This anthology focuses on writing about literature which is integrated in every chapter. Each element (i.e. character, setting, tone) is covered by a sample student essay and commentary on the essay. 32 MLA ;Format Demonstrative student essays serve as models for good student writing. Three NEW chapters on research-one each for fiction, poetry and drama -feature full MLA-style research papers annotated to point out research information specific to each genre. NEW-MLA document maps: These visual representations help students locate key information on frequently-cited sources such as books and websites. NEW "visualizing" sectionson fiction, poetry and drama each feature a section devoted to images that represent key literary principles or visual-based media within the genre. Color insert ;This insert features works of art and connects them to various pieces of literature throughout the book. These images help reinforce the themes found in the literature. Fifty short illustrative writing examples embody the strategies and methods described in the various chapters and appendices.
Table of Contents
Topical and Thematic Contents xlix Preface lxi PART I The Process of Reading, Responding to, and Writing About Literature 1 WHAT IS LITERATURE, AND WHY DO WE STUDY IT? 3 Types of Literature: The Genres 3 Reading Literature and Responding to It Actively 5 GUY DE MAUPASSANTThe Necklace 5 To go to a ball, Mathilde Loisel borrows a necklace from a rich friend, but her rhapsodic evening has unforeseen consequences. Readingand Responding in a Computer File or Notebook 12 Sample Notebook Entries on Maupassantrs"s "The Necklace" 14 MAJOR STAGES IN THINKING AND WRITING ABOUT LITERARY TOPICS: DISCOVERING IDEAS, PREPARING TO WRITE, MAKING AN INITIAL DRAFT OF YOUR ESSAY, AND COMPLETING THE ESSAY 18 Writing Does Not Come Easily-for Anyone 18 bull; The Goal of Writing: To Show a Process of Thought 19 Discovering Ideas ("Brainstorming") 20 Study the Characters in the Work 21 bull; Determine the Workrs"s Historical Period and Background 23 bull; Analyze the Workrs"s Economic and Social Conditions 23 bull; Explain the Workrs"s Major Ideas 24 bull; Describe the Workrs"s Artistic Qualities 24 bull; Explain Any Other Approaches that Seem Important 25 Preparing to Write 25 Build Ideas from Your Original Notes 25 bull; Trace Patterns of Action and Thought 26 The Need for the Actual Physical Process of Writing 27 Raise and Answer Your Own Questions27bull; Put Ideas Together Using a Plus-Minus, Pro-Con, or Either-Or Method 28 bull; Originate and Develop Your Thoughts Through Writing 29 Making an Initial Draft of Your Essay 29 Base Your Essay on a Central Idea, Argument, or Statement 29 The Need for a Sound Argument in Essays About Literature31 Create a Thesis Sentence as Your Guide to Organization 31 bull; Begin Each Paragraph with a Topic Sentence 32 bull; Select Only One Topic-No More-for Each Paragraph 32 Referring to the Names of Authors33 Use Your Topic Sentences as the Arguments for Your Paragraph Development 33 The Use of Verb Tenses in the Discussion of Literary Works34 Develop an Outline as the Means of Organizing Your Essay 35 Illustrative Student Essay (First Draft): How Setting in "The Necklace" Is Related to the Cha