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Language Awareness : Readings for College Writers

by
Edition:
8th
ISBN13:

9780312197681

ISBN10:
0312197683
Format:
Trade Paper
Pub. Date:
5/5/2000
Publisher(s):
Bedford/St. Martin's

Table of Contents

Preface iii
The Writing Process
1(14)
Prewriting
2(10)
Understand Your Writing Assignment
2(1)
Determine Your Purpose
3(1)
Know Your Audience
4(1)
Find a Subject and Topic
5(1)
Use Discovery Techniques
6(3)
Formulate a Thesis Statement
9(1)
Use One or More Strategies of Development
10(1)
Determine Your Organization
11(1)
Writing Your First Draft
12(1)
Revising
13(1)
Editing and Proofreading
14(1)
Writing From Experience
15(10)
Generating Ideas from Experience
16(1)
Using Experience with a Purpose
17(2)
Use Personal Experience to Express Feelings or Ideas
17(1)
Use Personal Experience to Inform Your Readers
18(1)
Use Personal Experience to Persuade Your Readers
19(1)
Writing from Experience: A Sample Student Essay
``The `Negro Revolt' in Me''
19(6)
Rebekah Sandlin
Writing From Reading
25(12)
Reading Actively
25(1)
Getting the Most Out of Your Reading
26(6)
Read and Reread
26(1)
Ask Yourself Questions
27(1)
Annotate the Text
27(1)
Actively Read an Essay: Leslie Savan's ``Yadda, Yadda, Yadda''
28(4)
Writing from Reading: A Sample Student Essay
32(1)
``Catching the Wave of the '90s: Cynical Speech''
33(4)
Sara Daniels
Writing From Research
37(26)
Using Print Sources
38(2)
Preview Print Sources
38(1)
Develop a Working Bibliography
39(1)
Evaluate Print Sources
39(1)
Using Internet Sources
40(3)
Preview Internet Sources
40(1)
Develop a Working Bibliography
41(1)
Evaluate Internet Sources
41(2)
Taking Notes
43(4)
Summary
43(1)
Paraphrase
44(2)
Direct Quotation
46(1)
Notes from Internet Sources
47(1)
Integrating Borrowed Material into Your Text
47(2)
Documenting Sources
49(6)
In-Text Citations
50(1)
List of Works Cited
51(4)
A Note on Plagiarism
55(1)
Writing from Research: An Annotated Student Essay
56(1)
``The English-Only Movement: Can America Proscribe Language with a Clean Conscience?''
56(7)
Jake Jamieson
Coming To Terms With Language
63(68)
Discovering Language
Coming to an Awareness of Language
63(6)
Malcolm X
It Pays to Enrich Your Word Power [quiz]
66(3)
Reader's Digest
The Day Language Came into My Life
69(5)
Helen Keller
Sniglets [humor]
72(2)
Rich Hall
Talking in the New Land
74(12)
Edite Cunha
Like Lesser Gods [novel]
84(2)
Mari Tomasi
What Language is
What Is Language?
86(10)
Victoria Fromkin
Robert Rodman
Master of All Masters [folktale]
94(2)
Joseph Jacob
Language and Thought
96(8)
Susanne K. Langer
Signs or Symbols? [graphics]
101(3)
A Brief History of English
104(12)
Paul Roberts
Under the Tuscan Sun [memoir]
114(2)
Frances Mayes
The Prescriptive Tradition
116(8)
David Crystal
The Elements of Style [language advice]
122(2)
William Strunk Jr.
E. B. White
Language in Use: Two Short Stories
The Story of the Arrowmaker
124(4)
N. Scott Momaday
Snow
128(3)
Julia Alvarez
Writers on Writing
131(48)
Writing: The Transaction
What Happens When People Write?
131(8)
Maxine Hairston
No Wonder You Can't Write [cartoon]
137(2)
Stan Hunt
Writing for an Audience
139(5)
Linda Flower
Corporate Systems Center, Clone, Test or Repair Any Hard Drive [advertisement]
142(2)
The Case for Short Words
144(6)
Richard Lederer
Verbs with Verve [humor]
147(3)
Richard Lederer
How to Write with Style
150(5)
Kurt Vonnegut Jr.
Style [poem]
154(1)
James Hayford
Revising and Editing
Simplicity
155(6)
William Zinsser
draft of Simplicity [editing]
158(3)
William Zinsser
The Maker's Eye: Revising Your Own Manuscripts
161(8)
Donald M. Murray
Living Like Weasels [nonfiction]
166(3)
Annie Dillard
Case in Point: A Discussion of Usage
Its Academic, or Is It?
169(3)
Charles R. Larson
Like I Said, Don't Worry
172(3)
Patricia T. O'Conner
A Rarity: Grammar Lessons from Dad
175(4)
Robert T. Klose
Names and Naming
179(64)
Personal Names: Making Family Connections
Naming Names: The Eponym Craze
179(6)
Cullen Murphy
Some Frenchmen [poem]
183(2)
John Updike
``Hey, Cono!''
185(7)
Charles Gasparino
Borrowed Words [list]
189(3)
Kate Monk
A World without Surnames
192(10)
J. N. Hook
Refusal to Use Name Is the Ultimate Insult [advice column]
200(2)
Ann Landers
What's in a Name?
202(6)
Bonnie Wach
Naming Names [report]
206(2)
Lois B. Morris
The Names of Women
208(7)
Louise Erdrich
Show-Business Names [list]
213(2)
Names of Institutions and Things
Giving Things Names
215(10)
S. I. Hayakawa
Alan R. Hayakawa
Sorting Heads [visual exercise]
222(3)
Rah, Rah, Ruffians!
225(5)
Bil Gilbert
Street Characters, Inc., Inanimated Objects [Web page]
228(2)
Case in Point: How the Business World Uses Names
A Name So Smooth, the Product Glides In
230(4)
J. C. Herz
Why Big Businesses Break Spelling Rules
234(9)
Alleen Pace Nilsen
Prejudice, Stereotypes, and Language
243(66)
The Nature of Prejudicial Language
The Language of Prejudice
243(12)
Gordon Allport
New York Times, UN Group Urges Dropping of Words with Racist Tinge [newspaper clipping]
253(2)
Words with Built-in Judgments
255(9)
S. I. Hayakawa
Alan R. Hayakawa
Racist Language, Real and Imagined [op-ed]
261(3)
Steven Pinker
The Borders of Words
264(8)
Larry Smith
Buddhist Psychology [interview]
269(3)
Jack Kornfield
Language, Race, and Gender
The Meanings of a Word
272(6)
Gloria Naylor
An Essay on a Wickedly Powerful Word [nonfiction]
275(3)
Keith Woods
``I'll Explain It to You'': Lecturing and Listening
278(17)
Deborah Tannen
Gender Communication Awareness [memo]
292(3)
P. J. Poole
Gender Wars in Cyberspace
295(7)
Nathan Cobb
Gender and Democracy in Computer-Mediated Communication [dialogue]
300(2)
S. C. Herring
Language in Use: The Language of Unity
I Have a Dream
302(5)
Martin Luther King Jr.
And Ain't I a Woman?
307(2)
Sojourner Truth
Language And Culture
309(88)
The Language-Culture Connection
Shakespeare in the Bush
309(13)
Laura Bohannan
Talking the Talk [definitions]
319(3)
Lizette Alvarez
Are Accents Out? Hey, Dude, Like NEH-oh Way!
322(9)
Patrick Cooke
Point of View [nonfiction]
329(2)
Marguerite Wolf
English Belongs to Everybody
331(7)
Robert Macneil
Paragraphs of Buzzwords Buzz Loudly [parody]
335(3)
G. Jay Christensen
A Mosaic of Cultures in Language
Black Children, Black Speech
338(10)
Dorothy Z. Seymour
Linguistics Society of America, Resolution on the Oakland ``Ebonics'' Issue [document]
346(2)
Endangered Languages
348(6)
Katharine Whittemore
Some Basics of Indigenous Language Revitalization [nonfiction]
351(3)
Jon Reyhner
The Language We Know
354(11)
Simon Ortiz
Acoma Opposition to the El Malpais National Monument [argument]
362(3)
Karen M. Strom
The Dilemma of Black English
365(6)
Ken Parish Perkins
Ebonics Discussion [student essay]
368(3)
Simone Brown
Southernisms Are as Numerous as Fleas on a Lazy, Old Mutt
371(7)
Michael Lollar
As Strong as a Moose: New England Expressions [humor]
375(3)
Wolfgang Meider
Case in Point: The English-Only Controversy
Should English Be the Law?
378(10)
Robert D. King
Bilingualism in America: English Should Be the Only Language
388(9)
I. Hayakawa
Language and the Media
397(68)
Finding the Truth in the News
Selection, Slanting, and Charged Language
397(12)
Newman P. Birk
Genevieve B. Birk
Newseek, Passionate Responses [letters to the editor]
406(3)
Read All about It! (But Don't Believe It)
409(6)
Caryl Rivers
Women Aren't Guys [letter to the editor]
413(2)
Nancy Stevens
The Bias of Language, the Bias of Pictures
415(11)
Neil Postman
Steve Powers
Snapshot [photograph]
424(2)
The Language of Entertainment
It's Up Close and Misleading
426(6)
Rita Braver
Sick and Inspired and David Ansen, Take That! [movie reviews]
429(3)
Richard Corliss
Information Piease
432(5)
Caryn James
Stop the Tape! [cartoon]
435(2)
John McPherson
Talk Shows and the Dumbing of America
437(9)
Tom Shachtman
The Word-a-Day Vocabulary Builder [nonfiction]
444(2)
Bergen Evans
Language in Use: The Passing of Joe Dimaggio
Joe DiMaggio: No Ordinary Joe
446(3)
Ron Fimrite
The Joe DiMaggio Nobody Knew
449(11)
Richard Ben Cramer
Left and Gone Away: Joe DiMaggio (1914--1999)
460(5)
Paul Gray
Doublespeak, Euphemism, and Jargon
465(60)
Jargon
Airline English: Why Flight Attendants Talk Like That
465(7)
Cullen Murphy
Mechanix Illustrated [parody]
468(4)
Tom Kock
She's Your Basic L.O.L. in N.A.D.
472(5)
Perri Klass
Thumpety Thump [cartoon]
475(2)
John McPherson
Getting High on Classified Dreams
477(4)
Kate Klise
A Cozy Eat-In Kitchen [cartoon]
479(2)
Jeff Danziger
Political Correctness
Who Said PC Is Passe?
481(7)
John Leo
Language Police [cartoon]
486(2)
Stuart Carlson
Big Brother Is Listening
488(10)
Ethan Bronner
It Certainly Is Crazy, But Is It Really Politically Incorrect? [newspaper column]
495(3)
Mike Royko
Doublespeak and Euphemism
The World of Doublespeak
498(13)
William Lutz
Valentine's Shopping and Mike Peters, Exit Strategy [cartoons]
509(2)
Jeff Stahler
The E Word
511(7)
Cullen Murphy
Language for Parent Interviews and Report Cards
515(3)
Terence Moran
Language in Use: Parodies of Jargon and Political Correctness
Little Miss Muffet Conference
518(3)
Russell Baker
Little Red Riding Hood
521(4)
James Finn Garner
The Language of Persuasion: Politics and Advertising
525(84)
The Language of Politics
Propaganda: How Not to Be Bamboozled
525(14)
Donna Woolfolk Cross
U.S. Postal Service, Help Stamp Out Breast Cancer and University of Vermont, Women Helping Battered Women [advertisements]
536(3)
Politics and the English Language
539(15)
George Orwell
Everyspeech [parody]
551(3)
Robert Yoakum
Language in Use: Three Political Texts
The Declaration of Independence
554(4)
Thomas Jefferson
Second Inaugural Address
558(2)
Abraham Lincoln
Inaugural Address
560(5)
John F. Kennedy
The Language of Advertising
The Hard Sell: Advertising in America
565(19)
Bill Bryson
Intensify/Downplay and several Drinking and Driving Ads [activity]
578(6)
Hugh Rank
Weasel Words
584(13)
William Lutz
Defined Asset Funds [advertisement]
594(3)
Merrill Lynch
What's Natural about Our Natural Products?
597(7)
Sarah Federman
Campbell Soup Company, Swanson Natural Goodness Chicken Borth [label]
601(3)
Language in Use: A Portfolio of Advertisements
U.S. Internal Revenue Service, Zip! Get Your Tax Refund in Half the Time
604(1)
Casablanca Fan Company, Re: Westland Divorce Settlement
605(1)
Barbara's Bakery, Shredded Spoonfuls
606(1)
Nabisco, Snack Well's Mint Cremes
607(2)
Glossary of Rhetorical and Linguistic Terms 609(10)
Rhetorical Contents 619(10)
Index of Authors and Titles 629


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