. 609
Funeral Arrangementsp. 609
Autopsiesp. 609
Griefp. 610
Does Grief Affect Health?p. 612
Methods of Mourningp. 612
How Can Survivors of a Loss Be Helped?p. 612
Making This Chapter Work for You: Understanding the Meaning of Deathp. 612
Health Onlinep. 613
Key Termsp. 614
Critical Thinking Questionsp. 614
Referencesp. 614
Working Toward a Healthy Environmentp. 616
The State of the Environmentp. 618
Our Planet, Our Healthp. 618
The Fight to Save the Earthp. 619
How Big Is the World's Population?p. 619
Pollutionp. 620
Changes in the Atmospherep. 621
What Is Global Warming?p. 621
Depletion of the Earth's Resourcesp. 622
What You Can Do to Protect the Planetp. 623
Going "Green"p. 623
Precycling and Recyclingp. 623
Clearing the Airp. 625
Smogp. 626
What Is Acid Rain?p. 626
Indoor Pollutantsp. 627
Protecting Yourself from Indoor Air Pollutionp. 628
Protecting Your Hearingp. 629
Is Your Water Safe to Drink?p. 630
Is Bottled Water Better?p. 630
Fluoridep. 631
Chlorinep. 631
Leadp. 631
Chemical Risksp. 631
What Health Risks Are Caused by pesticides?p. 631
Toxic Chemicals, Metals, and Wastesp. 632
Invisible Dangersp. 633
Electromagnetic Fieldsp. 633
Video Display Terminals (VDTS)p. 633
Microwavesp. 634
Ionizing Radiationp. 634
Diagnostic X Raysp. 634
Radioactivityp. 634
Making This Chapter Work for You: Creating a Healthier Worldp. 635
Health Onlinep. 636
Key Termsp. 637
Critical Thinking Questionsp. 637
Referencesp. 637
Hales Health Almanacp. 1
Health Information on the Internetp. 2
Emergency!p. 5
A Consumer's Guide to Medical Testsp. 9
Counting Your Calories and Fatp. 14
Your Health Directoryp. 20
Credits
Glossary
Index
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