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Taking a sociological approach, this text discusses delinquency as it relates to and emerges from the youth's family, neighborhood, school, peer group, social class, and overall cultural and social environment.
The authors incorporate contributions from sociologists, psychologists, social workers, criminologists, and other specialists who have sought to understand, explain, control, and prevent juvenile delinquency.
An up to date, comprehensive, and in depth study of juvenile delinquency a major social problem in the United States.
Teaches students the ways to understand, explain, control, and prevent juvenile delinquency:
-Through comprehensive coverage of conformity, deviance, causes of delinquency, social control, the juvenile justice system, and the application of abstract theories to concrete strategies for dealing with delinquency.
-Cross-cultural focus on juvenile delinquency in other nations such as England, Australia, Israel, Russia, selected countries of South America, and Africa gives a point of comparison for students in the United States.
-Extensive coverage of explanatory theories and the application of those theories to treatment strategies of juvenile delinquency.
Exposes students to the latest scholarship and research on juvenile delinquency:
-Up-to-date scholarship combined with a student-friendly writing style enhances the learning experience.
-Coverage of current and controversial topics such as adolescent marginality, community policing, gun control, hate crimes, increase in female delinquency, the impact of TV violence, boot camps, capital punishment for juveniles, and the legal age of majority.
-Reports and analyses of contemporary school shootings and other violent youth behavior, throughout the text, provide theoretical explanations of cause and suggest preventative measures. The etiology of this phenomenon will be expanded.
-Coverage of thelatest concepts and theories derived from ongoing research by outstanding scholars from multiple disciplines as well as suggestions and examples for applying these theories to treatment and prevention.
-Chapter 8 covers contemporary integrative and feminist theories of delinquency as well as prospects for future and contemporary theory building. Unique among juvenile delinquency texts, this chapter ties together the major theoretical contributions of the past and focuses the reader on the future.
William E. Thompson was born and raised in Tulsa, Oklahoma and was the first member of his family to receive a high school diploma. He received his bachelor’s degree from Northeastern State University, a master’s degree from Missouri State University, and earned his Ph.D. in sociology from Oklahoma State University. Thompson has authored and coauthored more than fifty articles published in professional journals, including dozens reprinted in textbooks and anthologies. He is the coauthor of Society in Focus: An Introduction to Sociology (now in its 7th edition), one of the leading textbooks in introductory sociology courses, and Juvenile Delinquency: A Sociological Approach (in its 8th edition), a leading textbook in the area of delinquency studies. He also has coauthored an anthology on classic and contemporary readings in juvenile delinquency, a small treatise on sociology and mass media, and is the author of The Glass House, a life-story of his mother’s courageous battle with cancer.
Thompson began his college teaching career at the University of Tulsa. He spent the next ten years at Emporia State University, where he served as Chair of the Division of Sociology, Family Sciences, and Anthropology. Thompson then moved to Texas A&M University-Commerce, where he served five years as Head of the Department of Sociology and Criminal Justice, and is currently a Professor of Sociology and Criminal Justice. He has also taught for the University of Southern Mississippi in the British Studies Program in London and the Caribbean Studies Program in Ocho Rios, Jamaica. He also has been an invited Guest Lecturer on Juvenile Crime and the Media at Shanghai Normal University and the Shanghai Academy of Social Sciences in China.
In 1993, Thompson received an Outstanding Teaching Award from the Texas Association of College Teachers, and in 1994, he won the Distinguished Faculty Award for Research and Teaching at Texas A&M-Commerce. In 1996, Thompson was named the Outstanding Alumnus by the College of Social and Behavioral Sciences at Northeastern State University. In 2009 he received the prestigious “Spirit of Mayo Award” named after Texas A&M University-Commerce’s founder and awarded by the president for outstanding commitment to undergraduate students’ success.
Dr. Thompson has been married to his wife Marilyn for 37 years. They have two grown children and one grandchild. For fun, Thompson plays drums in a rock ‘n roll band and rides his motorcycle.
Table of Contents
|Conformity, Deviance, and Juvenile Delinquency|
|Introduction: The Sociological Perspective and Focus on Juvenile Delinquency|
|Juvenile Delinquency: The Act, the Actor, and the Audience|
|What Is Juvenile Delinquency?|
|An Integrated Definition of Delinquency|
|A Sociological Approach to Delinquency|
|The Sociological Perspective|
|The Social Nature of Humans|
|Sources of Norms|
|Folkways, Mores, and Laws|
|Normative Behavior: Conformity|
|Deviant Behavior: Nonconformity|
|Negative Aspects of Deviance|
|Positive Aspects of Deviance|
|Dimensions of Juvenile Delinquency|
|Juvenile Delinquency Data|
|tOfficial Sources of Delinquency Information|
|The Composite Delinquent Profile: Typical or Stereotypical?|
|Unofficial Sources of Delinquency Information|
|The Magnitude and Trends of Juvenile Delinquency|
|Addendum: A Balanced Perspective on Youth|
|Causes of Juvenile Delinquency|
|Introduction: Theory and the Etiology of Juvenile Delinquency|
|Classical, Biological and Psychogenic Explanations of Juvenile Delinquency|
|The Link between Biology and Behavior: Myths and Folklore|
|The Classical School of Criminological Thought|
|The Positive School of Criminology|
|Twentieth-Century Constitutional Typologies|
|The Continuing Search for the Biological Connection|
|The Psychogenic Approach and the Medical Model|
|The Discovery of the Unconscious|
|The Formation of Personality|
|Freudian Theory as an Explanation of Crime and Delinquency|
|The Medical Model: Delinquent Acts as Symptoms|
|Conduct Disorders and Risk/Needs Assessment|
|Other Psychogenic Explanations of Juvenile Delinquency|
|Sociological Explanations of Juvenile Delinquency: Social Strain and Cultural Transmission Theories|
|Social Strain Theories|
|Agnew's General Strain Theory|
|Cultural Transmission Theories|
|Sociological Explanations of Juvenile Delinquency: Social Learning and Social Control Theories|
|Social Learning Theories|
|Social Control Theories|
|Sociological Explanations of Juvenile Delinquency: Labeling and Radical/Conflict Theories|
|Sociological Explanations of Juvenile|
|Delinquency andthe Ongoing Process of Integrative Theory Building|
|Short-run Hedonism: Delinquency is fun|
|Maturation and Life Course Theories|
|Making Decisions for Delinquency: Rational Choice Theory|
|The Punishment Response: Deterrence Theory|
|Explaining Female Delinquency|
|Back to the Future: The Prospects and Direction for New Theory Building|
|Juvenile Delinquency in a Social Context|
|Introduction: Collective Behavior and Social Groupings|
|The Family and Juvenile Delinquency|
|The Changing Role of the Family|
|Increasing Importance of the Nuclear Family and the Creation of Adolescenc|
|The Family as an Agent of Socialization|
|Working Mothers and Juvenile Delinquency|
|Other Family Variables and Juvenile Delinquency|
|Single-Parent Families and Delinquency|
|The Family and Delinquency Prevention|
|Schools and Delinquency|
|The School as an Arena|
|Schools and the Socialization Process|
|Juvenile Delinquency and the School Experience|
|Schools as a Screening Device|
|Schools as Combat Zone|
|School as Bureaucracy|
|Schools and Delinquency Prevention|
|The Youth Subculture and Delinquency|
|Culture, Subcultures, and Countercultures|
|The Creation of a Youth Subculture|
|Role of the Youth Subculture|
|Distinctive Elements of the Youth Subculture|
|The Youth Subculture and Juvenile Delinquency|
|Youth Countercultures and Delinquency|
|The Youth Subculture and Delinquency Prevention|
|Juvenile Gangs and Delinquency|
|The Solitary Delinquent|
|Dyads and Triads|
|Contemporary Youth Gangs in the United States|
|Motives for Gang Membership|
|Composition of Gang Membership|
|Explanatory Theories of Gang Formation and Behavior: A Summary and Synthesis|
|Applied Theory: Social Control and the Juvenile Justice System|
|Introduction: Elements of Social Control|
|Juveniles and the Police|
|Juvenile Encounters with Police|
|Police Discretion in Handling Juveniles|
|Police and Due Process|
|Police, Community Policing, and Delinquency Prevention|
|Historical Background of the Juvenile Court|
|The Child Savers Movement|
|The Juvenile Court|
|Juvenile Courts and Due Process|
|Juvenile Court Procedures|
|The Role of Attorneys in Juvenile Court|
|Criticisms of the Juvenile Court|
|The Multifaceted Juvenile Court|
|The Future of the Juvenile Court|
|Social Control and Deterrence Theory|
|Voluntary Social Control|
|Informal Social Control|
|Formal Social Control|
|Capital Punishment for Juveniles and Roper v|
|Deinstitutionalization, Community Corrections, and Diversion|
|Evaluation of Deinstitutionalization, Community Corrections, and Diversion|
|Applied Theory: Strategies for Dealing with Juvenile Delinquency|
|Introduction: Approaching Treatment and Prevention in a Social Context|
|Treatment and Prevention Strategies|
|Treatment Ideology and Delinquency Treatment Programs|
|Prevention Ideology and Delinquency Prevention Programs|
|Sociological Approaches to Delinquency Treatment and Prevention|
|Mobilizing the Community to Prevent Delinquency|
|Evaluation of Delinquency Treatment and Prevention Strategies|
|Rethinking the Delinquency Problem|
|The Social Nature of Juvenile Delinquency|
|Eliminating the Marginal Status of Juveniles|
|Standardization or Elimination of Juvenile Codes|
|Decriminalization of Status Offenses|
|Revision of the Juvenile Court|
|Modification of Juvenile Corrections|
|Strengthening the Family|
|Changing the Educational System|
|Redefining Juvenile Delinquency|
|Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.|