Latin America and the Caribbean Lands and Peoples

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  • Edition: 5th
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2011-12-29
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press

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Latin America and the Caribbean is the market-leading text for courses in the geography of Mexico, Central and South America, and the Caribbean. Dr. Clawson's book is widely respected for its currency, clarity, authority, and rich visual and mapping program. The thematic organization of the text highlights the commonalities in a highly diverse, rapidly changing region, making it more comprehsible for students and instructors.

Author Biography

David L. Clawson is Emeritus Professor at the University of New Orleans.

Table of Contents

* Each chapter ends with a Summary, Key Terms, and Suggested Readings. *
Lists of Maps
Lists of Tables
Chapter 1: The Changing Face of Latin America and the Caribbean
Geography and Regional Studies
Delimiting Latin America and the Caribbean
Latin American and Caribbean Subregions
Chapter 2: Landform Regions of Latin America and the Caribbean
The Eastern Highlands
The Central Lowlands
The Western Alpine System
Recent Earthquake and Volcanic Activity
Physiographic Regions of the Andes
Physiographic Regions of Central America
Physiographic Regions of Mexico and the Caribbean
Case Study 2.1: The 2010 Haitian and Chilean Earthquakes
Chapter 3: Weather and Climate
Controls of Climate
Temperature: Altitude; Ocean Currents; Latitude
Precipitation: Continentality; Atmospheric Pressure Belts; Prevailing Winds and Orographic Effects
Case Study 3.1: The 2008 Caribbean Hurricane Season
Chapter 4: Natural Regions
Tropical Rain Forest
Tropical and Temperate Savanna
Humid Subtropical
Marine West Coast Rain Forest
Case Study 4.1: Biodiversity and the Tropical Rain Forest
Chapter 5: Iberian Heritage, Conquest, and Institutions
Latin America's Roman Heritage
Islam in Iberia
Spanish Responses to Islamic Rule
The Spanish Reconquest
The Conquest and Settlement of Latin America
Mexico and Central America
South America
The Colonial Era
The Mercantile System
The Encomienda System: Decline of Spanish Influence in the Greater Caribbean Basin
Peninsular-Creole Divisions
Independence and the Republican Period
Conservative-Liberal Schisms
Political Maturation in the Late Twentieth Century
Case Study 5.1: The 2009 Honduran Coup d'État
Chapter 6: Political Change
Central America
El Salvador
Costa Rica
The Greater Antilles
Dominican Republic
Puerto Rico
Andean South America
Southern South America
The Guianas
French Guiana
Case Study 6.1: Colombia's Violent Drug War
Chapter 7: Race, Ethnicity, and Social Class
Native Population Levels at the Time of the Conquest
Native American Civilizations on the Eve of the Conquest
Western Highland Peoples: The Aztecs; The Maya; The Chibcha; The Inca; The Southern Andean Indians
Eastern Lowland Peoples: The Southern Hunters; The Tropical Forest Dwellers; Common Indian Traits; Impacts of European Conquest and Settlement; Causes of Indian Depopulation; Aftermath of the Conquest
Blacks in the New World
Antecedents of Latin American Black Slavery
The African Slave Trade
Living Conditions in the New World
Forms of Slave Resistance
East Asians in the Caribbean
Racial Mixing
The Evolution of Social Races
Racial Whitening
Racism and Its Ramifications
Current Racial Patterns
Mexico and Central America
South America
The Caribbean
Case Study 7.1: Native Animals of the Andes
Case Study 7.2: Maroon Societies in Latin America
Case Study 7.3: Indian Homelands and the Mesoamerican Biological Corridor
Chapter 8: Latin America as a Culture Region
Honor and Shame: Individual Identity and Self-Worth
Reproduction and Honor
Socioeconomic Classes
The Upper Class
The Middle Class
The Lower Class
Consequences of Social Rigidity
Fatalism and Luck
Dual Educational Systems
Family Life
Street Children
Possible Responses
Status of Women
Other Elements of Culture
Literature and Poetry
Architecture, Painting, and Sculpture
Mass Media and Tempo of Living
Case Study 8.1: The Hidden Costs of Corruption
Case Study 8.2: The Perpetuation of Oligarchical Power in a Central American Nation
Case Study 8.3: Women and the Informal Economic Sector
Chapter 9: Religion
Religious Practice in Indigenous America
Medieval Iberian Catholicism on the Eve of the Conquest
The Spiritual Conquest of the New World
Religious Syncretism
Marianism and the Cult of the Virgin Mother
Challenges to Colonial Catholicism
The Economic and Political Power of the Church in the Colonial and Republican Periods
The Current Status of Latin American Catholicism
Subtypes of Latin American Catholicism
Forms of African Folk Catholicism
Non-Catholic Faiths in Latin America and the Caribbean
Hinduism and Islam
Protestantism: Characteristics of and Challenges to Latin American Protestantism
The Catholic Counter-Reformation
Case Study 9.1: Cuzco's Lord of The Earthquakes
Case Study 9.2: Jamaican Rastafarianism
Case Study 9.3: Venta Prieta: A Jewish Community in Mexico
Chapter 10: Agriculture and Agrarian Development
Impact of the European Conquest
Enclave Economies
Plantations: Sugar Cane in the Caribbean; Coffee in Colombia, Central America, and Brazil; Bananas in Central America and Ecuador; The Plantation Controversy
Smallholder Agriculture
Common Attributes of Smallholder Agriculturists
Slash and Burn Agriculture
Peasant Agriculture
Agrarian Reform
New Land Colonization
Agriculture Modernization
Expansion of Commercial Agriculture
Plant Production
Animal Husbandry
Tree Farming
Narcotic Drug Production
Case Study 10.1: Waru Waru Agriculture
Case Study 10.2: Harvest Strip Forestry
Chapter 11: Mining, Manufacturing, and Tourism
Pre-Conquest Mining and Manufacturing
Mining and Manufacturing in Colonial Latin America
Silver Mining: Impact of Amalgamation; Labor Supply
Gold and Diamond Mining in Colonial Brazil
Other Colonial Mining Centers
Impacts of Mining
Manufacturing in Colonial America
Mining and Manufacturing During the Early Republican Period
Beginnings of Modern Manufacturing
The Great Depression and Import Substitution Industrialization
Growth Poles and the Spatial Concentration of Industry
Chile and the Arica Automobile Manufacturing Experiment
Brazil: Large-Scale Regional Development and Underdevelopment
Venezuela: Growth Pole Development in a Frontier Setting
State Ownership and Privatization
Export Promotion Manufacturing: An Alternative Development Model
Puerto Rico's Operation Bootstrap
The Mexican Maquiladora Industry
Other Export Promotion Initiatives
Current Industrialization Patterns
Current Mining Developments
Energy Reserves and Development
Hydroelectric Power Generation
Renewable Organic Fuels
Case Study 11.1: Mining and Regional Development in Colonial Latin America
Case Study 11.2: "Big Bill" Greene and American Industrialization in Northern Mexico
Case Study 11.3: Offshore Caribbean Financial Services Industries
Chapter 12: Urbanization, Population Growth, and Migration
Native American Urbanization
Colonial European Settlement
Colonial Urban Primacy
Functional Classification of Cities
Morphology of the Colonial City
Settlement in Portuguese America
Rural Settlements
Late Colonial Population Levels
The Republican Period
The Twentieth Century
The Demographic Transition Model
City Size in the Modern Era
Urban Primacy
Morphology of the Modern City
The Inner City: Zone of Commercial High-Rises and Low Income Tenements
Peripheral Squatter Settlements
Urban Population Densities
New Cities
Interregional Flows
Migration between Latin American and Caribbean Countries
Migration to Europe and Anglo America
Political Refugees
The Brain Drain
Conclusions: Are Latin America and the Caribbean Overpopulated?
Case Study 12.1: Confederate Settlements in Latin America and the Caribbean
Case Study 12.2: Social Expressions of the Latin American Plaza
Case Study 12.3: Planned Squatter Settlement Invasions
Chapter 13: Development and Health
Economic Development and Underdevelopment During the Colonial and Republican Periods
The International Financial Cycle
Recurring Economic Crises
The Lost Decade
Foreign Indebtedness
Currency Devaluation
Economic Stagnation and Human Suffering
Fiscal Restructuring and Austerity
The Found Decade
Regional and Subregional Economic Unions
Central American Common Market
Andean Community
Caribbean Community
Southern Cone Common Market
North American Free Trade Association
Free Trade Area of the Americas
Health and Nutritional Development in Latin America and the Caribbean
Provision of Clean Water and Sewage Treatment
Food and Nutrition
Child Mortality Rate
Health and the Physical-Cultural Environment
Tropical Lowlands
Urban Centers
Rural Regions
Case Study 13.1: IMF Austerity Measures and Civil Unrest in Latin America and the Caribbean
Case Study 13.2: Structural Reform and Argentine Economic and Political Turmoil
Case Study 13.3: The Latin American Cholera Epidemic
Case Study 13.4: Environment and Health in Mexico City

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