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Latin America and the Caribbean is the market-leading text for courses in the geography of Mexico, Central and South America, and the Caribbean. Dr. Clawson's book is widely respected for its currency, clarity, authority, and rich visual and mapping program. The thematic organization of the text highlights the commonalities in a highly diverse, rapidly changing region, making it more comprehsible for students and instructors.
David L. Clawson is Emeritus Professor at the University of New Orleans.
Table of Contents
* Each chapter ends with a Summary, Key Terms, and Suggested Readings. * Lists of Maps Lists of Tables Preface Chapter 1: The Changing Face of Latin America and the Caribbean Geography and Regional Studies Delimiting Latin America and the Caribbean Latin American and Caribbean Subregions PART I: PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY Chapter 2: Landform Regions of Latin America and the Caribbean The Eastern Highlands The Central Lowlands The Western Alpine System Recent Earthquake and Volcanic Activity Physiographic Regions of the Andes Physiographic Regions of Central America Physiographic Regions of Mexico and the Caribbean Case Study 2.1: The 2010 Haitian and Chilean Earthquakes Chapter 3: Weather and Climate Controls of Climate Temperature: Altitude; Ocean Currents; Latitude Precipitation: Continentality; Atmospheric Pressure Belts; Prevailing Winds and Orographic Effects Hurricanes Case Study 3.1: The 2008 Caribbean Hurricane Season Chapter 4: Natural Regions Tropical Rain Forest Tropical and Temperate Savanna Desert Steppe Humid Subtropical Mediterranean Marine West Coast Rain Forest Highland Case Study 4.1: Biodiversity and the Tropical Rain Forest PART II: CULTURAL PATTERNS Chapter 5: Iberian Heritage, Conquest, and Institutions Latin America's Roman Heritage Islam in Iberia Spanish Responses to Islamic Rule The Spanish Reconquest The Conquest and Settlement of Latin America Mexico and Central America South America The Colonial Era The Mercantile System The Encomienda System: Decline of Spanish Influence in the Greater Caribbean Basin Peninsular-Creole Divisions Independence and the Republican Period Conservative-Liberal Schisms Caudillismo Political Maturation in the Late Twentieth Century Case Study 5.1: The 2009 Honduran Coup d'État Chapter 6: Political Change Mexico Central America Guatemala Belize Honduras El Salvador Nicaragua Costa Rica Panama The Greater Antilles Cuba Jamaica Haiti Dominican Republic Puerto Rico Andean South America Venezuela Colombia Ecuador Peru Bolivia Southern South America Chile Paraguay Argentina Uruguay Brazil The Guianas Guyana Suriname French Guiana Case Study 6.1: Colombia's Violent Drug War Chapter 7: Race, Ethnicity, and Social Class Native Population Levels at the Time of the Conquest Native American Civilizations on the Eve of the Conquest Western Highland Peoples: The Aztecs; The Maya; The Chibcha; The Inca; The Southern Andean Indians Eastern Lowland Peoples: The Southern Hunters; The Tropical Forest Dwellers; Common Indian Traits; Impacts of European Conquest and Settlement; Causes of Indian Depopulation; Aftermath of the Conquest Blacks in the New World Antecedents of Latin American Black Slavery The African Slave Trade Living Conditions in the New World Forms of Slave Resistance Abolition East Asians in the Caribbean Racial Mixing The Evolution of Social Races Racial Whitening Racism and Its Ramifications Current Racial Patterns Mexico and Central America South America The Caribbean Case Study 7.1: Native Animals of the Andes Case Study 7.2: Maroon Societies in Latin America Case Study 7.3: Indian Homelands and the Mesoamerican Biological Corridor Chapter 8: Latin America as a Culture Region Honor and Shame: Individual Identity and Self-Worth Machismo Marianismo Reproduction and Honor Personalismo Socioeconomic Classes The Upper Class The Middle Class The Lower Class Consequences of Social Rigidity Fatalism and Luck Dual Educational Systems Family Life Street Children Possible Responses Status of Women Other Elements of Culture Literature and Poetry Architecture, Painting, and Sculpture Music Sports Mass Media and Tempo of Living Case Study 8.1: The Hidden Costs of Corruption Case Study 8.2: The Perpetuation of Oligarchical Power in a Central American Nation Case Study 8.3: Women and the Informal Economic Sector Chapter 9: Religion Religious Practice in Indigenous America Medieval Iberian Catholicism on the Eve of the Conquest The Spiritual Conquest of the New World Religious Syncretism Marianism and the Cult of the Virgin Mother Challenges to Colonial Catholicism The Economic and Political Power of the Church in the Colonial and Republican Periods The Current Status of Latin American Catholicism Subtypes of Latin American Catholicism Forms of African Folk Catholicism Non-Catholic Faiths in Latin America and the Caribbean Hinduism and Islam Judaism Protestantism: Characteristics of and Challenges to Latin American Protestantism The Catholic Counter-Reformation Case Study 9.1: Cuzco's Lord of The Earthquakes Case Study 9.2: Jamaican Rastafarianism Case Study 9.3: Venta Prieta: A Jewish Community in Mexico PART III: ECONOMIC PATTERNS Chapter 10: Agriculture and Agrarian Development Impact of the European Conquest Enclave Economies Haciendas Estancias Plantations: Sugar Cane in the Caribbean; Coffee in Colombia, Central America, and Brazil; Bananas in Central America and Ecuador; The Plantation Controversy Smallholder Agriculture Common Attributes of Smallholder Agriculturists Slash and Burn Agriculture Peasant Agriculture Agrarian Reform New Land Colonization Agriculture Modernization Expansion of Commercial Agriculture Plant Production Animal Husbandry Tree Farming Fishing Narcotic Drug Production Case Study 10.1: Waru Waru Agriculture Case Study 10.2: Harvest Strip Forestry Chapter 11: Mining, Manufacturing, and Tourism Pre-Conquest Mining and Manufacturing Mining and Manufacturing in Colonial Latin America Silver Mining: Impact of Amalgamation; Labor Supply Gold and Diamond Mining in Colonial Brazil Other Colonial Mining Centers Impacts of Mining Manufacturing in Colonial America Mining and Manufacturing During the Early Republican Period Beginnings of Modern Manufacturing The Great Depression and Import Substitution Industrialization Growth Poles and the Spatial Concentration of Industry Chile and the Arica Automobile Manufacturing Experiment Brazil: Large-Scale Regional Development and Underdevelopment Venezuela: Growth Pole Development in a Frontier Setting State Ownership and Privatization Export Promotion Manufacturing: An Alternative Development Model Puerto Rico's Operation Bootstrap The Mexican Maquiladora Industry Other Export Promotion Initiatives Current Industrialization Patterns Current Mining Developments Energy Reserves and Development Hydroelectric Power Generation Renewable Organic Fuels Tourism Case Study 11.1: Mining and Regional Development in Colonial Latin America Case Study 11.2: "Big Bill" Greene and American Industrialization in Northern Mexico Case Study 11.3: Offshore Caribbean Financial Services Industries Chapter 12: Urbanization, Population Growth, and Migration Native American Urbanization Colonial European Settlement Colonial Urban Primacy Functional Classification of Cities Morphology of the Colonial City Settlement in Portuguese America Rural Settlements Late Colonial Population Levels The Republican Period The Twentieth Century The Demographic Transition Model Urbanization City Size in the Modern Era Urban Primacy Morphology of the Modern City The Inner City: Zone of Commercial High-Rises and Low Income Tenements Peripheral Squatter Settlements Urban Population Densities New Cities Migration Interregional Flows Migration between Latin American and Caribbean Countries Migration to Europe and Anglo America Political Refugees The Brain Drain Remittances Conclusions: Are Latin America and the Caribbean Overpopulated? Case Study 12.1: Confederate Settlements in Latin America and the Caribbean Case Study 12.2: Social Expressions of the Latin American Plaza Case Study 12.3: Planned Squatter Settlement Invasions Chapter 13: Development and Health Economic Development and Underdevelopment During the Colonial and Republican Periods The International Financial Cycle Recurring Economic Crises The Lost Decade Foreign Indebtedness Inflation Currency Devaluation Economic Stagnation and Human Suffering Fiscal Restructuring and Austerity The Found Decade Regional and Subregional Economic Unions Central American Common Market Andean Community Caribbean Community Southern Cone Common Market North American Free Trade Association Free Trade Area of the Americas Health and Nutritional Development in Latin America and the Caribbean Provision of Clean Water and Sewage Treatment Food and Nutrition Child Mortality Rate Health and the Physical-Cultural Environment Tropical Lowlands Highlands Urban Centers Rural Regions Case Study 13.1: IMF Austerity Measures and Civil Unrest in Latin America and the Caribbean Case Study 13.2: Structural Reform and Argentine Economic and Political Turmoil Case Study 13.3: The Latin American Cholera Epidemic Case Study 13.4: Environment and Health in Mexico City Glossary Credits Index