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Literature and the Writing Process

by ; ;
Edition:
6th
ISBN13:

9780130669063

ISBN10:
0130669067
Format:
Package
Pub. Date:
1/1/2002
Publisher(s):
Pearson College Div

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Summary

For Composition Through Literature and Introduction to Literature courses. Blending a complete writing about literature text, a literature anthology, and a handbook into one, this unique text guides students through the allied processes of critical reading and writingillustrating the use of writing as a way of studying literature, and providing students with all the tools necessary to analyze literature on their own. The text promotes interactive learning by integrating writing instruction with the study of literature.

Table of Contents

Conents by Genre xxiv
Thematic Contents xxix
Preface xxxv
Part I Composing: An Overview 1(54)
The Prewriting Process
3(14)
Reading for Writing
3(4)
James Joyce, ``Eveline''
4(3)
Who Are My Readers?
7(1)
Analyze the Audience
7(1)
Prewriting Exercise
7(1)
Why Am I Writing?
8(1)
Reasons for Writing
8(1)
Prewriting Exercise
8(1)
What Ideas Should I Use?
9(4)
Thinking Critically
9(1)
Self-Questioning
9(1)
Directed Freewriting
10(1)
Problem Solving
11(1)
Clustering
11(1)
Directed Freewriting
12(1)
What Point Should I Make?
13(1)
Relate a Part to the Whole
13(1)
How Do I Find the Theme?
13(4)
Clustering
14(1)
Stating the Thesis
15(2)
The Writing Process
17(15)
How Should I Organize My Ideas?
17(1)
The Basic Approach: Devising a Plan
17(2)
Ordering the Ideas
18(1)
How Do I Argue an Interpretation?
19(1)
Checklist for Arguing an Interpretation
20(1)
Developing with Details
20(1)
Questions for Consideration
21(1)
Maintaining a Critical Focus
21(1)
Distinguishing Critical Comments from Plot Details
21(1)
How Should I Begin?
22(1)
Postpone If Nothing Comes
22(1)
Write an Appealing Opening
22(1)
State the Thesis
23(1)
How Should I End?
23(1)
Relate the Discussion to Theme
23(1)
Postpone or Write Ahead
24(1)
Write an Emphatic Final Sentence
24(1)
Composing the First Draft
24(2)
Pausing to Rescan
25(1)
Quoting from Your Sources
25(1)
Sample Student Paper: First Draft
26(4)
Suggestions for Writing
30(1)
Ideas for Writing
31(1)
Ideas for Responsive Writing
31(1)
Ideas for Critical Writing
31(1)
The Rewriting Process
32(23)
What Is Revision?
32(1)
Getting Feedback: Peer Review
33(2)
Revising in Peer Groups
33(1)
Peer Evaluation Checklist for Revision
34(1)
What Should I Add or Take Out?
35(3)
Outlining After the First Draft
35(1)
Making the Outline
35(1)
Checking the Outline
35(1)
Sample After-Writing Outline
36(1)
Examining the Sample Outline
37(1)
Outlining Exercise
37(1)
What Should I Rearrange?
38(1)
Does It Flow?
39(1)
What Is Editing?
40(1)
Which Sentences Should I Combine?
40(3)
Transitional Terms for All Occasions
41(1)
Revising Checklist
41(1)
Combining for Conciseness
42(1)
Sentence Combining Exercise
42(1)
Rearranging for Emphasis and Variety
43(1)
Varying the Pattern
43(1)
Exercise on Style
44(1)
Which Words Should I Change?
44(4)
Check Your Verbs
45(1)
Exercise on Word Choice
45(1)
Use Active Voice Most of the Time
46(1)
Use Passive Voice If Appropriate
46(1)
Exercise on Passive Voice
46(1)
Feel the Words
47(1)
Attend toTone
47(1)
Use Formal Language
48(1)
What Is Proofreading?
48(2)
Try Reading It Backward
48(1)
Look for Your Typical Errors
49(1)
Read the Paper Aloud
49(1)
Find a Friend to Help
49(1)
Proofreading Checklist
50(1)
Sample Student Paper: Final Draft
50(5)
Part II Writing About Short Fiction 55(93)
How Do I Read Short Fiction?
57(6)
Notice the Structure
57(1)
Subplots
58(1)
Consider Point of View and Setting
58(1)
Study the Characters
59(1)
Foils
60(1)
Look for Specialized Literary Techniques
60(1)
Examine the Title
61(1)
Continue Questioning to Discover Theme
61(2)
Critical Questions for Reading the Short Story
62(1)
Writing About Structure
63(12)
What Is Structure?
63(1)
How Do I Discover Structure?
64(1)
Looking at Structure
64(7)
Alice Walker, ``Everyday Use''
65(6)
Prewriting
71(1)
Finding Patterns
71(1)
Writing
71(1)
Grouping Details
71(1)
Relating Details to Theme
72(1)
Ideas for Writing
72(1)
Ideas for Responsive Writing
72(1)
Ideas for Critical Writing
72(1)
Rewriting
73(2)
Integrating Quotations Gracefully
73(1)
Exercise on Integrating Quotations
73(2)
Writing About Imagery and Symbolism
75(23)
What Are Images?
75(1)
What Are Symbols?
76(1)
Archetypal Symbols
76(1)
Phallic and Yonic Symbols
76(1)
How Will I Recognize Symbols?
77(1)
Reference Works on Symbols
77(1)
Looking at Images and Symbols
77(7)
Shirley Jackson, ``The Lottery''
78(6)
Prewriting
84(1)
Interpreting Symbols
84(1)
Writing
84(1)
Producing a Workable Thesis
85(1)
Exercise on Thesis Statements
85(1)
Ideas for Writing
85(1)
Ideas for Responsive Writing
85(1)
Ideas for Critical Writing
86(1)
Rewriting
86(1)
Sharpening the Introduction
86(1)
Sample Student Paper
87(11)
Writing About Point of View
98(13)
What Is Point of View?
98(2)
Describing Point of View
99(1)
Shifting and Unreliable Narrators
99(1)
Looking at Point of View
100(8)
Ring Lardner, ``Haircut''
101(7)
Prewriting
108(1)
Identifying Point of View
108(1)
Writing
108(1)
Relating Point of View to Theme
108(1)
Ideas for Writing
108(1)
Ideas for Responsive Writing
108(1)
Ideas for Critical Writing
109(1)
Rewriting
109(2)
Sharpening the Conclusion
109(2)
Writing About Setting and Atmosphere
111(17)
What Are Setting and Atmosphere?
111(1)
Looking at Setting and Atmosphere
112(11)
Tobias Wolff, ``Hunters in the Snow''
113(10)
Prewriting
123(1)
Prewriting Exercise
123(1)
Writing
124(1)
Discovering an Organization
124(1)
Ideas for Writing
124(1)
Ideas for Responsive Writing
124(1)
Ideas for Critical Writing
125(1)
Rewriting: Organization and Style
125(3)
Checking Your Organization
125(1)
Improving the Style: Balanced Sentences
125(1)
Sentence Modeling Exercise
126(2)
Writing About Theme
128(20)
What Is Theme?
128(1)
Looking at Theme
129(14)
Flannery O'Connor, ``Good Country People''
130(13)
Prewriting
143(1)
Figuring Out the Theme
143(1)
Stating the Theme
143(1)
Writing
144(1)
Choosing Supporting Details
144(1)
Ideas for Writing
145(1)
Ideas for Responsive Writing
145(1)
Ideas for Critical Writing
145(1)
Rewriting
145(1)
Achieving Coherence
145(1)
Checking for Coherence
146(1)
Editing: Improving Connections
146(2)
Repeat Words and Synonyms
146(1)
Try Parallel Structure
147(1)
A Casebook on Joyce Carol Oates's ``Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been?'' 148(16)
``Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been?''
148(11)
Joyce Carol Oates
The Story's Origins
159(2)
Three Critical Interpretations
161(3)
Topics for Discussion and Writing
163(1)
Anthology of Short Fiction 164(263)
Nathaniel Hawthrone (1804--1864)
Young Goodman Brown
164(9)
Edgar Allan Poe (1809--1849)
The Cask of Amontillado
173(5)
Kate Chopin (1851--1904)
Desiree's Baby
178(3)
The Story of an Hour
181(3)
Mary E. Wilkins Freeman (1852--1930)
The Revolt of ``Mother''
184(11)
Edith Wharton (1862--1937)
Roman Fever
195(9)
Willa Cather (1873--1947)
Paul's Case
204(13)
Sherwood Anderson (1876--1941)
Hands
217(4)
James Joyce (1882--1941)
Eveline (in Chapter 1) Araby
221(4)
Ring Lardner (1885--1933)
Haircut (in Chapter 7)
D.H. Lawrence (1885--1930)
The Rocking-Horse Winner
225(11)
Katherine Anne Porter (1890--1980)
The Jilting of Granny Weatherall
236(6)
William Faulkner (1897--1962)
A Rose for Emily
242(6)
Ernest Hemingway (1899--1961)
Hills Like White Elephants
248(4)
Zora Neale Hurston (ca. 1901--1960)
The Gilded Six-Bits
252(8)
John Steinbeck (1902--1968)
The Chrysanthemums
260(7)
Frank O'Connor (1903--1966)
My Oedipus Complex
267(8)
Richard Wright (1908--1960)
The Man Who Was Almost a Man
275(9)
Ann Petry (1908--1997)
Like a Winding Sheet
284(7)
Eudora Welty (1909-- )
A Worn Path
291(6)
John Cheever (1912--1982)
The Swimmer
297(8)
Tillie Olsen (1913-- )
I Stand Here Ironing
305(6)
Shirley Jackson (1919--1965)
The Lottery (in Chapter 6)
Hisaye Yamamoto (1921-- )
Seventeen Syllables
311(9)
Flannery O'Connor (1925--1964)
Good Country People (in Chapter 9)
A Good Man Is Hard to Find
320(11)
Chinua Achebe (1930-- )
Dead Men's Path
331(3)
Alice Munro (1931-- )
Boys and Girls
334(10)
John Updike (1932-- )
A & P
344(5)
Bessie Head (1937--1986)
Life
349(7)
Raymond Carver (1938--1988)
What We Talk About When We Talk About Love
356(8)
Toni Cade Bambara (1939--1995)
The Lesson
364(6)
Bharati Mukherjee (1940-- )
The Management of Grief
370(11)
Isabel Allende (1942-- )
The Judge's Wife
381(6)
Alice Walker (1944-- )
Everyday Use (in Chapter 5)
Tobias Wolff (1945-- )
Hunters in the Snow (in Chapter 8)
Tim O'Brien (1946-- )
The Things They Carried
387(12)
Sandra Ciseros (1954-- )
Woman Hollering Creek
399(8)
Louise Erdrich (1954-- )
The Red Convertible
407(7)
Ha Jin (1956-- )
The Bridegroom
414(13)
Part III Writing About Poetry 427(32)
How Do I Read Poetry?
429(4)
Get the Literal Meaning First: Paraphrase
429(1)
Make Associations for Meaning
430(3)
Critical Questions for Reading Poetry
432(1)
Writing About Persona and Tone
433(17)
Who Is Speaking?
433(1)
What Is Tone?
434(1)
Recognizing Verbal Irony
434(1)
Describing Tone
434(1)
Looking at Persona and Tone
435(3)
Theodore Roethke, ``My Papa's Waltz''
435(1)
Thomas Hardy, ``The Ruined Maid''
435(1)
W. H. Auden, ``The Unknown Citizen''
436(1)
Edmund Waller, ``Go, Lovely Rose''
437(1)
Dorothy Parker, ``One Perfect Rose''
438(1)
Prewriting
438(4)
Asking Questions About the Speaker in ``My Papa's Waltz''
438(1)
Devising a Thesis
439(1)
Describing the Tone in ``The Ruined Maid''
440(1)
Discovering a Thesis
440(1)
Describing the Tone in ``The Unknown Citizen''
441(1)
Discovering a Thesis
441(1)
Discovering the Tone in ``Go, Lovely Rose''
442(1)
Discovering the Tone in ``One Perfect Rose''
442(1)
Writing
442(1)
Explicating and Analyzing
442(1)
Ideas for Writing
443(1)
Ideas for Responsive Writing
443(1)
Ideas for Critical Writing
443(1)
Editing
444(1)
Quoting Poetry in Essays
444(1)
Sample Student Paper
445(5)
Analyzing the Student Essay
449(1)
Writing About Poetic Language
450(9)
What Do the Words Suggest?
450(3)
Connotation and Denotation
450(1)
Figures of Speech
450(1)
Metaphor and Simile
451(1)
Personification
452(1)
Imagery
452(1)
Symbol
452(1)
Paradox
453(1)
Oxymoron
453(1)
Looking at Poetic Language
453(3)
``A Noiseless Patient Spider''
453(1)
Walt Whitman
``Shall I Compare Thee to a Summer's Day?''
454(1)
William Shakespeare
H. D., ``Heat''
454(1)
Hayden Carruth, ``In the Long Hall''
454(1)
Donald Hall, ``My Son My Executioner''
455(1)
Prewriting
456(1)
Examining Poetic Language
456(1)
Writing
456(1)
Comparing and Contrasting
456(1)
Ideas for Responsive Writing
457(1)
Ideas for Responsive Writing
457(1)
Ideas for Critical Writing
457(1)
Rewriting: Style
457(2)
Choosing Vivid, Descriptive Terms
457(1)
Finding Lively Words
458(1)
Exercise on Diction
458(1)
A Casebook on Love Poetry 459(32)
Sappho, ``With His Venom''
459(1)
Anonymus ``Western Wind''
459(1)
``A Valediction: Forbidding Mourning''
460(1)
John Donne
``To His Coy Mistress''
461(1)
Andrew Marvell
Lord Byron, ``When We Two Parted''
462(1)
George Gordon
``Wild Nights---Wild Nights!''
463(1)
Emily Dickinson
``What Lips My Lips Have Kissed''
463(1)
Edna St. Vincent Millay
``Living in Sin''
464(1)
Adrienne Rich
Topics for Discussion and Writing
464(1)
Sample Student Paper
465(8)
Comparison Exercise
465(8)
Writing About Poetic Form
473(18)
What Are the Forms of Poetry?
473(4)
Rhythm and Rhyme
473(1)
Rhythm and Meter in Poetry
474(1)
Alliteration, Assonance, and Consonance
475(1)
Exercise on Poetic Form
475(1)
Stanzas: Closed and Open Forms
475(2)
Poetic Syntax
477(1)
Looking at the Forms of Poetry
477(4)
``We Real Cool''
477(1)
Gwendolyn Brooks
``Eight O'Clock''
478(1)
A. E. Housman
``anyone lived in a pretty how town''
478(1)
E. E. Cummings
``Telephone Conversation''
479(1)
Wole Soyinka
``Twilight's Last Gleaming''
480(1)
Arthur W. Monks
``Nuns Fret Not''
480(1)
William Wordsworth
Prewriting
481(2)
Experimenting with Poetic Forms
481(2)
Writing
483(1)
Relating Form to Meaning
483(1)
Ideas for Writing
484(2)
Ideas for Expressive Writing
484(2)
Ideas for Critical Writing
486(1)
Rewriting: Style
486(2)
Finding the Exact Word
486(2)
Sample Published Essay on Poetic Form
488(3)
``The `Banked Fire' of Robert Hayden's `Those Winter Sundays'''
489(2)
David Huddle
Anthology of Poetry 491(94)
Thomas Wyatt (1503--1542)
They Flee from Me
491(1)
William Shakespeare (1564--1616)
Shall I Compare Thee to a Summer's Day? (in Chapter 12)
When in Disgrace with Fortune and Men's Eyes
492(1)
Let Me Not to the Marriage of True Minds
492(1)
That Time of Year Thou Mayst in Me Behold
493(1)
My Mistress' Eyes Are Nothing Like the Sun
493(1)
John Donne (1572--1631)
The Flea
493(1)
Death, Be Not Proud
494(1)
Ben Jonson (1572--1637)
On My First Son
495(1)
Edmund Waller (1606--1687)
Go, Lovely Rose (in Chapter 11)
Richard Lovelace (1618--1657)
To Lucasta, on Going to the Wars
495(1)
William Blake (1757--1827)
The Lamb
495(1)
The Tyger
496(1)
The Sick Rose
497(1)
London
497(1)
William Wordsworth (1770--1850)
Nuns Fret Not (in Chapter 13)
The Worlds Is Too Much with Us
498(1)
George Gordon, Lord Byron (1788--1824)
She Walks in Beauty
498(1)
Percy Bysshe Shelley (1792--1822)
Ozymandias
499(1)
John Keats (1795--1821)
On First Looking into Chapman's Homer
499(1)
Ode on a Grecian Urn
500(1)
Alfred, Lord Tennyson (1809--1892)
The Eagle
Walt Whitman (1819--1892)
When I Heard the Learn'd Astronomer
501(1)
One's-Self I Sing
502(1)
A Noiseless Patient Spider (in Chapter 12)
Matthew Arnold (1822--1888)
Dover Beach
502(1)
Emily Dickinson (1830--1886)
Success Is Counted Sweetest
503(1)
I'm Nobody! Who Are You?
503(1)
Safe in Their Alabaster Chambers
504(1)
He Put the Belt Around My Life
504(1)
Much Madness is Divinest Sense
504(1)
Because I Could Not Stop for Death
505(1)
Some Keep the Sabbath Going to Church
505(1)
Thomas Hardy (1840--1928)
Channel Firing
506(1)
The Ruined Main (in Chapter 11)
Gerard Manley Hopkins (1844-1889)
Pied Beauty
507(1)
Spring and Fall
507(1)
A. E. Housman (1859--1936)
To an Athlete Dying Young
508(1)
Loveliest of Trees
509(1)
Eight O'Clock (in Chapter 13)
William Butler Yeats (1865--1939)
The Second Coming
509(1)
Sailing to Byzantium
510(1)
Stephen Crane (1871--1900)
A Man Said to the Universe
511(1)
War Is Kind
511(1)
Paul Laurence Dunbar (1872--1906)
We Wear the Mask
512(1)
Robert Frost (1874--1963)
Mending Wall
513(1)
Birches
514(1)
``Out, Out---''
515(1)
Fire and Ice
516(1)
Design
516(1)
CarlSandburg (1878--1967)
Fog
517(1)
Grass
517(1)
Chicago
517(1)
Wallace Stevens (1879--1955)
The Emperor of Ice Cream
518(1)
Anecdote of the Jar
519(1)
William Carlos Williams (1883--1963)
Danse Russe
519(1)
The Red Wheelbarrow
520(1)
D. H. Lawrence (1885--1930)
Piano
520(1)
Snake
521(2)
Ezra Pound (1885--1972)
In a Station of the Metro
523(1)
The River-Merchant's Wife: A Letter
523(1)
H. D. [Hilda Doolittle] (1886--1961)
Heat (in Chapter 12)
T. S. Eliot (1888--1965)
The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock
524(3)
Claude McKay (1890--1948)
America
527(1)
Edna St. Vincent Millay (1892--1950)
Oh, Oh, You Will Be Sorry for That Word!
528(1)
First Fig
528(1)
Dorothy Parker (1893--1967)
One Perfect Rose (in Chapter 11)
Wilfred Owen (1893--1918)
Dulce et Decorum Est
528(1)
E. E. Cummings (1894--1962)
in just-
529(1)
next to of course god america i
530(1)
she being Brand
531(1)
pity this busy monster, manunkind
532(1)
anyone lived in a pretty how town (in Chapter 13)
Jean Toomer (1894--1967)
Reapers
532(1)
Langston Hughes (1902--1967)
Daybreak in Alabama
533(1)
Mother to Son
533(1)
Harlem (A Dream Deferred)
534(1)
Theme for English B
534(1)
The Negro Speaks of Rivers
535(1)
Stevie Smith (1902--1971)
Not Waving but Drowning
536(1)
Countee Cullen (1903--1946)
Incident
536(1)
Pablo Neruda (1904--1973)
The United Fruit Co.
537(1)
Sweetness, Always
538(1)
W. H. Auden (1907--1973)
Musee des Beaux Arts
539(2)
Funeral Blues
541(1)
The Unknown Citizen (in Chapter 11)
Theodore Roethke (1908--1963)
Dolor
541(1)
I Knew a Woman
542(1)
My Papa's Waltz (in Chapter 11)
Elizabeth Bishop (1911--1979)
One Art
542(1)
May Sarton (1912--1995)
AIDS
543(1)
Robert Hayden (1913--1980)
Those Winter Sundays
544(1)
Randall Jarrell (1914--1965)
The Death of the Ball turret Gunner
544(1)
Octavio Paz (1914--1998)
The Street
545(1)
Dudley Randall (1914-- )
To the Mercy Killers
545(1)
William Stafford (1914--1993)
Traveling Through the Dark
546(1)
Dylan Thomas (1914-1953)
The Force That Through the Green Fuse Drives the Flower
546(1)
Do Not Go Gentle into That Good Night
547(1)
Fern Hill
548(1)
Gwendolyn Brooks (1917--2000)
Sadie and Maud
549(1)
We Real Cool (in Chapter 13)
The Bean Eaters
550(1)
Lawrence Ferlinghetti (1919-- )
Constantly Risking Absurdity
550(1)
Howard Nemerov (1920--1991)
The Goose Fish
551(1)
Hayden Carruth (1921-- )
In the Long Hall (in Chapter 12)
Richard Wilbur (1921-- )
Love Calls Us to the Things of This World
552(1)
Philip Larkin (1922--1985)
Home Is So Sad
553(1)
James Dickey (1923--1997)
The Leap
553(2)
Denise Levertov (1923-1997)
O Taste and See
555(1)
Wislawa Szymborska (1923-- )
End and Beginning
555(2)
Lisel Mueller (1924-- )
Things
557(1)
Maxine Kumin (1925-- )
Woodchucks
557(1)
W. D. Snodgrass (1926- )
April Inventory
558(2)
Allen Ginsberg (1926--1997)
A Supermarket in California
560(1)
James Wright (1927--1980)
Autumn Begins in Martins Ferry, Ohio
561(1)
Donald Hall (1928-- )
My Son My Executioner (in Chapter 12)
Anne Sexton (1928--1974)
You All Know the Story of the Other Woman
561(1)
Cinderella
562(2)
Adrienne Rich (1929-- )
Aunt Jennifer's Tigers
564(1)
Sylvia Plath (1932--1963)
Mirror
565(1)
Metaphors
565(1)
Daddy
566(2)
John Updike (1932-- )
Ex-Basketball Player
568(1)
Linda Pastan (1932-- )
Ethics
569(1)
Imamu Amiri Baraka (1934-- )
Preface to a Twenty Volume Suicide Note
569(1)
Biography
570(1)
Audre Lorde (1934--1992)
Hanging Fire
571(1)
Wole Soyinka (1934-- )
Telephone Conversation (in Chapter 13)
Marge Piercy (1936-- )
Barbie Doll
572(1)
The Woman in the Ordinary
573(1)
Seamus Heaney (1939-- )
Digging
573(1)
John Lennon (1940-1980) and Paul McCartney (1942-- )
Eleanor Rigby
574(1)
Sharon Olds (1942-- )
The Death of Marilyn Monroe
575(1)
Sex Without Love
576(1)
Nikki Giovanni (1943-- )
Dreams
576(1)
Louise Gluck (1943-- )
Life Is a Nice Place
577(1)
Gina Valdes (1943-- )
My Mother Sews Blouses
578(1)
Yusef Komunyakaa (1947-- )
Facing It
578(1)
My Father's Love Letters
579(1)
Rita Dove (1952-- )
Daystar
580(1)
Jimmy Santiago Baca (1952-- )
There Are Black
581(1)
Judith Ortiz Cofer (1952-- )
Latin Women Pray
582(1)
Louise Erdrich (1954-- )
Indian Boarding School: The Runaways
582(1)
Martin Espada (1957-- )
Coca-Cola and Coco Frio
583(1)
Liberating a Pillar of Tortillas
584(1)
Paired Poems for Comparison 585(10)
Christopher Marlowe (1564--1593)
The Passionate Shepherd to His Love
585(1)
Sir Walter Raleigh (ca. 1552--1618)
The Nymph's Reply to the Shepherd
586(1)
Robert Browning (1812--1889)
My Last Duchess
586(2)
Gabriel Spera (1966-- )
My Ex-Husband
588(1)
Thomas Hardy (1840--1928)
The Convergence of the Twain
589(1)
David R. Slavitt (1935-- )
Titanic
590(1)
Edwin Arlington Robinson (1869--1935)
Richard Cory
591(1)
Paul Simon (1942-- )
Richard Cory
592(1)
Robert Frost (1874--1963)
The Road Not Taken
593(1)
Blanche Farley (1937-- )
The Lover Not Taken
593(2)
Part IV Writing About Drama 595(105)
How Do I Read a Play?
597(5)
Listen to the Lines
597(1)
Visualize the Scene
598(1)
Envision the Action
599(1)
Drama on Film
600(2)
Critical Questions for Reading Plays
601(1)
Writing About Dramatic Structure
602(50)
What Is Dramatic Structure?
602(1)
Looking at Dramatic Structure?
603(38)
Sophocles, Antigone
605(36)
Prewriting
641(1)
Analyzing Dramatic Structure
641(1)
Writing
641(2)
Discovering a Workable Argumentative Thesis
642(1)
Quoting from a Play
643(1)
Ideas for Writing
643(1)
Ideas for Responsive Writing
643(1)
Ideas for Critical Writing
644(1)
Rewriting
644(1)
Avoiding Unclear Language
644(1)
Sample Student Paper
645(7)
Questions for Discussion
651(1)
Writing About Character
652(48)
What Is the Modern Hero?
652(1)
The Classical Tragic Hero
652(1)
The Modern Tragic Hero
653(1)
Looking at the Modern Hero
653(43)
The Glass Menagerie
654(42)
Tennessee Williams
Prewriting
696(1)
Analyzing the Characters
696(1)
Writing
696(1)
Choosing a Structure
697(1)
Ideas for Writing
697(1)
Ideas for Responsive Writing
697(1)
Ideas for Critical Writing
698(1)
Rewriting
698(2)
Developing Paragraphs Specifically
698(1)
Exercise on Providing Quotations
699(1)
A Casebook on The Glass Menagerie: Interpreting Amanda 700(87)
Review of The Glass Menagerie
700(1)
Burton Rasco
``Diverse, Unique Amanda''
701(1)
Howard Taubman
``Tennessee Williams' Gallery of Feminine Characters''
701(1)
Durant Da Ponte
``Entering The Glass Menagerie''
702(1)
C. W. E. Bigsby
Responding to the Critics
703(1)
Drama for Writing: The Research Paper
704(83)
What Is Cultural Analysis?
704(1)
Looking at Cultural Issues
705(46)
M. Butterfly
706(45)
David Henry Hwang
Using Library Sources in Your Writing
751(1)
A Student Researcher's Process
751(1)
Prewriting
752(4)
Figure 17-1 Reading Notes
752(1)
Finding a Thesis
753(1)
Locating Sources
753(1)
The Online Catalog
754(1)
Indexes and Databases
754(1)
Using the Internet
754(1)
Reference Works in Print
755(1)
Taking Notes
755(1)
Guides to Criticism of Poetry, Drama, and Fiction
756(1)
Writing
756(4)
Developing a Plan
757(1)
Writing Before Researching
757(1)
Avoiding Plagiarism
758(1)
Introducing Quotations
759(1)
Ideas for Researched Writing
760(2)
About Short Stories
760(1)
About Poetry
761(1)
About Drama
761(1)
Rewriting
762(1)
Citing Sources
762(1)
Including Informational Notes
762(1)
Editing
762(1)
Checklist for Accurate Documentation
763(1)
Sample Documented Papers by Students
763(16)
Paper on Drama
763(11)
Paper on a Short Story
774(5)
Explanation of the MLA Documentation Style
779(8)
Sample Entries for a Works Cited List
781(4)
Citing Works in Electronic Form
785(1)
Citing Sources from the Internet
786(1)
Anthology of Drama 787(300)
Sophocles (ca. 496--ca. 405 B.C.)
Antigone (in Chapter 15)
Oedipus the King
787(43)
William Shakespeare (1564--1616)
Othello, the Moor of Venice
830(86)
Henrik Ibsen (1828--1906)
A Doll's House
916(51)
Anton Chekhov (1860--1904)
The Proposal
967(10)
Susan Glaspell (1882--1948)
Trifles
977(10)
Tennessee Williams (1911--1983)
The Glass Menagerie (in Chapter 16)
Lorraine Hansberry (1930--1965)
A Raisin in the Sun
987(56)
Fernando Arrabal (1932-- )
Picnic on the Battlefield
1043(10)
Luis Valdez (1940-- )
Los Vendidos
1053(8)
David Ives (1950-- )
Sure Thing
1061(8)
Harvey Fierstein (1954-- )
On Tidy Endings
1069(18)
David Henry Hwang (1957-- )
M. Butterfly (in Chapter 17)
Part V The Editing Process 1087(2)
A Handbook for Correcting Errors 1089(33)
Proofreading
1089(1)
Correcting Sentence Boundary Errors
1089(6)
Examples of Phrases and Clauses
1090(1)
Phrases and Clauses
1090(1)
Fragments
1090(1)
Kinds of Phrases
1091(1)
Kinds of Clauses
1092(2)
Comma Splices
1094(1)
Run-On Sentences
1095(1)
Clearing Up Confused Sentences
1096(1)
Solving Faulty Predication Problems
1096(1)
Fixing Subject-Verb Agreement Errors
1097(2)
Fixing Pronoun Errors
1099(4)
Correcting Shifts in Person
1103(1)
Correcting Shifts in Tense
1104(1)
Finding Modifier Mistakes
1105(1)
Coping with Irregular Verbs
1106(1)
Setting Verbs Right
1107(1)
Writing in Active Voice
1107(1)
Solving Punctuation Problems
1108(2)
Using Necessary Commas Only
1110(1)
Using Apostrophes
1111(1)
Distinguishing Hyphens from Dashes
1112(1)
Integrating Quotations Gracefully
1113(1)
Quoting from a Story: Crediting Sources
1113(1)
Quoting from a Poem
1114(1)
Quoting from a Play
1115(1)
Punctuating Quoted Material
1115(4)
Writing Smooth Transitions
1119(1)
Catching Careless Mistakes
1120(2)
Appendix: Critical Approaches for Interpreting Literature 1122(6)
Formalism
1123(1)
Historical Approaches
1123(1)
Biographical
1123(1)
Cultural
1124(1)
Marxist
1124(1)
Psychological Approaches
1124(1)
Mythological and Archetypal Approaches
1125(1)
Gender Focus
1125(1)
Reader Response
1126(1)
Deconstruction
1126(1)
Where Do You Stand?
1127(1)
Glossary of Literary and Rhetorical Terms 1128(10)
Biographical Notes 1138(23)
Credits 1161(5)
Index of Authors, Titles, and First Lines of Poems 1166(7)
Subject Index 1173

Excerpts

This text grew out of our long-standing interest in the possibilities of integrating the study of literature with the practice of composition. Many of our students have learned to write perceptively and well using literature as their subject matter, Great literature is always thought-provoking, always new. Why not utilize it in the pursuit of critical thinking and improved writing? Toward that end, we have combined an introduction to literature with instruction in writing. Literature and the Writing Process, Sixth Edition, presents literary selections as materials for students to read and write about, not as models for them to emulate. The text is designed to guide students through the allied processes of analytical reading and critical writing. To provide a wide range of options for writing, we have included responsive writing topics as well as critical writing topics in each chapter. The writing instruction, concurrent with the literacy study, follows the widely accepted order of beginning with larger questions of content and organization and proceeding to the particular matters, such as word choice, sentence structure, and manuscript form. On the difficult matters of devising a sound thesis and discovering theme in a literary work, we provide detailed guidance. In order to furnish a clear understanding of writing as process, we produce as illustrations throughout Part I the complete protocol that one of our students followed in preparing an essay; we include samples of her prewriting, drafting, postwriting outlining, revising, editing, and final draft. In Chapter 17 on researched writing, we have included a summary of the steps another student followed in preparing her research paper on a contemporary play. Her reading notes show how she arrived at a thesis for her documented paper, which also appears. Four additional student essays are included: one illustrating the incorporation of library resources in analyzing a short story; one offers an unusual response to a poem; and two demonstrate the revising process by showing annotated first drafts, followed by finished versions. In this revision we have further expanded the diversity of our literary selections. As always, we have been guided by the advice of our reviewers. New in this edition are three casebooks for study: the first, on Joyce Carol Oates's "Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been?" (p. 148); the second, on love poetry through the ages (p. 459); and the third, on Tennessee Williams's The Glass Menagerie (p. 700). Also new are guidelines for arguing an interpretation (p. 19), suggestions for using film and video when studying drama (p. 600), and a summary of current critical approaches to literature (p. 1122). We have also expanded the discussion of peer review in Chapter 3, rewritten Chapter 8 to focus on a short story by Tobias Wolff, and added a second table of contents showing the literary selections arranged by genre. Finally, a word about our Companion Website at www.prenhall.com/mcmahan providing free access to online study resources. It now includes author photos; study questions designed to enhance understanding; a writing-about-literature section offering prompts for setting up an outline; a number of author links for research; a time line for the literary selections providing historical, political, and cultural context; and a .major technological improvement: a navigational bar allowing users to go directly to an author's last name to find information rather than searching by chapter. A "Web Link" icon placed in the margins throughout the text alerts students that there are additional resources on the Website to support the instruction in the text. Another electronic feature that instructors will find valuable is www turnitin.com. This online service makes it easy for teachers to find out if students are copying their assignments fr


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