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Justice As Fairness: A Restatement

by
Edition:
1st
ISBN13:

9780674005112

ISBN10:
0674005112
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
5/1/2001
Publisher(s):
Nacscorp, Incorporated
List Price: $29.50
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Summary

This book originated as lectures for a course on political philosophy that Rawls taught regularly at Harvard in the 1980s. In time the lectures became a restatement of his theory of justice as fairness, revised in light of his more recent papers and his treatise Political Liberalism (1993). As Rawls writes in the preface, the restatement presents "in one place an account of justice as fairness as I now see it, drawing on all [my previous] works." He offers a broad overview of his main lines of thought and also explores specific issues never before addressed in any of his writings. Rawls is well aware that since the publication of A Theory of Justice in 1971, American society has moved farther away from the idea of justice as fairness. Yet his ideas retain their power and relevance to debates in a pluralistic society about the meaning and theoretical viability of liberalism. This book demonstrates that moral clarity can be achieved even when a collective commitment to justice is uncertain.

Author Biography

Jonn Rawls is James Bryant Conant University Professor, Emeritus, at Harvard University Erin Kelly is Assistant Professor of Philosophy at Tufts University

Table of Contents

Editor's Foreword xi
Preface xv
PART I Fundamental Ideas 1(38)
Four Roles of Political Philosophy
1(4)
Society as a Fair System of Cooperation
5(3)
The Idea of a Well-Ordered Society
8(2)
The Idea of the Basic Structure
10(2)
Limits to Our Inquiry
12(2)
The Idea of the Original Position
14(4)
The Idea of Free and Equal Persons
18(6)
Relations between the Fundamental Ideas
24(2)
The Idea of Public Justification
26(3)
The Idea of Reflective Equilibrium
29(3)
The Idea of an Overlapping Consensus
32(7)
PART II Principles of Justice 39(41)
Three Basic Points
39(3)
Two Principles of Justice
42(8)
The Problem of Distributive Justice
50(2)
The Basic Structure as Subject: First Kind of Reason
52(3)
The Basic Structure as Subject: Second Kind of Reason
55(2)
Who Are the Least Advantaged?
57(4)
The Difference Principle: Its Meaning
61(5)
Objections via Counterexamples
66(6)
Legitimate Expectations, Entitlement, and Desert
72(2)
On Viewing Native Endowments as a Common Asset
74(3)
Summary Comments on Distributive Justice and Desert
77(3)
PART III The Argument from the Original Position 80(55)
The Original Position: The Set-Up
80(4)
The Circumstances of Justice
84(1)
Formal Constraints and the Veil of Ignorance
85(4)
The Idea of Public Reason
89(5)
First Fundamental Comparison
94(3)
The Structure of the Argument and the Maximin Rule
97(4)
The Argument Stressing the Third Condition
101(3)
The Priority of the Basic Liberties
104(2)
An Objection about Aversion to Uncertainty
106(5)
The Equal Basic Liberties Revisited
111(4)
The Argument Stressing the Second Condition
115(4)
Second Fundamental Comparison: Introduction
119(1)
Grounds Falling under Publicity
120(2)
Grounds Falling under Reciprocity
122(2)
Grounds Falling under Stability
124(2)
Grounds against the Principle of Restricted Utility
126(4)
Comments on Equality
130(2)
Concluding Remarks
132(3)
PART IV Institutions of a Just Basic Structure 135(45)
Property-Owning Democracy: Introductory Remarks
135(3)
Some Basic Contrasts between Regimes
138(2)
Ideas of the Good in Justice as Fairness
140(5)
Constitutional versus Procedural Democracy
145(3)
The Fair Value of the Equal Political Liberties
148(2)
Denial of the Fair Value for Other Basic Liberties
150(3)
Political and Comprehensive Liberalism: A Contrast
153(4)
A Note on Head Taxes and the Priority of Liberty
157(1)
Economic Institutions of a Property-Owning Democracy
158(4)
The Family as a Basic Institution
162(6)
The Flexibility of an Index of Primary Goods
168(8)
Addressing Marx's Critique of Liberalism
176(3)
Brief Comments on Leisure Time
179(1)
PART V The Question of Stability 180(23)
The Domain of the Political
180(4)
The Question of Stability
184(4)
Is Justice as Fairness Political in the Wrong Way?
188(1)
How Is Political Liberalism Possible?
189(3)
An Overlapping Consensus Not Utopian
192(3)
A Reasonable Moral Psychology
195(3)
The Good of Political Society
198(5)
Index 203


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