Offering a well-organized overview of Latin America's development from pre-Columbian times to the present, this cultural reader is written in straightforward, accessible Spanish depending heavily on cognates "without" compromising the natural flow of a native speaker's discourse. A comprehensive review of the main cultural areas of Latin America, including coverage of the Hispanic countries of the Caribbean and Central America, the Andean region (Ecuador, Peru and Bolivia), and the southern cone (Argentina, Chile, Uruguay and Paraguay). Context-specific coverage of U.S.-Latin American relations explores the role of the United States in Latin American affairs in the context of the different cultural regions, particularly in the case of Central America, Mexico and the Caribbean.
Table of Contents
1. Las grandes civilizaciones precolombinas (I).
2. Las grandes civilizaciones precolombinas (II).
3. Europa en la época del descubrimiento de América.
4. La conquista de la América Hispana.
5. El sistema colonial.
6. Sociedad, vida y cultura en el mundo colonial.
7. El siglo XIX. La independencia y sus consecuencias.
8. Latinoamérica a vista de pájaro.
9. El siglo XX. Panorama latinoamericano.
10. La escena cultural hasta la Segunda Guerra Mundial.
11. La escena, cultural desde la Segunda Guerr Mundial.
12. Centroamérica y México.
13. El área del Caribe: Haiti, la República Dominicana, Cuba.
14. La Hispanoamérica andina: Ecuador, Perú, Bolivia.
15. Los países del cono sur: Paraguay, Uruguay, Argentina, Chile.
16. Los hispanos en los Estados Unidos.
This second edition ofLatinoamerica: presente y pasadointends to fulfill two primary objectives: to bring the material of the first edition up to date, especially with regards to recent political and economic developments in specific Latin American countries, and to introduce several changes in the coverage that I hope will be welcomed by both instructors and students; some of these changes have been suggested by faculty who are using the first edition. I have changed the order of the first three chapters in order to follow a more strict chronological sequence. In an effort to offer a more comprehensive review of the main cultural areas of Latin America, this second edition expands the coverage to include the Hispanic countries of the Caribbean and Central America, the Andean region, and the southern cone. This has been accomplished by partially reducing the coverage of Mexico, Argentina, and Cuba, thus adopting a regional approach without increasing the length of the chapters, and by dropping the chapter on U.S.-Latin American relations. The role of the United States in Latin American affairs, however, is still brought up in the context of the different regions, particularly Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean. A list of useful Web sites on Latin America has also been added to this edition. While doing these revisions, I have endeavored to maintain the type of narrative approach and the linguistic tone and range that the users of the first edition have found appealing. This second edition still presents the historical and cultural data, not as an end in itself, but as factual support to the presence of cultural trends and structures. No mere laundry list of dates and names, it still contains the basic information the instructor will need in a survey course of Latin American culture and civilization. One of my main concerns has been to provide instructors with a text that makes using ancillary and complementary material a matter of choice rather than of necessity and that offers students an account that is truly pleasurable to read. Organization The book begins with an introduction to the main pre-Columbian civilizations of the New World (Chapters 1 and 2), followed by an examination of 15 th -century Europe and Columbus's life and first voyage (Chapter 3), Spanish exploration and conquest (Chapter 4), and colonial Spanish America (Chapters S and 6). Chapter 7 is devoted to the period of Spanish American independence and to the emergence of the new Spanish American nations. Chapters 8 and 9 undertake an overview of 20 th -century Latin America, including its main geographic features, its ethnic components, and significant developments in the real worlds of politics and economics; Chapter 9 also includes a discussion of the Latin American value system, the region's social structures, the role of religion, and the changing status of women, with a closing note on the problem ofnarcotrafico.Chapters 10 and 11 deal with the main intellectual, artistic, and literary trends of 20 th -century Spanish America. Chapters 1-11 form the core of the book. Chapters 12-16 give instructors the opportunity to select the specific material to be emphasized beyond the basic core. They include an examination of modern and contemporary developments in such key cultural areas of Latin America as Central America and Mexico, the Caribbean, the main countries in the central Andean region, and the nations of South America's southern cone. The book ends with a discussion of the Hispanic population of the United States (Chapter 16). Instructors may, of course, prefer to concentrate on complementary topics of their own choosing, or to assign the topics included under Chapters 12-16 in imaginative ways--for example, as individual or small-group oral presentations or written reports. Pedagogy Each chapter is preceded by aCronologiathat give