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An immediately and universally relevant subject, language is the ideal theme to explore in a composition course.Language Awarenesscollects contemporary and classic readings about language that not only make students more aware of its uses and more capable of analyzing its effects, but also help them to deploy language more effectively in their own writing.
ALFRED ROSA and PAUL ESCHHOLZ are Professor Emeriti of English at the University of Vermont. They have collaborated on a number of best-selling texts for Bedford/St. Martin's, including Models for Writers: Short Essays for Composition, Ninth Edition (2007), Subject/Strategies, Eleventh Edition (2008), and Language: Introductory Readings, Seventh Edition (2008).
VIRGINIA CLARK was a professor of English at the University of Vermont and served as chair of the English department. With Paul Eschholz and Alfred Rosa, she is also the author of Language: Introductory Readings, Seventh Edition (2008).
Table of Contents
Writing in College and Beyond
1. Coming to an Awareness of Language
Malcolm X, Coming to an Awareness of Language
Helen Keller, The Day Language Came into My Life
David Raymond, On Being 17, Bright, and Unable to Read
+ Henry Louis Gates Jr., What’s in a Name?
+ Tom Rosenberg, Changing My Name after Sixty Years
Robert MacNeil, English Belongs to Everybody
** Stephen Pinker, Words Don’t Mean What They Mean
Susanne K. Langer, Language and Thought
Paul Roberts, A Brief History of English
2. Writers on Writing
Writing in College and Beyond
Maxine Hairston, What Happens When People Write?
Linda Flower, Writing for an Audience
Anne Lamott, Shitty First Drafts
Donald M. Murray, The Maker’sEye: Revising Your Own Manuscripts
** Gerald Graff, How to Write an Argument
Editing: Getting It Right
William Zinsser, Simplicity
** Gregory Pence, Let’s Think Outside the Box of Bad Clichés
+** Charles R. Lawson, It’s Academic, or Is It?
+** Patricia T. O’Connor, Like I Said, Don’t Worry
3. Politics, Propaganda, and Doublespeak
Language that Manipulates
Donna Woolfolk Cross, Propaganda: How Not to Be Bamboozled
George Orwell, Politics and the English Language
William Lutz, The World of Doublespeak
** Sissela Bok, The Burden of Deceit in Public Life
Making a Difference: Using Language Responsibly
Martin Luther King Jr., I Have a Dream
Sojourner Truth, And Ain’t I a Woman
** Al Gore, Time to Make Peace with the Planet: 2007 Nobel Prize for Peace Lecture
** Toni Morrison, When Language Dies: 1993 Nobel Prize for Literature Lecture
+** Jonathan Swift, A Modest Proposal
+** Stephen Colbert, Higher Education
4. Prejudice, Discrimination, and Stereotypes
Where Does Prejudice Come From?
** Andrew Sullivan, What’s So Bad about Hate?
Gordon Allport, The Language of Prejudice
** Bob Herbert, Signs of Infection
**Alleen Pace Nilsen, Sexism and Language (Updated for this book)
Prejudice, Stereotypesand the Minority Experience
+ Gloria Naylor, The Meanings of a Word
+** Andi Zeisler, The B-Word? You Betcha
**Gloria Steinem, In Defense of the "Chick Flick"
** Grace Hsiang, "FOBs" vs. "Twinkies": The New Discrimination is Interracial
Brent Staples, Black Men and Public Places
Audre Lorde, The Fourth of July (From "Cultural Diversity," 9/e)
5. Everyday Conversations
Exploring Our Speech Communities
** Paul Roberts, Speech Communities
** Jeffrey Collins and Kristen Wyatt, Whither the Southern Accent?
** Chang-Rae Lee, Mute in an English-Only World
** Daniel Seidel, The Lost Art of the Rant
+** Jennifer Lee, I Think, Therefore IM
+** Charles McGrath, The Pleasures of the Text
Gender and the Words We Use
**Deborah Tannen, You’re Wearing That? Exploring the Delicate and Explosive Mother-Daughter Relationship
Clive Thompson, He and She: What’s the Real Difference?
Martha Irvine, "Queer" Evolution: Word Goes Mainstream
+** John McWhorter, Missing the Nose on Our Face
+** Audrey Bilger, You Guys
6. Media and Advertising
Fake News . . . Real News [OR SOME TITLE LIKE THIS]
**Greg Beato, Amusing Ourselves to Depth
Newman P. Birk and Genevieve B. Birk, Selection, Slanting, and Charged Language
Neil Postman and Steve Powers, Television News: The Language of Pictures
+**Andrew Keen, The Cult of the Amateur
+**Annalee Newitz, What Happens When Blogs Go Mainstream?
Advertising and the Art of Persuasion
Bill Bryson, The Hard Sell: Advertising in America
William Lutz, Weasel Words: The Art of Saying Nothing at All
+**James Twitchell, Lead Us into Temptation
+** Jean Kilbourne, Jesus Is a Brand of Jeans
** Naomi Klein, Barricading the Branded Village
7. Language Debate: Should Learning Be Censored?
** Roger Rosenblatt, We Are Free to Be You, Me, Stupid, and Dead
** Irving Kristol, The Case for Censorship
** Stanley Fish, The Free-Speech Follies
** Stuart Taylor Jr., How Campus Censors Squelch Freedom of Speech
Diane Ravitch, The Language Police
** Anna Quindlen, With a No. 2 Pencil, Delete: The Destruction of Literature in the Name of
8. Language Debate: "Should English Be the Law?"
Robert D. King, Should English Be the Law?
**Charles Krauthammer, In Plain English: Let’s Make It Official
Myriam Marquez, Why and When We Speak Spanish in Public
**Leticia Salais, Saying "Adios" to Spanglish
Barbara Mellix, From Outside In
** Caroline Hwang, The Good Daughter
9. Language Debate: What’s All the Fuss about Natural, Organic, Local Foods?
**Michael Pollan, Putting It Back Together Again: Processed Foods
**Barbara Kingsolver, Called Home
Sarah Federman, What’s Natural about Our Natural Products?
Bonnie Leibman, Claims Crazy: Which Can You Believe?
**Field Maloney, Is Whole Foods Wholesome?
**Mark Winne, The Poor Get Diabetes, the Rich Get Local and Organic