9781457650659

Literature: The Human Experience, Shorter Edition Reading and Writing

  • ISBN13:

    9781457650659

  • ISBN10:

    1457650657

  • Edition: 11th
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2014-07-18
  • Publisher: Bedford/St. Martin's

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Supplemental Materials

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Summary

Literature: The Human Experience provides a broad range of compelling fiction, poetry, drama, and nonfiction that explores the intersections and contradictions of human nature. Timeless themes such as innocence and experience, conformity and rebellion, culture and identity, love and hate, and life and death are presented through the context of experiences that are enduringly human. Diverse selections from contemporary and classic authors across time and cultures offer students opportunities to discover literature with which they can connect.



A flexible arrangement of literature within each theme allows instructors to teach the text however best suits their classrooms, and the expert instruction and exciting selections will help to guide and entice even the most reluctant readers. Enhancements to the shorter twelfth edition include two new casebooks that help students to see how literature can make arguments as well as new reading questions that ask students to make arguments about the selections. To top it off, Literature: The Human Experience is value-priced, providing a wealth of material for an affordable price.

Literature: The Human Experience is also available with LaunchPad Solo for Literature, a set of online materials that helps beginning literature students learn and practice close reading and critical thinking skills in an interactive environment.

Author Biography

Richard Abcarian (PhD, University of California, Berkeley) is a professor of English emeritus at California State University, Northridge, where he taught for thirty-seven years. During his teaching career, he won two Fulbright professorships. In addition to editing Literature: The Human Experience and its compact edition, he is the editor of a critical edition of Richard Wright's A Native Son, as well as several other literature textbooks.

Marvin Klotz (PhD, New York University) is a professor of English emeritus at California State University, Northridge, where he taught for thirty-three years and won Northridge's distinguished teaching award in 1983. He is also the winner of two Fulbright professorships (in Vietnam and Iran) and was a National Endowment for the Arts Summer Fellow twice. In addition to editing Literature: The Human Experience and several other textbooks, he coauthored a guide and index to the characters in Faulkner's fiction.

Samuel Cohen (PhD, City University of New York) is Associate Professor of English and Director of Graduate Studies at the University of Missouri. He is the author of After the End of History: American Fiction in the 1990s, co-editor (with Lee Konstantinou) of The Legacy of David Foster Wallace, Series Editor of The New American Canon: The Iowa Series in Contemporary Literature and Culture, and has published in such journals as Novel, Clio, Twentieth-Century Literature, The Journal of Basic Writing, and Dialogue: A Journal for Writing Specialists. For Bedford/St. Martin's, he is author of 50 Essays: A Portable Anthology and coauthor of Literature: The Human Experience.

Table of Contents

Preface for Instructors



INTRODUCTION


Responding to Literature


????? Emily Dickinson, There Is No Frigate Like A Book


Why We Read Literature


Reading Actively and Critically


Reading Fiction


The Methods of Fiction


????? Tone


????? Plot


????? Characterization


????? Setting


????? Point of View


????? Irony


????? Theme


Questions for Exploring Fiction


Reading Poetry


????? Walt Whitman, When I Heard the Learn'd Astronomer


Word Choice


Figurative Language


????? Metaphor


????? Simile


????? Personification


????? Allusion


????? Symbols


The Music of Poetry


Questions for Exploring Poetry


Reading Drama


Stages and Staging


The Elements of Drama


????? Characters


?????????Dramatic Irony


????? Plot and Conflict


Questions for Exploring Drama


Reading Nonfiction


Types of Nonfiction


????? Narrative Nonfiction


????? Descriptive Nonfiction


????? Expository Nonfiction


????? Argumentative Nonfiction


Analyzing Nonfiction


????? The Thesis


????? Structure and Detail


????? Style and Tone


Questions for Exploring Nonfiction


Writing about Literature


Responding to Your Reading


Annotating While You Read


????? William Shakespeare, Sonnet 29


Freewriting


Keeping a Journal


Exploring and Planning


????? Asking Good Questions


????? Establishing a Working Thesis


????? Gathering Information


????? Organizing Information


Drafting the Essay


Refining Your Opening


Supporting Your Thesis


Revising the Essay


Editing Your Draft


????? Selecting Strong Verbs


????? Eliminating Unnecessary Modifiers


????? Grammatical Connections


Proofreading Your Draft


Some Common Writing Assignments


????Explication


Analysis


Comparison and Contrast


The Research Paper


An Annotated Student Research Paper


Some Matters of Form and Documentation


Titles


Quotations


????? Brackets and Ellipses


????? Quotation Marks and Other Punctuation


Documentation


????? Documenting Online Sources


A Checklist for Writing about Literature


INNOCENCE AND EXPERIENCE


Questions for Thinking and Writing


Fiction


Nathaniel Hawthorne, Young Goodman Brown


*Naguib Mahfouz, Half a Day


John Updike, A & P


Toni Cade Bambara, The Lesson


Jamaica Kincaid, Girl


*Camden Joy, Dum Dum Boys


CONNECTING STORIES: Crushes


James Joyce, Araby


Rivka Galchen, Wild Berry Blue


CASE STUDY IN ARGUMENT: Finding Grace in Flannery O’Connor


Flannery O'Connor, A Good Man Is Hard to Find


Flannery O'Connor, from Mystery & Manners


*Bob Dowell, from The Moment of Grace in the Fiction of Flannery O’Connor


Hallman B. Bryant, Reading the Map in "A Good Man Is Hard to Find"


*Michael Clark, Flannery O’Connor’s "A Good Man Is Hard to Find": The Moment of Grace


Poetry


*Jonathan Swift, Stella’s Birth-Day. 1724-5


William Blake, The Chimney Sweeper (Songs of Innocence)


*William Blake, The Chimney Sweeper (Songs of Experience)


William Blake, The Lamb


*William Blake, The Shepherd


William Blake, The Garden of Love


William Blake, London


William Blake, The Tyger


Robert Browning, My Last Duchess


Emily Dickinson, I felt a Funeral, in my Brain


*Thomas Hardy, The Men Who March Away


Gerard Manley Hopkins, Spring and Fall


A.E. Housman, When I Was One-and-Twenty


Robert Frost, The Road Not Taken


Robert Frost, Birches


Stevie Smith, Not Waving but Drowning


Countee Cullen, Incident


Lawrence Ferlinghetti, Constantly Risking Absurdity


Philip Larkin, This Be the Verse


Anthony Hecht, After the Rain


Audre Lorde, Hanging Fire


*Alicia Ostriker, The Dogs at Live Oak Beach, Santa Cruz


*Louise Glück, The Myth of Innocence


Louise Glück, The School Children


Alan Feldman, My Century


Sandra Cisneros, My Wicked Wicked Ways


Sandra Castillo, Christmas, 1970


Evelyn Lau, Solipsism


CONNECTING POEMS: Voices of Experience


Langston Hughes, Mother to Son


Peter Meinke, Advice to My Son


Robert Mezey, My Mother


Gary Soto, Behind Grandma's House


Drama


Henrik Ibsen, A Doll's House


Suzan-Lori Parks, Father Comes Home from the Wars


Nonfiction


Langston Hughes, Salvation


Judith Ortiz Cofer, American History


Brian Doyle, Pop Art


Further Questions for Thinking and Writing


CONFORMITY AND REBELLION


Questions for Thinking and Writing


Fiction


Herman Melville, Bartleby, the Scrivener


Franz Kafka, A Hunger Artist


Ralph Ellison, Battle Royal


Shirley Jackson, The Lottery


Harlan Ellison, "Repent, Harlequin!" Said the Ticktockman


Amy Tan, Two Kinds


*George Saunders, The End of FIRPO in the World


Poetry


Richard Crashaw, But Men Loved Darkness rather than Light


William Wordsworth, The World Is Too Much with Us


Alfred, Lord Tennyson, Ulysses


Emily Dickinson, Much Madness is divinest Sense


Emily Dickinson, She rose to His Requirement


Thomas Hardy, The Man He Killed


William Butler Yeats, Easter 1916


William Butler Yeats, The Second Coming


Carl Sandburg, I Am the People, the Mob


*Wallace Stevens, Peter Quince at the Clavier


Claude McKay, If We Must Die


Langston Hughes, Harlem


W. H. Auden, The Unknown Citizen


Dudley Randall, Ballad of Birmingham


Gwendolyn Brooks, We Real Cool


Marge Piercy, The Market Economy


Carolyn Forche, The Colonel


Natasha Trethewey, Flounder


CONNECTING POEMS: Revising America


Walt Whitman, One Song, America, Before I Go


Langston Hughes, I, Too


Allen Ginsberg, A Supermarket in California


Shirley Geok-Lin Lim, Learning to Love America


Drama


Sophocles, Antigonê


Nonfiction


Jonathan Swift, A Modest Proposal


CASE STUDY IN ARGUMENT: Making Change


*Bill McKibben, A Call to Arms: An Invitation to Demand Action on Climate Change


*Rebecca Solnit, Revolutions Per Minute


*Malcolm Gladwell, Small Change: Why the Revolution Will Not Be Tweeted


Further Questions for Thinking and Writing


CULTURE AND IDENTITY


Questions for Thinking and Writing


Fiction


*Lu Xun, Diary of a Madman


Charlotte Perkins Gilman, The Yellow Wallpaper


William Faulkner, A Rose for Emily


James Baldwin, Sonny's Blues


Alice Walker, Everyday Use


Sherman Alexie, This Is What It Means to Say Phoenix, Arizona


Poetry


*Jonathan Swift, Market Women’s Cries


Walt Whitman, from Song of Myself


Emily Dickinson, I'm Nobody! Who Are You?


James Weldon Johnson, A Poet to His Baby Son


T. S. Eliot, The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock


*Howard Nemerov, Money


Etheridge Knight, Hard Rock Returns to Prison from the Hospital for the Criminal Insane


Marge Piercy, Barbie Doll


Kay Ryan, All Shall Be Restored


Juan Felipe Herrera, 187 Reasons Mexicanos Can't Cross the Border (remix)


*Gregory Djanikian, Sailing to America


Judith Ortiz Cofer, Latin Women Pray


Louise Erdrich, Dear John Wayne


Marilyn Chin, How I Got That Name


Taslima Nasrin, Things Cheaply Had


*Omar Pérez, Contributions to a Rudimentary Concept of Nation


*Chris Abani, Blue


Kevin Young, Negative


Terrance Hayes, Root


*Tishahi Doshi, The Immigrant’s Song


*Tishani Doshi, Lament I


CONNECTING POEMS: America through Immigrants’ Eyes


Phillis Wheatley, On Being Brought from Africa to America


*Emma Lazarus, The New Colossus


*Léopold Sédar Senghor, To New York


*Kofi Awoonor, America


Drama


David Henry Hwang, Trying to Find Chinatown


Nonfiction


Virginia Woolf, What If Shakespeare Had Had a Sister?


George Orwell, Shooting an Elephant


*Eula Biss, Time and Distance Overcome


CONNECTING NONFICTION: Fitting In


Bharati Mukherjee, Two Ways to Belong in America


Lacy M. Johnson, White Trash Primer


Further Questions for Thinking and Writing


LOVE AND HATE


Questions for Thinking and Writing


Fiction


Kate Chopin, The Storm


Zora Neale Hurston, Sweat


Ernest Hemingway, Hills Like White Elephants


Raymond Carver, What We Talk About When We Talk About Love


Joyce Carol Oates, Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been?


*Lydia Millet, Love in Infant Monkeys



Poetry


Sappho, With His Venom


William Shakespeare, Sonnet 18 "Shall I compare thee to a summer's day?"


William Shakespeare, Sonnet 29 "When, in disgrace with fortune and men's eyes"


William Shakespeare, Sonnet 64 "When I have seen by Time's fell hand defaced"


William Shakespeare, Sonnet 116, "Let me not to the marriage of true minds"


William Shakespeare, Sonnet 130 "My mistress' eyes are nothing like the sun"


John Donne, The Flea


John Donne, A Valediction: Forbidding Mourning


Ben Jonson, Song, to Celia


Robert Herrick, To the Virgins, to Make Much of Time


Anne Bradstreet, To My Dear and Loving Husband


Andrew Marvell, To His Coy Mistress


William Blake, A Poison Tree


Robert Burns, A Red, Red Rose


Matthew Arnold, Dover Beach


Robert Frost, Fire and Ice


Dorothy Parker, One Perfect Rose


Theodore Roethke, I Knew a Woman


Elizabeth Bishop, One Art


Wislawa Szymborska, A Happy Love


Lisel Mueller, Happy and Unhappy Families I


Carolyn Kizer, Bitch


*Carolyn Kizer, Afternoon Happiness


Galway Kinnell, After Making Love We Hear Footsteps


Adrienne Rich, Living in Sin


Sylvia Plath, Daddy


Lucille Clifton, There Is a Girl Inside


Seamus Heaney, Valediction


Billy Collins, Sonnet


Wyatt Prunty, Learning the Bicycle


Adrian Blevins, The Case Against April


Daisy Fried, Econo Motel, Ocean City


CONNECTING POEMS: Remembering Fathers


Theodore Roethke, My Papa's Waltz


Robert Hayden, Those Winter Sundays


Li-Young Lee, Eating Alone


CONNECTING POEMS: Love Stinks


*Catullus, 70


*Aphra Behn, Love in Fantastique Triumph satt


*Edna St. Vincent Millay, I know I am but summer to your heart (Sonnet XXVII)


*Faiz Ahmed Faiz, Be Near Me


*Andrea Hollander, Betrayal


Drama


William Shakespeare, Othello


Susan Glaspell, Trifles


Nonfiction


Paul, 1 Corinthians 13


Maxine Hong Kingston, No Name Woman


*Sonya Chung, Getting It Right


CONNECTING NONFICTION: Looking for Love in All the Wrong Places


*Dagoberto Gilb, I Knew She Was Beautiful


*Pablo Piñero Stillmann, Life, Love, Happiness: A Found Essay from the Twitterverse


Further Questions for Thinking and Writing


LIFE AND DEATH


Questions for Thinking and Writing


Fiction


Edgar Allen Poe, The Cask of Amontillado


Leo Tolstoy, The Death of Ivan Ilyich


Kate Chopin, The Story of an Hour


Tim O'Brien, The Things They Carried


Helena María Viramontes, The Moths


CONNECTING STORIES: Mourning Rituals


Leslie Marmon Silko, The Man to Send Rain Clouds


*Allegra Goodman, Apple Cake


Poetry


Anonymous, Edward


William Shakespeare, Sonnet 73 "That time of year thou mayst in me behold"


William Shakespeare, Fear No More the Heat o' the Sun


John Donne, Death, Be Not Proud


*Jonathan Swift, A Satirical Elegy on the Death of a Late Famous General


Percy Bysshe Shelley, Ozymandias


John Keats, Ode on a Grecian Urn


Emily Dickinson, After great pain, a formal feeling comes


Emily Dickinson, I heard a Fly buzz—when I died


Emily Dickinson, Apparently with no surprise


Emily Dickinson, Because I could not stop for Death


Gerard Manley Hopkins, God's Grandeur


A. E. Housman, To an Athlete Dying Young


William Butler Yeats, Sailing to Byzantium


Edwin Arlington Robinson, Richard Cory


Robert Frost, After Apple-Picking


Robert Frost, "Out, Out—"


Robert Frost, Nothing Gold Can Stay


Robert Frost, Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening


Robert Frost, Design


Pablo Neruda, The Dead Woman


*Czeslaw Milosz, A Song on the End of the World


Dylan Thomas, Do Not Go Gentle into That Good Night


James Wright, Lying in a Hammock at William Duffy's Farm in Pine Island, Minnesota


Donald Hall, Affirmation


*Marvin Klotz, Requiem


Alicia Ostriker, Daffodils


Seamus Heaney, Mid-term Break


Jane Kenyon, Let Evening Come


Yusef Komunyakaa, Facing It


Victor Hernández Cruz, Problems with Hurricanes


Mark Halliday, Chicken Salad


Marie Howe, What The Living Do


*Dilruba Ahmed, Snake Oil, Snake Bite


CONNECTING POEMS: Animal Fates


Elizabeth Bishop, The Fish


William Stafford, Traveling Through the Dark


William Greenway, Pit Pony


*John Updike, Dog’s Death


Drama


*Edward Albee, The Sandbox


Nonfiction


John Donne, Meditation XIV, from Devotions upon Emergent Occasions


E. B. White, Once More to the Lake


CONNECTING NONFICTION: Rituals of Mourning


*Jonathan Lethem, 13,1977, 21


*Ruth Margalit, The Unmothered


Further Questions for Thinking and Writing


Appendices


Glossary of Critical Approaches


Introduction


Deconstruction


Ethical Criticism


Feminist Criticism


Formalist Criticism


Marxist Criticism


Historical Criticism


Psychoanalytic Criticism


Postcolonial Criticism


Reader-Response Criticism


Biographical Notes on the Authors


Glossary of Literary Terms


Index of Authors and Titles



* = New to this edition


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