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This Second Edition of TAKING SIDES: CLASHING VIEWS IN LIFESPAN DEVELOPMENT presents current controversial issues in a debate-style format designed to stimulate student interest and develop critical thinking skills. Each issue is thoughtfully framed with an issue summary, an issue introduction, and a postscript. An instructor's manual with testing material is available for each volume. USING TAKING SIDES IN THE CLASSROOM is also an excellent instructor resource with practical suggestions on incorporating this effective approach in the classroom. Each TAKING SIDES reader features an annotated listing of selected World Wide Web sites and is supported by our student website, www.dushkin.com/online.
Table of Contents
|General Issues in the Study of Lifespan Development||p. 1|
|Does the Cultural Environment Influence Lifespan Development More than Our Genes?||p. 2|
|YES: Paul Ehrlich and Marcus Feldman, from "Genes and Cultures: What Creates Our Behavioral Phenome?" Current Anthropology (February 2003)||p. 4|
|NO: Gary Marcus, from "Making the Mind: Why We've Misunderstood the Nature-Nurture Debate," Boston Review (December 2003/January 2004)||p. 13|
|Are Peers More Important than Parents during the Process of Development?||p. 24|
|YES: Judith Rich Harris, from "How to Succeed in Childhood," Wilson Quarterly (Winter 1991)||p. 26|
|NO: Howard Gardner, from "Do Parents Count?" New York Times Book Review (November 5, 1998)||p. 35|
|Do Significant Innate Differences Influence the Career Success of Males and Females?||p. 47|
|YES: Steven Pinker, from "The Science of Gender and Science: Pinker Vs. Spelke: A Debate," Edge: The Third Culture (May 2005)||p. 49|
|NO: Elizabeth Spelke, from "The Science of Gender and Science: Pinker Vs. Spelke: A Debate," Edge: The Third Culture (May 2005)||p. 60|
|Prenatal Development and Infancy||p. 73|
|Does Prenatal Exposure to Drugs Such as Cocaine Create "Crack Babies" with Special Developmental Concerns?||p. 74|
|YES: Sherri McCarthy and Thomas Franklin Waters, from "A Crack Kid Grows Up: A Clinical Case Report," Journal of Offender Rehabilitation (vol. 37, 2003)||p. 76|
|NO: Mariah Blake, from "The Damage Done: Crack Babies Talk Back," Columbia Journalism Review (September/October 2004)||p. 86|
|Is There a "Myth of the First Three Years"?||p. 91|
|YES: Gwen J. Broude, from "Scatterbrained Child Rearing," Reason (December 2000)||p. 93|
|NO: Zero to Three: National Center for Infants, Toddlers and Families, from "Zero to Three: Response to The Myth of the First Three Years," http://www.zerotothree.org/no-myth.html||p. 97|
|Are There Good Reasons to Allow Infants to Consume Electronic Media, Such as Television?||p. 103|
|YES: Victoria Rideout, Elizabeth Hamel, and the Kaiser Family Foundation, from "The Media Family: Electronic Media in the Lives of Infants, Toddlers, Preschoolers and Their Parents," A Report of the Kaiser Family Foundation (May 2006)||p. 105|
|NO: Daniel R. Anderson and Tiffany A. Pempek, from "Television and Very Young Children," American Behavioral Scientist (January 2005)||p. 124|
|Early Childhood and Middle Childhood||p. 137|
|Is Advertising Responsible for Childhood Obesity?||p. 138|
|YES: The Kaiser Family Foundation, from "The Role of Media in Childhood Obesity," Issue Brief (February 2004)||p. 140|
|NO: Debra J. Holt, Pauline M. Ippolito, Debra M. Desrochers, and Christopher R. Kelley, from "Children's Exposure to Television Advertising in 1977 and 2004: Information for the Obesity Debate," Federal Trade Commission Bureau of Economics Staff Report (June 1, 2007)||p. 154|
|Does Emphasizing Academic Skills Help At-Risk Preschool Children?||p. 163|
|YES: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, from Strengthening Head Start: What the Evidence Shows (June 2003)||p. 165|
|NO: C. Cybele Raver and Edward F. Zigler, from "Another Step Back? Assessing Readiness in Head Start," Young Children (January 2004)||p. 177|
|Is Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD/ADHD) a Legitimate Medical Condition That Affects Childhood Behavior?||p. 186|
|YES: Michael Fumento, from "Trick Question," The New Republic (February 2003)||p. 188|
|NO: Rogers H. Wright, from "Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: What It Is and What It Is Not," in Rogers H. Wright and Nicholas A. Cummings, eds., Destructive Trends In Mental Health: The Well-Intentioned Path To Harm (Routledge, 2005)||p. 195|
|Are Efforts to Improve Self-Esteem Misguided?||p. 206|
|YES: Roy F. Baumeister, Jennifer D. Campbell, Joachim I. Krueger, and Kathleen D. Vohs, from "Exploding the Self-Esteem Myth," Scientific American (January 2005)||p. 208|
|NO: William B. Swann, Christine Chang-Schneider, and Katie Larsen McClarty, from "Do People's Self-Views Matter? Self-Concept and Self-Esteem in Everyday Life," American Psychologist (February-March 2007)||p. 214|
|Should Contemporary Adolescents Be Engaged in More Structured Activities?||p. 225|
|YES: Joseph L. Mahoney, Angel L. Harris, and Jacquelynne S. Eccles, from "Organized Activity Participation, Positive Youth Development, and the Over-Scheduling Hypothesis," Social Policy Report (August 2006)||p. 227|
|NO: Alvin Rosenfeld, from "Comments on 'Organized Activity Participation, Positive Youth Development, and the Over-Scheduling Hypothesis'," http://www.hyper-parenting.com/start.htm (2001)||p. 235|
|Does Violent Media Cause Teenage Aggression?||p. 242|
|YES: Nancy Signorielli, from Violence in the Media: A Reference Handbook ABC-CLIO (2005)||p. 244|
|NO: Jonathan L. Freedman, from Media Violence and Its Effect on Aggression: Assessing the Scientific Evidence (University of Toronto Press, 2002)||p. 256|
|Youth and Early Adulthood||p. 267|
|Are Contemporary Young Adults More Selfish than Previous Generations?||p. 268|
|YES: Jean M. Twenge, from Generation Me: Why Today's Young Americans Are More Confident, Assertive, Entitled-and More Miserable Than Ever Before (Free Press, 2006)||p. 270|
|NO: Jeffrey Jensen Arnett, from "Suffering, Selfish, Slackers? Myths and Reality about Emerging Adults," Journal of Youth and Adolescence (January 2007)||p. 280|
|Are College Graduates Unprepared for Adulthood and the World of Work?||p. 287|
|YES: Mel Levine, from "College Graduates Aren't Ready for the Real World," The Chronicle of Higher Education (February 18, 2005)||p. 289|
|NO: Frank F. Furstenberg, Jr., et al., from "Growing Up Is Harder to Do," Contexts (Summer 2004)||p. 294|
|Middle Adulthood||p. 303|
|Is the Institution of Marriage at Risk?||p. 304|
|YES: Andrew J. Cherlin, from "The Deinstitutionalization of American Marriage," Journal of Marriage and Family (September 2004)||p. 306|
|NO: Frank Furstenberg, from "Can Marriage Be Saved?" Dissent (Summer 2005)||p. 319|
|Can Lesbian and Gay Couples Be Appropriate Parents for Children?||p. 327|
|YES: American Psychological Association, from "APA Policy Statement on Sexual Orientation, Parents, & Children" (July 2004)||p. 329|
|NO: Timothy J. Dailey, from "State of the States: Update on Homosexual Adoption in the U.S.," Family Research Council (no. 243, 2004)||p. 334|
|Is Religion a Pure Good in Facilitating Well-Being during Adulthood?||p. 341|
|YES: David G. Myers, from "Wanting More in an Age of Plenty," Christianity Today (April 2000)||p. 343|
|NO: Julie Juola Exline, from "Stumbling Blocks on the Religious Road: Fractured Relationships, Nagging Vices, and the Inner Struggle to Believe," Psychological Inquiry (vol. 13, 2002)||p. 352|
|Later Adulthood||p. 365|
|Can We Universally Define "Successful Aging"?||p. 366|
|YES: John W. Rowe and Robert L. Kahn, from "Successful Aging," The Gerontologist (vol. 37, 1997)||p. 368|
|NO: Martha B. Holstein and Meredith Minkler, from "Self, Society, and the 'New Gerontology'," The Gerontologist (vol. 43, 2003)||p. 378|
|Are Brain Exercises Unhelpful in Preventing Cognitive Decline in Old Age?||p. 389|
|YES: Timothy A. Salthouse, from "Mental Exercise and Mental Aging: Evaluating the Validity of the 'Use It or Lose It' Hypothesis," Perspectives on Psychological Science (2006)||p. 391|
|NO: Carmi Schooler, from "Use It-and Keep It, Longer, Probably: A Reply to Salthouse," Perspectives on Psychological Science (March 2007)||p. 405|
|Should the Terminally Ill Be Able to Have Physicians Help Them Die?||p. 415|
|YES: Richard T. Hull, from "The Case for Physician-Assisted Suicide," Free Inquiry (Spring 2003)||p. 417|
|NO: Margaret A. Somerville, from "The Case against Euthanasia and Physician-Assisted Suicide," Free Inquiry (Spring 2003)||p. 421|
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