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There have been numerous books on genocide in the last twenty years, but To Kill a People offers a different approach. It is one of the few books on genocide expressly written for use in the college classroom. The book includes four case studies--the Armenian, Nazi, Cambodian, and Rwandan genocides--and substantive introductory and concluding chapters that contribute to two key debates within genocide studies: how to define "genocide" and place it in relation to other mass atrocities, and how to detect and analyze the social, historical, and cultural forces that produce genocidal violence.
To Kill a People examines a vast range of the latest research, offers original interpretations and arguments, and draws upon the author's own archival research on three continents. The case studies are supplemented by primary readings and thought-provoking questions, and the book concludes with a chapter that synthesizes the lessons and issues that arise from the study of genocide. A chapter-length bibliographic essay further distinguishes this book and will be useful to students and experts alike.
John Cox is Associate Professor of International Studies at the University of North Carolina at Charlotte, where he directs the Center for Holocaust, Genocide, and Human Rights Studies. He is the author of Circles of Resistance: Jewish, Leftist, and Youth Dissidence in Nazi Germany (2009).
Table of Contents
Preface List of Maps List of Figures Acknowledgements About the Author
Introduction Defining Genocide Other Disputes over Terminology and Definitions This Book's Definition Genocide in the Ancient and Medieval Worlds Destruction of the Native Peoples of the Americas The "Century of Genocide" Modern Imperialism Mass Atrocities in the Soviet Union and Asia Post-World War II Genocide Why Do Humans Commit Genocide?
Chapter 1: The Armenian Genocide The Armenians A Decaying Empire Confronts the Modern Age Erosion of the Empire The "Young Turk" Revolution "Young Turk" Nationalism and Racism April 24: The Decimation of Armenian Leadership Resistance Aftermath: Struggles for Land and Justice Organized from on High How Many Victims? Genocide Denial Conclusions Primary Sources and Study Questions
Chapter 2: The Holocaust Anti-Jewish Prejudice in History Preconditions for the Holocaust: World War I and Weimar Germany Adolf Hitler and the Birth of the Nazi Party Elimination of Opponents and Intensification of Repression: 1933-1938 Stages in Anti-Jewish Persecution World War II Operation Barbarossa and the "Final Solution" Auschwitz, "Operation Reinhard," and the Peak of Nazi Genocide The Nazis' Collaborators and Ideological Soul Mates The Nazis' Non-Jewish Victims Jewish Resistance Bystanders and Rescuers The End of the Third Reich Conclusions Primary Sources and Study Questions
Chapter 3: The Cambodian Genocide Angkor and Pre-Colonial Cambodia Cambodia and Indochina under French Colonialism Emergence of the Communist Party of Cambodia "Brother Number 1": Pol Pot Cambodian Politics in the 1950s and 1960s War in Vietnam and Civil War in Cambodia Remaking Cambodian Society Targeting of Minority groups How Many Were Killed? "Genocide is too heavy for the shoulders of justice." Conclusions Primary Sources and Study Questions
Chapter 4: The Rwandan Genocide Rwandan History and European Racial Philosophies Emergence of Hutu Parties and Independence Habyarimana's Second Republic 1993 Strife in Neighboring Burundi Dashed Hopes for Peace Assassination of Habyarimana and the Descent into Genocide Rape as a Weapon of War and Genocide Downfall of the Hutu Regime Failure of the "International Community" Rescue and Resistance Post-Genocide Rwanda Authoritarianism and War under Kagame Conclusions: How was it Possible? Primary Sources and Questions
Conclusions For an Integrated Approach to the Study of Genocide The Psyches of Genocidal Perpetrators Warfare and Genocide Nationalism, Vulnerability, Perceptions of Grievance and Humiliation Another Century of War and Genocide?
Bibliographical Essay and Suggested Films Timeline of genocide and genocidal crimes against humanity, 1900 to present Credits Index