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Legal Guide for Police : Constitutional Issues

by ;
Edition:
9th
ISBN13:

9781437755886

ISBN10:
1437755887
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
10/14/2010
Publisher(s):
Elsevier Science Ltd
List Price: $32.95

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Summary

Today's law enforcement officers, who are required to be highly knowledgeable about the law, will find this guide to be a valuable tool, bringing them up-to-date with developments in the law of arrest, search and seizure, police authority to detain, questioning suspects and pretrial identification procedures, police power and its limitations, and civil liability of police officers and agencies. Appendix contains the Bill of Rights and the Fourteenth Amendment. Table of cases lists every case referenced in the text.

Author Biography

Jeffery T. Walker is a professor of Criminal Justice and Criminology in the Department of Criminal Justice at the University of Arkansas, Little Rock. Craig Hemmens is a professor in the Department of Criminal Justice at Boise State University.

Table of Contents

Prefacep. ix
Results of Failure to Comply with Constitutional Mandatesp. 1
Civil Liabilitiesp. 2
Civil Rights Actionsp. 2
Liability of Supervisors, Administrators, and Agenciesp. 7
Admissibility of Evidencep. 12
Summaryp. 14
Police Power and Limitationsp. 17
Police Power, Authority, and Responsibilityp. 17
Limits on Police Authorityp. 18
Bill of Rightsp. 19
Due Process of Lawp. 20
Effects of Broadening the Scope of the Fourteenth Amendment Due Process Clausep. 21
Protection of Rights via State Constitutions and Lawsp. 21
Summaryp. 22
Police Authority to Detainp. 25
General Considerationsp. 25
Consensual Encountersp. 26
Terry v. Ohio Stop-and-Frisk Rationalep. 27
Application to Off-Street Situationsp. 33
Application to Detention of Motoristsp. 33
Detention of Luggagep. 36
Duration of the Detentionp. 37
Detention to Check Driver's License and Registrationp. 39
Detention at Police Roadblocksp. 40
Summaryp. 42
Law of Arrestp. 45
General Considerationsp. 45
Statutory Authority to Arrestp. 47
Definition and Elements of Arrestp. 50
Arrest under the Authority of an Arrest Warrantp. 54
Arrest without a Warrantp. 63
Post-Arrest Probable Cause Determinationp. 75
Use of Force in Making an Arrestp. 77
The Citation and Summons in Law Enforcementp. 81
Arrest after Fresh Pursuitp. 83
Summaryp. 84
Search and Seizure with a Warrantp. 87
General Considerationsp. 87
Constitutional Provisionsp. 88
The Exclusionary Rulep. 89
Extension of the Exclusionary Rule to All Courts: Mapp v. Ohiop. 89
Application and Modification of the Exclusionary Rulep. 90
Seizure with a Valid Search Warrant-Generalp. 95
Requirements of a Valid Search Warrantp. 95
Execution of the Search Warrantp. 103
Search of a Person on the Premises Where Such Person Is Not Described in the Warrantp. 110
Return of the Warrantp. 111
Summaryp. 112
Search and Seizure without a Warrantp. 113
General Considerationsp. 114
Search Incident to a Lawful Arrestp. 114
Search with a Valid Waiver (Consent Searches)p. 125
Search of Movable Vehicles and Objectsp. 133
Search after Lawful Impoundment (Inventory Searches)p. 137
Exigent Circumstances Exception to the Warrant Requirementp. 140
Plain View Searchesp. 142
Search of Premises Not Protected by the Fourth Amendment (Open Fields)p. 145
Search by a Private Individualp. 147
Standing to Challenge the Searchp. 149
Stop and Friskp. 151
Seizure of Verbal Evidence via Recorders or Microphones: Electronic Searchesp. 158
Airport Searchesp. 161
Search of Pervasively Regulated Businessesp. 161
Summaryp. 162
Questioning Suspectsp. 165
General Considerationsp. 165
The Free and Voluntary Rulep. 167
Warning and Waiver Requirements (Miranda Rule)p. 170
Exclusion Related to the Fourth Amendmentp. 184
Right to Counselp. 187
The Delay in Arraignment Rulep. 193
Corroborationp. 195
Exceptions to Right to Counsel and Self-incriminationp. 196
Admissibility of a Second Confession After an Inadmissible First Confessionp. 199
Summaryp. 200
Pretrial Identification Proceduresp. 203
General Considerationsp. 203
Fingerprinting and Photographing Suspectsp. 204
Lineup-Self-Incrimination Challengep. 206
Lineup-Right to Counsel Challengep. 206
Lineup-Due Process Challengep. 208
Pretrial Photographic Identificationp. 210
Dental Examinationp. 211
Voice Exemplarsp. 212
Footprint Comparisons and Other Body Examinationsp. 212
Deoxyribonucleic Acid (DNA) Testsp. 213
Summaryp. 214
Appendix: Bill of Rights (First Ten Amendments) and the Fourteenth Amendmentp. 217
Table of Casesp. 221
Indexp. 233
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.


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