CART

(0) items

Juvenile Delinquency : A Sociological Approach,9780205321773
This item qualifies for
FREE SHIPPING!

FREE SHIPPING OVER $59!

Your order must be $59 or more, you must select US Postal Service Shipping as your shipping preference, and the "Group my items into as few shipments as possible" option when you place your order.

Bulk sales, PO's, Marketplace Items, eBooks, Apparel, and DVDs not included.

Juvenile Delinquency : A Sociological Approach

by ;
Edition:
5th
ISBN13:

9780205321773

ISBN10:
0205321771
Media:
Hardcover
Pub. Date:
1/1/2002
Publisher(s):
Allyn & Bacon
List Price: $79.80
More New and Used
from Private Sellers
Starting at $0.01

Rent Textbook

We're Sorry
Sold Out

Used Textbook

We're Sorry
Sold Out

eTextbook

We're Sorry
Not Available

New Textbook

We're Sorry
Sold Out

Summary

Taking a sociological approach, this text discusses delinquency as it relates to and emerges from the youth's family, neighborhood, school, peer group, social class, and overall cultural and social environment. The authors incorporate contributions from psychologists, social workers, criminologists, and other specialists who have sought to understand, explain, control, and prevent juvenile delinquency.

Table of Contents

Preface xix
PART I Conformity, Deviance, and Juvenile Delinquency 1(90)
Introduction: The Sociological Perspective and Focus on Juvenile Delinquency
1(4)
Juvenile Delinquency: The Act, Actor, and the Audience
5(21)
Reading Objectives
5(1)
Introduction
5(1)
What Is Juvenile Delinquency?
6(9)
What Is a Juvenile?
6(2)
What Is Delinquency?
8(2)
The Legal Definition
10(2)
Status Offenses
12(1)
Problems with the Legal Definition
13(1)
The Role Definition
14(1)
Controversial Issue: ``Child or Adult?''
15(6)
Problems with the Role Definition
18(1)
The Societal Response Definition
19(1)
Problems with the Societal Response Definition
20(1)
A Synthesized Definition of Delinquency
21(1)
Summary
21(1)
Cross-Cultural Focus: The Cultural and Legal Definitions of ``Child'' and ``Juvenile Offender'' in Other Nations
22(2)
Concept Integration: Questions and Topics for Study and Discussion
24(1)
References
24(2)
A Sociological Overview: Society, Norms, Conformity and Deviant Behavior
26(26)
Reading Objectives
26(1)
Introduction
26(1)
The Sociological Perspective
27(1)
The Social Nature of Humans
28(4)
The Social Imperative
28(2)
Social Interaction
30(1)
Social Interdependence
31(1)
Social Organization
32(1)
Norms
32(1)
Sources of Norms
33(1)
Social Consensus
33(1)
Social Conflict
33(1)
Folkways and Mores
34(2)
Folkways
34(1)
Mores
35(1)
Normative Behavior: Conformity
36(2)
Deviant Behavior: Nonconformity
38(2)
Negative Aspects of Deviance
40(1)
Cross-Cultural Focus: Conformity, Deviance, and Delinquency among Native Americans
41(2)
Positive Aspects of Deviance
43(3)
Juvenile Delinquency
46(2)
Summary
48(1)
Concept Integration: Questions and Topics for Study and Discussion
49(1)
Concept Application: ``Deviance or Conformity?''
49(1)
References
50(2)
The Dimensions of the Delinquency Problem
52(39)
Reading Objectives
52(1)
Introduction
52(1)
Juvenile Delinquency Data
53(2)
Validity and Reliability
54(1)
Validity
54(1)
Reliability
54(1)
Official Sources of Delinquency Information
55(14)
FBI Uniform Crime Reports
55(3)
Juvenile Arrests for Specific Offenses
58(1)
Status Offenses
58(1)
Male and Female Involvement in Juvenile Delinquency
59(3)
The Racial and Ethnic Factor in Juvenile Delinquency
62(2)
Place of Residence and Arrest Statistics
64(1)
Juvenile Court Statistics
65(1)
Methodology
65(1)
Findings
66(3)
The Composite Delinquent Profile: Typical or Stereotypical?
69(2)
Limitations of Official Delinquency Data
70(1)
Arrest Statistics
70(1)
Juvenile Court Statistics
71(1)
Unofficial Sources of Delinquency Information
71(2)
Self-Report Studies
71(2)
Concept Application: ``Undetected and Unreported Delinquency: The Missing Statistics''
73(6)
Victimization Surveys
77(2)
Controversial Issue: Juvenile Violence: Guns and the U.S. Constitution
79(2)
The Magnitude and Trends of Juvenile Delinquency
81(2)
Addendum: A Balanced Perspective on Youth
83(1)
Cross-Cultural Focus: Juvenile Delinquency in Russia
84(2)
Summary
86(1)
Concept Integration: Questions and Topics for Study and Discussion
86(1)
References
87(4)
PART II Causes of Juvenile Delinquency 91(138)
Introduction: Theory and the Etiology of Juvenile Delinquency
91(4)
Biological Explanations of Juvenile Delinquency
95(27)
Reading Objectives
95(1)
Introduction
95(1)
The Link between Biology and Behavior: Myths and Folklore
96(1)
The Classical School of Criminological Thought
97(1)
Deterrence Theory
98(1)
The Positive School of Criminology
98(2)
Twentieth-Century Constitutional Typologies
100(1)
The Continuing Search for the Biological Connection
101(1)
Concept Application: ``An Ugly Girl''
102(8)
Gender
103(2)
Race and Ethnicity
105(1)
Age
106(1)
Maturation Theory
107(1)
Genetic Crime Causation: The XYY Hypothesis
108(1)
Diet and Deviant Behavior
109(1)
Cross-Cultural Focus: The Study of Twins and Adopted Children in Scandinavia
110(4)
Brain Malfunctions
112(2)
Sociobiological Explanations
114(1)
Summary and Conclusion
115(1)
Controversial Issue: Heredity Versus Environment in Deviant and Delinquent Behavior
116(1)
Concept Integration: Questions and Topics for Study and Discussion
117(1)
References
118(4)
Psychogenic Explanations of Juvenile Delinquency
122(34)
Reading Objectives
122(1)
Introduction
122(2)
The Psychogenic Approach
124(1)
The Discovery of the Unconscious
125(1)
The Formation of Personality
126(1)
Freudian Theory as an Explanation of Crime and Delinquency
126(1)
Psychoanalysis
127(1)
Projective Tests
127(3)
The Rorschach Ink-blot Test
128(1)
Projective Tests and Homicidal Children
128(2)
Delinquent Acts as Symptoms
130(2)
Conduct Disorders
131(1)
Other Psychogenic Explanations of Juvenile Delinquency
132(1)
Early Theories of Feeblemindedness
132(1)
Controversial Issue: The Debate Over Television Violence, Childhood Personality Development, and Criminal Behavior
133(10)
Neurological Abnormalities
135(2)
The Flawed Personality
137(1)
The Psychopath/Sociopath
138(1)
Distinctive Patterns of Criminal Thinking
139(1)
Adolescent Identity Crisis
139(2)
Insufficient Moral Development
141(2)
A Psychological Typology of Delinquency
143(5)
Impulsive Delinquency
144(1)
The Unsocialized Aggressive Child
144(1)
The Self-Centered Indulgent Delinquent
144(1)
The Psychopath
145(1)
The Sexual Pervert
145(1)
Neurotic Delinquency
145(1)
The Inadequate Delinquent
146(1)
The Crystallized Delinquent
146(1)
Symptomatic Delinquency
146(1)
The Kleptomaniac
146(1)
The Pyromaniac
147(1)
The Sexual Delinquent
147(1)
Criticisms and Limitations of the Psychogenic Approach
148(1)
Critique of Theoretical Assumptions and Concepts
148(1)
Critique of Research Methodology
148(1)
Concept Application: The Psychological and Social Impacts on Victims of Crime and Delinquency
149(2)
Critique of Psychogenic Applications to Crime and Delinquency
150(1)
Summary
151(1)
Concept Integration: Questions and Topics for Study and Discussion
152(1)
References
152(4)
Sociological Explanations of Delinquency: Social Strain and Cultural Transmission Theories
156(25)
Reading Objectives
156(1)
Introduction
156(1)
Theory
157(1)
Social Strain Theories
158(9)
Durkheim's Concept of Anomie
159(1)
Merton's Theory of Anomie
159(2)
Cohen's ``Delinquent Boys''
161(1)
Cloward and Ohlin's ``Delinquency and Opportunity''
162(2)
Contributions of Social Strain Theories
164(1)
Criticisms and Limitations of Social Strain Theories
165(2)
Cultural Transmission Theories
167(1)
Sellin's Theory of Culture Conflict
167(1)
Controversial Issue: Social Structure as a Proposed Cause of Urban Crime hood and Delinquency
168(9)
Burgess' Concentric Zone Theory
169(3)
Shaw and MeKay's ``High Delinquency Areas''
172(1)
Miller's Focus on Lower Class Culture
172(2)
Contributions of Cultural Transmission Theories
174(1)
Criticisms and Limitations of Cultural Transmission Theories
175(2)
Concept Integration: Questions and Topics for Study and Discussion
177(1)
Concept Application: ``Searching for Causal Explanations of Contemporary School Shootings''
178(1)
References
179(2)
Sociological Explanations of Juvenile Delinquency: Social Learning and Social Control Theories
181(24)
Reading Objectives
181(1)
Introduction
181(2)
Social Learning Theories
183(5)
Sutherland and Cressey's Theory of Differential Association
183(1)
Glaser's Concept of Differential Identification
184(2)
Akers' Theory of Differential Reinforcement
186(1)
Contributions of Social Learning Theories
186(1)
Criticisms and Limitations of Social Learning Theories
187(1)
Concept Application: ``Going into the Automobile Business''
188(2)
Social Control Theories
190(7)
Victims Reckless' Containment Theory
192(1)
Sykes and Matza's Techniques of Neutralization
193(2)
Hirschi's Social Bond Theory
195(1)
Contributions of Social Control Theories
196(1)
Controversial Issue: Religiosity and Juvenile Delinquency
197(4)
Criticisms and Limitations of Social Control Theories
200(1)
Cross-Cultural Focus: Criminality Among the Children of Immigrants in Western Europe
201(1)
Concept Integration: Questions and Topics for Study and Discussion
202(1)
References
202(3)
Sociological Explanations of Juvenile Delinquency: Labeling and Radical Theories
205(24)
Reading Objectives
205(1)
Introduction
205(1)
Labeling Theories
206(8)
Early Contributions to Labeling Theory
207(1)
Tannenbaum's Concept of ``Tagging''
208(1)
Lemert's Primary and Secondary Deviance
208(1)
Becker's Developmental Career Model
209(1)
Contributions of Labeling Theory
210(2)
Criticisms and Limitations of Labeling Theory
212(2)
Concept Application: Juvenile Delinquency as Creative Short-Term Hedonism: ``Crime Is Fun!''
214(1)
Radical Theories
215(9)
The Marxian Heritage
216(1)
Quinney's Social Reality of Crime and Delinquency
217(1)
Greenberg's Focus on Adolescent Frustration
218(1)
Schwendingers' Instrumental Theory
219(2)
Contributions of Radical Theories
221(1)
Criticisms and Limitations of Radical Theories
222(2)
An Overview of the Sociological Explanations
224(1)
Concept Integration: Questions and Topics for Study and Discussion
224(1)
Controversial Issue: The Continuing Quest for a General Theory of Juvenile Delinquency
225(2)
References
227(2)
PART III Juvenile Delinquency in a Social Context 229(130)
Introduction: Collective Behavior and Social Groupings
229(4)
The Family and Juvenile Delinquency
233(26)
Reading Objectives
233(1)
Introduction
233(1)
The Changing Role of the Family
233(2)
Increasing Importance of the Nuclear Family and the Creation of ``Adolescence''
235(1)
The Family as an Agent of Socialization
236(1)
Working Mothers and Juvenile Delinquency
237(2)
Controversial Issue: Latchkey Children: Independence or Neglect
239(2)
Other Family Variables and Juvenile Delinquency
241(7)
Social Class
241(1)
Family Size and Birth Order
242(2)
Family Interaction
244(1)
Parental Discipline
245(3)
Broken Homes and Delinquency
248(3)
The Family and Delinquency Prevention
251(1)
Concept Application: The Role of the Family in Preventing Delinquency
252(1)
Summary
253(1)
Concept Integration: Questions and Topics for Study and Discussion
254(1)
References
254(5)
Schools and Delinquency
259(26)
Reading Objectives
259(1)
Introduction
259(1)
The School as an Arena
260(1)
Schools and the Socialization Process
260(1)
Juvenile Delinquency and the School Experience
261(2)
Schools as a ``Screening Device''
263(2)
Cross-Cultural Focus: Self-Concept and Delinquency Among Chinese School Children
265(4)
Controversial Issue: Dealing with the Problem of Truancy
269(2)
Schools as ``Combat Zones''
271(5)
Vandalism and Destruction
271(1)
Violence and Personal Attacks
272(4)
School Safety and ``Zero Tolerance''
276(1)
School as Bureaucracy
276(1)
Schools and Delinquency Prevention
277(2)
Summary
279(1)
Concept Integration: Questions and Topics for Study and Discussion
280(1)
References
280(5)
The Youth Subculture
285(32)
Reading Objectives
285(1)
Introduction
285(1)
Culture, Subcultures, and Countercultures
286(1)
The Creation of a Youth Subculture
286(2)
Cross-Cultural Focus: A Canadian Youth Subculture
288(1)
Role of the Youth Subculture
288(3)
Distinctive Elements of the Youth Subculture
291(1)
Youth Values
291(1)
Concept Application: The American Youth Subculture: Youth Values in the 21st Century
292(7)
Dress, Grooming, and Fads
295(1)
Mass Media
296(2)
Language
298(1)
Controversial Issue: Censoring Rock Music
299(1)
The Youth Subculture and Juvenile Delinquency
300(8)
Juvenile Runaways
301(1)
Juvenile Prostitution
302(2)
Juveniles and Drugs
304(2)
Juveniles and Sex
306(2)
Youth Countercultures and Delinquency
308(2)
Teenage Satanic Groups
309(1)
Youth Hate Groups
309(1)
The Youth Subculture and Delinquency Prevention
310(1)
Summary
311(1)
Concept Integration: Questions and Topics for Study and Discussion
312(1)
References
313(4)
Juvenile Gangs and Delinquent Behavior
317(42)
Reading Objectives
317(1)
Introduction
317(1)
Predatory Youths: A National Alarm
318(1)
The Solitary Delinquent
318(2)
Group Delinquency
320(1)
The Play Group
321(1)
The Juvenile Gang
322(3)
What Is a Gang?
322(2)
History of Youth Gangs
324(1)
Contemporary Youth Gangs in the United States
325(3)
Number of Gangs and Members
325(1)
Locale
326(2)
The Motives for Gang Membership
328(2)
Concept Application: Group Shoplifting and ``The Swarm''
330(2)
Initiation Rituals
331(1)
Gang Organization
332(4)
The Near Group
333(1)
Gang Graffiti, Slanguage and Symbols
334(2)
Composition of Gang Membership
336(7)
Social Class
337(1)
Racial and Ethnic Composition of Gangs
338(2)
Female Participation in Delinquent Gangs
340(3)
Gang Violence
343(2)
Concept Application: ``The Weapon of Choice: The Dogs of War''
345(3)
Drug Franchises and Gang Warfare
346(1)
Gang Rape
347(1)
Dyads and Triads
348(1)
Explanatory Theories of Gang Formation and Behavior: A Summary and Synthesis
348(3)
Cross-Cultural Focus: Urban Youth Gangs in Russia
351(2)
Concept Integration: Questions and Topics for Study and Discussion
353(1)
References
353(6)
PART IV Social Control: The Juvenile Justice System 359(82)
Introduction: Elements of Social Control
359(2)
Juveniles and the Police
361(23)
Reading Objectives
361(1)
Introduction
361(1)
Juvenile Encounters with Police
362(1)
Policing Juveniles
363(3)
Law Enforcement Role
365(1)
Crime Prevention Role
365(1)
Police Discretion in Handling Juveniles
366(1)
Cross-Cultural Focus: Policing Juveniles in Great Britain
367(8)
Legal Factors
369(1)
Seriousness of the Offense
369(1)
Prior Police Contacts
369(1)
Evidence
370(1)
Complainant
370(1)
Extralegal Factors
371(1)
Age
371(1)
Sex
372(1)
Race and Ethnicity
372(1)
Socioeconomic Status
373(1)
Appearance, Attitude, and Demeanor of the Juvenile
373(1)
Willingness of Parents to Cooperate
374(1)
Characteristics of the Police Officer
374(1)
Police and Due Process
375(2)
Police, Community Policing, and Delinquency Prevention
377(2)
Controversial Issue: Targeting Serious Habitual Offenders: Delinquency Prevention or Police Harassment?
379(1)
Summary
380(1)
Concept Integration: Questions and Topics for Study and Discussion
381(1)
References
381(3)
Juvenile Court
384(25)
Reading Objectives
384(1)
Introduction
384(1)
Historical Background of the Juvenile Court
385(1)
The Child Savers' Movement
386(1)
Cross-Cultural Focus: Development of the Juvenile Court in Canada
387(1)
The Juvenile Court
388(2)
The Juvenile Court and Due Process
390(3)
Juvenile Court Procedures
393(4)
Intake
393(2)
Adjudication
395(1)
Disposition
396(1)
The Role of Attorneys in Juvenile Court
397(2)
The District Attorney
398(1)
The Defense Attorney
398(1)
Controversial Issue: The Use of Attorneys in the Juvenile Court
399(1)
Criticisms of the Juvenile Court
400(2)
The Multifaceted Juvenile Court
402(2)
The Future of the Juvenile Court
404(2)
Summary
406(1)
Concept Integration: Questions and Topics for Study and Discussion
406(1)
References
406(3)
Juvenile Corrections
409(32)
Reading Objectives
409(1)
Introduction
409(1)
Social Control and Deterrence Theory
410(1)
Voluntary Social Control
410(1)
Cross-Cultural Focus: The Caning of an American Youth in Singapore: Justice or Abuse?
411(2)
Informal Social Control
413(2)
Formal Social Control
415(5)
Juvenile Probation
416(1)
Restitution and ``Restorative Justice''
417(1)
Juvenile Incarceration
417(3)
Controversial Issue: Institutionalization versus Community Treatment
420(5)
Juvenile Aftercare
421(1)
Remanding Juveniles to Adult Courts
422(1)
Juveniles in Adult Jails and Prisons
423(1)
Capital Punishment for Juveniles
424(1)
Controversial Issue: Should Juveniles Be Executed?
425(2)
Deinstitutionalization, Community Corrections, and Diversion
427(8)
House Arrest
429(1)
Youth Service Bureaus
430(1)
Scared Straight!
430(2)
S.H.A.P E.U.P
432(1)
Place
432(1)
VisionQuest
433(1)
Juvenile Boot Camps
433(1)
Other Diversion Programs
434(1)
Evaluation of Deinstitutionalization, Community Corrections, and Diversion
435(1)
Summary
436(1)
Concept Integration: Questions and Topics for Study and Discussion
436(1)
References
437(4)
PART V Strategies for Dealing with Juvenile Delinquency 441(59)
Introduction: Approaching Treatment and Prevention in a Social Context
441(2)
Treatment and Prevention Strategies
443(27)
Reading Objectives
443(1)
Introduction
443(1)
Treatment Ideology and Delinquency Treatment Programs
444(1)
Behavior Modification
444(1)
Controversial Issue: Applying the Medical Model in the Treatment of Delinquency
445(5)
Transactional Analysis
447(1)
Reality Therapy
448(1)
Group and Individual Counseling
449(1)
Prevention Ideology and Delinquency Prevention Programs
450(2)
Early Identification
450(1)
``Pre-Delinquents'' and Early Intervention
450(2)
Cross-Cultural Focus: Delinquency Prevention in Japan
452(1)
Sociological Approaches to Delinquency Treatment and Prevention
453(9)
The Chicago Area Project
454(1)
The Mid-City Project
455(1)
Mobilization for Youth
456(1)
Minnesota Youth Advocate Program
456(1)
Neighborhood Youth Corps and Job Training
456(1)
The Highfields Project
457(1)
The Provo Experiment
458(1)
Millcreek Youth Correctional Facility
459(1)
The Paint Creek Youth Center
459(1)
Project New Pride
459(1)
Mentoring Programs
460(1)
Other Programs
460(2)
Mobilizing the Community to Prevent Delinquency
462(4)
Crimestoppers and Hotlines
462(1)
Neighborhood Watch and Youth Crime Watch
463(1)
Guardian Angels
463(2)
S.H.O.D.I.
465(1)
Gang Intervention Programs
465(1)
Evaluation of Delinquency Treatment and Prevention Strategies
466(1)
Summary
466(1)
Concept Integration: Questions and Topics for Study and Discussion
467(1)
References
467(3)
Rethinking the Delinquency Problem
470(30)
Reading Objectives
470(1)
Introduction
470(7)
The Social Nature of Juvenile Delinquency
477
Eliminating the Marginal Status of Juveniles
473(6)
Rites of Passage
474(3)
Meaningful Social Participation
477(2)
Concept Application: Meaningful Social Participation for Youths
479(1)
Standardization or Elimination of Juvenile Codes
480(1)
Decriminalization of Status Offenses
481(1)
Revision of the Juvenile Court
482(4)
Limited Jurisdiction
483(1)
Due Process
484(1)
Professional Judges and Court Personnel
484(1)
Dispositional Alternatives
485(1)
Other Revisions
485(1)
Modification of Juvenile Corrections
486(1)
Controversial Issue: Should Juvenile Courts Be Abolished?
487(3)
Strengthening the Family
490(1)
Changing the Educational System
491(2)
Redefining Juvenile Delinquency
493(3)
Summary
496(1)
Concept Integration: Questions and Topics for Study and Discussion
497(1)
References
497(3)
Glossary 500(18)
Name Index 518(8)
Subject Index 526


Please wait while the item is added to your cart...