9780873397216

Light Metals 2008 Vol. 1 : Aluminum and Bauxite

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  • ISBN13:

    9780873397216

  • ISBN10:

    0873397215

  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2008-03-01
  • Publisher: Wiley
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Summary

Volume one of four: This publication includes papers on alumina and bauxite from the 2008 TMS Annual Meeting. Other volumes include papers on aluminum reduction technology, carbon technology, cast shop technology, hot and cold rolling and recycling aluminum.From the 2008 TMS Annual Meeting, held March 9-12, 2008, in New Orleans, LA.

Table of Contents

Preface
Editor's Biography
Program Organizer's
Aluminum Committee
Alumina and Bauxite
HSEC
Safety Performance at Alunorte
Tailings Impoundment Life Extension at Sherwin Alumina: Success Breeds Its Own Challenges
Proposed Mechanism for the Formation of Dust Horizons on Bauxite Residue Disposal Areas
Waste into Wealth
Short- and Long-Range Order in Smelter Grade Alumina - Development of Nano- and Microstructure during the Calcination of Bayer Gibbsite
Equipment
Advanced Filtration Methods for Pregnant Liquor Purification
Digestion Energy Efficiency at RTA Yarwun Alumina Refinery
Operational Experience with a Brownfield Expansion Project in Sayanogorsk, Russia
MAX HTTMSodalite Scale Inhibitor: Plant Experience and Impact on the Process
How to Achieve High Availability with Large Calciners and Avoid Unforseen Downtime
Customized Descaling Robots - Improving Worker's Health and Safety, Increasing Alumina Production Capacity
Determination of a Suitable Dewatering Technology for Filtration of Bauxite after Pipeline Transport
Bauxite
Chinese Bauxite and Its Influences on Alumina Production in China
Alunorte Bauxite Dewatering Station - a Unique Experience
A New Method Using Hydraulic Excavator and Tractor on Paragominas Bauxite Mine
Design and Operation of the World's First Long Distance Bauxite Slurry Pipeline
Bauxite to Gallium - The Electronic Metal of the Twenty-First Century
Behaviour of Berylium in Alumina Production from Bauxites by Bayer Process and Development of Reliable Method of Its Determination
Impact of Jamaican Bauxite Mineralogy on Plant Operations
Additives
New Crystal Growth Modifiers for Bayer Process
The Effect of DSP Structure on Removal of Impurities from Refinery Liquor and Efficiency of Alkali Recovery Process
Performance Appraisal of Evaporation System with Scale Inhibitor Application in Alunorte Plant
Cost Savings by Improved Filtration and Washing of Al-Hydrate Product
Autoprecipitation Control with HXPAM Technology
Application and Performance Characteristics of Superfloc TF-8000 - A New HXPAM Based Hydrate Flocculant
Operations
The Kinetics of Quartz Dissolution in Caustic Solutions and Synthetic Bayer Liquors
Potential Improvements of Bauxite Atmospheric Digestion Circuit
Process Diagnosis Based on Neural Network Expert System for Gas Suspension Calcinations of Aluminum Hydroxide
Review on the Quality of Alumina
Precipitation
The Effects of Wet Oxidation on Hydrate Yield Inhibitors in Alkaline Aluminate Solutions
Using Mass Balance for Solids Concentration Control at Agglomerator Tanks
The Most Important Sustainable Development Issues of Chinese Alumina Industry
The Impact of Conversion from Batch to Continuous Agglomeration at the Ewarton Alumina Refinery
Characterization Profile in Scales from CVG-Bauxilum
Aluminum Reduction Technology
Sustainability and Environment
Innovative Solutions to Sustainability in Hydro
Smelters in the EU and the Challenge of the Emission Trading Scheme
Wireless Measurement of Duct Temperatures on Aluminum Smelting Pots: Correlation to Roofline HF Concentration
Hard Gray Scale
Comparison of PFC Emission Rates for Operating and Newly Started Pots at a Horizontal Stud Soderberg Smelter
Reduced Emissions from the Elkem Aluminium Lista Søderberg Smelter
Comparison of PFC Emission Coefficients for Operating and Startup Pots at a Side Work Prebake Smelter
Scrubbing: Development of a Technical Audit System for Process, Operation and Maintenance
Cell Development Part I and Operations
The FECRI Approach and the Latest Development of AP3X Technology
Expansion of the Potline in Slovalco
The Alcan's P155 Smelters Now Operating at 195 kA: A Successful Assets Optimization Strategy
Design Enhancements to GP320 Technology at Balco
The Continuous Development of SAMI's SY300 Technology
Increase of Amperage at Sayanogorsk Aluminum Smelter
Anode Signal Analysis: The Next Generation in Reduction Cell Control
Image Analysis for Estimation of Anode Cover Material Composition
An Automated Metal Purity Optimization System for Enhanced Revenue Capture
Impact of Alumina Fines Content on Potline Performance Ouro Preto Smelter
Process Control
Common Cell Behavior and Cell Abnormalities in Aluminium Reduction Cells
Novel Method of Measuring the Liquidus and Bath Temperature of Hall-Héroult Cells
Analysis of a Potroom Performance Drift, from a Multivariate Point of View
Experimental Designs for Use in the Aluminium Industry
Practical Applications of the Continous Measurement of Individual Anode Currents in Hall-Heroult Cells
Experiments on Wireless Measurement of Anode Currents in Hall Cells
Smart Feeders at Alumar Plant
Breakthrough in Analysis of Electrolytic Bath Using Rietveld-XRD Method
Model Predictive Control of Superheat for Prebake Aluminum Production Cells
The Application of Data Mining Technology in the National Aluminum Test Base
Discussion of Alumina Feeding Control Strategies
The Impact of Bath Ratio Control Improvements on Current Efficiency Increase
Aluminum Industry in Mid-East
Aluminium Smelting Greenhouse Footprint and Sustainability
Development of Aluminum Production Capacity in the Middle East and Siberia
Rusals Expansion Based on Hydropower
DX Technology: The Development and the Way Forward
Alba Line 5 Expansion - Solutions for a Better Environment
Reduction Cell Modelling
Optimization in Magnetic Modeling
Shallow Water Model for Aluminium Electrolysis Cells with Variable Top and Bottom
Impact of the Vertical Potshell Deformation on the MHD Cell Stability Behavior of a 500kA Aluminum Electrolysis Cell
Comparison of Various Methods for Modeling the Metal-Bath Interface
Modeling and Measurement of Metal Pad Velocity in a 208 Ka End to End Prebaked Cells
Dynamics of the Gas Emission from Aluminum Electrolysis Cells
Freeze Thickness in the Aluminum Electrolysis Cells
Application of Mathematical Methods to Optimize Aluminium Production in Pre-Baked Anode Cells
Two-Dimensional Model of Melt Flows and Interface Instability in Aluminum Reduction Cells
Cell Development Part II
Last Development in AP50 Cell
Fjardaal Smelter Project, Iceland - Modular Construction
Successful Dry Restart of the Hamburg Smelter
Years of Continues Improvements in TALUM Smelter
Faster Normalisation of Cells After Bath up
Development of New Generation SY300 Technology
Thyristor Rectifiers for Aluminium Plants with Advanced Freewheeling Control
Alcoa's Pathway to Reliability Excellence
Fundamentals, New Technologies, Inert Anodes
Technical Contributions of the Late Warren Haupin - A Review
Top Heat Loss in Hall-Heroult Cells
Electrolysis of Aluminum in the Low Melting Electrolytes Based on Potassium Cryolite
Influence of CaF2 on the Properties of the Low-Temperature Electrolyte Based on the KF-AlF3 (CR=1,3) System
Temperature of Primary Crystallization in Part of System Na3AlF6-K3AlF6-AlF3
Electrical Conductivity of (Na3AlF6-40 wt%K3AlF6) - AlF3 wt% Melts
Chemical and Electrochemical Reactions in the Al-Al2O3-Na2SO4 System at 927°C
Effect of LiF on Liquidus Temperature, Density and Electrical Conductivity of Molten Cryolite
The Development of 85kA Three-Layer Electrolysis Cell for Refining of Aluminum
Cast Shop Technology
Sustainability in the Casthouse
Melting Furnaces, Technical Developments Reviewed and Thoughts for the Future
Metal Treatment Update
Highest Efficiency and Economic Burner Concepts for the Metallurgical Industry
Evaluation and Reduction of Potroom Bath Carryover to the Casthouse
Understanding of the Mechanisms of Bath Carry-Over with Molten Aluminium in Smelters
Chloride Salt Injection to Replace Chlorine in the Alcoa A622 Degassing Process
Casthouse Operation
ICON: Pre-Treatment of Pot-Room Metal
Gas Fluxing of Molten Aluminum: An Overview
Monolithic Refractory Furnace Linings Designed for Rapid Commisioning
Design Considerations for Holding and Casting Furnaces
Producing Gloss Extruded Shape Products for Special Applications -Experience from Practice
Nonmetallic Inclusions in the Secondary Aluminium Industry for the Production of Aerospace Alloys
Effect of Temperature and Charge Borings in the Fluidity of an Aluminum-Silicon Alloy
Production of Aluminium-Silicon-Magnesium Wrought Alloy Rod with Application in the Manufacture of Extra-High Conductivity AAAC for Overhead Electrical Transmission Lines
Melt Handling and Treatment
Melt Treatment - Evolution and Perspectives
Optimisation of the Melt Quality in Casting/Holding Furnaces
Variations in Aluminium Grain Refiner Performance and the Impact on Addition Optimization
Improved Understanding of the Melting Behavior of Fused Magnesium Chloride-Potassium Chloride Based Refining Fluxes
Development of an Improved System for the Filtration of Molten Aluminium Based on a Three Stage Reactor Employing a Cyclone as the Final Stage
Mechanisms of Inclusion Removal from Aluminum through Filtration
The Effect of Solid Particles on Foaming Process of Aluminum Melt
Predicting of Effect of Delivery System Configuration on Flow and Solidification in the Pool of Twin-Roll Strip Casting
Foundry Ingots and Alloys
Chain Conveyor Remelt Ingot Casting Improvement
Quality and Productivity Improvements in the Manufacture of Foundry (A356.2) Alloy Ingots at Aluminium Bahrain
Microstructural Improvement of Semi Solid Hypoeutectic Al-Si Foundry Alloys through Boron Addition
Characterization of Zn-Al Alloys with Different Structures Using Solidification and Electrochemical Parameters
Study of AlTiBC Master Alloy
Casting Processes and Quality Analysis
Characterization of the Microstructure of the AA8006 Alloy Sheets and Foils
Determination of TiB2 Inclusions in Al-Billets by Single Spark Emission Spectrometry
Mastering the Strip Geometrical Tolerances with the Twin-Roll Continuous Strip-Casting Technology
On the Formation of Interdendritic Cracking Phenomena in Direct Chill Casting of Aluminum Alloy Slabs
Novelis Fusion, a Novel Process for the Future
Wrinkling Phenomena to Explain Vertical Fold Defects in DC-Cast Al-Mg4.5
Investigation of Hydrogen Measurement Technique for Molten Aluminum
Ab-Initio Predictions of Interfacial Heat Flows during the High Speed Thin Strip Casting
of Metals and Alloys
Modelling
Mushy Zone Mechanics and the Modeling Solidification Defects in DC Cast Aluminum
Coupled Modeling of Air-Gap Formation and Surface Exudation during Ingot DCCasting
DC Cast Thermal and Fluid Flow Simulation Using a Semi-Permeable Model of TF Combo Bag
Cyclone Application for Molten Aluminium: Numerical Approach
Heat Transfer during Melt Spinning of Al-7%Si Alloy on a Cu-Be Wheel
Inclusion Transport Phenomena in Casting Furnaces
Gas Fluxing of Aluminum: Modeling Fluid Dynamics and Magnesium Removal
Analysis of the Interaction of Particles with Non-Planar Solidifying Interface
Electrode Technology Symposium (formerly Carbon Technology)
Carbon Sustainability and Environment Aspects
Triple Low-Triple High, Concepts for the Anode Plant of the Future
New Environmental Approach at Baking Furnace
Pneumatic Transfer of Fine Carbon Residues at Albras - a Case Study at the Carbon Plant
Development In Situ of a Semi-Automated System in the Casting Station: A Case Study at Albras
Chemical Stability of Fluorides Related to Spent Potlining
Anode Raw Materials and Properties
Coke Blending and Fines Circuit Targeting at the Alcoa Deschambault Smelter
Design Criteria for Petcoke Calciners
Understanding the Calcined Coke VBD- Porosity Paradox
New Analytical Methods to Determine Calcined Coke Porosity, Shape, and Size
Coke and Anode Desulfurization Studies
Structural Evaluation of Petroleum and Coal Tar Pitch for the Elaboration of Anodes in the Industry of the Aluminum
Anode Manufacturing and Developments
Anode Butts Automated Visual Inspection System
New Rodding Shop Solutions
Safe Operation of Anode Baking Furnaces
Baking Furnace Optimisation
New Concept for a Green Anode Plant
Modelling of Anode Thermal Cracking Behavior
Characteristic and Development of Production Technology of Carbon Anode in China
Cathodes Raw Materials and Properties
ISO Standards for Testing of Cathode Materials
Test and Analysis of Nitride Bonded SiC Sidelining Materials: Typical Properties Analyzed 1997-2007
High Swelling Cold Ramming Paste for Aluminum Reduction Cell
Wear Mechanism Study of Silicon Nitride Bonded Silicon Carbide Refractory Materials
Chemical Resistance of Sidelining Refractory Based on Si3N4 Bonded SiC
Sodium Vapour Degradation of Refractories Used in Aluminium Cells
The Effect of Current Density on Cathode Expansion during Start-Up
Change of Electrical Resistivity of Graphitized Cathode Block during and after Electrolysis in Alumina Molten Salts
Cathodes Manufacturing and Developments
Constitutive Laws of Carboneous Materials of Aluminium Electrolysis Cell: Current Knowledge and Future Development
Cathode Hot Patching to Prolong Cathode Cell Life at DUBAL
High-Performance Preparation Plant for Cathode Paste
Twelve Years of Experience with a Fully Automated Gas Preheating System for Søderberg and Prebake Cells
Cell Preheat/Start-up and Early Operation
Properties of Pitch and Furan-Based TiB2-C Cathodes
Electrodeposition of TiB2 from Cryolite-Alumina Melts
Creep Deformation in TiB2/C Composite Cathode Materials for Aluminum Electrolysis
Penetration of Sodium and Electrolyte to Vibratory Compaction TiB2 Cathode
Effect of Grain Gradation on Tapped Packing Efficiency in Preparing TiB2-C Composite Cathode for Aluminum Electrolysis
Inert Anode
Inert Anodes: An Update
Effects of the NaF to AlF3 Ratio on Fe-Ni-Al2O3 Anode Properties for Aluminum Electrolysis
Anti-Oxidation Properties of Iron-Nickel Alloys at 800-900°C
Effects of Rare Earth Element on Oxide Behavior of Fe-Ni Metal Anode for Aluminium Electrolysis
Effect of Additive CaO on Corrosion Resistance of 10NiO-NiFe2O4 Ceramic Inert Anodes for Aluminium Electrolysis
Hot and Cold Rolling Technology
The Role of Crystallographic Texture on the Performance of Flat Rolled Aluminum Products for Aerospace Applications
Texture Evolution during Rolling of Aluminum Alloys
Optimizing the Winding of Aluminium Strip
Innovations in Surface Quality Inspection as a Cornerstone for Production Optimization
Effect of Surface Engineering on Roll Bonding of the AA2024 Al Clad Plate
Recycling
Light Metals
Dynamic Processes for the Recycling of Low-Quality Charge Materials
Fundamental Study of the Decoating of Aluminium Beverage Can
The Recycling of Aluminum from Building and Construction Applications
Author Index
Subject Index
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