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Language, Culture and Communication : The Meaning of Messages,9780130104298

Language, Culture and Communication : The Meaning of Messages

by
ISBN13:

9780130104298

ISBN10:
0130104299
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
9/1/1999
Publisher(s):
Prentice Hall
List Price: $46.67
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Summary

For courses in Language and Culture, Anthropological Linguistics, and Language and Communication. Using data from cultures and languages throughout the worldto highlight both similarities and differences in human languagesthis text explores the many interconnections among language, culture, and communicative meaning. It examines the multi-faceted meanings and uses of language and emphasizes the ways that language encapsulates speakers' meanings and intentions.

Table of Contents

Preface ix
1 Introduction
1(6)
References
5(2)
2 The Form of the Message
7(41)
Phonology: The Sounds of Language
7(10)
Phonetics
7(6)
Phonemic Analysis
13(2)
Prosodic Features
15(2)
Morphology: The Structure of Words
17(7)
Morphological Analysis
17(2)
Morphological Typologies
19(2)
Grammatical Concepts
21(3)
Syntax: The Structure of Sentences
24(4)
Semantics: The Analysis of Meaning
28(2)
Manual Language
30(5)
Formation of Signs
30(2)
ASL Vocabulary and Grammar
32(3)
Nonverbal Communication
35(10)
Nonverbal Actions
35(9)
The Meaning of Silence
44(1)
Summary
45(1)
References
46(2)
3 Language and Cultural Meaning
48(30)
Foundations of Linguistic Anthropology
49(4)
The Sapir-Wharf Hypothesis
51(1)
A Contemporary Comment
52(1)
Lexical and Cultural Categories
53(11)
Domains
53(2)
Lexical Components
55(1)
Lexical Classifications
56(2)
Ethnoscience
58(2)
Universal Processes: Color Terms
60(2)
Focal Meaning and Prototypes
62(2)
Cultural Presupposition
64(2)
Extended and Transferred Meaning
66(9)
Metaphor and Metonymy
66(3)
Metaphors of Kinship
69(1)
Metaphors of the Body
70(5)
Summary
75(1)
References
76(2)
4 Contextual Components: Outline of an Ethnography of Communication
78(25)
Ethnography of Communication
78(2)
Settings
80(2)
Participants
82(9)
Terms of Address
83(2)
Pronouns
85(2)
Kinship Terms
87(2)
Honorifics
89(2)
Topics and Goals
91(2)
Speech Acts
93(2)
Routines
95(6)
Greetings
96(3)
Apologies
99(2)
Summary
101(1)
References
102(1)
5 Communicative Interactions
103(29)
Structural Properties of Conversation
103(5)
Conversational Postulates
108(3)
Directives
111(5)
Directives and Responses in Context
116(2)
Politeness
118(12)
Theories of Politeness
118(8)
Politeness in Japanese
126(4)
Summary
130(1)
References
130(2)
6 Societal Segmentation and Linguistic Variation: Class and Race
132(42)
Social Stratification
133(1)
Caste
133(1)
Class
134(19)
Class and Network
135(1)
New York City
136(5)
Norwich, England
141(2)
Glasgow, Scotland
143(2)
Paris and Rouen, France
145(2)
Maaseik, Belgium
147(1)
Reading, England
148(3)
Class-Based Codes
151(2)
Race
153(17)
African American English in the United States
153(1)
The Structure of African American Vernacular English (AAVE)
154(4)
Settings and Contexts
158(6)
The Ebonics Controversy
164(2)
Afro-Caribbean Speakers in Great Britain
166(4)
Summary
170(1)
References
171(3)
7 Language and Gender: English and English Speakers
174(35)
Pronunciation
176(7)
Phonological Variants
176(6)
Intonation
182(1)
Grammatical Variants
183(4)
Choices of Vocabulary
187(2)
Gender-Related Conversational Styles
189(9)
Gender Bias in English
198(7)
Classes of Vocabulary
198(4)
Generic "He" and "Man"
202(3)
Summary
205(1)
References
206(3)
8 Cross-Cultural Studies of Language and Gender
209(26)
Gender-Exclusive Patterns
210(5)
Linguistic and Stylistic Preferences
215(13)
Japanese
215(5)
Javanese
220(2)
Malagasy
222(2)
Kuna
224(1)
Samoan
225(3)
Images of Gender in Linguistic Form
228(4)
French
228(1)
German
228(1)
Spanish
229(1)
Russian
229(1)
Mohawk
230(1)
Japanese
231(1)
Summary
232(1)
References
233(2)
9 Learning Language
235(31)
Acquisition of Language
236(7)
Speech Sounds
236(1)
One-Word Utterances
237(2)
Two-Word Grammars
239(4)
Complex Grammars
243(7)
Morphological Development
243(2)
Growth in Vocabulary
245(2)
Syntactic Development
247(3)
Comparative Evidence
250(6)
Complex Inflectional Systems
251(1)
Agglutinating Languages
252(2)
Polysynthetic Languages
254(2)
Some Universal Sequences
256(3)
Negation
256(1)
Wh-Questions
257(1)
Locative Concepts
258(1)
Instructional Strategies
259(1)
Strategies in the United States
259(1)
Strategies in Other Cultures
260(3)
Kaluli
260(1)
Kwara'ae
261(1)
Basotho
262(1)
Summary
263(1)
References
263(3)
10 The Acquisition of Communicative Competence
266(26)
Acquiring Communicative Styles
267(5)
Learning Politeness
267(3)
Learning to Express One's Feelings
270(1)
Learning to Dispute
270(2)
Learning Status and Role
272(9)
Status and Role in American English
273(6)
Status in Samoan
279(1)
Relationships in Hungarian
279(2)
Learning to Converse
281(8)
Knowledge of Structure
281(1)
Cohesion in Conversation
282(2)
Interactional Cooperation
284(3)
Narratives
287(2)
Summary
289(1)
References
290(2)
11 Multilingual Nations
292(38)
India
293(7)
Linguistic Diversity
293(4)
Standardization
297(1)
Linguistic Minorities
298(2)
Canada
300(10)
Language in Canada
300(3)
Situational Use
303(2)
Attitudes Toward Languages and Speakers
305(5)
The United States
310(16)
Language in the United States
310(1)
Bilingual Education
311(4)
Recent Trends in Law
315(2)
Native American Languages
317(2)
Creole Languages in the United States
319(7)
Summary
326(1)
References
326(4)
12 Bilingual Communities
330(34)
Linguistic Change
331(2)
Language Use in Bilingual Communities
333(15)
Endangered Languages
341(5)
The International Dominance of English
346(2)
Bilingual Conversational Strategies
348(8)
Code Switching
349(5)
Code Mixing
354(2)
Interethnic Miscommunication
356(4)
Summary
360(1)
References
360(4)
13 Language and Institutional Encounters
364(25)
Language and Status
364(3)
A Non-Western Comment
367(1)
Institutional Contexts
367(1)
Education
368(4)
Medical Encounters
372(4)
Legal Settings
376(7)
The Media
383(3)
Summary
386(1)
References
387(2)
Glossary 389(8)
Index 397


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