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Lippincott's Textbook for Nursing Assistants A Humanistic Approach to Caregiving,9780781739818

Lippincott's Textbook for Nursing Assistants A Humanistic Approach to Caregiving

by ;
ISBN13:

9780781739818

ISBN10:
0781739810
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
8/2/2004
Publisher(s):
LIPPINCOTT WILLIAMS & WILKINS
List Price: $47.95

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  • Lippincott's Textbook for Nursing Assistants A Humanistic Approach to Caregiving
    Lippincott's Textbook for Nursing Assistants A Humanistic Approach to Caregiving




Summary

This textbook for nursing assistants will prepare students not only to function in the traditional nursing assistant role in nursing homes, hospitals, and home health, but also will prepare students to advance their careers. A nursing assistant student who uses this text will have a firm foundation by which to transition to an LPN and ultimately an RN role. The text offers a compelling art program, a direct, conversational writing style, and an emphasis on professionalism and humanism.A back-of-book CD-ROM includes an audio glossary.

Table of Contents

UNIT 1 INTRODUCTION TO HEALTH CARE
1(106)
The Health Care System
3(13)
Health Care Delivery, Past and Present
4(1)
Health Care Organizations
5(5)
Types of Health Care Organizations
6(2)
Structure of Health Care Organizations
8(2)
Government Regulation of the Health Care System
10(1)
Paying for Health Care
10(6)
Private and Group Insurance
10(3)
Medicare
13(1)
Medicaid
13(3)
The Nursing Assistant
16(12)
Nursing, Past and Present
17(1)
Education of the Nursing Assistant
17(2)
OBRA Requirements for Certification
17(2)
Registry
19(1)
Continuing Education
19(1)
Responsibilities of the Nursing Assistant
19(1)
The Nursing Team
19(4)
Delegation
23(5)
Guidelines for Accepting or Declining an Assignment
25(3)
Professionalism and Job-Seeking Skills
28(20)
What Is a Professional?
29(1)
Job-Seeking Skills
29(10)
Get Ready!
30(3)
Get Set!
33(1)
Go!
34(5)
The Finish Line!
39(1)
What Is a Work Ethic?
39(3)
Punctuality
40(1)
Reliability
40(1)
Accountability
41(1)
Conscientiousness
41(1)
Courtesy and Respectfulness
41(1)
Honesty
41(1)
Cooperativeness
41(1)
Empathy
42(1)
Personal Health and Hygiene
42(6)
Maintaining Your Physical Health
42(1)
Maintaining Your Emotional Health
43(1)
Personal Hygiene and Appearance
44(4)
Legal and Ethical Issues
48(13)
Patients' and Residents' Rights
49(2)
Patients' Rights
49(1)
Residents' Rights
50(1)
Laws: A Way of Preserving Patients' and Residents' Rights
51(5)
Violations of Civil Law
51(3)
Violations of Criminal Law---Abuse
54(2)
Ethics: Guidelines for Behavior
56(5)
Professional Ethics
56(1)
Personal Ethics
57(4)
Communication Skills
61(23)
What Is Communication?
62(1)
Communicating Effectively
63(6)
Tactics that Enhance Communication
64(4)
Blocks to Effective Communication
68(1)
Conflict Resolution
68(1)
Telephone Communication
69(2)
Communication Among Members of the Health Care Team
71(13)
Reporting
72(1)
Recording
73(5)
Guidelines for Recording
78(1)
The Nursing Process
79(5)
Those We Care For
84(23)
Patients, Residents, and Clients
85(2)
Growth and Development
87(6)
Infancy (Birth to 1 Year)
89(1)
Toddlerhood (1 to 3 Years)
90(1)
Preschool (3 to 5 Years)
90(1)
School-age (5 to 12 Years)
91(1)
Adolescence (12 to 20 Years)
91(1)
Young Adulthood (20 to 40 Years)
92(1)
Middle Adulthood (40 to 65 Years)
92(1)
Later Adulthood (65 to 75 Years)
92(1)
Older Adulthood (75 Years and Beyond)
93(1)
Basic Human Needs
93(5)
Maslow's Hierarchy of Human Needs
93(3)
Human Sexuality and Intimacy
96(2)
Culture and Religion
98(2)
Respecting the Individual
100(1)
What Is It Like to Be A Patient or Resident?
100(7)
UNIT 2 SAFETY
107(132)
Communicable Disease and Infection Control
109(26)
What Is a Microbe?
110(3)
Bacteria
110(2)
Viruses
112(1)
Fungi
113(1)
Parasites
113(1)
Defenses Against Communicable Disease
113(3)
The Immune System
113(2)
Antibiotics
115(1)
Communicable Disease and the Chain of Infection
116(2)
Infection Control in the Health Care Setting
118(17)
Medical Asepsis
118(2)
Guidelines for Maintaining a Sanitary Environment
120(3)
Surgical Asepsis
123(1)
Barrier Methods
123(2)
Isolation (Transmission-Based) Precautions
125(2)
Handwashing
127(1)
Removing Gloves
128(1)
Putting on a Gown
129(1)
Removing a Gown
130(1)
Putting on and Removing a Mask
131(1)
Removing More Than One Article of Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)
131(1)
Double-Bagging (Two Assistants)
132(3)
Bloodborne and Airborne Pathogens
135(12)
Bloodborne Pathogens
136(6)
Hepatitis
136(3)
HIV and AIDS
139(1)
Standard Precautions
140(1)
OSHA Bloodborne Pathogens Standard
140(2)
Airborne Pathogens
142(5)
Tuberculosis (TB)
142(2)
Airborne Precautions
144(3)
Workplace Safety
147(17)
Protecting Your Body
148(2)
The ``ABCs'' of Good Body Mechanics
148(1)
Lifting and Back Safety
149(1)
Preventing Falls
150(1)
Preventing Chemical Injuries
151(1)
Preventing Electrical Shocks
152(2)
Guidelines for Protecting Yourself from Physical Injury
153(1)
Fire Safety
154(6)
Preventing Fires
156(1)
Reacting to a Fire Emergency
157(1)
Guidelines for Preventing Fires
158(2)
Disaster Preparedness
160(4)
Patient and Resident Safety and Restraints
164(19)
Accidents
165(4)
Risk Factors
165(1)
Avoiding Accidents
166(2)
Guidelines for Preventing Falls
168(1)
Reporting Accidents
169(1)
Restraints
169(14)
Use of Restraints
172(1)
Complications Associated with Restraint Use
173(1)
Restraint Alternatives
173(1)
Guidelines for Using Restraints
174(2)
Applying Restraints
176(3)
Applying a Vest Restraint
179(1)
Applying Wrist or Ankle Restraints
180(1)
Applying Lap or Waist (Belt) Restraints
181(2)
Positioning, Lifting, and Transferring Patients and Residents
183(33)
Positioning Patients and Residents
184(7)
Basic Positions
185(3)
Repositioning a Person
188(2)
Guidelines for Repositioning a Person
190(1)
Transferring Patients and Residents
191(25)
Guidelines for Assisting a Person With Transferring
192(1)
Transferring a Person to and from a Wheelchair or Chair
192(1)
Transferring a Person to and from a Stretcher
193(1)
Transferring a Person Using a Mechanical Lift
193(1)
Assisting a Person with Walking (Ambulating)
193(2)
Guidelines for Assisting a Person With Walking
195(2)
Moving a Person to the Side of the Bed (One Assistant)
197(1)
Moving a Person to the Side of the Bed (Two Assistants)
198(1)
Moving a Person Up in Bed (One Assistant)
199(1)
Moving a Person Up in Bed (Two Assistants)
200(1)
Raising a Person's Head and Shoulders
200(1)
Turning a Person Onto His or Her Side
201(1)
Logrolling a Person (Two Assistants)
202(1)
Applying a Transfer (Gait) Belt
203(1)
Transferring a Person From a Bed to a Wheelchair (One Assistant)
204(2)
Transferring a Person From a Bed to a Wheelchair (Two Assistants)
206(1)
Transferring a Person From a Wheelchair to a Bed
207(1)
Transferring a Person From a Bed to a Stretcher (Four Assistants)
208(1)
Transferring a Person From a Stretcher to a Bed (Four Assistants)
209(1)
Transferring a Person Using a Mechanical (Hoyer) Lift (Two Assistants)
210(2)
Assisting a Person With Sitting on the Edge of the Bed (``Dangling'')
212(1)
Assisting a Person With Ambulating
213(3)
Basic First Aid and Emergency Care
216(23)
What Is An Emergency?
217(1)
Responding to an Emergency
218(2)
Training Programs
218(1)
The Role of the Nursing Assistant in an Emergency
219(1)
Basic Life Support (BLS) Measures
220(1)
Emergency Situations
221(6)
``Heart Attacks'' and Strokes
222(1)
Fainting (Syncope)
222(1)
Seizures
223(1)
Hemorrhage
224(1)
Shock
224(1)
Airway Obstructions (``Choking'')
225(2)
The Chain of Survival
227(12)
Performing Abdominal Thrusts in Conscious Adults and Children Older Than 1 Year
228(1)
Performing Abdominal Thrusts in Unconscious Adults and Children Older Than 1 Year
229(1)
Performing Chest Thrusts in Adults and Children Older Than 1 Year
230(1)
Clearing the Airway in a Conscious Infant
231(2)
Clearing the Airway in an Unconscious Infant
233(6)
UNIT 3 BASIC PATIENT AND RESIDENT CARE
239(204)
The Patient or Resident Environment
241(16)
The Patient or Resident Unit
242(2)
Hospitals
242(1)
Long-Term Care Facilities
242(2)
Assisted-living Facilities
244(1)
Home Health Care
244(1)
Ensuring Comfort
244(3)
Cleanliness
245(1)
Odor Control
245(1)
Ventilation
246(1)
Room Temperature
246(1)
Lighting
246(1)
Noise Control
247(1)
Furniture and Equipment
247(5)
Beds
247(3)
Chairs
250(1)
Over-Bed Tables
250(1)
Storage Units
250(1)
Call Light and Intercom Systems
251(1)
Privacy Curtains and Room Dividers
251(1)
Other Equipment
252(1)
Personal Items
252(5)
Admissions, Transfers, and Discharges
257(13)
Admissions
258(6)
The Admissions Process
259(1)
Tactics for Making a New Patient or Resident Feel Welcome
260(4)
Transfers
264(1)
Discharges
265(5)
Bedmaking
270(16)
Linens and Other Supplies for Bedmaking
271(2)
Linens
271(1)
Other Bedmaking Supplies
272(1)
Handling of Linens
273(1)
Standard Bedmaking Techniques
274(12)
Guidelines for Handling Linens
275(1)
Guidelines for Bedmaking
276(1)
Closed (Unoccupied) Beds
276(1)
Occupied Beds
277(3)
Making an Unoccupied (Closed) Bed
280(2)
Making an Occupied Bed
282(4)
Vital Signs, Height, and Weight
286(37)
What Do Vital Signs Tell Us?
287(1)
Measuring and Recording Vital Signs
288(1)
Body Temperature
288(5)
Factors Affecting the Body Temperature
289(1)
Measuring the Body Temperature
289(4)
Normal and Abnormal Findings
293(1)
Pulse
293(3)
Factors Affecting the Pulse
294(1)
Measuring the Pulse
294(1)
Normal and Abnormal Findings
295(1)
Respiration
296(1)
Factors Affecting Respiration
296(1)
Measuring Respiration
296(1)
Normal and Abnormal Findings
297(1)
Blood Pressure
297(5)
Factors Affecting Blood Pressure
298(1)
Measuring Blood Pressure
298(2)
Normal and Abnormal Findings
300(1)
Guidelines for Taking a Person's Blood Pressure
301(1)
Height and Weight
302(2)
Measuring Height and Weight
303(1)
Measuring Vital Signs in Children
304(19)
Measuring an Oral Temperature (Glass Thermometer)
307(1)
Measuring an Oral Temperature (Electronic or Digital Thermometer)
308(1)
Measuring a Rectal Temperature (Glass Thermometer)
309(1)
Measuring a Rectal Temperature (Electronic or Digital Thermometer)
310(1)
Measuring an Axillary Temperature (Glass Thermometer)
311(1)
Measuring an Axillary Temperature (Electronic or Digital Thermometer)
312(1)
Measuring an Aural Temperature (Tympanic Thermometer)
313(1)
Taking a Radial Pulse
314(1)
Taking an Apical Pulse
315(1)
Counting Respirations
316(1)
Measuring Blood Pressure
316(1)
Measuring Height and Weight Using an Upright Scale
317(1)
Measuring Weight Using a Chair Scale
318(1)
Measuring Height and Weight Using a Tape Measure and a Sling Scale
319(4)
Cleanliness and Hygiene
323(32)
The Benefits of Personal Hygiene
324(1)
Scheduling of Routine Care
324(1)
Respecting the Individual
325(1)
Assisting With Mouth Care
326(2)
Providing Oral Care for a Person With Natural Teeth
327(1)
Providing Oral Care for a Person With Dentures
327(1)
Providing Oral Care for an Unconscious Person
327(1)
Assisting With Perineal Care
328(2)
Providing Perineal Care for Female Patients and Residents
330(1)
Providing Perineal Care for Male Patients and Residents
330(1)
Assisting With Skin Care
330(25)
Bathing
330(1)
Guidelines for Providing Perineal Care
331(3)
Guidelines for Bathing
334(2)
Massage
336(2)
Brushing and Flossing the Teeth
338(2)
Providing Oral Care for a Person With Dentures
340(1)
Providing Oral Care for an Unconscious Person
341(1)
Providing Female Perineal Care
342(2)
Providing Male Perineal Care
344(2)
Assisting With a Tub Bath or Shower
346(1)
Giving a Complete Bed Bath
347(3)
Giving a Partial Bed Bath
350(1)
Giving a Back Massage
351(4)
Grooming
355(23)
Assisting With Hand and Foot Care
356(3)
Care of the Hands
356(1)
Care of the Feet
357(2)
Assisting With Dressing and Undressing
359(2)
Assisting With Hair Care
361(3)
Shampooing the Hair
362(1)
Styling the Hair
363(1)
Preventing Tangles
363(1)
Assisting With Shaving
364(1)
Assisting Men
364(1)
Assisting Women
365(1)
Assisting With the Application of Make-Up
365(13)
Assisting With Hand Care
367(1)
Assisting With Foot Care
368(1)
Assisting a Person With Dressing
369(2)
Changing a Hospital Gown
371(1)
Shampooing a Person's Hair in Bed
372(1)
Combing a Person's Hair
373(1)
Shaving a Person's Face
374(4)
Basic Nutrition
378(26)
Food and How Our Bodies Use It
379(5)
Types of Nutrients
379(3)
A Balanced Diet
382(2)
Respecting the Individual
384(2)
Special Diets
386(1)
Meal Time
387(5)
Preparing for Meal Time
388(1)
Assisting With Meals
389(1)
Feeding Dependent Patients and Residents
390(1)
Measuring and Recording Food Intake
391(1)
Other Ways of Providing Fluids and Nutrition
392(3)
Intravenous (IV) Therapy
392(1)
Enteral Nutrition
392(3)
Total Parenteral Nutrition (TPN, Hyperalimentation)
395(1)
Fluids and Hydration
395(9)
Fluid Balance
395(1)
Offering Fluids
396(1)
Measuring and Recording Intake and Output
396(4)
Feeding a Dependent Person
400(4)
Assisting With Urinary and Bowel Elimination
404(39)
Assisting With Elimination
405(6)
Elimination Equipment
405(2)
Promoting Normal Elimination
407(1)
Obtaining Urine and Stool Specimens
408(1)
Guidelines for Assisting With Elimination
409(2)
Urinary Elimination
411(10)
Measuring Urine Output
412(1)
Urinary Catheterization
413(4)
Guidelines for Caring for People With Indwelling Catheters
417(1)
Urinary Incontinence
418(3)
Bowel Elimination
421(22)
Problems With Bowel Elimination
422(2)
Enemas
424(2)
Rectal Suppositories
426(2)
Assisting a Person With Using a Bedpan
428(1)
Assisting a Man With Using a Urinal
429(1)
Collecting a Routine Urine Specimen
430(1)
Collecting a Midstream (``Clean Catch'') Urine Specimen
431(2)
Collecting a Stool Specimen
433(1)
Providing Catheter Care
434(1)
Emptying a Urine Drainage Bag
435(1)
Administering a Soapsuds Enema
436(7)
UNIT 4 DEATH AND DYING
443(28)
Caring for People Who Are Terminally III
445(10)
Stages of Grief
446(3)
Wills
449(1)
Dying With Dignity
450(2)
Advance Directives
450(1)
Hospice Care
451(1)
Effects of Caring for the Terminally Ill On the Caregiver
452(3)
Caring for People Who Are Dying
455(16)
Caring for a Dying Person
457(4)
Meeting the Dying Person's Physical Needs
458(2)
Meeting the Dying Person's Emotional Needs
460(1)
Care of the Family
461(1)
Postmortem Care
462(9)
Postmortem Care
465(6)
UNIT 5 STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION OF THE HUMAN BODY
471(224)
Basic Body Structure and Function
473(16)
How Is the Body Organized?
474(5)
Cells
474(1)
Tissues
475(1)
Organs
476(1)
Organ Systems
476(3)
Health and Disease
479(2)
Rehabilitation and Restorative Care
481(8)
Taking a Holistic Approach
482(1)
The Role of the Nursing Assistant
482(1)
Types of Rehabilitation
483(6)
The Integumentary System
489(25)
Structure of the Integumentary System
490(2)
Skin
490(1)
Accessory Structures (Appendages)
491(1)
Function of the Integumentary System
492(1)
Protection
492(1)
Maintenance of Fluid Balance
492(1)
Regulation of Body Temperature
492(1)
Sensation
493(1)
Vitamin D Production
493(1)
Elimination and Absorption
493(1)
The Effects of Aging on the Integumentary System
493(2)
Changes in Physical Appearance
493(1)
Fragile, Dry Skin
494(1)
Thickening of the Nails
495(1)
Less Efficient Temperature Regulation
495(1)
Disorders of the Integumentary System
495(19)
Pressure Ulcers
495(6)
Wounds
501(5)
Burns
506(1)
Lesions
506(4)
Assisting the Nurse With a Dressing Change
510(4)
The Musculoskeletal System
514(35)
Structure of the Musculoskeletal System
515(2)
The Skeletal System
515(2)
The Muscular System
517(1)
Function of the Musculoskeltal System
517(4)
Protection
517(1)
Support
518(1)
Movement
518(1)
Heat Production
518(1)
Calcium Storage
518(2)
Production of Blood Cells
520(1)
The Effects of Aging on the Musculoskeletal System
521(2)
Loss of Bone Tissue
522(1)
Loss of Muscle Mass
522(1)
Wear and Tear on the Joints
522(1)
Disorders of the Musculoskeletal System
523(8)
Osteoporosis
523(1)
Arthritis
524(2)
Muscular Dystrophy
526(1)
Fractures
526(3)
Guidelines for Caring for a Person With a Cast
529(1)
Amputations
530(1)
General Care Measures
531(18)
Range-of-Motion Exercises
532(1)
Guidelines for Assisting With Range-of-Motion Exercises
533(1)
Heat and Cold Applications
533(3)
Rehabilitation
536(2)
Assisting a Person With Passive Range-of-Motion Exercises
538(6)
Giving a Moist Cold Application
544(1)
Giving a Dry Cold Application
545(1)
Giving a Dry Heat Application With an Aquamatic Pad
546(3)
The Respiratory System
549(25)
Structure of the Respiratory System
550(2)
Airway
550(1)
Lungs
551(1)
Function of the Respiratory System
552(1)
Ventilation
552(1)
Gas Exchange
552(1)
The Effects of Aging on the Respiratory System
553(2)
Less Efficient Ventilation
554(1)
Increased Risk of Respiratory Infections
554(1)
Disorders of the Respiratory System
555(4)
Infections
555(1)
Asthma
555(1)
Guidelines for Collecting a Sputum Specimen
556(1)
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)
556(2)
Cancer
558(1)
Pneumothorax and Hemothorax
559(1)
Respiratory Therapy
559(9)
Oxygen Therapy
560(1)
Guidelines for Oxygen Therapy
561(4)
Mechanical Ventilation
565(3)
Suctioning
568(1)
General Care Measures
568(6)
Observation
569(1)
Promoting Comfort
569(1)
Providing Holistic Care
569(5)
The Cardiovascular System
574(20)
Structure of the Cardiovascular System
575(6)
Blood
575(2)
Blood Vessels
577(1)
Lymphatic System
577(2)
Heart
579(2)
Function of the Cardiovascular System
581(2)
Transport
581(2)
Regulation
583(1)
Protection
583(1)
The Effects of Aging on the Cardiovascular System
583(1)
Less Efficient Contraction
584(1)
Decreased Elasticity of the Arteries and Veins
584(1)
Decreased Numbers of Blood Cells
584(1)
Disorders of the Cardiovascular System
584(5)
Disorders of the Blood
585(1)
Disorders of the Blood Vessels
586(1)
Disorders of the Heart
586(3)
Diagnosis of Cardiovascular Disorders
589(1)
Cardiac Rehabilitation
590(4)
The Nervous System
594(16)
Structure of the Nervous System
595(3)
The Central Nervous System
595(2)
The Peripheral Nervous System
597(1)
Function of the Nervous System
598(1)
Regulation of the Internal Environment
598(1)
Interaction With the External Environment
598(1)
The Effects of Aging on the Nervous System
598(1)
Slowed Conduction Times
598(1)
Memory Changes
599(1)
Disorders of the Nervous System
599(5)
Transient Ischemic Attacks (TIAs)
599(1)
Stroke
600(2)
Parkinson's Disease
602(1)
Epilepsy
602(1)
Multiple Sclerosis (MS)
603(1)
Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS, Lou Gehrig's Disease)
603(1)
Head Injuries
603(1)
Spinal Cord Injuries
604(1)
Diagnosis of Neurologic Disorders
604(1)
Rehabilitation
605(5)
The Sensory System
610(24)
Structure of the Sensory System
611(1)
General Sense
612(2)
Touch
612(1)
Position
612(1)
Pain
612(2)
Taste and Smell
614(1)
Sight
615(6)
Structure of the Eye
615(1)
Function of the Eye
616(1)
The Effects of Aging on the Eye
617(1)
Disorders of the Eye
617(2)
Caring for Eyeglasses, Contact Lenses, and Prosthetic Eyes
619(2)
Guidelines for Caring for a Person Who Is Blind
621(1)
Hearing and Balance
621(13)
Structure of the Ear
622(2)
Function of the Ear
624(1)
The Effects of Aging on the Ear
624(1)
Disorders of the Ear
625(3)
Guidelines for Caring for Hearing Aids
628(2)
Inserting an In-the-Ear Hearing Aid
630(1)
Removing an In-the-Ear Hearing Aid
631(3)
The Endocrine System
634(15)
Structure of the Endocrine System
635(1)
Function of the Endocrine System
635(5)
Pituitary Gland
636(1)
Pineal Gland
637(1)
Thyroid Gland
637(1)
Parathyroid Glands
638(1)
Thymus Gland
638(1)
Adrenal Glands
639(1)
Pancreas
639(1)
Sex Glands
640(1)
The Effects of Aging on the Endocrine System
640(1)
Disorders of the Endocrine System
640(9)
Pituitary Gland Disorders
640(1)
Thyroid Gland Disorders
641(1)
Adrenal Gland Disorders
642(1)
Diabetes
642(7)
The Digestive System
649(15)
Structure of the Digestive System
650(3)
The Digestive Tract
650(3)
The Accessory Organs
653(1)
Function of the Digestive System
653(1)
Digestion
653(1)
Absorption
653(1)
Excretion
654(1)
Effects of Aging on the Digestive System
654(1)
Less Efficient Chewing and Swallowing
654(1)
Less Efficient Digestion
654(1)
Increased Risk for Constipation
654(1)
Disorders of the Digestive System
655(1)
Ulcers
655(1)
Hernias
655(1)
Gallbladder Disorders
656(1)
Cancer
656(1)
Diagnosis of Digestive Disorders
656(1)
Caring for a Person With an Ostomy
657(7)
Providing Routine Stoma Care
660(4)
The Urinary System
664(13)
Structure of the Urinary System
665(2)
The Kidneys
665(1)
The Ureters
666(1)
The Bladder
667(1)
The Urethra
667(1)
Function of the Urinary System
667(1)
Removal of Liquid Wastes
667(1)
Maintenance of Homeostasis
668(1)
The Effects of Aging on the Urinary System
668(1)
Disorders of the Urinary System
668(5)
Infections
668(1)
Kidney Stones (Renal Calculi)
669(1)
Kidney (Renal) Failure
670(1)
Tumors
671(2)
Diagnosis of Urinary Disorders
673(4)
The Reproductive System
677(18)
The Female Reproduction System
678(8)
Structure of the Female Reproductive System
678(2)
Function of the Female Reproductive System
680(1)
The Effects of Aging on the Female Reproductive System
681(1)
Disorders of the Female Reproductive System
682(2)
Common Diagnostic Procedures
684(2)
Common Surgical Procedures
686(1)
The Male Reproductive System
686(3)
Structure of the Male Reproductive System
686(1)
Function of the Male Reproductive System
687(1)
The Effects of Aging on the Male Reproductive System
688(1)
Disorders of the Male Reproductive System
688(1)
Common Diagnostic Procedures
689(1)
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
689(6)
Types of Sexually Transmitted Diseases
689(1)
Prevention of Sexually Transmitted Diseases
690(5)
UNIT 6 SPECIAL CARE CONCERNS
695(68)
Caring for People With Developmental Disabilities
697(11)
What is a Developmental Disability?
698(1)
Special Needs of People With Developmental Disabilities
698(1)
Special Education
698(1)
Protection of Rights
699(1)
Emotional Needs
699(1)
Types of Developmental Disabilities
699(4)
Mental Retardation
699(1)
Down Syndrome
700(1)
Autism
701(1)
Cerebral Palsy
701(1)
Fragile X Syndrome
702(1)
Fetal Alcohol Syndrome
702(1)
Spina Bifida
702(1)
Hydrocephalus
702(1)
Caring for a Person With a Developmental Disability
703(5)
Communicating with a Person With a Developmental Disability
704(1)
Meeting the Physical Needs of a Person With a Developmental Disability
705(3)
Caring for People With Mental Illness
708(14)
Mental Health
709(3)
Coping Mechanisms
709(1)
Defense Mechanisms
710(2)
Causes and Treatment of Mental Illness
712(1)
Types of Mental Illness
712(4)
Anxiety Disorders
713(1)
Depression
714(1)
Bipolar Disorder (Manic Depression)
715(1)
Schizophrenia
715(1)
Eating Disorders
715(1)
Caring for a Person With Mental Illness
716(6)
Listening and Observing
717(1)
Assisting with Activities of Daily Living (ADLs)
718(4)
Caring for People With Dementia
722(18)
What is Dementia?
723(1)
Types of Dementia
724(2)
Alzheimer's Disease
724(1)
Vascular (Multi-infarct) Dementia
725(1)
Behaviors Associated With Dementia
726(4)
Types of Behaviors
726(3)
Managing Difficult Behaviors
729(1)
Caring for a Person With Dementia
730(6)
Meeting the Physical Needs of a Person with Dementia
730(1)
Guidelines for Caring for a Person With Dementia
731(3)
Meeting the Emotional Needs of a Person With Dementia
734(2)
Effects on the Caregiver of Caring for the Person With Dementia
736(4)
Caring for People With Cancer
740(11)
What is Cancer?
741(1)
Types of Cancer
741(1)
Causes of Cancer
742(1)
Detection of Cancer
742(3)
Warning Signs of Cancer
743(1)
Routine Physical Examinations and Screening Tests
743(2)
Treatment of Cancer
745(1)
Caring for a Person With Cancer
746(5)
Meeting the Physical Needs of a Person With Cancer
746(1)
Meeting the Emotional Needs of a Person With Cancer
747(4)
Caring for People With AIDS
751(12)
What Is AIDS?
752(2)
Who Is at Risk for AIDS?
753(1)
A Global Health Crisis
753(1)
Protection of Rights
754(1)
Caring for a Person With AIDS
755(8)
Meeting the Physical Needs of a Person With AIDS
755(1)
Meeting the Emotional Needs of a Person With AIDS
756(7)
UNIT 7 ACUTE CARE
763(52)
Caring for Surgical Patients
765(17)
Care of the Pre-Operative Patient
767(5)
Emotional Preparation
768(2)
Physical Preparation
770(2)
Care of the Post-Operative Patient
772(10)
Preventing Complications
773(3)
Assisting With Positioning
776(1)
Assisting With Nutrition
776(1)
Assisting With Elimination
776(1)
Assisting With Hygiene
776(1)
Assisting With Walking (Ambulation)
777(1)
Applying Anti-embolism (TED) Stockings
778(4)
Caring for Mothers and Newborns
782(17)
The Antepartum (Prenatal) Period
783(3)
Physical Changes in Pregnancy
783(1)
Routine Prenatal Care
783(1)
Complications During Pregnancy
784(1)
Meeting the Pregnant Woman's Physical Needs
785(1)
Meeting the Pregnant Woman's Emotional Needs
785(1)
Labor and Delivery
786(2)
Labor
786(1)
Delivery
786(1)
Immediately Following Delivery
787(1)
The Postpartum Period
788(11)
Care of the Mother
788(2)
Care of the Baby
790(9)
Caring for Pediatric Patients
799(16)
Caring For Infants
801(1)
Meeting the Infant's Physical Needs
801(1)
Meeting the Infant's Emotional Needs
801(1)
Meeting the Infant's Need for Safety
802(1)
Caring For Toddlers
802(2)
Meeting the Toddler's Physical Needs
803(1)
Meeting the Toddler's Emotional Needs
803(1)
Meeting the Toddler's Need for Safety
804(1)
Caring for Preschoolers
804(1)
Meeting the Preschooler's Physical Needs
804(1)
Meeting the Preschooler's Emotional Needs
804(1)
Meeting the Preschooler's Need for Safety
805(1)
Caring for School-Age Children
805(2)
Meeting the School-Age Child's Physical Needs
806(1)
Meeting the School-Age Child's Emotional Needs
806(1)
Meeting the School-Age Child's Need for Safety
806(1)
Caring for Adolescents
807(1)
Meeting the Adolescent's Physical Needs
807(1)
Meeting the Adolescent's Emotional Needs
807(1)
Meeting the Adolescent's Need for Safety
807(1)
Child Abuse
808(7)
Forms of Abuse
808(1)
Risk Factors for Child Abuse
809(1)
Role of the Nursing Assistant in Reporting Abuse
809(6)
UNIT 8 HOME HEALTH CARE
815(30)
Introduction to Home Health Care
817(13)
What Is Home Health Care?
818(2)
Paying for Home Health Care
818(1)
The Health Care Team
819(1)
Responsibilities of the Home Health Aide
820(3)
Personal Care
820(1)
Homemaking
821(2)
Qualities of the Successful Home Health Aide
823(7)
Ability to Work Independently
823(1)
Ability to Be Organized and Manage Time
823(1)
Reliability
824(1)
Ability to Set Professional Boundaries
825(5)
Safety and Infection Control in the Home Health Care Setting
830(15)
Workplace Safety
831(2)
Accidents and Medical Emergencies
831(1)
Guidelines for Maintaining a Safe Home Environment
832(1)
Abusive Situations
833(1)
Infection Control
833(5)
Maintaining a Sanitary Environment
833(3)
Using Standard Precautions
836(2)
Personal Safety
838(7)
APPENDIX A Answers to the What Did You Learn? Exercises
845(3)
APPENDIX B Hourly Requirements for Certification According to State
848(8)
APPENDIX C Introduction to the Language of Health Care
856(4)
Medical Terminology
856(1)
Anatomical Terms
857(3)
Directional Terms
858(1)
Terms Used to Describe Body Cavities
859(1)
Terms Used to Describe the Abdominal Area
860(1)
Abbreviations 860(7)
Glossary 867(24)
Index 891


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