Law Enforcement in the 21st Century

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  • Edition: 2nd
  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2007-10-26
  • Publisher: Prentice Hall
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Law Enforcement in the 21st Century is the first book to examine the "linkage blindness" in the criminal justice system (the lack of connection between theories of policing and what actually happens in police departments), making linkages between theory and police practice through problem-solving and crime mapping applications. It offers a fresh, new approach to presenting introductory law enforcement material that is both practical for the future law enforcement officer and intellectually rewarding for readers who may be entering a whole new field of study. The authors have organized the material in a developmental framework beginning with a discussion of law enforcement's place within the criminal justice system and a discussion of the origins of policing; the reader is then introduced to the traditional model of policing and the core aspects of the work-organizational structure and units, field operations, and investigations. The authors provide information important to law enforcement in the 21 st century, including topics such as terrorism and the latest technology.

Table of Contents

Law Enforcement in a Democratic Society
Chapter outline
Themes of the Book
The Police Function: Social Control and the Use of Force
Policing within the Rule of Law: The Challenges of Discretion
The Delicate Balance: Crime Control v
Due Process
The Levels of Law Enforcement
Municipal Agencies
County Agencies
State Agencies
Federal agencies
Department of Justice
US Marshal Service
Federal Bureau of Investigation
Drug Enforcement
Administration Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms
Department of Homeland
Security Immigration and Customs Enforcement
U.S. Customs and Border Patrol Transportation
Security Administration
U.S. Secret Service
Federal Law Enforcement
Training Center
Department of the Treasury
Internal Revenue Service
US Postal Service
Tribal Agencies
Linkages And Law Enforcement: An Introduction to the Linkage Blindness Phenomenon
Linkages And Law Enforcement
Coordination and Information Sharing Between Law Enforcement and the Rest of the Criminal Justice System From Suspect to Charge
The Role of the Police Determining Guilt
The Role of the Court Administering Punishment and Reforming the Offender
The Role of Corrections
Chapter Summary
Origins and Development of Law Enforcement
Chapter outline
Early Origins of Social Control
Development of Formal Policing in England
From Tithings to Posse Comitatus
The Formal System of Policing
Linkages And Law Enforcement: Posse Comitatus Today Development of Formal Policing in the United States
Early watch systems
Slave Patrols and the Jim Crow laws
The Eras of American Policing
The Political Era (1840-1930)
The Pendleton Act of 1883
Wickersham Commission
Women and Minorities in Early Policing
Origins of the Reform Era
Faces of Reform: Early Leaders in Law Enforcement Reform
August Vollmer
O.W. Wilson: The Protege
J. Edgar Hoover: The F.B.I.
Chapter Summary
Traditional Policing and Police Professionalization
Introduction: The Baby and the Bath Water
The Rise of the Professional Model of Policing
Policing as a Profession
Advanced Study Code of Ethics
Prestige Standards of Admission
A Professional Association
A service ideal
Linkages And Law Enforcement: What Would a "Professional" Law Enforcement Agency Look Like?
Crime Control as a Focal Concern: Implication for Resource Deployment
Counting Crime: The Uniform Crime Reports (UCR)
Response Rate Structure of the UCR
Calculating Crime Indices
Limitations of the UCR
The Dark Figure of Crime
Linkages And Law Enforcement: Incident Based Reporting and the National Incident-Based Reporting System (NIBRS)
Measuring the Effectiveness of
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