9780195335125

Justice : A Reader

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780195335125

  • ISBN10:

    0195335120

  • Edition: 1st
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 9/27/2007
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press

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Supplemental Materials

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  • The New copy of this book will include any supplemental materials advertised. Please check the title of the book to determine if it should include any access cards, study guides, lab manuals, CDs, etc.
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Summary

Justice brings together in one indispensable volume essential readings on justice and moral reasoning. With readings from major thinkers from the classical era up to the present, the collection provides a thematic overview of the concept of justice. Moreover, Sandel's organization of the readings and his own commentaries allow readers to engage with a variety of pressing contemporary issues. Looking at a host of ethical dilemmas, including affirmative action, conscription, income distribution, and gay rights, from a variety of angles--morally, legally, politically--the collection engages with the core concerns of political philosophy: individual rights and the claims of community, equality and inequality, morality and law, and ultimately, justice. With concise section introductions that put the readings in context, this anthology is an invaluable tool for students, teachers, and anyone who wishes to engage in the great moral debates that have animated politics from classical times to our own.

Author Biography


Michael J. Sandel is the Anne T. and Robert M. Bass Professor of Government at Harvard University, where he has taught political philosophy since 1980. In addition to authoring numerous books, his writings also appear in general publications such as The Atlantic Monthly, The New Republic, and The New York Times. Sandel teaches graduate and undergraduate courses in contemporary political philosophy, including "Ethics and Biotechnology," "Markets, Morals, and Law," and "Globalization and Its Critics."

Table of Contents

Introduction: Doing the Right Thing
The Queen v. Dudley and Stephens (1884) (The lifeboat case)p. 3
Utilitarianism
Principles of Morals and Legislationp. 9
Utilitarianismp. 14
Libertarianism
Free to Choosep. 49
Anarchy, State, and Utopiap. 60
The Constitution of Libertyp. 73
Locke: Property Rights
Second Treatise of Governmentp. 83
Markets and Morals: Surrogate Motherhood, Military Service
Tragic Choicesp. 127
Battle Cry of Freedomp. 131
"All Go Down Together"p. 137
In the Matter of Baby 'M' (1987)'p. 138
In the Matter of Baby 'M' (1988, N.J. Supreme Court)p. 141
"Is Women's Labor a Commodity?"p. 144
Kant: Freedom as Autonomy
Groundwork for the Metaphysics of Moralsp. 158
"On the Supposed Right to Lie"p. 199
Rawls: Justice as Fairness
A Theory of Justicep. 203
Distributive Justice: Equality, Entitlement, and Merit
A Theory of Justicep. 223
Anarchy, State, and Utopiap. 226
Affirmative Action: Reverse Discrimination?
"Racial Discrimination or Righting Past Wrongs?"p. 237
Hopwood v. State of Texas (1996)p. 240
Grutter v. Bollinger (2003)p. 243
"Bakke's Case: Are Quotas Unfair?"p. 249
"Double Reverse Discrimination"p. 256
"Proxy War: Liberals Denounce Racial Profiling. Conservatives Denounce Affirmative Action. What's the Difference?"p. 261
Aristotle: Justice and Virtue
The Politicsp. 264
Nichomachean Ethicsp. 295
Ability, Disability, and Discrimination: Cheerleaders and Golf Carts
"A Safety Blitz: Texas Cheerleader Loses Status"p. 301
"Honor and Resentment"p. 303
"Sorry, Free Rides Not Right"p. 305
"Keep the PGA on Foot"p. 306
PGA Tour Inc. v. Casey Martin (2000)p. 307
Justice, Community, and Membership
After Virtuep. 315
Democracy's Discontentp. 328
Spheres of Justicep. 335
Moral Argument and Liberal Toleration
Political Liberalismp. 343
"Political Liberalism"p. 359
Morality and Law: Same-Sex Marriage, For and Against
Goodridge v. Dept. of Public Health (2003)p. 379
"Abolish Marriage"p. 383
"Law, Morality, and 'Sexual Orientation'"p. 384
"Homosexuality and the Conservative Mind"p. 392
"Universalism, Liberal Theory, and the Problem of Gay Marriage"p. 403
Creditsp. 411
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