9780838466889

Learning About Language Assessment Dilemmas, Decisions, and Directions

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780838466889

  • ISBN10:

    0838466885

  • Edition: 1st
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 10/15/1997
  • Publisher: Heinle ELT
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Summary

This title provides a practical analysis of language assessment theory with accessible explanations of the statistics involved.

Table of Contents

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS vi(1)
PREFACE vii(2)
AUTHOR'S PREFACE ix(1)
INTRODUCTION: TWENTY QUESTIONS x
CHAPTER 1: ASSESSMENT AS INFORMATION GATHERING
1(11)
CHAPTER 2: ANALYZING TESTS: THE CASE OF DICTATION
12(12)
Standard Dictations and Wesche's Framework
13(2)
Partial Dictations
15(2)
Graduated Dictations
17(7)
CHAPTER 3: CONFLICTING PURPOSES OF ASSESSMENT
24(19)
Norm-referenced and Criterion-referenced Testing
35(2)
Purposes of Language Assessment
37(6)
CHAPTER 4: THE ROLE OF BACKGROUND KNOWLEDGE IN THE ASSESSMENT OF RECEPTIVE SKILLS
43(12)
CHAPTER 5: A CLOZE-KNIT FAMILY
55(19)
"Fill-in" Items
59(1)
Cloze Tests
60(3)
C-Tests
63(11)
CHAPTER 6: ANOTHER DILEMMA: CONTRASTING PAIRS OF CONCEPTS
74(13)
Direct and Indirect Tests
75(1)
Discrete-Point and Integrative Testing
75(2)
Objective and Subjective Scoring
77(10)
CHAPTER 7: SOME USEFUL STATISTICAL TOOLS
87(23)
Measures of Central Tendency
90(1)
Measures of Dispersion
91(3)
Frequency Polygons
94(5)
Degrees of Freedom
99(1)
Calculating Standard Deviation
100(2)
Standardized Scores
102(8)
CHAPTER 8: THE CORRELATION FAMILY
110(19)
Types of Data
111(2)
Basic Correlation Concepts
113(3)
Pearson's Correlation Coefficient
116(1)
Overlapping Variance
117(1)
Spearman's Rank-order Correlation
118(1)
Point-biserial Correlation Coefficient
119(10)
CHAPTER 9: MULTIPLE-CHOICE TESTS AND ITEM ANALYSES
129(19)
Multiple-Choice Tests
130(2)
Item Facility
132(2)
Distractor Analysis
134(1)
Item Discrimination
135(3)
Response Frequency Distribution
138(10)
CHAPTER 10: MEASURING MEANING: DICTOCOMPS AND STRIP STORIES
148(20)
CHAPTER 11: ELICITING SPEECH SAMPLES IN ROLE PLAYS
168(17)
Plausibility and Experience
174(1)
Unequal Power Discourse
175(2)
Some Issues in Scoring Speech Samples
177(1)
Computing Rater Reliability
178(7)
CHAPTER 12: THREE APPROACHES TO SCORING WRITING SAMPLES
185(19)
Holistic Scoring
187(2)
Analytic Scoring
189(3)
Objective Scoring
192(12)
CHAPTER 13: "ALTERNATIVE" ASSESSMENTS: PERFORMANCE TESTS AND PORTFOLIOS
204(23)
Performance Tests
208(8)
Portfolio Assessment
216(11)
CHAPTER 14: SELF-ASSESSMENT IN LANGUAGE LEARNING
227(16)
GLOSSARY 243(7)
REFERENCES 250

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