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Laboratory Handbook for General Chemistry

by
Edition:
2nd
ISBN13:

9780534976941

ISBN10:
0534976948
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
4/13/2001
Publisher(s):
Cengage Learning

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Summary

To do a chemistry lab experiment students need to know how to use the equipment and to perform basic laboratory procedures, such as weighing and making volume measurements. This Handbook is designed to be an affordable, "how to" guide to basic techniques, operations, and equipment used in general chemistry laboratory courses. The Handbook can be used in conjunction with CER modular experiments, to support locally-written experiments, or to complement the techniques sections of commercial lab manuals.

Table of Contents

Safety in the Laboratory
1(8)
General Safety Rules
1(3)
Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS)
4(1)
Disposal of Mateials
4(1)
Inserting Glass into Corks or Rubber Stoppers
4(2)
Fire Safety
6(1)
Chemistry Laboratory Safety Agreement
7(1)
Laboratory Safety Quiz
8(1)
Glassware and General Equipment
9(6)
Questions Regarding Laboratory Equipment
13(2)
Weighing
15(6)
Using a Top-Loading Balance
15(1)
Using a Triple-Beam Balance
16(1)
Using an Analytical Balance
17(2)
Questions Regardind Weighing
19(2)
Measuring Liquid Volumes
21(10)
Graduated Cylinders
22(1)
Pipets
22(2)
Using Volumetric Pipets
22(2)
Burets
24(2)
Volumetric Flasks
26(3)
Questions Regardiing Measuring Liquid Volumes
29(2)
Transferring Materials
31(6)
Transferring Solids
31(1)
Transferring Liquids
32(1)
Using Pipets Non-Quantitatively
32(3)
Mixing Liauids
33(1)
Mixing a Solid and a Liquid
33(2)
Questions Regarding Transferring Materials
35(2)
Heating Sources and Techniques
37(8)
Bunsen Burner
37(1)
Microburner
38(1)
Hot Plate
38(1)
Heating a Liquid
39(1)
Heating a Solid
40(3)
Questions Regarding Heating Sources and Techniques
43(2)
Seperations
45(8)
Decantation
45(1)
Filtration
45(3)
Gravity Filtration: Using a Conical Funnel
45(2)
Suction Filtration: Using a Buchner Funnel
47(1)
Centrifuging to Separate a Precipitate from a Solution
48(3)
Questions Regarding Separations
51(2)
Small-Scale Operations
53(6)
Small-Scale Equipment
53(1)
Heating Small-Scale Equipment
53(4)
Questions Regarding Small-Scale Operations
57(2)
Visible Spectrophotometers
59(6)
Questions Regarding the Spectronic 20
63(2)
Using a pH Meter
65(4)
Calibration Procedure
66(1)
Questions Regarding Using a pH Meter
67(2)
Keeping a Laboratory Notebook
69(4)
Mathematical Operations
73(10)
Exponential Notation
73(1)
Expressing Numbers Using Exponential Notation
73(1)
Exponential Notation Using a Calculator
73(1)
Exponential Notation Without using a Calculator
74(1)
Questions Regarding Exponential Notation
75(2)
Significant Figures
77(1)
Significant Figures in Addition and Subtraction
77(1)
Significant Figures in Multiplication and Division
77(1)
Roundign Off Numbers
78(1)
Rounding Off Calculated Results
78(1)
Questions Regarding Significant Figures
79(2)
Dealing with Measurement Errors
81(1)
Standard Deviation
81(2)
Representing Data and Results Using Graphs
83(6)
Graphs
83(1)
Equation and Slope of a Stright Line
84(1)
Graphing Programs
85(1)
Graphing Exercise
85(4)
Manual Graphing
85(1)
Microsoft® Excel 2000 Graphing
86(3)
Appendix A: Operations with Glass 89(4)
Cleanign Glassware
89(1)
Working with Glass Tubing
89(4)
Cutting Glass Tubing
89(1)
Firepolishing Glass Tubing
89(1)
Bending Glass Tubing
89(2)
Preparing Glass Droppers and Pipets
91(2)
Appendix B: Reference Tables 93(10)
Physical Constants
93(1)
Conversion Tables
94(1)
Common Acids and Bases
95(1)
General Solubility Rules for Ionic Compounds in Water
95(1)
Vapor Pressure and Temperature Data
95(1)
Standard Reduction Potentials, Eo, in Aqueous Solutions, at 25 °X
96(3)
Acid Ionization Constants, Ka, at 25 °C
99(1)
Base Ionization Constants, Kb, at 25 °C
100(1)
Solubility Product Constants, Ksp, at 25 °C
101(2)
Appendix C: General Laboratory References 103(2)
Index 105


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