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Keys to Effective Learning,9780130128829

Keys to Effective Learning

by ; ; ;
ISBN13:

9780130128829

ISBN10:
0130128821
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
11/1/1999
Publisher(s):
Prentice Hall
List Price: $34.00
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Summary

For Freshman Orientation and Student Success courses with an emphasis on study skills. This book focuses on developing effective learning techniques to help students excel in school, in their careers and throughout their lives as lifelong learners. Unlike traditional study skills texts, this one emphasizes how students learn effectively by involving them in the active process of mastering their mental abilities and their personal confidence.

Table of Contents

Foreword xiii
Preface xv
Acknowledgments xix
Supplements xxiii
About the Authors xxvii
Part 1 Defining Yourself and Your Goals
Becoming a Lifelong Learner: Opening Doors
3(38)
Thinking It Through
3(1)
Who Is Pursuing an Education Today?
4(1)
The Diverse Student Body
4(1)
How Does Education Promote Success?
5(2)
What Resources Are Available at Your School?
7(8)
People
8(1)
Student Services
9(1)
Organizations
9(3)
Literature
12(1)
Technology
13(1)
Thinking Back, Thinking Ahead
14(1)
How Can You Strive for Success?
15(5)
Get Motivated
16(1)
Make a Commitment
17(1)
Show Initiative
18(1)
Be Responsible
18(1)
Face Your Fears
19(1)
How Can You Build Your Self-esteem?
20(3)
Think Positively
20(1)
Take Action
21(1)
Academic Integrity
22(1)
What Is Your Role in a Diverse World?
23(18)
Diversity Is Real Life
25(1)
Diversity and Teamwork
25(1)
Living Your Role
26(1)
Important Points to Remember
27(14)
Goal Setting and Time Management: Mapping Your Course
41(38)
Thinking It Through
41(1)
What Defines Your Values?
42(1)
Choosing and Evaluating Values
42(1)
How Values Relate to Goals
43(6)
How Do You Set and Achieve Goals?
43(1)
Identifying Your Personal Mission Statement
43(1)
Placing Goals in Time
44(3)
Linking Goals with Values
47(1)
Different Kinds of Goals
47(2)
What Are Your Priorities?
49(4)
Thinking Back, Thinking Ahead
51(2)
How Can You Manage Your Time?
53(7)
Building a Schedule
54(3)
Taking Responsibility for How You Spend Your Time
57(2)
Being Flexible
59(1)
Why Is Procrastination a Problem?
60(19)
Anti-procrastination Strategies
60(2)
Important Points to Remember
62(17)
Self-awareness: Knowing Who You Are and How You Learn
79(34)
Thinking It Through
79(1)
Is There One Best Way to Learn?
80(1)
How Can You Discover Your Learning Styles?
80(4)
Multiple Intelligences Theory
80(3)
The Reasonable Approach to Learning Style
83(1)
What Are the Benefits of Knowing Your Learning Styles?
84(7)
Study Benefits
84(3)
Classroom Benefits
87(1)
General Benefits
88(2)
Thinking Back, Thinking Ahead
90(1)
How Do You Explore Who You Are?
91(5)
Self-perception
92(1)
Interests
93(1)
Habits
94(1)
Abilities
95(1)
How Can You Start Thinking about Choosing a Major?
96(17)
Exploring Potential Majors
97(1)
Planning Your Curriculum
98(1)
Linking Majors to Career Areas
98(1)
Changing Majors
99(1)
Important Points to Remember
100(13)
PART 2 Setting the Stage for Learning
Critical and Creative Thinking: Tapping the Power of Your Mind
113(42)
Thinking It Through
113(1)
What Is Critical Thinking?
114(7)
A Critical-Thinking Response to a Statement
115(1)
The Value of Critical Thinking
116(1)
Learning How Your Mind Works Through the Thinktrix
117(3)
How Mind Actions Build Thinking Processes
120(1)
How Does Critical Thinking Help You Solve Problems and Make Decisions?
121(7)
Problem Solving
121(2)
Decision Making
123(3)
Thinking Back, Thinking Ahead
126(2)
How Do You Construct an Effective Argument?
128(1)
How Do You Establish Truth?
128(4)
Distinguishing Fact from Opinion
129(1)
Challenging Assumptions
130(2)
Why Shift Your Perspective?
132(2)
Why Plan Strategically?
134(1)
How Can You Develop Your Creativity?
135(3)
Characteristics of Creative People
136(1)
Enhancing Your Creativity
136(1)
Brainstorming Toward a Creative Answer
137(1)
Creativity and Critical Thinking
137(1)
What Is Media Literacy?
138(17)
Important Points to Remember
140(15)
Reading and Studying: Your Keys to Knowledge
155(44)
Thinking It Through
155(1)
What Challenges Does College Reading Present?
156(9)
Working Through Difficult Texts
156(1)
Managing Distractions
157(2)
Building Comprehension and Speed
159(3)
Expanding Your Vocabulary
162(3)
Why Define Your Purpose for Reading?
165(3)
Purpose Determines Reading Strategy
165(1)
Purpose Determines Pace
166(1)
Thinking Back, Thinking Ahead
166(2)
How Can SQ3R Help You Own What You Read?
168(6)
Survey-Question-Read-Recite-Review (SQ3R)
168(4)
Putting SQ3R to Work
172(2)
How Can You Respond Critically to What You Read?
174(4)
Use SQ3R to ``Taste'' Reading Material
174(1)
Ask Questions Based on the Mind Actions
175(1)
Engage Critical-Thinking Processes
176(1)
Be Media Literate
177(1)
Seek Understanding
178(1)
How and Why Should You Study with Others?
178(3)
Benefits
178(2)
Strategies for Study Group Success
180(1)
How Can You ``Read'' Visual Aids?
181(18)
Understanding Tables
181(1)
Understanding Charts
182(2)
Important Points to Remember
184(15)
Listening and Memory: Taking In and Remembering Information
199(38)
Thinking It Through
199(1)
How Can You Become a Better Listener?
200(9)
Know the Stages of Listening
202(1)
Manage Listening Challenges
203(2)
Become an Active Listener
205(3)
Thinking Back, Thinking Ahead
208(1)
How Does Memory Work?
209(1)
How Can You Improve Your Memory?
210(7)
Use Specific Memory Strategies
211(5)
Make the Most of Last-Minute Studying
216(1)
Use Critical Thinking
217(1)
How Can You Use Mnemonic Devices to Boost Memory Power?
217(5)
Create Visual Images and Associations
219(2)
Create Acronyms
221(1)
How Can Tape Recorders Help You Listen and Remember?
222(15)
Important Points to Remember
224(13)
PART 3 Targeting Success in School
Note Taking and Library Research: Learning from Others
237(42)
Thinking It Through
237(1)
How Does Taking Notes Help You?
238(1)
How Can You Make the Most of Class Notes?
239(4)
Preparing to Take Class Notes
239(1)
What to Do During Class
239(2)
Make Notes a Valuable After-Class Reference
241(2)
What Are Research Notes and How Can You Use Them?
243(1)
What Note-Taking System Should You Use?
244(6)
Taking Notes in Outline Form
245(2)
Using the Cornell Note-Taking System
247(1)
Creating a Think Link
248(2)
Other Visual Note-Taking Strategies
250(1)
How Can You Write Faster When Taking Notes?
250(4)
Thinking Back, Thinking Ahead
252(2)
How Can You Make the Most of Your Library?
254(4)
Start with a Road Map
254(1)
Learn How to Conduct an Information Search
255(3)
How Do You Use a Search Strategy to Conduct Research?
258(21)
Use General Reference Works
258(1)
Search Specialized Reference Works
259(1)
Browse Through Books on Your Subject
260(1)
Use Periodical Indexes to Search for Periodicals
261(2)
Search the Internet
263(1)
Ask the Librarian
263(1)
Use Critical Thinking to Evaluate Every Source
264(1)
Important Points to Remember
265(14)
Effective Writing: Communicating Your Message
279(40)
Thinking It Through
279(1)
Why Does Good Writing Matter?
280(1)
What Are the Elements of Effective Writing?
281(4)
Writing Purpose
282(1)
Knowing Your Audience
282(2)
Thinking Back, Thinking Ahead
284(1)
What Is the Writing Process?
285(34)
Planning
285(7)
Drafting
292(5)
Revising
297(4)
Editing
301(4)
Important Points to Remember
305(14)
Test Taking: Showing What You Know
319(36)
Thinking It Through
319(1)
How Can Preparation Help Improve Test Scores?
320(7)
Identify Test Type and Materials Covered
320(1)
Choose Study Materials
321(1)
Set a Study Schedule
321(1)
Prepare Through Critical Thinking
321(1)
Take a Pretest
322(1)
Create an Organized Study Plan
322(1)
Prepare Physically
322(1)
Work Through Test Anxiety
322(4)
Studying for a Test When There Are Children Around
326(1)
What General Strategies Can Help You Succeed on Tests?
327(5)
Write Down Key Facts
327(1)
Begin with an Overview of the Exam
327(1)
Read Test Directions
328(1)
Work from Easy to Hard
328(1)
Watch the Clock
328(1)
Master the Art of Intelligent Guessing
328(1)
Follow Directions on Machine-Scored Tests
329(1)
Use Critical Thinking to Avoid Errors
329(1)
Thinking Back, Thinking Ahead
330(2)
How Can You Master Different Types of Test Questions?
332(6)
Multiple Choice Questions
332(2)
True-or-False Questions
334(1)
Essay Questions
335(3)
What Techniques Will Help Improve Performance on Math Tests?
338(1)
How Can You Learn from Test Mistakes?
339(16)
Important Points to Remember
340(15)
PART 4 A Personal Focus
Relating to Others: Appreciating Your Diverse World
355(32)
Thinking It Through
355(1)
How Can You Understand and Accept Others?
356(9)
Diversity in Your World
356(1)
The Positive Effects of Diversity
357(1)
Barriers to Understanding
357(5)
Accepting and Dealing with Differences
362(1)
Thinking Back, Thinking Ahead
363(2)
How Can You Express Yourself Effectively?
365(3)
Addressing Communication Issues
365(3)
How Do Your Personal Relationships Define You?
368(1)
Relationship Strategies
368(1)
How Can You Handle Conflict and Criticism?
369(3)
Conflict Strategies
370(1)
Dealing with Criticism and Feedback
370(2)
What Role Do You Play in Groups?
372(15)
Being an Effective Participant
374(1)
Being an Effective Leader
374(2)
Important Points to Remember
376(11)
Personal Wellness: Taking Care of Yourself
387(36)
Thinking It Through
387(1)
How Can You Maintain a Healthy Body?
388(4)
Eating Right
388(1)
Exercising
389(2)
Getting Enough Sleep
391(1)
How Do You Nurture a Healthy Mind?
392(8)
Dealing with Stress
392(3)
Emotional Disorders
395(3)
Thinking Back, Thinking Ahead
398(2)
How Are Alcohol, Tobacco, and Drugs Used and Abused?
400(7)
Alcohol
400(1)
Tobacco
401(1)
Drugs
402(1)
Identifying and Overcoming Addiction
402(5)
What Should You Consider When Making Sexual Decisions?
407(16)
Sex and Critical Thinking
407(2)
Birth Control
409(1)
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
409(3)
Important Points to Remember
412(11)
PART 5 Preparing For The Future
Managing Career and Money: Reality Resources
423(34)
Thinking It Through
423(1)
How Can You Plan Your Career?
424(4)
Define a Career Path
424(2)
Map Out Your Strategy
426(1)
Know What Employers Want
427(1)
How Can You Juggle Work and School?
428(6)
Effects of Working While in School
429(1)
Establishing Your Needs
430(1)
Sources of Job Information
430(3)
Making a Strategic Job Search Plan
433(1)
What Should You Know about Financial Aid?
434(5)
Student Loans
435(1)
Grants and Scholarships
436(2)
Thinking Back, Thinking Ahead
438(1)
How Can You Create a Budget That Works?
439(18)
The Art of Budgeting
440(1)
A Sample Budget
441(1)
Savings Strategies
442(1)
Managing Credit Cards
443(3)
Important Points to Remember
446(11)
Moving Ahead: Building a Flexible Future
457
Thinking It Through
457(1)
How Can You Live With Change?
458(3)
Accept the Reality of Change
458(1)
Maintain Flexibility
458(2)
Adjust Your Goals
460(1)
What Will Help You Handle Success and Failure?
461(6)
Dealing with Failure
461(3)
Dealing with Success
464(1)
Thinking Back, Thinking Ahead
465(2)
Why Give Back to the Community and the World?
467(2)
Your Imprint on the World
467(1)
Valuing Your Environment
468(1)
Why Is College Just the Beginning of Lifelong Learning?
469(2)
How Can You Live Your Mission?
471
Live with Integrity
471(2)
Roll with the Changes
473(1)
Learn from Role Models
474(1)
Aim for Your Personal Best
474(1)
Important Points to Remember
475
Appendix 1 Researching Information and Student Resources on the Internet A-1(1)
Appendix 2 Learning Styles Assessments A-25(1)
Endnotes E-1(1)
Bibliography B-1(1)
Index I-1


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