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Language Development : An Introduction,9780205433186
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Language Development : An Introduction

by
Edition:
7th
ISBN13:

9780205433186

ISBN10:
0205433189
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
1/1/2008
Publisher(s):
Allyn & Bacon
List Price: $124.00
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Summary

Clearly written, well organized, and comprehensive, Language Development is the most widely used text in its field. In recognition of the tremENDous language variations among children, the sixth EDITION of this highly readable text devotes significant space to individual developmental differences and cultural differences. Developed within a practical chronological framework, this new EDITION examines every aspect of syntax, morphology, semantics, phonology, and pragmatics. Highlights of the Sixth EDITION bull; bull;Chapter 3, ";Child Development,"; has been streamlined to include only the child development information most relevant to speech and language development. bull;Updates to Chapter 4, ";Neurolinguistics,"; include the latest in brain imaging information to convey key links between anatomy, physiology, cognition, and language, and the roles these links play in the development of language abnormalities. bull;Chapter 5, ";Cognitive and Perceptual Bases of Early Language,"; has been totally rewritten to reflect our rapidly changing knowledge of cognitive development and the newest research in brain imaging. bull;The new EDITION includes increased coverage of literacy development, cultural and linguistic difference and sensation, perception and cognition relative to language processing. Don't Miss These Special Value Pack Options Research Navigatortrade; Research Navigatortrade; can be a student's best friEND when facing a large research project. Especially helpful with the toughest challenge-getting started-Research Navigatortrade;offers a comprehensive, step-by-step walk-through of the research process, along with access to some of the most respected source databases available. Access to Research Navigatortrade;-a $15 value-is FREE when packaged with any new Communication Sciences and Disorders textbook! Visit http://www.researchnavigator.com today to purchase immediate access. Allyn & Bacon's Career Center Do your students need help transitioning from being a student to becoming a professional? With The Career Center, registered students receive eight 30-minute career-counseling sessions with a qualified career specialist. The Career Center-a $25 value-is FREE when packaged with any Communication Sciences and Disorders textbook. Visit http://www.ablongman.com/careercenter/ for more information. Contact your local Allyn & Bacon PUBLISHER's representative and request special packaging codes to take advantage of these great offers.

Table of Contents

Preface xi
1 The Territory
2(28)
Chapter Objectives
3(2)
This Text and You
5(1)
Speech, Language, and Communication
6(7)
Speech
6(1)
Language
7(4)
Communication
11(2)
Properties of Language
13(5)
Language as a Social Tool
14(1)
A Rule-Governed System
15(2)
A Generative System
17(1)
Components of Language
18(9)
Syntax
19(1)
Morphology
20(1)
Phonology
21(1)
Semantics
22(3)
Pragmatics
25(1)
Relationship of Language Components
26(1)
Conclusion
27(1)
Discussion
28(1)
Reflections
29(1)
2 Language-Development Models
30(34)
Chapter Objectives
31(2)
Behavioral Theory
33(4)
Operant Conditioning
33(2)
Limitations
35(1)
Contributions
36(1)
Psycholinguistic Theory: A Syntactic Model
37(9)
Biological Basis
37(2)
Linguistic Processing
39(4)
Language Acquisition
43(1)
Government-Binding Theory
44(1)
Limitations
45(1)
Contributions
46(1)
Psycholinguistic Theory: A Semantic/Cognitive Model
46(8)
Case Grammar: A Beginning
47(1)
The Semantic Revolution
48(3)
Language Development
51(2)
Limitations
53(1)
Contributions
53(1)
Sociolinguistic Theory
54(6)
Speech-Act Theory
55(1)
Language Acquisition
56(3)
Limitations
59(1)
Contributions
59(1)
Conclusion
60(1)
Discussion
61(2)
Reflections
63(1)
3 Child Development
64(36)
Chapter Objectives
65(1)
Developmental Patterns
66(2)
Developmental Predictability
66(1)
Developmental Milestones
66(1)
Developmental Opportunity
66(1)
Developmental Phases or Periods
66(1)
Individual Differences
67(1)
The Developing Child
68(29)
The New Kid in Town: Age Birth to One Month
68(5)
The Examiner: Age One to Six Months
73(4)
The Experimenter: Age Seven to Twelve Months
77(6)
The Explorer: Age Twelve to Twenty-Four Months
83(4)
The Exhibitor: Age Three to Five Years
87(7)
The Expert: School-Age Years
94(3)
The Example: Adult Development
97(1)
Conclusion
97(1)
Discussion
97(2)
Reflections
99(1)
4 Neurolinguistics
100(20)
Chapter Objectives
101(1)
Central Nervous System
102(6)
Hemispheric Asymmetry
105(1)
Brain Maturation
106(2)
Language Processing
108(8)
Models of Linguistic Processing
112(4)
Conclusion
116(1)
Discussion
117(2)
Reflections
119(1)
5 Cognitive and Perceptual Bases of Early Language
120(26)
Chapter Objectives
121(1)
Which Came First, Cognition or Language?
122(3)
Neurological Development
125(1)
Early Cognitive Development
126(17)
Sensation and Motor Control
126(2)
Perception
128(1)
Cognition
129(3)
Learning: The Cognitive Path to Language
132(9)
Role of the Caregiver
141(2)
Conclusion
143(1)
Discussion
143(2)
Reflections
145(1)
6 The Social and Communicative Bases of Early Language
146(38)
Chapter Objectives
147(3)
Development of Communication: A Chronology
150(14)
The Newborn
150(3)
Socialization and Early Communication: Age Birth to Six Months
153(4)
Development of Intentionality: Age Seven to Twelve Months
157(7)
Maternal Communication Behaviors
164(8)
Infant-Elicited Social Behavior
165(6)
Cultural, Socioeconomic, and Gender Differences
171(1)
Interactions between Infant and Caregiver
172(8)
Joint Reference
172(3)
Joint Action
175(4)
Turn-Taking
179(1)
Situational Variations
180(1)
Conclusion
180(2)
Discussion
182(1)
Reflections
183(1)
7 Language-Learning Processes in Young Children
184(38)
Chapter Objectives
185(1)
Comprehension, Production, and Cognitive Growth
186(5)
Cognition and Language
186(5)
Child Learning Strategies
191(12)
Toddler Language-Learning Strategies
191(5)
Preschool Language-Learning Strategies
196(6)
Individual Differences
202(1)
Adult Conversational Teaching Techniques
203(11)
Adult Speech to Toddlers
203(7)
Adult Conversations with Preschoolers
210(4)
Importance of Play
214(2)
Cultural and Social Differences
216(4)
Conclusion
220(1)
Discussion
220(1)
Reflections
221(1)
8 A First Language
222(38)
Chapter Objectives
223(1)
Single-Word Utterances
224(20)
Pragmatic Aspects of a First Language
225(6)
Initial Lexicons
231(4)
Meaning of Single-Word Utterances
235(9)
Early Multiword Combinations
244(7)
Transition: Early Word Combinations
244(2)
Two-Word Combinations
246(4)
Longer Utterances
250(1)
Phonological Patterns
251(5)
Single-Word Utterances
251(5)
Multiword Utterances
256(1)
Learning Units and Extension
256(1)
Conclusion
256(1)
Discussion
257(2)
Reflections
259(1)
9 Preschool Pragmatic and Semantic Development
260(30)
Chapter Objectives
261(1)
Pragmatic Development
262(15)
The Conversational Context
263(10)
Narratives
273(3)
Summary
276(1)
Semantic Development
277(7)
Relational Terms
279(5)
Interdependence of Form, Content, and Use: Pronouns
284(3)
Conclusion
287(1)
Discussion
287(2)
Reflections
289(1)
10 Preschool Development of Language Form 290(44)
Chapter Objectives
291(1)
Stages of Syntactic and Morphologic Development
292(2)
Computing MLU
292(2)
MLU and Stage of Development
294(1)
Morphologic Development
294(11)
Stage II: Brown's Fourteen Morphemes
295(6)
Determinants of Acquisition Order
301(2)
Other Early Morphemes
303(1)
Morphologic Rule Learning and Other Aspects of Language
304(1)
Sentence-Form Development
305(14)
Sentence Elements
306(5)
Sentence Types
311(8)
Embedding and Conjoining
319(8)
Phrasal Embedding
320(1)
Subordinate Clause Embedding
321(3)
Clausal Conjoining
324(2)
Summary
326(1)
Phonologic Development
327(5)
Phonologic Processes
327(5)
Conclusion
332(1)
Discussion
333(1)
Reflections
333(1)
11 School-Age and Adult Pragmatic and Semantic Development 334(32)
Chapter Objectives
335(1)
Pragmatic Development
336(20)
Narratives
338(9)
Conversational Abilities
347(5)
Gender Differences
352(3)
Summary
355(1)
Semantic Development
356(7)
Vocabulary Growth
356(2)
Syntagmatic-Paradigmatic Shift
358(1)
Related Cognitive Processing
359(1)
Figurative Language
360(3)
Conclusion
363(1)
Discussion
364(1)
Reflections
365(1)
12 School-Age and Adult Language Form and Literacy Development 366(30)
Chapter Objectives
367(1)
Syntactic and Morphologic Development
368(9)
Morphologic Development
369(1)
Noun- and Verb-Phrase Development
370(2)
Sentence Types
372(5)
Summary
377(1)
Phonologic Development
377(2)
Morphophonemic Development
377(1)
Summary
378(1)
Metalinguistic Abilities
379(2)
Literacy: A New Mode of Communication
381(13)
The Process of Reading
381(3)
Reading Development
384(4)
The Process of Writing
388(1)
Writing Development
389(4)
Summary
393(1)
Conclusion
394(1)
Discussion
394(1)
Reflections
395(1)
13 Language Differences: Bidialectism and Bilingualism 396(32)
Chapter Objectives
397(2)
Dialects
399(15)
Related Factors
401(2)
American English Dialects
403(11)
Bilingualism
414(11)
Effects of Bilingualism on Language Learning
418(5)
Code Switching and Development
423(1)
Bilingualism and Cognition
424(1)
Cultural Diversity
424(1)
Conclusion
425(1)
Discussion
425(2)
Reflections
427(1)
14 Language Research and Analysis 428(19)
Chapter Objectives
429(1)
Issues in the Study of Child Language
430(7)
Method of Data Collection
430(2)
Sample Size and Variability
432(2)
Naturalness and Representativeness of the Data
434(1)
Collection Procedures
435(1)
Analysis Procedures
436(1)
Cross-Language Studies
437(1)
Examples of Child Language Data
438(6)
Conclusion
444(1)
Discussion
444(1)
Reflections
445(2)
Appendix A: American English Speech Sounds 447(7)
Appendix B: Transcripts to Accompany Text Compact Disc 454(13)
Glossary 467(8)
References 475(30)
Author Index 505(6)
Subject Index 511


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