9780130166395

The Juvenile Justice System: Deliquency, Processing and the Law

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780130166395

  • ISBN10:

    0130166391

  • Edition: 3rd
  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 5/1/2000
  • Publisher: PRENTICE HALL PTR
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Summary

For introductory courses in Juvenile Justice. This text provides a complete, in-depth overview of all phases of the contemporary juvenile justice system. It examines the nature of delinquency, classifications of juvenile offenders, alternative explanations for juvenile misconduct, juvenile courts and juvenile rights, and corrections.

Table of Contents

Preface xiii
About the Author xvii
An Introduction to Juvenile Justice in the United States
1(39)
Introduction
2(5)
The History of Juvenile Courts
7(16)
Who Are Juvenile Offenders?
23(2)
Parens Patriae
25(1)
Modern Interpretations of Parens Patriae
26(2)
Juvenile and Criminal Courts: Some Preliminary Distinctions
28(4)
Alternative Philosophies for Managing Juvenile Offenders
32(8)
Measuring Delinquency: Types of Offenders and Trends
40(49)
Introduction
41(2)
Delinquency: Definitions and Distinctions
43(7)
Status Offenders and Delinquent Offenders
50(4)
The Deinstitutionalization of Status Offenses
54(7)
The Uniform Crime Reports and National Crime Victimization Survey
61(7)
Other Sources
68(4)
Violence and Nonviolence: Career Escalation?
72(9)
Female versus Male Delinquency: Cataloging the Differences
81(8)
An Overview of the Juvenile Justice System
89(29)
Introduction
90(2)
The Criminal Justice System
92(12)
Arrest and Identification
104(2)
Classification and Preliminary Disposition
106(2)
Establishing Jurisdiction
108(1)
Intake
109(1)
Alternative Prosecutorial Actions
110(1)
Adjudicatory Proceedings
110(2)
Juvenile Dispositions
112(2)
Juvenile Corrections
114(4)
Juveniles and the Police
118(40)
Introduction
119(2)
Police Discretion: Use and Abuse
121(12)
Arrests of Juveniles
133(5)
Status Offenders and Juvenile Delinquents
138(3)
Divestiture and Its Implications: Net-Widening
141(4)
Redefining Delinquency
145(2)
Delinquency Prevention Programs and Police Interventions
147(11)
Intake and Preadjudicatory Processing
158(45)
Introduction
159(1)
What is Intake?
160(6)
Intake Proceedings: Where Do We Go from Here?
166(4)
Models for Dealing with Juvenile Offenders
170(12)
Legal Factors: Offense Seriousness, Type of Crime Committed, Evidence, and Prior Record
182(6)
Extralegal Factors: Age, Gender, Race/Ethnicity, and Socioeconomic Status of Juvenile Offenders
188(8)
Preliminary Decision Making: Diversion and Other Options
196(3)
Assessment of Guardianship
199(4)
Classification and Preliminary Treatment: Waivers and Other Alternatives
203(54)
Introduction
204(3)
Seriousness of the Offense, Offender Characteristics, and Waiver Decision Making
207(20)
Types of Waivers
227(4)
Waiver and Reverse Waiver Hearings
231(3)
Implications of Waiver Hearings for Juveniles
234(6)
Defense and Prosecutorial Considerations Relating to Waivers
240(7)
Waiver patterns and Trends
247(10)
Prosecutorial Decision Making in Juvenile Justice
257(34)
Introduction
258(2)
Public Defenders for Juveniles
260(4)
The Changing Prosecutorial Role in Juvenile Matters
264(11)
The Speedy Trial Rights of Juveniles
275(2)
The Advocacy Role of Defense Attorneys
277(14)
The Adjudicatory Process: Dispositional Alternatives
291(59)
Introduction
292(1)
The Nature of the Offense
293(2)
First-Offender or Repeat Offender?
295(7)
Aggravating and Mitigating Circumstances
302(7)
Juvenile Risk Assessments and Predictions of Dangerousness
309(27)
Predisposition Reports
336(8)
The Judicial Decision
344(1)
Implications of the Judicial Decision for Juvenile Offenders
345(5)
The Legal Rights of Juveniles
350(52)
Introduction
351(2)
Original Juvenile Jurisdiction: Parens Patriae
353(3)
Landmark Cases in Juvenile Justice
356(12)
Implications for Juveniles
368(12)
The Death Penalty for Juveniles
380(8)
U.S. Supreme Court Death Penalty Cases
388(6)
Identification of At-Risk Juveniles
394(1)
Unification of Criminal and Juvenile Courts
395(7)
Nominal Sanctions: Warnings, Diversion, and Alternative Dispute Resolution
402(26)
Introduction
403(1)
Nominal Dispositions Defined
404(1)
Diversion
405(5)
Diversion Programs for Juveniles
410(6)
Implications of Diversion Programs for Juveniles
416(2)
Teen Courts
418(5)
Day Treatment Centers
423(1)
Alternative Dispute Resolution
424(4)
Juvenile Probation and Community-Based Corrections
428(64)
Introduction
429(2)
Standard Probation for Juveniles
431(7)
The Success of Standard Juvenile Probation
438(4)
Intermediate Punishments for Juvenile Offenders
442(5)
Intensive Supervised Probation (ISP) for Juveniles
447(9)
Strengths and Weaknesses of ISP Programs
456(1)
Case Supervision Planning
457(5)
Community-Based Alternatives
462(9)
Electronic Monitoring
471(6)
Home Confinement or House Arrest
477(3)
Shock Probation
480(2)
Boot Camps
482(5)
Other ISP Program Conditions
487(5)
Juvenile Corrections: Custodial Sanctions and Parole
492(53)
Introduction
493(2)
Goals of Juvenile Corrections
495(3)
Current Juvenile Custodial Alternatives
498(11)
Nonsecure Confinement
509(1)
Secure Confinement: Variations
509(10)
Juvenile Parole
519(5)
Recidivism and Parole Revocation
524(6)
Examples of Probation and Parole Revocation for Juveniles
530(4)
Selected issues in Juvenile Corrections
534(11)
Glossary 545(34)
References 579(34)
Name Index 613(10)
Subject Index 623(12)
Case Index 635

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