9780137073474

Language Development From Theory to Practice

by ;
  • ISBN13:

    9780137073474

  • ISBN10:

    013707347X

  • Edition: 2nd
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 1/13/2011
  • Publisher: Pearson
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Summary

A#xA0;balanced and multidimensional survey of language development rich in learning tools and features. #xA0; Language Development from Theory to Practiceprovides students with a user-friendly approach to key topics in language development, including research methods, theoretical perspectives, major language milestones from birth to adolescence, and language diversity and language disorders. The research based and theoretical foundation found in this engaging text is designed to prepare students for advanced study in subjects associated with language development by summarizing the various theoretical orientations that have guided research and practice. With an emphasis on the relevance of the material to students#x19; current and future experiences in clinical, educational, and research settings, this text also focuses on individual differences in language development, including those of children who are developing language in diverse cultures or who are developing language atypically. #xA0; Features #xA0; #xB7;#xA0;#xA0;#xA0;#xA0;#xA0;#xA0;#xA0; A balance of theory and practiceprovides students with a theoretical and scientific foundation to the study of language development and prepares them for advanced study in language development and related fields. #xB7;#xA0;#xA0;#xA0;#xA0;#xA0;#xA0;#xA0; A multidisciplinary focusallows readers to best understand the constantly evolving and diverse world of language development study #xB7;#xA0;#xA0;#xA0;#xA0;#xA0;#xA0;#xA0; Multicultural considerationsin understanding language development promotes students#x19; awareness of the way culture interacts with language development for children from diverse backgrounds within and beyond North American communities. #xB7;#xA0;#xA0;#xA0;#xA0;#xA0;#xA0;#xA0; An emphasis on researchfamiliarize students with the use of evidence-based practices as well as the most current empirical findings in children#x19;s language achievements. #xB7;#xA0;#xA0;#xA0;#xA0;#xA0;#xA0;#xA0; A reader-friendly format and stylepromotes student learning with boldfaced terms, helpful figures and graphs, discussion questions, and an engaging writing style. #xB7;#xA0;#xA0;#xA0;#xA0;#xA0;#xA0;#xA0; Learning tools and features, include focus questions, chapter summaries, resource lists, boxed inserts. #xB7;#xA0;#xA0;#xA0;#xA0;#xA0;#xA0;#xA0; A companion websitelocated at www.pearsonhighered.com/pence2e, offers students reflection questions, study items, and helpful website links to related sites of interest for further study. #xB7;#xA0;#xA0;#xA0;#xA0;#xA0;#xA0;#xA0; A CD-ROMthat contains language samples of children from birth through 13 years of age and video clips of research paradigms used to learn about language development gives students an opportunity to hear and visualize language development and language development concepts.

Table of Contents

Brief Contents

Chapter    1 Language Development: An Introduction

Chapter    2 The Science and Theory of Language Development

Chapter    3 Building Blocks of Language

Chapter    4   Neuroanatomy and Neurophysiology of Language

Chapter    5 Infancy: Let the Language Achievements Begin   

Chapter    6 Toddlerhood: Exploring the World and Experimenting with Language

Chapter    7 Preschool: Building Literacy on Language

Chapter    8 School-Age Years and Beyond: Developing Later Language   

Chapter    9 Language Differences and Disorders   

Glossary        

References

Subject and Name index      


Contents

1     Language Development: An Introduction    

Focus Questions   

Important Terms  

What Is Language?   

Language Defined   

Language as a Module of Human Cognition   

How Does Language Relate to Speech, Hearing, and Communication?   

Speech  

Hearing  

Communication   

What Are the Major Domains of Language?   

Form, Content, and Use   

Components of Form, Content, and Use   

What Are Some Remarkable Features of Language?  

Acquisition Rate   

Universality   

Species Specificity 

Semanticity   

Productivity  

What Are Language Differences and Language Disorders?   

Language Differences   

Language Disorders   

Summary   

2      The Science and Theory of Language Development   

Focus Questions   

Important Terms   

Who Studies Language Development and Why?   

Basic Research   

Applied Research 

What Are Some Major Approaches to Studying Language Development?   

Approaches to Studying Speech Perception   

Approaches to Studying Language Production   

Approaches to Studying Language Comprehension  

What Are Some Major Language Development Theories?  

Questions That Should Be Answered by Language Theories 

Major Language Development Theories  

How Do Language Development Theories Influence Practice? 

Linkage of Theory to Practice

Instruction in English as a Second Language: Theory and Practice  

Practices Informed by Language Theories   

Evidence-Based Practice: Linking Theory, Science, and Practice       

Summary   


3      Building Blocks of Language   

Focus Questions   

Important Terms   

What Is Phonological Development?  

Phonological Building Blocks   

Influences on Phonological Development  

What Is Morphological Development?   

Morphological Building Blocks   

Influences on Morphological Development   

What Is Syntactic Development?   

Syntactic Building Blocks   

Influences on Syntactic Development  

Influences on Syntactic Development   

What Is Semantic Development?  

Semantic Building Blocks   

Influences on Semantic Development   

What Is Pragmatic Development?   

Pragmatic Building Blocks   

Influences on Pragmatic Development  

Summary   


4      Neuroanatomy and Neurophysiology of Language    

Focus Questions   

Important Terms 

What Are Neuroanatomy and Neurophysiology?  

Terminology   

Neuroscience Basics   

What Are The Major Structures And Functions Of The Human Brain?

Cerebrum   

Brainstem   

Cerebellum   

How Does the Human Brain Process and Produce Language? 

Semantics

Syntax and Morphology   

Phonology   

Pragmatics   

What Are Neurophysiological and Neuroanatomical Sensitive Periods?   

Sensitive Periods Defined   

Neuroanatomical and Neurophysiological Concepts Related to Sensitive Periods   

Sensitive Periods and Language Acquisition   

Summary


5     Infancy: Let the Language Achievements Begin   

Focus Questions   

Important Terms   

What Major Language Development Milestones Occur in Infancy?   

Infant Speech Perception   

Awareness of Actions and Intentions  

Category Formation   

Early Vocalizations   

Additional Milestones   

What Are Some of the Early Foundations for Language Development?   

Infant-Directed Speech   

Joint Reference and Attention  

Daily Routines of Infancy 

Caregiver Responsiveness   

What Major Achievements in Language Form, Content, and Use Characterize Infancy?   

Language Form   

Language Content  

Language Use

What Factors Influence Infants’ Individual Achievements in Language?

Intraindividual Differences   

Interindividual Differences   

How Do Researchers and Clinicians Measure Language Development in Infancy?   

Researchers   

Clinicians   

Summary 


6        Toddlerhood: Exploring the World and Experimenting with Language    

Focus Questions   

Important Terms   

What Major Language Development Milestones Occur in Toddlerhood?   

First Words   

Gestures   

What Major Achievements in Language Form, CONTENT, and Use Characterize Toddlerhood?   

Language Form   

Language Content   

Language Use   

What Factors Influence Toddlers’ Individual Achievements in Language?  

Intraindividual Differences   

Interindividual Differences   

How Do Resesarchers and Clinicians Measure Language Development in Toddlerhood?

Researchers   

Clinicians   

Summary   


7           Preschool: Building Literacy on Language    

Focus Questions  

Important Terms   

What Major Language Development Milestones Occur in the Preschool Period?  

Decontextualized Language   

Emergent Literacy

What Major Achievements in Language Content, Form, and Use Characterize the Preschool Period?   

Language Form   

Language Content   

Language Use 

What Factors Influence Preschoolers’ Individual Achievements in Language?   

Intraindividual Differences   

Interindividual Differences   

How Do Researchers and Clinicians Measure Language Development in the Preschool Period?   

Researchers   

Clinicians   

Summary   


8      School-Age Years and Beyond: Developing Later Language    

Focus Questions   

Important Terms   

What Major Language Development Milestones Occur in the School-Age Years and Beyond?   

Shifting Sources of Language Input   

Acquisition of Metalinguistic Competence   

What Major Achievements in Language Content, Form, and Use Characterize the School-Age Years and Beyond?   

Language Form  

Language Content   

Language Use   

What Factors Influence School-Age Children’s, Adolescents’, and Adults’ Individual Competencies in Language?   

Language and Gender

Language and Aging    

How Do Researchers and Clinicians Measure Language Development in the School-Age Years and Beyond?   

Assessment Types   

Assessment of Language Form   

Assessment of Language Content 

Assessment of Language Use   

Summary    


9     Language Diffrences and Disorders      

Focus Questions   

important terms   

WHAT ARE DIALECTSWhat are?   

Dialects   

Pidgins   

Creoles   

What Are Bilingualism and Second Language Acquisition?   

Bilingualism and Multilingualism   

Second Language Acquisition   

What Is a Language Disorder?   

Distinguishing Between Language Disorders and Language Differences

Prevalence   

What Are The Major Types of Child Language Disorders?   

Specific Language Impairment   

Autism Spectrum Disorder   

Intellectual Disability   

Traumatic Brain Injury   

Hearing Loss  

Identification and Treatment of Language Disorders 

Summary   

G lossary          

References       

Subject and name Index

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