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Landscape Construction,9781401842819
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Landscape Construction

by
Edition:
2nd
ISBN13:

9781401842819

ISBN10:
140184281X
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
7/14/2004
Publisher(s):
Cengage Learning
List Price: $260.99
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Summary

The complete, step-by-step instructions and supporting photos and illustrations in this publication lead to excellent end results in hardscape improvements. From site preparation to the final elements of an exterior construction project, the simple format and detailed descriptions of activities presented here make the project easier to execute for landscape contractors, homeowners, and designers. The author reviews a variety of materials, tools and methods, and makes recommendations for estimating and bidding on professional jobs. From retaining walls and paving to fencing and swimming pools, this is the one resource that has all the information needed to do projects correctly the first time.

Table of Contents

Preface xiii
About the Author xv
Acknowledgments xv
Section 1 BEFORE CONSTRUCTION BEGINS
1(100)
Introduction
1(1)
The Landscape Construction Process
2(9)
Preconstruction Activities
2(1)
Site Preparation
2(2)
Rough Grading, Erosion Protection, and Site Drainage
4(1)
Site Utilities and Irrigation Distribution Lines
4(1)
Landscape Retaining Walls and Stairs
5(1)
Landscape Paving
5(1)
Site Structures and Wood Construction
6(1)
Finish Grading and Completion of Irrigation Work
6(1)
Fencing and Freestanding Walls
6(1)
Site Amenities
6(1)
Plant Material and Turf Areas
7(1)
Cleanup
8(1)
Scheduling Construction Activities
8(3)
Legal Requirements
11(8)
Contractor/Client Relationships
12(3)
Building Codes
15(1)
Ordinances and Deed Restrictions
15(1)
Insurance, Bonding, and Licensure
16(1)
Tort Issues
17(2)
Interpreting Construction Documents
19(13)
Reading Specifications
19(2)
Reading Construction Drawings
21(2)
Interpreting Landscape Construction Plans
23(9)
Construction Math
32(12)
Calculating Averages
32(1)
Item Count
32(1)
Linear Measurements
32(3)
Perimeter Calculations
35(1)
Area Calculations
36(1)
Volume Calculations
37(1)
Weight Conversions
38(1)
Specialty Calculations
38(1)
Slope Calculations
38(1)
Wall Material Calculations
38(3)
Stair Calculations
41(1)
Setting Bed and Base Course Calculations
42(1)
Paving Material Calculations
43(1)
Project Pricing
44(8)
Estimates and Bidding
44(1)
Calculating Project Costs
45(4)
Presentation Format for Project Prices
49(3)
Safety in the Workplace
52(6)
Accident Prevention
52(1)
Personal Injury Reduction
53(1)
Working Around Utilities
54(1)
Working Below Grade
55(1)
Operating Power Equipment
56(1)
Working with Chemicals
57(1)
Basic Construction Techniques and Equipment Operation
58(27)
Excavation
58(6)
Staking and Fencing
64(1)
Cutting and Joining Pipe
65(5)
Cutting Paving and Wall Materials
70(4)
Cutting, Drilling, Fastening, and Connecting Wood Materials
74(5)
Joining, Splicing, and Fastening Materials
79(6)
Construction Staking
85(16)
Layout Equipment
85(2)
Specialty Layout and Measurement Techniques
87(5)
Location of Utilities
92(1)
Location of Improvements
92(2)
Establishing Elevations
94(4)
Locating Plant Material
98(3)
Summary
99(2)
Section 2 SITE PREPARATION
101(20)
Introduction
101(1)
Productivity Suggestions
101(1)
Preservation of Existing Site Elements
102(12)
Site Access and Storage Areas
102(2)
Construction Limits
104(1)
Plant Material Protection
104(6)
Structure Protection
110(1)
Utility Protection
111(1)
Perimeter Protection of Construction Sites
112(1)
Protection of Environmentally Sensitive Areas
112(2)
Removing Unwanted Site Elements
114(7)
Plant Material Removal
114(2)
Pavement Removal
116(1)
Utility Abandonment and Removal
117(1)
Burial and Abandonment of Unwanted Site Elements
117(1)
Recycling and Waste Disposal
117(4)
Summary
119(2)
Section 3 GRADING, SITE DRAINAGE, AND EROSION PROTECTION
121(26)
Introduction
121(1)
Working with Soil
121(1)
Productivity Suggestions
122(1)
Site Grading
123(3)
Steps to Grading a Site
123(3)
Site Drainage
126(9)
Surface Drainage
127(1)
Grading Slopes
127(2)
Subsurface Drainage
129(5)
Temporary Storage of Storm Water
134(1)
Erosion Control
135(12)
Protecting the Site from Perimeter Erosion
136(2)
Protecting the Site from Surface Erosion
138(5)
Protecting the Site from Channel Erosion
143(4)
Summary
146(1)
Section 4 SITE UTILITIES
147(22)
Introduction
147(1)
Phone, TV, and Telecommunications Systems
147(1)
Gas Systems
148(1)
Placement of Conduits for Future Use
148(1)
DC Site Lighting and Related Electrical Work
149(9)
Direct Current Electrical System Kits
149(4)
Custom Direct Current Electrical Systems
153(3)
Alternating Current Electrical Systems
156(2)
Water and Irrigation System Installation
158(11)
Water Systems
158(1)
Irrigation System Installation
159(10)
Summary
168(1)
Section 5 LANDSCAPE RETAINING WALLS AND STAIRS
169(52)
Productivity Suggestions
169(2)
Materials and Installation Techniques for Retaining Walls
171(13)
Selection of Wall Materials
171(3)
Wall Layout
174(1)
Excavation
174(1)
Base Preparation
175(1)
Drainage Behind Walls
176(1)
Compaction Behind Walls
177(2)
Wall Heights and Stabilization
179(2)
Ending Walls
181(2)
Preventing Excess Runoff Over the Top of a Wall
183(1)
Tie and Timber Retaining Walls
184(7)
Planning the Project
184(1)
Vertical Post or Tie/Timber Wall Construction
184(1)
Stacked Tie/Timber Wall Construction
185(2)
Staggered Tie/Timber Wall Construction
187(3)
Constructing Stairs with Tie/Timber Walls
190(1)
Segmental Precast Unit Retaining Walls
191(9)
Pinned and Lipped Segmental Wall Construction
191(7)
Anchored Unit Wall Construction
198(1)
Stair Construction with Segmental Walls
199(1)
Dry-Laid Stone Retaining Walls
200(5)
Planning the Project
200(1)
Dry-Laid Stone Wall Construction
200(4)
Stair Construction with Dry-Laid Stone and Recycled Concrete Walls
204(1)
Gabion Retaining Walls
205(3)
Planning the Project
205(1)
Gabion Wall Construction
205(2)
Stair Construction with Gabion Walls
207(1)
Stairs
208(13)
Planning the Project
208(3)
Interlocking Stair Installation
211(4)
Butt Stair Installation
215(1)
Freestanding Stair Construction
216(5)
Summary
219(2)
Section 6 LANDSCAPE PAVING
221(68)
Introduction
221(1)
Materials and Site Preparation for Paving
222(13)
Selection of Paving Material
222(4)
Access to Site and Delivery of Materials
226(1)
Project Layout
227(1)
Strip Sod
227(1)
Matching Existing Concrete and Asphalt Slabs
227(1)
Excavation
227(3)
Geotextile Installation
230(1)
Base Material Installation
230(1)
Edge Restraints for Paved Surfaces
230(5)
Concrete Paving
235(25)
Planning the Project
235(3)
Form Construction for Slab Pours
238(4)
Form Construction for Stair Pours
242(4)
Jointing and Reinforcing
246(4)
Preparation before Pouring
250(1)
Placement of Concrete
251(4)
Surface Texturing and Finishing
255(3)
Completing the Pour
258(2)
Unit Pavers
260(9)
Planning the Project
260(3)
Base Material
263(1)
Edge Restraints for Paved Surfaces
263(1)
Adhering Pavers to Steps
263(1)
Placement of Setting Bed
263(1)
Unit Paver Placement
263(3)
Cutting and Finishing Edges
266(1)
Seating and Finishing the Surface
266(1)
Sealing Unit Paver Surfaces
267(1)
Installation of Open Cellular Pavement
268(1)
Dry-Laid Stone Paving
269(8)
Planning the Project
269(1)
Base Material
270(1)
Edge Restraint
271(1)
Placement of Setting Bed
271(1)
Stone Placement
271(3)
Cutting and Finishing Edges
274(1)
Finishing the Surface
274(1)
Using Recycled Concrete as Dry-Laid Paving Surface
274(1)
Setting Stepping Stones
275(2)
Mortared Paving
277(6)
Planning the Project
277(1)
Preparation for Paving
278(1)
Cutting Pavement Materials
278(1)
Mixing and Placement of Mortar
278(1)
Pavement Placement
279(1)
Jointing and Finishing the Surface
280(3)
Granular Paving
283(6)
Planning the Project
283(1)
Edge Restraint
284(1)
Placement of Granular Wearing Course
284(1)
Finishing and Compacting the Surface
285(4)
Summary
286(3)
Section 7 WOOD LANDSCAPE STRUCTURES
289(66)
Introduction
289(1)
Types of Structures
289(2)
Productivity Suggestions
291(2)
Materials for Exterior Carpentry
293(10)
Wood Products
293(6)
Connectors, Fasteners, and Hardware
299(2)
Exterior Finishes for Wood
301(1)
Prefabricated Materials
302(1)
Wood Decks and Platforms
303(19)
Site Preparation for Wood Structures
303(1)
Foundations for Wood Landscape Structures
304(6)
Substructure Construction
310(8)
Deck Surfacing
318(3)
Trimming
321(1)
Wood Stairs, Railings, Seating, and Skirting
322(14)
Foundations and Structural Supports
322(1)
Stairs
322(5)
Railings
327(4)
Seating
331(3)
Skirting
334(2)
Wood Overhead Structures
336(19)
Foundation and Structural Supports
336(2)
Roof Beams/Ridge Plates
338(1)
Roof Substructure
339(3)
Roof Surfacing
342(13)
Summary
352(3)
Section 8 FENCES AND FREESTANDING WALLS
355(50)
Introduction
355(1)
Preconstruction Considerations for Fencing and Freestanding Walls
355(1)
Productivity Suggestions
355(2)
Fencing
357(24)
Materials for Fencing
357(3)
Planning the Project
360(2)
Wood Prefabricated Panel Fence Installation
362(4)
Wood Rail Fence Installation
366(3)
Wood-Surfaced Stringer Fencing
369(2)
Chain Link Fencing
371(6)
Decorative Metal Fencing
377(1)
Vinyl Fencing
378(3)
Freestanding Walls
381(24)
Materials for Freestanding Walls
381(1)
Planning the Project
382(3)
Dry-Laid Fieldstone (Rubble) Walls
385(2)
Masonry (Stone, Block, and Brick) Walls and Piers
387(4)
Installation of Cast-in-Place Concrete Walls
391(4)
Installation of Stucco Walls
395(4)
Installation of Veneer Finishes
399(3)
Caged Rubble Piers
402(3)
Summary
403(2)
Section 9 SITE AMENITIES
405(64)
Introduction
405(2)
Water Features and Bridges
407(17)
Type of Water Features and Bridges
407(1)
Planning the Project
408(3)
Site Preparation for Water Features
411(1)
Installation of Flexible and Rigid Liners for Static Pools
412(5)
Installation of Waterfalls and Cascades
417(4)
Installation of Bridges
421(3)
Site Furniture, Signage, and Prefabricated Playground Equipment
424(8)
Types of Site Amenities
424(2)
Planning the Project
426(1)
Anchoring Site Furniture, Signage, and Play Equipment
426(3)
Installation of Site Furniture and Play Equipment
429(3)
Edging, Planters, and Plant Protection Equipment
432(37)
Planning the Project
432(1)
Installation of Landscape Edging
433(8)
Installation of Planters
441(1)
Installation of Tree Grates and Tree Guards
442(5)
Summary
445(2)
Appendices
A Example Material and Workmanship Specification for Seeding Project
447(12)
Example Performance Specification for Seeding Project
448(1)
Example Landscape Specifications
448(11)
B American Institute of Architects Masterspec™ Numbering System for Specifications
459(1)
C Measurement Conversions
460(1)
D Supplemental Math Formulas
461(3)
E Sample Bid Forms
464(3)
F Resources
467(2)
Glossary 469(8)
Bibliography 477(2)
Index 479


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