LB Brief

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  • Edition: 6th
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 1/4/2016
  • Publisher: Pearson
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For courses in first-year composition.


Helps you find what you need — and use what you find

LB Brief, Sixth Edition offers the authority and currency of The Little, Brown Handbook in a briefer, more affordable, spiral-bound format. LB Brief  maximizes that handbook’s strengths, while keeping pace with the rapid changes in writing and writing courses. It answers questions about the writing process, critical thinking, grammar and style, research writing, documentation, and more. With a cross-curricular outlook, easy-to-use format, and assumption of little or no experience with writing or handbooks, LB Brief is ideal for students of all interest and skill levels.


Also available with MyWritingLab™
This title is also available with MyWritingLab, an online homework, tutorial, and assessment program designed to work with this text to engage students and improve results. Within its structured environment, students practice what they learn, test their understanding, and pursue a personalized study plan that helps them better absorb course material and understand difficult concepts. In addition to the full eText, activities directly from the text are available within MyWritingLab. These include written assignments, readings from the text, review exercises, and more.


NOTE: You are purchasing a standalone product; MyWritingLab does not come packaged with this content. If you would like to purchase both the physical text and MyWritingLab, search for:



0134140192 / 9780134140193      LB Brief Plus MyWritingLab with Pearson eText -- Access Card Package

Package consists of:

  • 0133954706 / 9780133954708      MyWritingLab with Pearson eText -- Valuepack Access Card
  • 0134123077 / 9780134123073      LB Brief


Table of Contents

I.             WRITING PROCESS


1.            The Writing Situation  

                a             Analysis

                b             Subject and assignment

                c             Purpose

                d             Audience

                e             Genre

2.            Invention  

                a             Journal keeping

                b             Observing

                c             Freewriting

                d             Brainstorming

                e             Drawing

                f              Asking questions


3.            Thesis and Organization   

                a             Thesis statement

                b             Organization

                               SAMPLE INFORMATIVE ESSAY


4.            Drafting  

                a              Starting

                b              Maintaining momentum

                c              Sample first draft


5.            Revising     

                a              Reading your work critically

                b              Collaborating

                c              Writing a title

                d              Sample revision


6.            Editing, Formatting, and Proofreading   

                a              Editing

                b              Formatting; proofreading

                c              SAMPLE FINAL DRAFT (RESPONSE ESSAY)   


7.            Paragraphs   

                a              Relating paragraphs in the essay

                b              Unity around a central idea

                c              Coherence

                d              Development

                e              Introductions; conclusions


8.            Presenting Writing    

                a              Academic writing

                                SAMPLE PAPER IN MLA FORMAT  

                b              Visuals and other media

                c              Web writing

                                SAMPLE HOME PAGE   

                                SAMPLE LITERACY NARRATIVE ON A BLOG  





9.            Academic Writing    

                a              Purpose and audience

                b              Genre

                c              Structure and content

                d              Using sources with integrity

                e              Academic language

                f               Communicating in an academic setting


10.          Critical Reading and Writing  

                a              Techniques of critical reading

                b              Summarizing

                c              Critical response

                d              Viewing visuals critically

                e              Writing critically

                f               SAMPLE CRITICAL ANALYSIS       


11.          Writing Arguments    

                a              Choosing a arguable subject

                b              Making claims

                c              Gathering and evaluating evidence

                d              Recognizing assumptions

                e              Reasonableness

                f               Organization; revision

                g              SAMPLE ARGUMENT    


12.          Reading and Writing about Literature    

                a              Critical reading

                b              Writing a literary analysis


13.          Oral Presentations         

                a              Planning and organization

                b              Delivery

                                SAMPLE PRESENTATION SLIDES   


14.          Public Writing    

                a              Social media

                b              Business letters

                                SAMPLE COVER LETTER   

                c              Job applications

                                SAMPLE RÉSUMÉS   

                d              Memos

                                SAMPLE MEMO    

                e              Community work







15.          Emphasis    

                a              Subjects and verbs

                b              Sentence beginnings and endings

                c              Coordination

                d              Subordination


16.          Parallelism    

                a              With and, but, or, nor, yet

                b              With both . . . and, etc.

                c              In comparisons

                d              In lists, headings, outlines


17.          Variety and Details    

                a              Sentence length

                b              Sentence structure

                c              Details


18.          Appropriate and Exact Words  

                a              Appropriate words

                b              Exact words


19.          Completeness    

                a              Compounds

                b              Needed words


20.          Conciseness  

                a              Focusing on subject and verb

                b              Cutting empty words

                c              Cutting repetition

                d              Tightening modifiers

                e              Revising there is and it is

                f               Combining sentences

                g              Avoiding jargon






21.         Parts of Speech    

22.         The Sentence    

23.         Phrases and Subordinate Clauses    

24.         Sentence Types    



25.         Verb Forms    

              a                Irregular verbs

              b                Sit/set; lie/lay; rise/raise

              c                -s and -ed forms

              d                Helping verbs

              e                Verb + gerund or infinitive

              f                 Verb + particle


26.        Verb Tense    

              a                Present tense: sing

              b                Perfect tenses: have/ had/ will have sung

              c                Progressive tenses: is/ was/ will be singing

              d                Consistency

              e                Sequence


27.        Verb Mood    

              a                Subjunctive: I wish I were

              b                Consistency


28.        Verb Voice    

              a                Active

              b                Passive

              c                Consistency


29.        Subject-Verb Agreement    

              a                -s and -es endings

              b                Intervening words

              c                Subjects with and

              d                Subjects with or or nor

              e                Everyone and other indefinite pronouns

              f                Team and other collective nouns

              g                Who, which, that

              h                News and other singular nouns ending in -s

              i                 Verb preceding subject

              j                 Is, are, and other linking verbs

              k                Titles; words being defined



30.        Pronoun Case    

              a                She and I vs. her and me

              b                It was she

              c                Who vs. whom

              d                Other constructions


31.        Pronoun-Antecedent Agreement  

              a                Antecedents with and

              b                Antecedents with or or nor

              c                Everyone, person, and other indefinite words

              d                Team and other collective nouns


32.        Pronoun Reference   

              a                Clear reference

              b                Close reference

              c                Specific reference

              d                Appropriate you

              e                Consistency



33.        Adjectives and Adverbs    

              a                Adjective vs. adverb

              b                Adjective with linking verb: felt bad

              c                Comparisons

              d                Double negatives

              e                Participles: boring vs. bored

              f                A, an, the; other determiners


34.        Misplaced and Dangling Modifiers    

              a                Misplaced modifiers

              b                Dangling modifiers



35.        Sentence Fragments    

              a                Tests

              b                Revision

              c                Acceptable fragments


36.        Comma Splices and Fused Sentences    

              a                Main clauses without and, but, etc.

              b                Main clauses with however, for example, etc.


37.        Mixed Sentences    

              a                Mixed meaning

              b                Tangled grammar

              c                Repeated subjects and other parts





V.            PUNCTUATION


38.          End Punctuation    

                a              Period

                b              Question mark

                c              Exclamation point


39.          Comma    

                a              Main clauses with and, but, etc.

                b              Introductory elements

                c              Nonessential elements

                d              Items in a series

                e             Two or more adjectives

                f               Dates, addresses, etc.

                g              With quotations

                h              Misuses 


40.          Semicolon    

                a              Main clauses without and, but, etc.

                b              Main clauses with however, for example, etc.

                c              Main clauses or series items with commas

                d              Misuses


41.          Colon    

                a              Concluding explanation, series, etc.

                b              Salutation; title and subtitle; time

                c              Misuses


42.          Apostrophe    

                a              Possession

                b              Misuses

                c              Contractions

                d              Plural abbreviations, etc.


43.          Quotations Marks    

                a              Direct quotations

                b              Within a quotation

                c              Titles of works

                d              Words used in a special sense

                e              Misuses

                f               With other punctuation


44.          Other Marks    

                a              Dash or dashes

                b              Parentheses

                c              Ellipsis mark

                d              Brackets

                e              Slash





45.          Spelling  

46.          Hyphen

47.          Capital Letters    

48.          Italics or Underlining  

49.          Abbreviations    

50.          Numbers    





51.          Research Strategy    

                a              Planning

                b              Research journal

                c              Subject and question

                d              Goals for sources

                e              Working, annotated bibliography

                                SAMPLE ENTRY FOR AN ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY   


52.          Finding Sources    

                a              Your library’s Web site

                b              Electronic searches

                c              Reference works

                d              Books

                e              Periodicals

                f               The Web

                g              Social media

                h              Government publications

                i               Visuals, audio, and video

                j               Your own sources


53.          Working with Sources    

                a              Evaluating sources

                b              Synthesizing sources

                c              Gathering information

                d              Using summary, paraphrase, quotation

                e              Integrating sources


54.          Avoiding Plagiarism and Documenting Sources    

                a              Deliberate vs. careless plagiarism

                b              What not to acknowledge

                c              What must be acknowledged

                d              Obtaining permission

                e              Documenting sources


55.          Writing the Paper   

                a              Focusing and organizing

                b              Drafting; revising; editing; formatting


56.          MLA Documentation and Format    

                Indexes to models    
                a              Parenthetical text citations

                b              List of works cited

                c              Format of paper

                d              SAMPLE MLA PAPER  


57.          APA Documentation and Format   

                Indexes to models    

                a              Parenthetical text citations

                b              List of  references

                c              Format of paper

                d              SAMPLE APA PAPER   



                Glossary of Usage           

                Glossary of Terms           


                Culture Language Guide                              



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