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The newest member of the Little, Brown family of handbooks, LB Brief offers a mid-sized, spiral-bound reference at an affordable price. Like its relatives, LB Brief provides students of varying skills and interests with clear, reliable, and accessible advice on the writing process, critical thinking and argument, writing with computers, grammar and usage, research writing, source documentation, and more. Nine sample student essays, hundreds of clear examples from across the curriculum, and exercises in connected discourse give students models to emulate and opportunities for practice. Unique reference aidsincluding frequently asked questions, "Key Terms" boxes, an accessible organization, and minimal terminologyhelp students find what they need and then use what they find.
Table of Contents
I. WRITING PROCESS. 1. The Writing Situation. Analysis. Subject. Audience. Purpose. 2. Invention. Journal keeping. Observing. Freewriting. Brainstorming. Clustering. Asking questions. Reading. Thinking critically. 3. Thesis and Organization. Thesis statement. Organization. 4. Drafting. Starting. Maintaining momentum. Sample first draft. 5. Revising and Editing. Revising as a whole. Sample revision. Editing. Formatting; proofreading. Sample editing; final draft. Collaborating. Assembling a writing portfolio. 6. Paragraphs. Central idea; unity. Coherence. Development. Introductions and conclusions. Linking paragraphs. 7. Critical Thinking, Reading, and Writing. Critical thinking and reading. Critical writing. 8. Writing Arguments. Elements of argument. Writing reasonably. Organizing an argument. Sample argument. II. COMPUTERS IN WRITING. 9. Essential Computer Skills. Managing files. Spelling checkers and other tools. Electronic mail. The Web. 10. Document Design. Principles of design. Elements of design. Sample report and newsletter. 11. Web Composition. Online papers. Original sites. III. CLARITY AND STYLE. 12. Emphasis. Subjects and verbs. Order of information. Coordination. Subordination. 13. Parallelism. With and, but, or, nor, yet. With both...and, not...but, etc. In comparisons. With lists, headings, and outlines. 14. Variety and Details. Sentence length. Sentence structure. Details. 15. Appropriate and Exact Words. Appropriate words. Exact words. 16. Completeness. Compounds. Needed words. 17. Conciseness. Focusing on subject and verb. Cutting empty words. Cutting repetition. Tightening clauses and phrases. Cutting there is or it is. Combining sentences. Avoiding jargon. IV. SENTENCE PARTS AND PATTERNS. Basic Grammar. 18. Parts of Speech. Nouns. Pronouns. Verbs. Adjectives and adverbs. Prepositions and conjunctions. Interjections. 19. The Sentence. Subject and predicate. Predicate patterns. Alternates to subject-predicate order. 20. Phrases and Subordinate Clauses. Phrases. Subordinate clauses. 21. Sentence Types. Simple sentences. Compound sentences. Complex sentences. Compound-complex sentences. Verbs. 22. Forms. Sing/sang/sung and other irregular verbs. Sit/set; lie/lay; rise/raise. -s and -ed forms. Be, have, and other helping verbs. Verb + gerund or infinitive: stop eating vs. stop to eat ESL. Verb + particle: look up, look over, etc. ESL. 23. Tenses. Present tense: sing. Perfect tenses: have/had/will have sung. Progressive tenses: is/was/wi