9781557869388

The Iroquois

by
  • ISBN13:

    9781557869388

  • ISBN10:

    1557869383

  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 1996-04-11
  • Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell

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Summary

This is a comprehensive account of the five tribes - Onandagas, Senecas, Mohawks, Oneidas and Cayugas - who together made up the Iriquois nation, form their origins in prehistory to their dispersal and confinement after the American Revolution. This accessible account by the leading schlolar in the filed draws on the widest possible range of archaeological evidence to provide a narrative interpretation of a people whose beliefs and culture have remained to Americans matters of mystery.

Author Biography

Dean Snow is professor and head of anthropology at the Pennsylvania State University. His previous books include The Archaeology of North America (1979) and The Archaeology of North American Indians (1989).

Table of Contents

List of Tables
ix
List of Figures
x
Preface xiii
Origins, AD 900--1150: The Midwinter Moon
1(20)
Mythological Origins
2(3)
The Origin of Ritual
5(2)
The Midwinter Ceremony
7(1)
Language Origins
8(2)
Archaeological Origins
10(9)
Ethnic Origins
19(2)
Owasco, 1150--1350: The Sugar Moon
21(13)
The Maple Ceremony
24(2)
Phases of the Owasco Cultural Tradition
26(3)
Owasco Artifacts
29(1)
Owasco Villages
30(1)
Owasco Warfare
31(2)
End of the Period
33(1)
The Development of Northern Iroquoian Culture, 1350--1525: The Fishing Moon
34(18)
AD 1350--1400
35(2)
The Thunder Ceremony
37(1)
Significance of the Period
37(3)
The Longhouse
40(6)
AD 1400--1525
46(4)
The Chance Phase
50(2)
The Rise of the League, 1525--1600: The Planting Moon
52(25)
Warfare and Death
53(4)
Iroquois Clans
57(1)
The League of the Iroquois
57(3)
Operation of the League
60(5)
The Role of Women in the League
65(1)
Chiefs and the Condolence Council
65(1)
Marine Shell Symbols
66(1)
Horticulture and New Towns
67(3)
The Planting Ceremony
70(2)
Iroquois Society
72(3)
Iroquois Demography
75(2)
The Coming of Europeans, 1600--1634: The Strawberry Moon
77(17)
The First Trade Goods
77(1)
Direct Contacts
78(2)
Iroquois Demoraphy
80(2)
The Approaching Scourge
82(1)
The State of the Nations
83(5)
Iroquois Populations
88(1)
Summer in Iroquoia
89(1)
The Strawberry Ceremony
89(5)
The Year of Death, 1634: The Lost Moon
94(15)
The Coming of Smallpox
94(3)
Population Collapse
97(3)
The Medicine Societies
100(5)
Dealing with Death
105(1)
The Cycle of Moons
106(1)
The Sun and Moon Ceremonies
107(2)
The Struggle for Hearts and Minds, 1635-1700: The Green Bean Moon
109(22)
More Population Decline
109(2)
The New Economy
111(3)
The Internecine Wars
114(4)
The Rise of English Power
118(1)
The Middle Ground
119(2)
The Covenant Chain
121(1)
King Philip's War
122(2)
The Green Bean Ceremony
124(2)
King William's War
126(1)
The Grounds for Torture
127(2)
Iroquois Society around 1700
129(2)
Iroquoia in the Balance, 1700--1750: The Green Corn Moon
131(10)
A Move to Neutrality
132(2)
The Green Corn Ceremony
134(2)
Queen Anne's War
136(2)
The Coming of the Tuscaroras
138(1)
King George's War
139(2)
The Loss of Independence, 1750--1800: The Fresh Moon
141(17)
The Iroquois in the Balance
141(1)
The Albany Plan
142(1)
The Final Colonial War
143(2)
The Rise of Joseph Brant
145(1)
An Unbalanced Peace
145(5)
The American Revolution
150(2)
The Longhouse in Ruins
152(2)
The United States Constitution
154(1)
The Struggle for Land
154(4)
Revival and Subjection, 1800--1850: The Harvest Moon
158(17)
Handsome Lake
158(4)
The Harvest Ceremony
162(1)
Giving up the Land
162(4)
The Buffalo Creek Disaster
166(1)
The Mohawks and Oneidas
166(1)
Cultural Retrenchment
167(1)
Morgan and the Iroquois
168(7)
The Worst of Times, 1850--1900: The Hunting Moon
175(12)
Holding on to the Land
176(1)
The Canadian Iroquois
177(1)
The Kansas Claim
177(1)
The Civil War
178(1)
The Dawes Act
179(1)
Giving up Tradition
180(3)
Reviving Tradition
183(1)
Old Age
184(1)
Lacrosse
184(3)
The Rise of Modern Iroquois, 1900--1950: The Cold Moon
187(11)
The Great Law at Six Nations
187(4)
The Decline of Traditional Leadership
191(1)
The Iroquois in New York and Quebec
192(3)
The Federal Retreat
195(1)
The Approach of Midcentury
196(2)
The Contemporary Scene, 1950--2000: The Very Cold Moon
198(24)
Tuscarora
198(1)
The Allegany and Cattaraugus Reservations
199(2)
Akwesasne
201(9)
Ganienkeh
210(1)
Kanesatake
211(1)
Kahnawake
212(1)
Gibson
213(1)
Tyendinaga
213(1)
Oneida
214(1)
Cayuga
215(1)
Onondaga
216(1)
Tonawanda
217(1)
Six Nations
217(1)
The Iroquois at Century's End
218(1)
Origin of the Little Water Medicine Society
219(1)
The Little Water Ceremony
220(2)
Notes 222(20)
Suggestions for Further Reading 242(2)
References 244(18)
Index 262

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