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Invitation to Health : Choosing to Change,9780495011477
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Invitation to Health : Choosing to Change

by
Edition:
12th
ISBN13:

9780495011477

ISBN10:
0495011479
Format:
Nonspecific Binding
Pub. Date:
3/29/2006
Publisher(s):
Brooks Cole
List Price: $154.33

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This is the 12th edition with a publication date of 3/29/2006.
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Summary

Section I: TAKING CHARGE OF YOUR HEALTH. 1. Your Invitation to Health. 2. Changing for Life. 3. Psychological Health. 4. Personal Stress Management. Section II: HEALTHY LIFESTYLES. 5. The Joy of Fitness. 6. Personal Nutrition. 7. Taking Control of Your Weight. Section III: RESPONSIBLE SEXUALITY. 8. Communicating and Relating. 9. Personal Sexuality. 10. Reproductive Choices. Section IV: AVOIDING HEALTH RISKS. 11. Avoiding Addictive Behaviors and Drug Abuse. 12. Alcohol Use, Misuse, and Abuse. 13. Tobacco Use, Misuse, and Abuse. Section V: PROTECTING YOUR HEALTH. 14. Defending Yourself Against Infectious Diseases. 15. Keeping Your Heart Healthy. 16. Preventing Cancer and Other Illnesses. 17. Health-Care Consumerism and Complementary/Alternative Medicine. Section VI: HEALTH IN CONTEXT. 18. Healthy Aging and the Circle of Life. 19. Staying Safe: Preventing Injury, Violence, and Victimization. 20. Working Toward a Healthy Environment. Hales Health Almanac. Health Information on the Internet. Your Health Directory. Emergency! A Consumer's Guide to Medical Tests.

Table of Contents

SECTION I TAKING CHARGE OF YOUR HEALTH
1(102)
Your Invitation To Health
2(26)
Health and Wellness
4(1)
The Dimensions of Health
5(2)
Physical Health
5(1)
Psychological Health
5(1)
Spiritual Health
6(1)
Social Health
6(1)
Intellectual Health
6(1)
Environmental Health
6(1)
How Healthy Are Americans?
7(1)
How Many Americans Practice Healthy Lifestyle Behaviors?
7(1)
Healthy People 2010
7(1)
Healthy Campus 2010
7(1)
How Healthy Are Today's Students?
8(4)
A Report Card on Student Health
8(1)
Your Life Coach: Staying Healthy on Campus
9(1)
Preventing Health Problems
10(1)
Protecting Yourself
10(1)
Informing Yourself
11(1)
Health in the Twenty-First Century
12(1)
Personalizing Your Health Care
12(13)
Your Family Health History
12(1)
Does Gender Matter?
12(1)
Diversity and Health
13(3)
Self Survey: Wellness Inventory
16(8)
Your Action Plan for Maximum Wellness
24(1)
Learn It/Live It: Maximum Health
25(1)
Making This Chapter Work for You
25(1)
Critical Thinking
26(1)
Media Menu
26(1)
Key Terms
27(1)
Changing For Life
28(16)
Making Healthy Changes
30(1)
Understanding Health Behavior
30(1)
The Transtheoretical Model of Change
31(5)
What Are the Stages of Change?
31(1)
The Processes of Change
32(1)
Self-Efficacy and Locus of Control
32(1)
How You Change
33(1)
Your Life Coach: Going for Your Goals
34(1)
Set Your Sights on a Destination or Target
34(1)
Take a Step and a Stretch
35(1)
What Is an Affirmation?
35(1)
Visualize the Hurdles
35(1)
Go All the Way
35(1)
Risky Behaviors on Campus
36(2)
Unhealthy Habits on Campus
36(1)
How Can 1 Change a Bad Health Habit?
37(1)
Recovering from a Relapse
38(1)
Learn It/Live It: Changing for Good
38(1)
Making This Chapter Work for You
39(4)
Self Survey: Where Are You? The Readiness for
Change Ruler
40(1)
Your Action Plan for Healthy Change
41(2)
Critical Thinking
43(1)
Media Menu
43(1)
Key Terms
43(1)
Psychological Health
44(36)
What Is Psychological Health?
46(1)
Emotional Intelligence
47(1)
Spiritual Intelligence
47(1)
The Lessons of Positive Psychology
47(5)
Knowing Your Needs
47(1)
Clarifying Your Values
47(1)
The Pursuit of Self-Esteem
48(1)
Your Life Coach: Achieving Your Maximum Potential
49(1)
How can I Find Happiness?
49(1)
Becoming Optimistic
50(1)
Managing Your Moods
51(1)
Looking on the Light Side
52(1)
Loving and Being Loved
52(1)
Spirituality
52(3)
Can Prayer Keep Us Healthy?
53(1)
Expressing Gratitude
53(1)
Forgiveness
54(1)
Doing Good
54(1)
Feeling in Control
55(1)
Developing Autonomy
55(1)
Asserting Yourself
55(1)
Connecting with Others
56(1)
Overcoming Loneliness
56(1)
Facing Shyness and Social Anxiety
56(1)
The Brain: The Last Frontier
56(2)
Inside the Brain
57(1)
Sex Differences in the Brain
57(1)
Communication within the Brain
58(1)
The Role of Sleep
58(3)
Why Sleep Matters
59(1)
What Happens When We Sleep?
59(1)
Sleep Disorders
59(1)
How Much Sleep Do I Need?
60(1)
Understanding Mental Health
61(2)
What Is a Mental Disorder?
61(1)
Who Develops Mental Disorders?
62(1)
Mental Health on Campus
62(1)
The Mind-Body Connection
63(1)
Is Exercise a Good Treatment for Psychological Problems?
63(1)
Depressive Disorders
63(4)
Why Are So Many Young People Depressed?
64(1)
Gender and Depression
64(1)
Minor Depression
65(1)
Major Depression
65(1)
Treating Depression
66(1)
Are Antidepressants Dangerous?
66(1)
Bipolar Disorder (Manic Depression)
66(1)
Anxiety Disorders
67(1)
Phobias
67(1)
Panic Attacks and Panic Disorder
67(1)
Generalized Anxiety Disorders
67(1)
Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
68(1)
Attention Disorders
68(1)
Schizophrenia
69(1)
Suicide
69(3)
Suicide in the Young
70(1)
What Leads to Suicide?
70(1)
Suicide Prevention
71(1)
Overcoming Problems of the Mind
72(3)
Where Can I Turn for Help?
72(1)
Types of Therapists
73(1)
Types of Therapy
73(2)
Alternative Mind-Mood Products
75(1)
Leam It/Live It: Surviving and Thriving
75(1)
Making This Chapter Work for You
75(3)
Self Survey: Well-Being Scale
76(1)
Your Action Plan for Mental Health
77(1)
Critical Thinking
78(1)
Media Menu
78(1)
Key Terms
79(1)
Personal Stress Management
80(23)
What Is Stress?
82(1)
What Causes Stress?
82(4)
Is Stress Hazardous to Physical Health?
83(1)
Stress and the Heart
84(1)
Stress and Immunity
84(1)
Stress and Digestion
85(1)
Other Stress Symptoms
85(1)
Stress on Campus
86(3)
Students Under Stress
86(1)
How Can I Cope with Test Stress?
87(1)
Minorities Under Stress
88(1)
Men, Women, and Stress
89(1)
Other Personal Stressors
89(4)
Why Is Everyone So Angry?
89(1)
Job Stress
90(1)
Illness and Disability
91(1)
Societal Stressors
91(1)
Discrimination
91(1)
Your Life Coach: Coping with Stress
92(1)
Defense Mechanisms
93(2)
What Can Help Me Relax?
93(2)
Stress and Psychological Health
95(2)
Posttraumatic Stress Disorder
96(1)
Resilience
96(1)
Organizing Your Time
97(2)
Poor Time Management
97(1)
How Can I Better Manage My Time?
98(1)
Overcoming Procrastination
98(1)
Leam It/Live It: De-Stress Your Life
99(1)
Making This Chapter Work for You
99(3)
Self Survey: Student Stress Scale
100(1)
Your Action Plan for Stress Management
101(1)
Critical Thinking
102(1)
Media Menu
102(1)
Key Terms
102(1)
SECTION II HEALTHY LIFESTYLES
103(104)
The Joy Of Fitness
104(40)
What Is Physical Fitness?
106(2)
Health-Related Fitness
106(1)
Athletic, or Performance-Related, Fitness
106(1)
Fitness and the Dimensions of Health
107(1)
Do Gender and Race Affect Fitness?
107(1)
The Inactivity Epidemic
108(1)
The Toll of Sedentary Living
108(1)
Working Out on Campus: Student Bodies in Motion
108(1)
Physical Activity and Health
109(4)
Why Exercise?
109(3)
Exercise Guidelines for Americans
112(1)
How Can I Separate Fitness Facts from Fiction?
112(1)
The Principles of Exercise
113(3)
Overload Principle
113(1)
FITT
114(1)
Reversibility Principle
115(1)
Individuality
115(1)
Cross-Training
116(1)
How Much Exercise Is Enough?
116(1)
Improving Cardiorespiratory Fitness
116(2)
Are You Working Hard Enough?
116(1)
Rating of Perceived Exertion (RPE)
117(1)
``Talk Test''
118(1)
Designing an Aerobic Workout
118(4)
Your Long-Term Fitness Plan
118(1)
Aerobic Options
118(3)
Your Life Coach: Overcoming Exercise Excuses
121(1)
Building Muscular Fitness
122(6)
Muscles at Work
122(2)
Designing a Muscle Workout
124(1)
Recovery
124(1)
Functional Strength Exercises
124(2)
Core Strength Conditioning
126(1)
Performance-Enhancing Drugs
126(2)
Becoming More Flexible
128(3)
The Benefits of Flexibility
128(1)
Stretching
129(1)
Does Stretching Improve Athletic Performance?
129(1)
Mind-Body Approaches
130(1)
Keeping Your Back Healthy
131(1)
Body Composition
131(1)
Can a Person Be Fat and Fit?
131(1)
Evaluating Fitness Products and Programs
132(1)
Exercise Equipment
132(1)
Fitness Centers
133(1)
Sports Nutrition
133(1)
How Much Water Should I Drink While Exercising?
134(1)
Dietary Supplements
134(1)
Energy Bars
134(1)
Safe and Healthy Workouts
134(5)
Thinking of Temperature
135(1)
How Can I Prevent Injuries?
136(1)
Beyond the Gym
136(1)
Taking Care of Injuries
137(1)
Learn It/Live It: Shaping Up
138(1)
Making This Chapter Work for You
139(1)
Critical Thinking
139(3)
Self Survey: Are You Ready to Become More Active?
140(1)
Your Action Plan for Physical Fitness
140(2)
Media Menu
142(1)
Key Terms
142(2)
Personal Nutrition
144(30)
What You Need to Know about Nutrients
146(9)
How Many Calories Do I Need?
146(1)
Water
147(1)
Protein
148(1)
Carbohydrates
148(1)
Fats
149(1)
Do Men and Women Have Different Nutritional Needs?
150(1)
Vitamins and Minerals
151(4)
Phytochemicals
155(1)
Using the MyPyramid System
155(5)
Consume a Variety of Foods
157(1)
Manage Your Weight
157(1)
Get Physical Every Day
157(1)
Increase Foods from Certain Food Croups
157(2)
Be Finicky about Fats
159(1)
Choose Carbohydrates Wisely
159(1)
Limit Salt
160(1)
If You Drink Alcoholic Beverages, Do So in Moderation
160(1)
Keep Food Safe to Eat
160(1)
The Way We Eat
160(7)
Nutrition 101: The Eating Habits of College Students
160(1)
How Can I Find Snacks That Are Good for Me?
161(1)
Dietary Diversity
161(2)
What Should I Know about Vegetarian Diets?
163(1)
Fast Food: Nutrition on the Run
163(1)
Your Life Coach: Taking Charge of What You Eat
163(1)
Portions and Servings
164(1)
What Should I Look for on Nutrition Labels?
164(2)
Functional Foods
166(1)
Food Safety
167(5)
Fight BAC!
167(1)
What Causes Food Poisoning?
167(1)
``Hamburger Disease''/Barbecue Syndrome
167(1)
Pesticides and Irradiation
168(1)
Food Allergies
168(1)
Nutritional Quackery
168(1)
Learn It/Live It: Making Healthy Food Choices
169(1)
Self Survey: How Healthy Is Your Diet?
170(1)
Your Action Plan for Better Nutrition
171(1)
Making This Chapter Work for You
172(1)
Critical Thinking
172(1)
Media Menu
172(1)
Key Terms
173(1)
Taking Control Of Your Weight
174(33)
The Global Epidemic
176(2)
Supersized Nation
176(1)
How Did We Get So Fat?
177(1)
Body Image
178(3)
Male and Female Body Image
179(1)
Body Image Over Time
180(1)
Understanding Weight Problems
181(1)
Weight and the College Student
181(1)
Is My Weight Healthy?
182(1)
Body Composition
182(3)
Body Mass Index (BMI)
182(1)
Waist Circumference
182(1)
Waist-to-Hip Ratio
183(1)
Measuring Body Fat
184(1)
I'm Too Thin: How Can I Gain Weight?
185(1)
Health Dangers of Excess Weight
185(2)
The Impact on the Body
185(2)
Life Expectancy
187(1)
The Emotional Toll
187(1)
A Practical Guide to Weight Loss
187(6)
Why Do I Overeat?
187(1)
Weight Loss Diets
188(3)
Avoiding Diet Traps
191(2)
Physical Activity
193(1)
The Psychology of Losing Weight
193(2)
Who's in Charge?
194(1)
Reach Out for Support---Real and Virtual
194(1)
Your Life Coach: Get a Grip on Emotional Eating
194(1)
Step 1: Know Your Triggers
194(1)
Step 2: Put Your Body, Not Your Emotions, in Charge of What You Eat
195(1)
Step 3: Focus on Your Feelings
195(1)
Maintaining Weight Loss
195(1)
Treating Severe Obesity
196(1)
Drug Therapy
196(1)
Obesity Surgery
196(1)
Unhealthy Eating Behavior
196(2)
Disordered Eating in College Students
197(1)
Extreme Dieting
197(1)
Compulsive Overeating
197(1)
Binge Eating
198(1)
Eating Disorders
198(6)
Who Develops Eating Disorders?
198(1)
Anorexia Nervosa
199(1)
Bulimia Nervosa
200(1)
Leam It/Live It: Managing Your Weight
201(1)
Self Survey: Are You Ready to Lose Weight?
202(1)
Your Action Plan for Losing Weight
202(2)
Making This Chapter Work for You
204(1)
Critical Thinking
204(1)
Media Menu
205(1)
Key Terms
205(2)
SECTION III RESPONSIBLE SEXUALITY
207(94)
Communicating And Relating
208(26)
Your Social Health
210(1)
Personal Communication
210(2)
Communicating Feelings
210(1)
Nonverbal Communication
210(1)
How Men and Women Communicate
211(1)
Forming Relationships
212(3)
I, Myself, and Me
212(1)
Friendship
212(1)
Dating
212(1)
Hooking Up
213(1)
Your Life Coach: Building Healthy Relationships
214(1)
Self-Disclosure in Relationships
214(1)
Assessing a Relationship
214(1)
Improving Your Relationships
215(1)
Dysfunctional Relationships
215(2)
What Is Emotional Abuse?
215(1)
Codependency
216(1)
Intimate Relationships
217(4)
What Attracts Two People to Each Other?
218(1)
Infatuation
218(1)
The Science of Romantic Love
219(1)
Mature Love
220(1)
When Love Ends
220(1)
Living Arrangements
221(1)
``Twixters'': Transition into Adulthood
221(1)
Single Life
221(1)
Cohabitation
221(1)
Committed Relationships
222(5)
Domestic Partners
222(1)
Long-Term Same-Sex Relationships
222(1)
Marriage
222(5)
What Is the Current Divorce Rate?
227(1)
Family Ties
227(2)
Diversity within Families
228(1)
Working Parents
228(1)
Single Parents
228(1)
Learn It/Live It: Creating Better Relationships
229(1)
Making This Chapter Work for You
229(3)
Self Survey: How Strong Are the Communication and Affection in Your Relationship?
230(1)
Your Action Plan for Better Communication
231(1)
Critical Thinking
232(1)
Media Menu
232(1)
Key Terms
233(1)
Personal Sexuality
234(30)
Sexuality and the Dimensions of Health
236(1)
Becoming Male or Female
236(2)
Are You an X or a Y?
236(1)
How Do Hormones Work?
236(2)
Sexual and Gender Identity
238(1)
Women's Sexual Health
238(4)
Female Sexual Anatomy
238(1)
The Menstrual Cycle
239(2)
Premenstrual Syndrome
241(1)
Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder (PMDD)
241(1)
Menstrual Cramps
241(1)
Amenorrhea
241(1)
Toxic Shock Syndrome
242(1)
Men's Sexual Health
242(1)
Male Sexual Anatomy
242(1)
What Are the Benefits and Drawbacks of Circumcision?
242(1)
Responsible Sexuality
243(5)
Your Life Coach: Making Responsible Sexual Decisions
244(1)
Talking About Sex
244(1)
Creating a Sexually Healthy Relationship
245(1)
Sexual Behavior
245(1)
Adolescent Sexuality
245(1)
How Sexually Active Are College Students?
246(1)
The Sex Life of American Adults
247(1)
Sexual Diversity
248(1)
Bisexuality
248(1)
Homosexuality
248(1)
Transgenderism
249(1)
Sexual Activity
249(4)
Celibacy
250(1)
What Does It Mean to Abstain?
250(1)
Fantasy
250(1)
Masturbation
251(1)
Nonpenetrative Sexual Activity (Outercourse)
251(1)
Intercourse
251(1)
Oral Sex
252(1)
Anal Stimulation and Intercourse
252(1)
Cultural Variations
252(1)
Sexual Response
253(1)
Excitement
253(1)
Plateau
254(1)
Orgasm
254(1)
Resolution
254(1)
Other Models of Sexual Response
254(1)
Sexual Concerns
254(3)
Safer Sex
255(1)
Why Don't College Students Practice Safe Sex?
255(1)
Sexual Dysfunction
256(1)
Sex Therapy
257(3)
Drugs and Sex
258(1)
Atypical Behavior
258(1)
The Business of Sex
259(1)
Learn It/Live It: Being Sexually Responsible
259(1)
Making This Chapter Work for You
260(1)
Critical Thinking
261(1)
Media Menu
261(1)
Self Survey: How Much Do You Know About Sex?
262(1)
Key Terms
262(2)
Your Action Plan for Responsible Sexuality
263(1)
Reproductive Choices
264(37)
Conception
266(1)
Birth Control Basics
266(3)
Your Life Coach: Choosing a Birth Control Method
267(2)
Abstinence and Nonpenetrative Sexual Activity
269(1)
Hormonal Contraceptives
270(4)
Oral Contraceptives
270(2)
The Patch (Ortho-Evra)
272(1)
The NuvaRing
273(1)
Contraceptive Injectables
273(1)
Contraceptive Implants
274(1)
Intrauterine Contraceptives: Mirena
274(1)
Barrier Contraceptives
275(5)
Prescription Barriers
275(1)
Nonprescription Barriers
276(4)
Periodic Abstinence and Fertility Awareness Methods
280(2)
What Is Emergency Contraception?
281(1)
Sterilization
282(1)
Male Sterilization
282(1)
Female Sterilization
282(1)
Abortion
283(3)
Thinking through the Options
283(1)
Medical Abortion
284(1)
Other Abortion Methods
284(1)
What Is the Psychological Impact of Abortion?
285(1)
Politics of Abortion
285(1)
A Cross-Cultural Perspective
286(1)
Childfree by Choice
286(1)
Pregnancy
286(5)
Preconception Care
286(1)
Home Pregnancy Tests
287(1)
How a Woman's Body Changes during Pregnancy
287(1)
How a Baby Grows
287(1)
Why Is Prenatal Care Important?
287(1)
Prenatal Testing
288(1)
Complications of Pregnancy
289(2)
Childbirth
291(2)
Preparing for Childbirth
291(1)
What Is Childbirth Like?
291(2)
Caesarean Birth
293(1)
After the Birth
293(1)
Breast-Feeding Versus Bottle-Feeding
293(1)
Babies at Risk
293(1)
Infertility
294(2)
What Are the Options for Infertile Couples?
294(1)
Adoption
295(1)
Learn It/Live It: Protecting Your Reproductive Health
296(1)
Making This Chapter Work for You
296(1)
Critical Thinking
297(1)
Media Menu
297(1)
Self Survey: Which Contraceptive Method Is Best for You?
298(1)
Key Terms
298(3)
Your Action Plan for Choosing a Contraceptive
299(2)
SECTION IV AVOIDING HEALTH RISKS
301(88)
Avoiding Addictive Behaviors And Drug Abuse
302(34)
Addictive Behaviors and the Dimensions of Health
304(3)
Drug Use on Campus
304(1)
Gambling
305(1)
Your Life Coach: Developing Positive Addictions
306(1)
Understanding Drugs and Their Effects
307(1)
Routes of Administration
307(1)
Dosage and Toxicity
308(1)
Individual Differences
308(1)
Setting
308(1)
Types of Action
308(1)
Medications
308(4)
What Should I Know About Over-the-Counter Drugs?
308(1)
Prescription Drugs
309(3)
Caffeine and Its Effects
312(1)
Is It Possible to Overdose on Caffeine?
313(1)
Substance Use Disorders
313(4)
Men, Women, and Drugs
313(1)
Understanding Substance Use Disorders
314(1)
Dependence
314(1)
What Causes Drug Dependence and Abuse?
315(1)
Drugs and Driving
316(1)
Common Drugs of Abuse
317(13)
Cannabis
317(3)
Club Drugs (Designer Drugs)
320(2)
Stimulants
322(4)
Depressants
326(3)
Hallucinogens
329(1)
Inhalants
329(1)
Treating Drug Dependence and Abuse
330(2)
12-Step Programs
331(1)
Relapse Prevention
332(1)
Learn It/Live It: Choosing an Addiction-Free Lifestyle
332(1)
Making This Chapter Work for You
332(1)
Critical Thinking
333(1)
Media Menu
333(1)
Self Survey: Do You Have a Substance Use Disorder?
334(1)
Key Terms
334(2)
Your Action Plan for Recognizing Substance Abuse
335(1)
Alcohol Use, Misuse, And Abuse
336(30)
Your Body's Response to Alcohol
338(3)
What Is Blood Alcohol Concentration?
338(2)
Intoxication
340(1)
Alcohol Poisoning
341(1)
Drinking in America
341(2)
Abstinence
341(1)
Why People Drink
341(1)
What Is Moderate Drinking?
342(1)
Binge Drinking
343(1)
Drinking and Driving
343(1)
Drinking on Campus
344(6)
Why College Students Drink
345(1)
Binge Drinking on Campus
345(1)
Why Do Students Binge?
346(1)
Underage Drinking on Campus
347(1)
The Toll of College Drinking
347(1)
``Secondhand'' Drinking Problems
348(1)
Your Life Coach: Taking Charge of Alcohol Use
348(1)
How Students Protect Themselves from Unsafe Drinking
348(1)
Staying in Control of Your Drinking
348(1)
Stages of Personal Change
349(1)
College Alcohol Policies
349(1)
The Impact of Alcohol
350(4)
Digestive System
350(1)
Weight and Waists
350(1)
Cardiovascular System
350(1)
Breast Cancer
351(1)
Immune System
352(1)
Brain and Behavior
352(1)
Increased Risk of Dying
352(1)
Fetal Alcohol Effects and Syndrome
353(1)
Interaction with Other Drugs
353(1)
Alcohol and Gender
354(1)
Alcohol and Race
354(1)
African-American Community
354(1)
Hispanic Community
354(1)
Native American Community
354(1)
Asian-American Community
355(1)
Alcohol Problems
355(3)
What Causes Alcohol Dependence and Abuse?
356(1)
Medical Complications of Alcohol Abuse and Dependence
357(1)
Alcoholism Treatments
358(2)
Detoxification
358(1)
Are There Medications That Treat Alcoholism?
358(1)
Inpatient or Residential Treatment
358(1)
Outpatient Treatment
358(1)
Recovery
359(1)
Alcoholism's Impact on Relationships
360(1)
Growing Up with an Alcoholic Parent
360(1)
Adult Children of Alcoholics
360(1)
Learn It/Live It: Responsible Drinking
360(1)
Making This Chapter Work for You
361(3)
Self Survey: Do You Have a Drinking Problem?
362(1)
Your Action Plan for Avoiding Destructive Decisions
363(1)
Critical Thinking
364(1)
Media Menu
364(1)
Key Terms
365(1)
Tobacco Use, Misuse, And Abuse
366(23)
Smoking in America
368(3)
Why Do People Start Smoking?
369(1)
Why People Keep Smoking
370(1)
Tobacco Use on Campus
371(1)
Is Social Smoking Less Risky?
371(1)
College Tobacco-Control Policies
372(1)
Smoking, Race, and Gender
372(1)
Tobacco's Immediate Effects
373(1)
How Nicotine Works
373(1)
Tar and Carbon Monoxide
373(1)
Health Effects of Cigarette Smoking
374(2)
Heart Disease and Stroke
374(1)
Cancer
375(1)
Respiratory Diseases
375(1)
Other Smoking-Related Problems
376(1)
Smoking and Medication
376(1)
Other Forms of Tobacco
376(6)
Cigars
376(1)
Clove Cigarettes
377(1)
What Are Bidis?
377(1)
Pipes
377(1)
Smokeless Tobacco
377(1)
Your Life Coach: Quitting
378(1)
Quitting on Your Own
379(1)
Stop-Smoking Groups
379(1)
Nicotine Replacement Therapy (NRT)
379(2)
Bupropion (Zyban)
381(1)
Other Ways to Quit
381(1)
Does Quitting Eliminate the Risks Associated with Smoking?
381(1)
Environmental Tobacco Smoke
382(1)
The Risks of Secondhand Smoke
382(1)
The Politics of Tobacco
383(1)
``Big Tobacco''
383(1)
The Fight for Clean Air
383(1)
Learn It/Live It: Becoming Smoke-Free
384(1)
Making This Chapter Work for You
384(1)
Critical Thinking
385(1)
Media Menu
385(1)
Self Survey: Are You Addicted to Nicotine?
386(1)
Key Terms
386(3)
Your Action Plan for Kicking the Habit
387(2)
SECTION V PROTECTING YOUR HEALTH
389(128)
Defending Yourself Against Infectious Diseases
390(38)
Understanding Infection
392(2)
Agents of Infection
392(1)
How Do You Catch an Infection?
393(1)
The Process of Infection
394(1)
How Your Body Protects Itself
394(4)
Immune Response
394(2)
Immunity and Stress
396(1)
Immune Disorders
396(1)
Gender Differences in Susceptibility
397(1)
Immunizations for College Students
398(1)
Infectious Diseases
399(11)
Who Is at Highest Risk of Infectious Diseases?
399(1)
Common Cold
399(2)
Influenza
401(1)
Are College Students at Higher Risk of Colds and Flu?
402(1)
Meningitis
402(1)
Hepatitis
403(2)
Mononucleosis
405(1)
Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS)
405(1)
Pneumonia
405(1)
Tuberculosis
405(1)
Group A and Group B Strep Infection
406(1)
Toxic Shock Syndrome
406(1)
Insect- and Animal-Borne Infections
406(2)
New Infectious Threats
408(1)
Reproductive and Urinary Tract Infections
409(1)
Sexually Transmitted Infections
410(9)
How Common Are STIs on Campus?
410(2)
Risk Factors and Risk Continuums
412(1)
Your Life Coach: Safer Smarter Sex
412(2)
Chlamydia
414(1)
Human Papilloma Virus
414(1)
Herpes
415(1)
Pelvic Inflammatory Disease
416(1)
Gonorrhea
417(1)
Nongonococcal Urethritis
417(1)
Syphilis
418(1)
Chancroid
418(1)
Publc Lice and Scabies
419(1)
HIV and AIDS
419(4)
Reducing the Risk of HIV Transmission
420(1)
HIV Infection
421(1)
HIV Testing
421(1)
Diagnosing AIDS
422(1)
Treating HIV/AIDS
422(1)
Learn It/Live It: The Best Defense
423(1)
Making This Chapter Work for You
423(3)
Self Survey: Assessing Your STI Risk
424(1)
Your Action Plan for Coping with STIs
425(1)
Critical Thinking
426(1)
Media Menu
426(1)
Key Terms
427(1)
Keeping Your Heart Healthy
428(30)
How the Heart Works
430(1)
Preventing Heart Problems
431(3)
Why Should I Worry About Heart Disease?
431(1)
Your Life Coach: Making Heart Healthy Changes
432(1)
Changes You Can Make Today
432(1)
Changes You Can Make This Week
432(1)
Changes You Can Make This Term
433(1)
Getting Physical
433(1)
Choosing Heart-Healthy Foods
434(1)
Risk Factors for Cardiovascular Disease
434(5)
Risk Factors You Can Control
434(4)
Risk Factors You Can't Control
438(1)
High Blood Pressure (Hypertension)
439(3)
Preventing Hypertension
441(1)
What Is a Healthy Blood Pressure?
441(1)
Controlling High Blood Pressure
442(1)
Your Lipoprotein Profile
442(2)
What Is a Healthy Cholesterol Reading?
442(1)
Lowering Cholesterol
443(1)
Should I Take a Statin to Prevent Heart Disease?
444(1)
Other Risk Indicators
444(1)
C-Reactive Protein (CRP)
444(1)
Homocysteine
445(1)
Crises of the Heart
445(4)
Coronary Artery Disease
445(1)
Angina Pectoris
446(1)
Coronary Artery Spasms
446(1)
Heart Attack (Myocardial Infarction)
447(1)
Other Heart Disorders
448(1)
Heart Savers
449(2)
Diagnostic Tests
449(1)
Treatments
450(1)
Stroke
451(2)
What Causes a Stroke?
451(1)
Transient Ischemic Attacks (TIAs)
452(1)
Risk Factors for Strokes
452(1)
Treatments for Strokes
453(1)
Learn It/Live It: Protecting Your Heart
453(1)
Making This Chapter Work for You
453(3)
Self Survey: What Is Your Physical Activity and Heart Disease IQ?
454(1)
Your Action Plan for Lowering Heart Disease Risk
455(1)
Critical Thinking
456(1)
Media Menu
456(1)
Key Terms
457(1)
Preventing Cancer And Other Illnesses
458(30)
Understanding Cancer
460(4)
How Cancer Spreads
460(1)
Who Is at Risk for Developing Cancer?
460(1)
Heredity
461(1)
Racial and Ethnic Groups
462(1)
Obesity
462(1)
Infectious Agents
463(1)
Your Life Coach: Lowering Your Cancer Risk
463(1)
Stay Smoke-Free
463(1)
Eat Smart
463(1)
Maintain a Healthy Weight
463(1)
Limit Exposure to Environmental Risks
463(1)
Be Vigilant
464(1)
Common Types of Cancer
464(8)
Skin Cancer
464(3)
Are You Addicted to Tanning?
467(1)
Breast Cancer
467(2)
Cervical Cancer
469(1)
Ovarian Cancer
469(1)
Testicular Cancer
470(1)
Colon and Rectal Cancer
470(1)
Leukemia
471(1)
Lung Cancer
471(1)
Oral Cancer
471(1)
Prostate Cancer
471(1)
New Hope Against Cancer
472(1)
Cancer Survivorship
472(1)
Diabetes Mellitus
473(3)
Understanding Diabetes
473(1)
Types of Diabetes
474(1)
Who Is at Risk for Developing Diabetes?
474(1)
Diabetes Signs and Symptoms
475(1)
Detecting Diabetes
475(1)
Diabetes Management
476(1)
Other Major Illnesses
476(6)
Epilepsy and Seizure Disorder
476(1)
Respiratory Diseases
477(1)
Anemias
478(1)
Liver Disorders
478(1)
Kidney Diseases
479(1)
Digestive Diseases
479(1)
Disorders of the Muscles, Joints, and Bones
480(1)
Skin Disorders
481(1)
Special Needs for Different Abilities
482(1)
Learn It/Live It: Preventing Serious Illness
482(1)
Making This Chapter Work for You
483(3)
Self Survey: Are You at Risk of Cancer?
484(1)
Your Action Plan for Early Detection of Cancer
484(2)
Critical Thinking
486(1)
Media Menu
486(1)
Key Terms
487(1)
Health-care Consumerism And Complementary/ Alternative Medicine
488(29)
Safeguarding Your Health
490(1)
Health Care and the College Student
490(3)
Your Life Coach: Making Smart Health-Care Decisions
490(1)
How Can I Find Good Advice Online?
490(1)
Evaluating Health News
491(1)
Making Sense of Medical Research
492(1)
Evidence-Based Medicine
493(1)
Self-Care
493(1)
Oral Health
494(1)
Getting the Best Health Care
495(4)
The Doctor-Patient Partnership
495(1)
How Should I Choose My Primary Care Physician?
496(1)
Your Medical Exam
497(1)
Medical Tests
498(1)
Men and Women as Health-Care Consumers
499(1)
Elective Treatments
499(1)
Vision Surgery
499(1)
Cosmetic Surgery
499(1)
Your Medical Rights
500(3)
Your Right to Information
500(1)
Your Right to Privacy and Access to Medical Records
501(1)
Your Right to Good, Safe, Care
501(2)
Complementary and Alternative Medicine
503(5)
Why People Use CAM Therapies
503(1)
What Should I Know Before I Try CAM?
504(1)
Evidence-Based CAM
504(1)
Types of CAM
504(4)
The Health-Care System
508(5)
Health-Care Practitioners
508(1)
Health-Care Facilities
509(1)
Paying for Health Care
510(2)
The Uninsured
512(1)
Learn It/Live It: Becoming A Savvy Health-Care Consumer
512(1)
Making This Chapter Work for You
513(1)
Self Survey: Are You a Savvy Health-Care Consumer?
514(1)
Critical Thinking
514(2)
Your Action Plan for Protecting Yourself From Medical Mistakes and Misdeeds
515(1)
Media Menu
516(1)
Key Terms
516(1)
SECTION VI HEALTH IN CONTEXT
517(70)
Healthy Aging And The Circle Of Life
518(28)
Living in an Aging Society
520(1)
How Long Can I Expect to Live?
520(1)
The Longevity Gender Gap
520(2)
Your Life Coach: Staying Healthy Longer
521(1)
Keep Your Arteries Young
521(1)
Avoid Illness
521(1)
Maintain Your Zest for Living
521(1)
Stay Strong
522(1)
Successful Aging
522(5)
Physical Activity: It's Never Too Late
522(1)
Nutrition and Obesity
523(1)
The Aging Brain
523(1)
Women at Midlife
524(1)
Men at Midlife
525(1)
Sexuality and Aging
526(1)
The Challenges of Age
527(3)
Alzheimer's Disease
527(1)
Osteoporosis
528(1)
Substance Misuse and Abuse
529(1)
Preparing for Medical Crises and the End of Life
530(4)
The Five Wishes
530(1)
What Are Advance Directives?
530(1)
Living Wills
530(3)
Holographic Wills
533(1)
Ethical Dilemmas
533(1)
The Gift of Life
533(1)
Death and Dying
534(1)
Defining Death
534(1)
The Meaning of Death
534(1)
Denying Death
534(1)
Emotional Responses to Dying
534(1)
How We Die
535(2)
A ``Good'' Death
536(1)
Caregiving
536(1)
Hospice: Caring When Curing Isn't Possible
537(1)
What Do We Know about Near-Death Experiences?
537(1)
Suicide
537(1)
``Rational Suicide''
538(1)
Physician-Assisted Suicide
538(1)
The Practicalities of Death
538(1)
Funeral Arrangements
538(1)
Autopsies
539(1)
Grief
539(2)
Grief's Effects on Health
540(1)
Methods of Mourning
540(1)
How Can You Help Survivors of a Loss?
540(1)
Learn It/Live It: Living Long and Well
541(1)
Making This Chapter Work for You
541(3)
Self Survey: What Is Your Aging I.Q.?
542(1)
Your Action Plan for Preparing for a Medical Crisis in an Aging Relative
543(1)
Critical Thinking
544(1)
Media Menu
544(1)
Key Terms
545(1)
Staying Safe: Preventing Injury, Violence, And Victimization
546(22)
Personal Safety
548(1)
Unintentional Injury: Why Accidents Happen
548(1)
What Should I Do in an Emergency?
548(1)
Becoming a Safer Driver
548(5)
Stay Sober and Alert
549(1)
Buckle Up
549(1)
Check for Air Bags
549(1)
Rein in Road Rage
549(1)
Is It Safe to Talk on the Phone While Driving?
550(1)
Safe Cycling
551(1)
Safety at Work
552(1)
Can My Computer Be a Health Hazard?
552(1)
Repetitive Motion Injuries
552(1)
Vision Problems
552(1)
Safety at Home
553(1)
Falls
553(1)
Fires
553(1)
Safety at Play
553(1)
Which Gender Is at Greater Risk?
553(1)
Intentional Injury: Living in a Dangerous World
554(1)
Violence in the United States
554(1)
Coping with the Threat of Violence and Terrorism
554(1)
Hate Crimes
554(1)
Intimate Partner Violence
555(1)
Crime and Violence on Campus
555(2)
Sexual Victimization
556(1)
Sexual Harassment
556(1)
Stalking
557(1)
Dating Violence
557(1)
Nonvolitional Sex and Sexual Coercion
557(1)
Rape
558(5)
Your Life Coach: Preventing Rape
559(1)
Date Rape
559(2)
Stranger Rape
561(1)
Male Nonconsensual Sex and Rape
562(1)
Impact of Rape
562(1)
What to Do in Case of Rape
562(1)
Halting Sexual Violence
562(1)
Learn It/Live It: Helping the Victims of Violence
563(1)
Making This Chapter Work for You
563(3)
Self Survey: How Safe is Your School?
564(1)
Your Action Plan for Personal Safety on Campus
565(1)
Critical Thinking
566(1)
Media Menu
566(1)
Key Terms
567(1)
Working Toward a Healthy Environment
568(19)
The Environment and Your Health
570(1)
Pollution
570(1)
What Is Global Warming?
571(1)
Clearing the Air
571(3)
Smog
572(1)
Acid Rain
573(1)
Your Life Coach: Going Green
574(1)
Indoor Pollutants
574(2)
Toxic Threats
574(2)
Is Mold Dangerous?
576(1)
Your Hearing Health
576(2)
How Loud Is That Noise?
577(1)
Effects of Noise
578(1)
Is Listening to Music through Earbuds Hazardous to My Hearing?
578(1)
The Quality of Your Drinking Water
578(1)
Is Bottled Water Better?
579(1)
Fluoride
579(1)
Chlorine
579(1)
Lead
579(1)
Chemical Risks
579(2)
What Health Risks Are Caused by Pesticides?
580(1)
Chemical Weapons
580(1)
Multiple Chemical Sensitivity
580(1)
Invisible Threats
581(2)
Electromagnetic Fields
581(1)
Microwaves
581(1)
Irradiated Foods
582(1)
Ionizing Radiation
582(1)
Diagnostic X Rays
582(1)
Learn It/Live It: Taking Care of Mother Earth
583(1)
Making This Chapter Work for You
583(2)
Self Survey: Are You Doing Your Part for the Planet?
584(1)
Your Action Plan for Protecting the Planet
585(1)
Critical Thinking
585(1)
Media Menu
586(1)
Key Terms
586(1)
MAKING THIS CHAPTER WORK FOR YOU, ANSWERS TO MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS
587
HALES HEALTH ALMANAC
1(1)
Health Information on the Internet
2(2)
Your Health Directory
4(14)
Emergency!
18(4)
A Consumer's Guide to Medical Tests
22
Glossary 1(1)
References 1(1)
Index 1


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