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Last Dance : Encountering Death and Dying,9780767402170
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Last Dance : Encountering Death and Dying

by ;
Edition:
5th
ISBN13:

9780767402170

ISBN10:
0767402170
Format:
Hardcover
Pub. Date:
7/1/1998
Publisher(s):
Mayfield Pub Co

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Summary

The best-selling textbook in the field, "The Last Dance" offers an interdisciplinary approach to the study of death and dying. Integrating the experiential, scholarly, social, individual, emotional, and intellectual dimensions of death and dying, the seventh edition of this acclaimed text has been thoroughly revised to offer cutting-edge and comprehensive coverage of death studies. Together with its companion volumes, this new edition of "The Last Dance" provides solid grounding in theory and research, as well as practical application to students' lives.

Table of Contents

Preface xv
Prologue 1(4)
David Gordon
CHAPTER I Attitudes Toward Death: A Climate of Change
5(36)
Factors Affecting Familiarity with Death
7(6)
Life Expectancy and Mortality Rates
8(2)
Causes of Death
10(1)
Geographical Mobility
11(1)
Displacement of Death from the Home
11(1)
Life-Extending Technologies
12(1)
Expressions of Attitudes toward Death
13(18)
Language
13(2)
Humor
15(2)
Mass Media
17(1)
In the News
18(2)
Entertaining Death
20(3)
Music
23(4)
Literature
27(1)
Visual Arts
28(3)
The Present Milieu: Death Attitudes and Awareness
31(7)
Pioneers in Death Studies
33(1)
The Rise of Death Education
34(3)
Is Death Out of the Closet?
37(1)
Examining Assumptions
38(1)
Further Readings
39(2)
CHAPTER 2 Perspectives on Death: Cross-Cultural and Historical
41(38)
Death in Early and Traditional Cultures
42(6)
Origin of Death
43(1)
Causes of Death
44(2)
Power of the Dead
46(1)
Names of the Dead
47(1)
Death and Dying in Western Culture
48(10)
Dying and the Deathbed Scene
51(2)
Burial Customs
53(1)
Charnel Houses
53(2)
Memorializing the Dead
55(1)
The Dance of Death
56(1)
Invisible Death?
57(1)
Four Cultural Case Studies
58(18)
Native American Traditions
58(5)
African Traditions
63(3)
Mexican Traditions
66(3)
Asian Traditions
69(7)
Rediscovering the Commemoration of Death
76(1)
Further Readings
77(2)
CHAPTER 3 Learning About Death: The Influence of Sociocultural Forces
79(40)
A Mature Concept of Death
80(2)
Sociocultural Influences on Our Understanding of Death
82(25)
Theoretical Perspectives
83(1)
The Structural-Functionalist Approach
83(2)
Symbolic Interactionism
85(3)
The Social Learning Approach
88(1)
Agents of Socialization
88(3)
Family
91(1)
School and Peers
91(3)
Mass Media
94(3)
Religion
97(2)
Other Agents
99(1)
Early Experiences with Death
99(4)
Teachable Moments
103(4)
Death in Contemporary Multicultural Societies
107(8)
Distinctive Traditions: Ethnicity and Pluralism
107(2)
Mixed Plate: Ethnic Identity in Hawaii
109(1)
Characteristics of Hawaii's Peoples
110(3)
Assimilation and Accommodation in Death Rites
113(2)
The Mature Concept of Death Revisited
115(2)
Further Readings
117(2)
CHAPTER 4 Health Care Systems: Patients, Staff, and Institutions
119(32)
Modern Health Care
120(5)
Health Care Financing
121(3)
Rationing Scarce Resources
124(1)
Care of the Dying
125(14)
Palliative Care
126(2)
Hospice Care
128(1)
St. Christopher's Hospice
129(2)
The Goals of Hospice Care
131(1)
Challenges to Hospice Care
132(2)
Palliative Care in Hospitals
134(1)
Home Care
135(1)
Social Support for the Dying
136(1)
Trauma Care
137(2)
The Patient-Caregiver Relationship
139(4)
Disclosing a Life-Threatening Diagnosis
140(1)
Achieving Clear Communication
140(3)
Providing Total Care
143(1)
Stress in the Helping Professions
143(4)
Death in the ER
145(1)
Coping with Dying and Death
146(1)
Being with Someone Who Is Dying
147(1)
Further Readings
148(3)
CHAPTER 5 Facing Death: Living with Life-Threatening Illness
151(40)
Personal and Social Meanings of Life-Threatening Illnesses
153(2)
Coping with Life-Threatening Illness
155(11)
Adapting to "Living/Dying"
156(6)
Awareness of Dying
162(1)
Maintaining Coping Potency
163(3)
Treatment Options and Issues
166(17)
Surgery
169(1)
Radiation Therapy
170(1)
Chemotherapy
171(1)
Immunotherapy
172(1)
Organ Transplantation
172(2)
Alternative Therapies
174(2)
Adjunctive Therapies
176(2)
Unorthodox Treatment
178(2)
Pain Management
180(3)
The Dying Trajectory
183(2)
The Social Role of the Dying Patient
185(3)
Further Readings
188(3)
CHAPTER 6 Medical Ethics: Dying in a Technological Age
191(32)
Fundamental Ethical Principles
193(1)
Informed Consent to Treatment
194(5)
Choosing Death: Euthanasia and Allowing to Die
199(12)
Nutrition and Hydration
204(5)
Seriously Ill Newborns
209(2)
Defining Death
211(9)
The Traditional Signs of Death and the New Technology
212(2)
Conceptual and Empirical Criteria
214(1)
Four Approaches to the Definition and Determination of Death
215(1)
Irreversible Loss of Flow of Vital Fluids
215(1)
Irreversible Loss of the Soul from the Body
215(2)
Irreversible Loss of the Capacity for Bodily Integration
217(1)
Irreversible Loss of the Capacity for Consciousness or Social Interaction
218(2)
Considering Ethical Issues in Medicine
220(1)
Further Readings
220(3)
CHAPTER 7 Survivors: Understanding the Experience of Loss
223(44)
Bereavement, Grief, and Mourning
224(2)
Models of Grief
226(10)
Working Through Grief
226(10)
Tasks of Mourning
229(1)
Maintaining Bonds with the Deceased
230(3)
Telling the "Story": Narrative Approaches
233(1)
Toward an Integrated Model of Grief
234(2)
The Experience of Grief and Mourning
236(10)
Manifestations of Grief
236(2)
Phases of Grief
238(3)
Complicated Grief
241(3)
The Mortality of Bereavement
244(1)
Intellectual Versus Emotional Responses
245(1)
Variables Influencing Grief
246(14)
Survivor's Model of the World
247(1)
Personality
247(1)
Social Roles
247(1)
Perception of the Deceased's Importance
248(2)
Values
250(1)
Mode of Death
250(1)
Anticipated Death
250(1)
Sudden Death
251(1)
Suicide
252(1)
Homicide
253(1)
Disaster
254(1)
High-Grief Versus Low-Grief Deaths
254(2)
Social Support
256(2)
Unfinished Business
258(2)
Coping Mechanisms for Survivors
260(2)
Bereavement as an Opportunity for Growth
262(3)
Further Readings
265(2)
CHAPTER 8 Last Rites: Funerals and Body Disposition
267(40)
Psychosocial Aspects of Last Rites
269(7)
Death Notification
269(4)
Mutual Support
273(1)
Impetus for Coping with Loss
273(3)
The American Funeral
276(4)
Criticisms
276(2)
History
278(2)
Selecting Funeral Services
280(10)
Funeral Service Charges
281(1)
Comparing the Costs
282(1)
Professional Services
283(1)
Embalming
284(2)
Caskets
286(2)
Outer Burial Containers
288(1)
Facilities and Vehicles
288(1)
Miscellaneous Charges
289(1)
Direct Cremations and Immediate Burials
289(1)
Funeral and Memorial Societies
290(1)
Body Disposition
290(9)
Burlal
293(3)
Cremation
296(2)
Memorialization
298(1)
Laws Regulating Body Disposition
299(1)
Making Meaningful Choices
299(5)
Further Readings
304(3)
CHAPTER 9 The Law and Death
307(34)
Legal Issues in the Public Arena
308(9)
Legislation Defining Death
308(3)
Advance Directives
311(4)
Physician-Assisted Death
315(2)
Organ Donation
317(3)
Death Certification
320(2)
The Coroner and the Medical Examiner
322(1)
Autopsies
323(3)
Wills and Inheritance
326(6)
Definitions and Elements of Wills
328(2)
The Formally Executed Will
330(1)
Amending or Revoking a Will
331(1)
Probate
332(4)
The Duties of the Executor or Administrator
332(3)
Avoiding Probate
335(1)
Laws of Interstate Succession
335(1)
Life Insurance and Death Benefits
336(3)
Further Readings
339(2)
CHAPTER 10 Death in the Lives of Children and Adolescents
341(44)
Early Childhood Encounters with Death
342(4)
Death-Experienced Children, Ages One to Three
344(1)
The Very Young Child and Death: An Example
344(2)
Development of the Understanding of Death
346(10)
Infancy and Toddlerhood
350(1)
Early Childhood
350(2)
The Middle Years of Childhood
352(1)
Adolescence
353(2)
The Evolution of a Mature Concept of Death
355(1)
Children with Life-Threatening Illnesses
356(4)
The Child's Perception of Serious Illness
357(1)
The Child's Coping Mechanisms
357(2)
Caring for a Seriously Ill Child
359(1)
Children as Survivors of a Close Death
360(10)
The Bereaved Child's Experience of Grief
360(3)
The Death of a Pet
363(2)
The Death of a Parent
365(2)
The Death of a Sibling
367(3)
Helping Children Cope with Change and Loss
370(12)
Guidelines for Sharing Information
371(1)
Discussing Death Before a Crisis Occurs
372(2)
When a Family Member Is Seriously Ill
374(1)
In the Aftermath of Loss
374(3)
Using Books as Tools for Coping
377(1)
Support Groups for Children
378(4)
Further Readings
382(3)
CHAPTER 11 Death in the Lives of Adults
385(28)
Parental Bereavement
386(14)
Coping with Parental Bereavement as a Couple
387(1)
Childbearing Losses
388(4)
Miscarriage
392(1)
Induced Abortion
393(1)
Stillbirth
394(1)
Neonatal Death
395(1)
Sudden Infant Death Syndrome
395(1)
The Death of an Older Child
396(2)
The Death of an Adult Child
398(1)
Social Support in Parental Bereavement
399(1)
Death of a Parent
400(1)
Spousal Bereavement
401(6)
Factors Influencing Spousal Bereavement
402(4)
Social Support for Bereaved Spouses
406(1)
Aging and the Aged
407(4)
Further Readings
411(2)
CHAPTER 12 Suicide
413(42)
Comprehending Suicide
414(4)
Statistical Issues
415(1)
The Psychological Autopsy
416(2)
Explanatory Theories of Suicide
418(7)
The Social Context of Suicide
418(1)
Degree of Social Regulation
418(1)
Degree of Social Integration
419(4)
The Psychodynamics of Suicide
423(1)
Aggression
424(1)
Ambivalence
424(1)
Toward an Integrated Understanding of Suicide
424(1)
Some Types of Suicide
425(5)
Suicide as Escape
425(2)
Psychotic Suicide and Depression
427(1)
Subintentional and Chronic Suicide
427(1)
Cry for Help
428(2)
Risk Factors Influencing Suicide
430(5)
Culture
430(3)
Personality
433(1)
The Individual Situation
434(1)
Biologic Factors
435(1)
Lifespan Perspectives on Suicide
435(5)
Childhood
435(1)
Adolescence and Young Adulthood
436(3)
Middle Adulthood
439(1)
Late Adulthood
440(1)
Contemplating Suicide
440(3)
Choice of Method
441(2)
Order of Lethality
443(1)
Suicide Notes
443(2)
Suicide Prevention, Intervention, and Postvention
445(4)
Prevention
446(2)
Intervention
448(1)
Postvention
448(1)
Helping a Person Who Is in Suicidal Crisis
449(4)
Further Readings
453(2)
CHAPTER 13 Risks of Death in the Modern World
455(46)
Risk Taking
456(2)
Accidents
458(3)
Disasters
461(5)
Reducing the Impact of Disasters
461(2)
Coping with the Aftermath of Disaster
463(3)
Violence
466(10)
Assessing the Homicidal Act
470(3)
Capital Punishment
473(2)
Steps Toward Reducing Violence
475(1)
War
476(3)
Technological Alienation
479(10)
The Conversion of the Warrior
480(3)
Coping with the Aftermath of War
483(3)
Making War, Making Peace
486(2)
The Nuclear Threat
488(1)
AIDS and Other Emerging Diseases
489(10)
The Response to AIDS
490(2)
Living with AIDS
492(4)
The Threat of Emerging Diseases
496(3)
Coping with Risks
499(1)
Further Readings
499(2)
CHAPTER 14 Beyond Death/After Life
501(34)
Traditional Concepts About Life After Death
502(2)
Jewish Beliefs About Death and Resurrection
504(2)
Hellenistic Concepts of Immortality
506(3)
Christian Beliefs About the Afterlife
509(2)
The Afterlife in Islamic Tradition
511(2)
Death and Immortality in Asian Religions
513(6)
Hindu Theologies of Death and Rebirth
514(2)
The Buddhist Understanding of Death
516(1)
After-Death States in Tibetan Buddhism
517(2)
Secular Concepts of Immortality
519(3)
Near-Death Experiences: At the Threshold of Death
522(8)
NDEs: A Composite Picture
522(2)
Dimensions of Near-Death Experiences
524(1)
Interpreting Near-Death Experiences
525(5)
Death Themes in Dreams and Psychedelic Experiences
530(2)
Beliefs About Death: A Wall or a Door?
532(1)
Further Readings
533(2)
CHAPTER 15 The Path Ahead: Personal and Social Choices
535(24)
The Value of Exploring Death and Dying
536(5)
New Directions in Death Education
541(5)
Death in the Future
546(4)
Living with Death and Dying
550(6)
Humanizing Death and Dying
551(2)
Defining the Good Death
553(3)
Postscript and Farewell
556(1)
Further Readings
557(2)
Epilogue 559(2)
David Gordon
Notes 561(68)
Credits and Sources 629(3)
Name Index 632(11)
Subject Index 643


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