9780205507245

Learning and Cognition The Design of the Mind

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780205507245

  • ISBN10:

    0205507247

  • Edition: 1st
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 12/28/2008
  • Publisher: Pearson

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Summary

What is the design of the mind? What does that design imply for education? This comprehensive and engaging introduction to human learning and its applications to education focuses on these vital questions by exploring the theories of knowledge, complex cognition, and human intelligence, presenting a clear and interesting overview of the human mind through multiple theoretical lenses. The author delineates how the mind has a clear design, or architecture, that explains simple acts of memory and complex cognition, to highly creative acts and leaps of scientific or artistic insight. Topics covered throughout the text include: memory, motivation, cognitive development, the brain, and intelligence. Unique to this text, the author has provided an interdisciplinary chapter dedicated to theories of knowledge, extended coverage of expert-novice differences and talent development, and a chapter devoted to intelligence. Readers will appreciate special features like Learning Strategieswhich cover specific application of the theories to classroom practice, and Interest Magnetswhich explore fascinating topics such as photographic memory, sleep learning, and Einstein#x19;s brain. Written like a narrative, Learning and Cognition: The Design of the Mindwill delight its readers#x19; interest and attention as they learn about the theories of human learning and cognition and the improvement of the mind through education.

Author Biography

Michael E. Martinez received his Ph.D. in educational psychology from Stanford University. A former high school science teacher, Professor Martinez conducts research on human intelligence, assessment, and science learning. He is a former Fulbright Scholar and received the Presidential Commendation for Contributions to Psychology from the American Psychological Association.

Table of Contents

Introduction Four Paradigms Where is Education?
What is Education? The Design of Educational Experience
The Mindrsquo;S Architecture
Behaviorism
Why Study Behavior?
Classical Conditioning Early Behaviorism in America Classical
Conditioning and Education Operant Conditioning
Behaviorismrsquo;s Enduring Impact Behaviorism Challenged
Is There a Downside to Behaviorism?
Learning Strategies Conclusion
The Cognitive Architecture
The Computer Metaphor
The Sensory Register Short-Term/Working Memory
Long-Term Memory Summarizing the Cognitive Architecture Basic Cognitive Processes
The Funnel of Information Chunking and Automaticity Laws of Learning Learning Strategies Conclusion
Theories of Knowledge Philosophy Semiotics Linguistics Artificial Intelligence Psychology Anthropology Learning Strategies Conclusion
Complex Cognition Metacognition Problem Solving
Critical Thinking Inferential Reasoning Creativity
The Nature of Higher-Order Thought
The Social Origins of Complex Cognition Learning Strategies Conclusion
Motivation Volition and Emotion
The Trilogy of Mind Emotions Motivation Theories Based on Global Motives Motivation Theories Based on Beliefs
About Events Motivation Theories Based on Beliefs About Self Goals Self-Regulation
New Directions Learning Strategies Conclusion
Developing Minds
Cognitive Development and Expertise
What is Development? Cognitive Development: Piaget Neo-Piagetian Theories Vygotskyan
Theory Language Development Development Toward Expertise
The Timeline fo
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

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