This volume of new essays provides a comprehensive and structured examination of Kantian accounts of practical justification. This examination serves as a starting point for a focused investigation of the Kantian approach to justification in practical disciplines (ethics, legal and political philosophy or philosophy of religion). The recent growth of literature on this subject is not surprising given that Kant's approach seems so promising: he claims to be able to justify unconditional normative claims without recourse to assumptions, views or doctrines, which are not in their turn justifiable. Within the context of modern pluralism, this is exactly what the field needs: an approach which can demonstrably show why certain normative claims are valid, and why the grounds of these claims are valid in their turn, and why the freedom to question them should not be stifled. Although this has been a growth area in philosophy, no systematic and sustained study of the topic of practical justification in Kantian philosophy has been undertaken so far. With fourteen original chapters and an introduction from leading researchers in the field, this volume addresses this neglected topic. The starting point is the still-dominant view that a successful account of justification of normative claims has to be non-metaphysical. The essays engage with this dominant view and pursue further implications in ethics, legal and political philosophy, as well as philosophy of religion. Throughout the essays, the contributors bring into contact with contemporary debates key interpretive questions about Kant's views on practical justification.
Mark Timmons is Professor of Philosophy at the University of Arizona. He is author of Morality without Foundations (OUP, 1999), editor of Kant's Metaphysics of Morals: Interpretative Essays (OUP, 2002), co-editor of Metaethics After Moore (OUP, 2006), and editor of Oxford Studies in Normative Ethics (published annually).
Sorin Baiasu is Reader in Philosophy at Keele University, UK. He is the author of Kant and Sartre: Re-discovering Critical Ethics (2011), co-editor of Politics and Metaphysics in Kant (2011), as well as of a special issue of the journal Kantian Review (2011).
Table of Contents
Notes on Contributors
Introduction. Practical Justification in Kant, Sorin Baiasu
1. Kant's Rechtfertigung and the Epistemic Nature of Practical Justification, Sorin Baiasu
2. Why Ought Implies Can, Sebastian Rödl
3. Kant on Practical Reason, Allen Wood
4. Constructing Practical Justification: How Can the Categorical Imperative Justify Desire-based Actions?, Larry Krasnoff
5. Anthropology and Metaphysics in Kant's Categorical Imperative of Law. An Interpretation of Rechtslehre §§B and C, Otfried Höffe
6. Kant, Moral Obligation and the Holy Will, Robert Stern
7. Is Practical Justification in Kant Ultimately Dogmatic?, Karl Ameriks
8. Constructivism and Self-constitution, Paul Guyer
9. Formal Approaches to Kant's Formula of Humanity, Andrews Reath
10. Kant's Grounding Project in the Doctrine of Virtue, Houston Smit & Mark Timmons
11. Kant and Libertarianism, Howard Williams
12. Kant's Practical Justification of Freedom, Henry E. Allison
13. The Place of Kant's Theism in His Moral Philosophy, John Hare
14. Freedom, Temporality and Belief: A Reply to Hare, A. W. Moore